Indias full version of LCA is flying for the first time. Can it be compared with Xiaolong?

category:Military
 Indias full version of LCA is flying for the first time. Can it be compared with Xiaolong?


Indias first LCA Korn ferry light fighter to achieve foc

Forty years of wasted Road

In our usual impression, the long development process of LCA Guanghui fighter has almost become a joke in the history of Indian aviation industry and even the world aviation industry. In fact, it is little known that LCA brilliance is not the first supersonic jet developed by the Indian aviation industry. As early as 1955, the Indian Air Force proposed to develop a domestic jet multi-purpose fighter, and the design performance index seemed to be quite high at that time. The R & D task was assigned to Indias local enterprise, India aircraft Co., Ltd., which is now frequently seen as Hindustan Airlines (HAL).

In the mid-1950s, Indias aviation industry had no experience in developing old-fashioned propeller fighters, not to mention advanced jet fighters. Therefore, India hired a German design team of 18 people to lead the whole project research and development, and led the local engineers and technicians to carry out the design work. The airborne equipment was basically purchased from abroad, including turbojet engine, avionics instrument, airborne weapons, etc. Among them, the selection and matching of turbojet engine has experienced repeated setbacks, which led to the performance index of this Indian made fighter to drop again and again.

After 12 years of hard work, Indias so-called independent research and development of the first fighter jet finally delivered to the Indian Air Force combat forces, which is known as the God of storm hf-24 fighter. Due to the large gap between the performance and the original target proposed by the Indian air force, this type of fighter is only used as a ground attack aircraft, and has not developed many derivative models such as the high-altitude high-speed interceptor, senior trainer and carrier based aircraft. Moreover, due to its own performance limitations, India has purchased more advanced Jaguar and mig-23bn, MiG-27 attack aircraft in bulk from abroad. Hf-24 God of storm fighters are all retired after only 13 years of service.

Hf-24 God of storm fighter

The reason why I spend these words and ink to describe the research and development process of hf-24 storm God fighter is that it determines the tragedy of suffering of LCA glory fighter to a certain extent. If the Indian government, military and aviation industry can learn from the rare experience of hf-24 God of storm in the whole process of research and development, and decide to invest a lot of manpower and material resources to lay a solid foundation, establish a reliable design team, improve the supporting system, and make up for the shortcomings as soon as possible, based on this, the research and development of LCA glory fighter may not be Todays situation. As a result, only three years after the retirement of the hf-24 storm God fighter, the Indian government proposed to develop an advanced third generation light supersonic fighter that can meet the needs of air combat in the 21st century, which is a bit ambitious.

There is no harm without contrast. In 1983, the Indian government formally proposed to develop LCA Korn ferry fighter, and established the Indian aviation development agency to manage the progress of the whole project. Only a year later, China began to develop its own third-generation fighter jet, the later-10. Starting almost at the same time, the development achievements and equipment scale of Chinas J-10 fighters are now obvious to all. However, it will take at least two or three years for the full combat effectiveness of LCA Guanghui fighters to achieve real combat effectiveness.

The vast difference in the development progress of these two types of fighters reflects the gap in the R & D and production strength of the aviation industry between the two countries. It is also from the 1950s to the 1980s that after 30 years of hardships, Chinas aviation industry began to take off in the late 1990s, and now stands in the leading position in the development of the worlds aviation industry. However, the aviation industry is a bit ambitious and eager to achieve success. If a high-rise building is to be built without a good foundation, the progress of the research and development of LCA brilliance fighter will be delayed.

Indian Air Forces first LCA glory fighter squadron has been established

Glory vs kingpin

After the first flight of the LCA Korn ferry, which has reached full combat capability, Indian media once hailed the aircrafts performance as comparable to that of Chinas J-10 fighter. But in fact, no matter how to improve and upgrade the LCA brilliance of the Indian air force, after all, the design orientation is only a light fighter, and the overall performance and development potential can not compete with the quasi medium fighter like the J-10. The JF-17 thunderbolt of Pakistan Air force is the most likely encounter with LCA brilliance fighter in the battlefield. Their combat mission and design positioning are basically the same.

According to the performance of LCA Guanghui fighter which has reached the state of full combat capability, it belongs to the same level with JF-17 lightning blcok2. For example, these two types of fighters have the ability to receive oil in the air, but the installation position of the detachable oil receiving pipe is different - LCA Guanghui is installed in the front side of the aircraft head, while JF-17 lightning blcok2 is installed in the rear of the cockpit side, which has advantages and disadvantages from the perspective of combat use.

The biggest performance improvement of LCA shining fighter (FOC) compared with the earlier model (IOC) is that it can launch the Derby mid-range air-to-air missile introduced by India from Israel, while the corresponding airborne weapon of JF-17 lightning blcok2 fighter is SD-10A mid-range air-to-air missile. In terms of the performance of these two types of missiles, the JF-17 Thunderbolt blcok2 fighter is relatively superior.

In terms of fire control radar, LCA brilliance fighter (FOC) is equipped with one El / m-2032 mechanical scanning pulse Doppler radar developed by elta company of Israel, and JF-17 lightning blcok2 fighter is equipped with klj-7 mechanical scanning pulse Doppler radar, with basically the same performance.

The first batch of production type mid-range air-to-air missiles cannot be used

The only thing that LCAs FOC is superior to JF-17s blcok2 is its power system. LCA shining fighter (FOC) is equipped with one f404-ge-f2j3 medium thrust turbofan engine, which is better than the Russian rd-93 turbofan engine equipped with JF-17 lightning blcok2 in reliability, fuel consumption, thrust and other indicators. In addition, the internal fuel capacity of LCA shining fighter (FOC) has reached 2450kg, which is more than 2100Kg of JF-17 Thunderbolt blcok2 fighter, making the former surpass the latter in the maximum range and operational radius.

However, with the smooth progress of the improvement project of the new generation JF-17 lightning blcok3 fighter, the performance of LCA glory fighter (FOC) is lagging behind. The JF-17 Thunderbolt blcok3 fighter has been equipped with advanced klj-7a active phased array radar, and the avionics system has also been comprehensively upgraded, including a new integrated cockpit display system, wide-angle diffraction HUD, a new generation of electronic warfare system and helmet display sight. In particular, the JF-17 Thunderbolt blcok3 will be equipped with a new generation of airborne guidance ammunition, including pl-15e medium and long-range air-to-air missiles and pl-10e short-range combat air-to-air missiles. It is no exaggeration to say that the JF-17 thunder and lightning blcok3 fighter plane after the application of some fifth generation fighter plane technology upgrading is even stronger than the most advanced f-16blcok52 fighter in active service of Pakistan Air Force in some aspects of combat performance.

Less than 20 LCA brilliance fighters have been delivered so far

More importantly, the number of JF-17 lightning blcok1 and blcok2 fighters in active service of Pakistan Air Force has reached 100, and 35 blcok2 and 28 blcok3 fighters have been ordered again. In this way, in the next five years, the number of JF-17 lightning fighters in active service in Pakistan Air Force will be at least 163.

In contrast, the Indian Air Force ordered 20 early initial combat (IOC) LCA Korn ferry fighters in 2006, followed by an additional 20 FOC LCA Korn ferry fighters in 2010. These two batches of 40 LCA glory fighters have only delivered less than 20 so far, and problems continue. At present, the Indian Air Development Agency is negotiating with the Indian Air Force about the order contract for the third batch of 83 upgraded LCA Korn ferry fighters. However, according to the current production speed of Hindustan airlines, it will take 5-8 years until all 123 LCA glory fighters are delivered. At this time, it is likely that the six generations of aircraft in some big countries have made their first flight.

LCA brilliant Mk2 is equipped with duck wing

Brilliance will continue to improve

In spite of the difficulties, the Air India Development Agency and Hindustan Airlines hope to continue to promote and expand the research and development project of LCA Korn ferry. According to the plan, both IOC and FOC belong to the first generation of LCA Guanghui MK1, and the third batch of 83 upgraded LCA Guanghui mk1a. The main improvement projects are the replacement of El / m-2052 active phased array radar and f404-ge-in20 turbofan engine with greater thrust.

Next, with the further support of the Indian government and the Indian air force, the air development agency of India and Hindustan airlines will fully promote the research and development of LCA brilliant MK2. Compared with LCA Guanghui MK1 / mk1a, the whole size and empty weight of this model are increased. A pair of canards are added in front of the original small aspect ratio triangle main wing to form a canard delta wing layout. The power system will also be equipped with a more advanced f414 turbofan engine.

LCA shining MK2 can carry many kinds of ammunition

In addition, with the above-mentioned air force LCA glory fighter parallel development of the Navy. Hindustan Airlines has produced one prototype of the single seat and two seat LCA glory carrier based fighters, and successfully completed the test flight. However, the attitude of the Indian Navy is not clear. Faced with miguel-29k, French Rafale m and us f / A-18E / F Super Hornet, LCA glory has no advantage.

In fact, the LCA glory fighter has long been one of the bargaining magic weapons for the Indian government and the military to negotiate with foreign countries to purchase advanced fighters. Indian officials are ready to make threatening remarks to foreign arms dealers about canceling the bidding of XX project and purchasing domestic LCA Guanghui fighters in order to lower the contract price. Unfortunately, this trick has long been seen through by many foreign arms dealers. A domestic fighter that is regarded as the pride of Air India has fallen into such a fate. The glory fighter has no glorious image.

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