Public opinion about Zhongshan University has been a recent wave. First, there was Professor Zhangs sexual harassment to the female students, and then under the powerful public opinion and the two public opinion, the school made a punishment to Zhang, thus quid public opinion. Unexpectedly, the student unions ministerial level, Deputy ministerial level and other appointments to student union cadres were in a hubbub.
From the point of view of social psychology, the student council, which has been deleted by the school, has the public objection to the public. The main reason is to fear that the students are all so, and they will come back later. It is not hard to find that this is a very representative and typical idea of simplicity, and it is also consistent with peoples fears and fears.
As a matter of fact, this kind of student organization has happened before and caused disputes. For example, a university in the south of the Yangtze River has exposed a list of students reserve cadres, which makes a lot of people open their eyes. Some people have written why does the bureaucratic university organization still flock to people? From the form, to the content, to the service of the countrys red head document as the standard, a pattern has a pattern, so many people are amazed that college students have been so programmed and standardized, but also can not avoid feeling one sentence, todays student union, actually small campus small. The officialdom! . The author also said, college campus should be a pure land, but now some student cadres are deeply influenced by the thick black school , making the student union a small court, which is obviously undesirable. How can this phenomenon be eliminated? Perhaps only the student cadres understand that real work is far more important than shelf work.
In addition, multimedia has made similar criticisms and even threatened to say that student union is a preview of corruption. In fact, all these are hysterical fears and fears for impetuous, exaggerated, form oriented, and power worshipping student organizations.
But it is obviously not enough to worry only. In the face of repeated occurrence of similar phenomena, it seems that we should understand it.
Of course, the understanding described here is not the understanding sympathy that the academic community often says, but to recognize its structural and global side, not just surface criticism. There is one point of view which is rarely discussed in the past criticism, that is, the bureaucracy put forward by Max Webb, a German sociologist.
What is the system of bureaucracy? This is a kind of organizational structure and management mode of social organization, such as job stratification, power classification, division of work, and various functions. According to Webb, the characteristics of bureaucracy are as follows:
First, the internal division of labor, and each members powers and responsibilities are clearly stipulated.
Second, job classification, subordinates accept superior command;
Third, the members of the organization are qualified to be selected for their professional and technical qualifications.
Fourth, managers are full-time public officers, not the owners of the enterprises.
Fifth, there are strict rules and disciplines within the organization and are universally applicable without exception.
Sixth, exclude personal feelings within the organization, and the relationship among members is only a work relationship.
Webb also believes that bureaucracy is an organizational structure and a management system.
Is the student union a management model of the bureaucracy? Obviously, the answer is affirmative.
In the student union organization, the position is hierarchical and the power is also graded. For the wave of the Zhongshan University, there is a very neutral summary on the Internet, which is very representative: XX university students will publish XX university student union 2018 - 2019 annual cadre selection bulletin through the official WeChat public . The announcement is in accordance with three levels of more than 200 student cadres post, and in the secretary . In the two level of organization and component Department, there is a special indication of whether the position is ministerial level or Deputy ministerial level. Here, the secretary is the service department, the downstream of the leadership, and the so-called ministerial level and vice ministerial, as well as the ruling structure of Max Webbs command - obedience model.
Similarly, from the second, fourth, fifth and sixth points of the bureaucracy, they all possess. Even on the third point, it is not decided that these students have what kind of technical qualification to this position, but they must have technical qualifications, and this qualification is not done by others.
Why do students take a bureaucratic system? To be honest, this is not entirely unreasonable.
According to political logic, a kind of effective traditional practice will be adopted to set up practice, which can be seen from the practice of double first class. For example, the Ministry of education is engaged in double first class. Construction of the Department. Similarly, the higher authorities set up a research topic and awards, so the provinces and cities have adopted similar practices. This logic is better understood. That is to say, the school level is a bureaucratic system, so the student union will do so.
More importantly, bureaucratic management has its inherent advantages. According to Webbs theory, namely, first, tightness; second, rationality; third, stability; fourth, universality. We look at the student union.
First, tightness. As Webb said, hierarchy of power can ensure the reliability of decision-making system. Each member in a hierarchical structure has a clear limitation of authority, and they know clearly which department, which position should be transferred to the problem if it can not be solved, and who should be decided if a decision is needed. This kind of strict operation of power according to the level and regulations can avoid the phenomenon of unclear responsibilities and mutual shifting between organizations and individuals.
Secondly, rationality. According to the principle of hierarchical restraint, the bureaucratic organization guarantees the control of the members of the organization and makes the organizational activities have the characteristics of impersonalization. Within the organization, there are a large number of experts who have the expertise and the full use of the archives, so that the organization can make a reliable prediction of future events by accurate calculations, so that the organizations behavior is based on a rational basis. Therefore, the members of the student union are effectively distributed in various departments, according to the division of different departments, in the structure paradigm, to facilitate management and policy downlink, and to make decisions using the advantages of technical, professional, and specialized individuals or subsystems.
Of course, some people will ask that the China University of the storm, itself may be a irrational decision, that is because the Department of the management of the students did not use the advantage to understand the social public opinion, but not in accordance with the strict scientific judgment and rational decision to set and address the various departments and their heads. This is not to say that there is a problem in the bureaucracy, but that the members in the bureaucracy do not practise according to the bureaucratic system, so there is a problem.
Again, stability. In the bureaucratic organization, the use of professional and technical knowledge is a major advantage. Any administrative decree, decision, and regulations have a written form and a record, detailed and specific, and have strong operability, thus ensuring the stability of the organizations behavior. For the student union, the written notification is a decision, according to such appointments to regulate the powers and rules of each students members, as well as the rules of the conduct of each department, and the provisions of the written form. You can say that this is a standardized process rather than Mertons anomie.
Finally, universality. The rise of the bureaucratic organization has been proved to be an irreversible trend, and all large organizations, such as industrial organizations, government agencies, trade unions, and religious institutions, have experienced the process of bureaucracy. In contemporary industrial society, bureaucratic organizations have developed into one of the most common forms of organization. We are in a period of continuous development of industrialization and urbanization, and the society is constantly changing, and the practice of bureaucracy is a management mechanism of many organizations. Therefore, students will take a bureaucratic system as a school organization to improve the possibility of superior management and society.
It can be seen that the bureaucratic management mode and organizational structure are not useless in the student union or any similar organization. It is likely to embody a realistic need for organizational management and responsibility for student affairs, rather than deliberately mystifying. The cap of the ministerial level and Deputy ministerial level is also a product of the bureaucracy.
But the question of causing public outrage just appeared on such a title. It gives people an impression of bureaucracy, so it is necessary to repair, first of all, the question of appellation, and the overstaffing of some institutions, and not necessarily the organization form of the bureaucracy itself.
At this point, Zhongda has corrected it in the latest announcement. The note on the appointment of student cadres at the Zhongshan University students Association mentioned: the chairman of the student union, the vice chairman, and the ministers and vice ministers of all departments are only the post names. The original intention of the specific post is mainly to clarify the student cadres. Service duties, better serve the majority of students in the campus, and as a reference for comprehensive quality assessment. In the announcement, we apologized for the misuse of the level of expression.
Thus, at least in the view of the school, the original intention is right, but the wrong use of the level of expression, leading to social public opinion and collective worry.
But the real reflection should start here.
We have said the rationality of the half day system, but it is still wrong to use the special environment of the University and the special student self-governing organization of the student union.
First of all, the characteristics of the bureaucracy will lead to bad influence, especially in student organizations. For example, one of the characteristics of the bureaucracy is job classification, lower level acceptance of superior command. The problem is, we have repeatedly taught and told students at university that people are equal. Why should a student live within the command - obedience bureaucracy system that Webb says? Cant you talk about it? Is it necessary to let those students who are not student union must obey the students Union? Is it necessary for subordinates to be graded with their superiors? The students in the student union are in grading. Is it not inferior to students who are not in the circle?
Similarly, what about students who have no professional skills or are not selected by professional skills? We must force students to adapt themselves to relationships and official positions instead of studying. Besides, the friendship between students and students is commendable. Why cant we have personal feelings? Even the members of the students association can become friends, but this friendship is not for the sake of the convenience of the work, but the pure friendship between the students and the students. First, he has to be a student, not a official. In the end, the university is not a court, and to the students, administrative efficiency should never be the most. High value.
Secondly, bureaucratic management mode and organizational structure will bring bad habits. From the perspective of public opinion and social psychology, it is worth worrying whether to use the positive ministerial level appellation, which will lead to the bad students atmosphere. After all, from a sociological point of view, system shaping human behavior includes psychological behavior. By adopting such a title, will students and students be commensurate with a certain department? Does that produce some kind of power illusion? And those students who have not been called so, will they have the psychological presupposition and expectation when they want to go to the ministerial level and when they come to a Deputy ministerial level?
Most importantly, the use of bureaucracy is contrary to the original intention of the University.
As for the spirit of the University, many names have been trained from the ancient times to the present. People can recite them with their own mouth. There are Mr. Chen Yinques spirit of independence, the idea of freedom, and Mr. Mei Yiqis the predicate of no building and the name of a master. People often borrow the opening of the golden mean to put forward the ideal: the way of university is in Ming Ming De, in the people, in the best. Einstein said, the goal of the school should be to cultivate individuals with independent action and independent thinking, but they should think of social services as the highest purpose of their own life. A society composed of individuals without personal originality and individual desire is a miserable society without development. And a speech by Sun Zhongshan for college students said:
The prestige of the ancient and modern figures is not in his official career, but in the success of his career. If a business can succeed, it will be able to enjoy a reputation. Therefore, I urge all of you to aspire to do great things and not be big officials. What I contribute to all of you is to be determined by all the people, to have a national ambition and concentrate on doing one thing to help the country become prosperous and strong.
Under the role of the bureaucracy, the students who are intoxicated are likely to be no longer independent, critical, and creative, but to the vassal, more than the official, and, as Mr. Qian Liqun said, become a egoist who is high IQ, secular, old, good at performing and understanding. This is the fundamental concern of alumni and all sectors of the society. Besides, there is Mr. Chen Yinques residence in the university campus. If he is in the world, he should be dumb at the ministerial level and vice ministerial level.
Therefore, it is a reality to adopt the practice of bureaucracy and manage the mode of student union. Even in the wrong terms, there is encouragement in disguise. Although this has been recognized later, we can also see the shortcomings of the management mode. In order to change, it is very difficult. In addition to desalination of the color and thinking of the student as an official, we must master one degree and build a university spirit environment with the appropriate model of the students, so that the students can grow up better, otherwise they will produce abandonment of knowledge and anti knowledge. John Henry Newman thought: a university is a hall of group of English, all the people from all over the world come here to seek all kinds of knowledge in the world. If we give up the responsibility of intellectuals and form a bad style of bureaucratism and formalism, it will bring disaster to society. Source: News Editor: Yang Qiang _NN6027
Therefore, it is a reality to adopt the practice of bureaucracy and manage the mode of student union. Even in the wrong terms, there is encouragement in disguise. Although this has been recognized later, we can also see the shortcomings of the management mode. In order to change, it is very difficult. In addition to desalination of the color and thinking of the student as an official, we must master one degree and build a university spirit environment with the appropriate model of the students, so that the students can grow up better, otherwise they will produce abandonment of knowledge and anti knowledge.
John Henry Newman thought: a university is a hall of group of English, all the people from all over the world come here to seek all kinds of knowledge in the world. If we give up the responsibility of intellectuals and form a bad style of bureaucratism and formalism, it will bring disaster to society.