India buys American advanced helicopter to build American aviation anti submarine system

category:Military
 India buys American advanced helicopter to build American aviation anti submarine system


U.S. President trump received a huge arms gift during his visit to India recently. The U.S. will sell more than $3 billion worth of military equipment to India, including 24 mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopters and 6 ah-64e Apache armed helicopters.

At present, most of the anti submarine helicopters equipped by Indian Navy come from Britain and Russia. So why does India buy American anti submarine helicopter? Whats the significance of large-scale purchase of the helicopter for the Indian Navy?

Mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopter searches submarines with suspended sonar

Why does India take a fancy to the American Seahawk?

In the modern antisubmarine warfare system, aviation antisubmarine is an important part of the three-dimensional antisubmarine system. Compared with other antisubmarine platforms, aviation antisubmarine platforms have the advantages of high speed, good mobility and high efficiency of searching for submarine, which has always been the focus of the development of the powerful navy. At present, anti submarine aviation platforms mainly include anti submarine helicopter, fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft and anti submarine UAV. The biggest advantage of anti submarine helicopter is that it can take off and land on frigates, destroyers and other warships with aviation deck. It is an important weapon to eliminate underwater danger by relying on its own submarine search equipment and anti submarine weapons.

In December 1971, the third India Pakistan war broke out. In naval warfare, India sent missile boats to attack Pakistans ports, while Pakistan sent submarines to sink Indian frigates to fight back. On December 8 that year, the Pakistani Navy hangor sank an Indian frigate named Kukri. A total of 18 officers and 176 sailors were killed. This is the first time that a submarine has sunk a warship on the battlefield after World War II. It is also the largest casualty of an Indian Navy warship. According to the Indian Navy, it was the saddest day ever. The sinking of the frigate Kukri greatly stimulated the Indian Navy. After the war, a large amount of money was invested to purchase anti submarine equipment from Britain, France and the Soviet Union to improve the anti submarine combat power.

At present, Indian Navys anti submarine helicopter models mainly include king of the sea, Ka-28 and Polaris. The Sea King anti submarine helicopter was introduced from the UK, with a number of about 30. The Sea King is equipped with radar, hanging sonar, sonar buoy and other search equipment. When a submarine is found, it can use torpedo or deep-water bomb to attack. As a 13 ton anti submarine helicopter, Haiwang submarine search and attack equipment is relatively perfect, but most of these aircraft were introduced in the 1970s and 1980s, and most of them have been in service for more than 40 years. Compared with the new antisubmarine helicopter, only the Ka-28 introduced from Russia has about 10. The helicopter is also equipped with radar, sonar and torpedo, and has relatively perfect anti submarine capability. However, due to its coaxial twin rotor design, the helicopter is mainly carried on tawar frigate and aircraft carrier. However, the reliability of the 4-ton Polaris anti submarine helicopter made in India is poor, and there have been many crashes. After a few equipment, the Indian Navy kept away from it.

Indian Navy Ka-28 anti submarine helicopter

The king of the sea anti submarine helicopter is old and out of date, while the number of Ka-28 is small. The coaxial twin rotor design makes it difficult to adapt to other Indian warships. Moreover, the electronic equipment of the card-28 is relatively backward, and the submarine search equipment is not perfect. For example, it is not equipped with photoelectric submarine search equipment, and its performance can only be considered as medium level in the same level of anti submarine helicopter. As a result, India did not purchase the helicopter after the introduction of 10 Ka-28. In fact, the Indian Navy proposed to purchase a number of advanced anti submarine helicopters at the beginning of the 21st century. However, due to the constraints of funds and other factors, the bidding was delayed until nearly two years before the formal completion of the purchase process.

Mh-60r Seahawk is an anti submarine helicopter developed by the United States on the basis of SH-60 helicopter, and it is also the latest model of anti submarine helicopter in the United States. The aircraft uses the body and power system of the first generation of SH-60 Seahawk, and through the replacement of new search radar, photoelectric search equipment and other sensors, the anti submarine capability is further improved, and the multi task capability is greatly enhanced. Aps-147 radar equipped with mh-60r has the imaging ability of synthetic aperture radar and inverse synthetic aperture radar. The detection distance of periscope is tens of kilometers, and the detection distance of medium-sized surface ships is more than 200 kilometers. It can detect and track 255 targets. The photoelectric turret, suspended sonar and buoy sonar carried on the aircraft further enriched the means of submarine search. The airborne weapons include MK46 324mm anti submarine torpedo and agm-114 Hellfire anti tank missile, which can not only perform anti submarine tasks, but also perform anti-ship and vertical supply tasks.

Mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopter launches Hellfire missile

It is worth mentioning that the Indian government has approved the purchase of 111 multi-function helicopters for the Navy. Of the 111 multi-function helicopters, 95 will be assembled locally in India, while the remaining 16 will be assembled abroad. This is part of the made in India procurement plan actively promoted by the Indian government. The total value of the contract is US $3 billion, with an average of US $27 million per unit.

Mh-60r Sea Hawk can be said to be the benchmark of the worlds advanced anti submarine helicopter. Its introduction will greatly enhance the air anti submarine capability of the Indian Navy. The aircraft can be equipped with p-8i fixed wing anti submarine helicopter and maritime guard UAV through data link.

American aviation anti submarine system gradually takes shape

Before the introduction of the p-8i, India was equipped with fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft, namely the il-38 and tu-142 introduced by Russia. With the passage of time, the two kinds of antisubmarine aircraft are aging gradually, and the antisubmarine attack and submergence means have been unable to meet the requirements. After entering the new century, India began to buy a new type of fixed wing antisubmarine patrol aircraft, and after some comparison, finally chose the p-8i antisubmarine patrol aircraft of the United States.

With the increase of the number of p-8i, the il-38 antisubmarine aircraft introduced from Russia will gradually be withdrawn from active service

At present, India has ordered two batches of 12 p-8i. On May 15, 2013, the Indian Navy received the first p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft. So far, the first batch of 8 p-8i antisubmarine patrol aircraft ordered by India has all entered the service of Indian Navy. On November 13, 2015, the first p-8i anti submarine patrol squadron was stationed at the rajali naval air base in southern India. The second batch of purchase agreements was signed in 2016, with 4 units delivered around 2021. According to the plan of Indian Navy, the third batch of 10 p-8i will also be purchased, with a total of 22, with a total value of about $2.2 billion.

P-8i is an Indian model of American p-8a anti submarine patrol aircraft, which is developed on the basis of Boeing 737-800 aircraft. The aircraft is 39.47m long, 35.69m wingspan, 12.83m high and 83600kg maximum takeoff weight. The engine is cfm56-7b27a engine jointly developed by CMF international and SNECMA company of France. The maximum flight speed of p-8a anti submarine patrol aircraft is 907000 M / h, with a maximum range of 9265 km, it can patrol the mission area 2200 km away from the base for 4 hours. The aircraft is equipped with an / apy-10 airborne radar, magnetic detector, forward-looking infrared detection system and other detection equipment. The airborne weapons include torpedo, deep-water bomb and harpoon anti-ship missile. It can not only perform anti submarine tasks, but also perform anti-ship, maritime surveillance, intelligence reconnaissance and other tasks. It is a multi-purpose anti submarine patrol aircraft.

In the aspect of maritime long-term surveillance, India is actively introducing 22 maritime guard long-term UAVs. The maritime guard UAV is upgraded from the original predator B UAV by general electronics of the United States, which can fly for at least 24 hours without interruption. The machine is equipped with photoelectric, radar and satellite communication equipment, with strong wide area monitoring ability.

Indian Navy p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft array, with tu-142 anti submarine patrol aircraft parked in the distance

From the perspective of Indias introduction of a variety of us anti submarine and reconnaissance and surveillance aircraft, India is actively building an American style aviation anti submarine system. In this system, the p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft and the sea guard can use their own advantages of high speed and strong mobility to carry out large-scale anti submarine patrol operations at a distance of 1000 kilometers or even more, while the mh-60r is carried by warships, which move in the middle anti submarine circle about 200 kilometers away from warships, combined with submarines and surface ships, to create a multi-layer anti submarine system.

P-8i + maritime guard can even be built into an Indian version of maritime wide area surveillance system . The maritime wide area surveillance system of the United States is composed of p-8a anti submarine aircraft and mq-4c UAV. In the Indian version of the maritime wide area surveillance system, the maritime guard UAV is equivalent to the role of mq-4c UAV. The fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft and UAV cooperate with each other. In peacetime, it is used to monitor and detect other submarines and surface ships entering and leaving the Indian Ocean. In wartime, p-8i and mh-60r can directly attack submarines with their own weapons. The aircraft can also use the data link on the aircraft to transmit data and share information with the air combat group, air early warning aircraft, and can continuously monitor the ocean in a larger range.

Sea guard UAV

Through the introduction of p-8i fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft, mh-60r anti submarine helicopter and maritime guard UAV, the Indian Navys anti submarine system presents the characteristics of Americanization. As the U.S. has the strongest anti submarine technology and rich anti submarine experience in the world, the anti submarine combat power of Indian aviation following the U.S. cannot be underestimated. The Indian Navy will usher in a new batch of us made anti submarine equipment, the mh-60r Sea Hawk helicopter, which is a further step towards the goal of building an American type aviation anti submarine system.

U.S. President trump received a huge arms gift during his visit to India recently. The U.S. will sell more than $3 billion worth of military equipment to India, including 24 mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopters and 6 ah-64e Apache armed helicopters.

At present, most of the anti submarine helicopters equipped by Indian Navy come from Britain and Russia. So why does India buy American anti submarine helicopter? Whats the significance of large-scale purchase of the helicopter for the Indian Navy?

Mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopter searches submarines with suspended sonar

Why does India take a fancy to the American Seahawk?

In the modern antisubmarine warfare system, aviation antisubmarine is an important part of the three-dimensional antisubmarine system. Compared with other antisubmarine platforms, aviation antisubmarine platforms have the advantages of high speed, good mobility and high efficiency of searching for submarine, which has always been the focus of the development of the powerful navy. At present, anti submarine aviation platforms mainly include anti submarine helicopter, fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft and anti submarine UAV. The biggest advantage of anti submarine helicopter is that it can take off and land on frigates, destroyers and other warships with aviation deck. It is an important weapon to eliminate underwater danger by relying on its own submarine search equipment and anti submarine weapons.

In December 1971, the third India Pakistan war broke out. In naval warfare, India sent missile boats to attack Pakistans ports, while Pakistan sent submarines to sink Indian frigates to fight back. On December 8 that year, the Pakistani Navy hangor sank an Indian frigate named Kukri. A total of 18 officers and 176 sailors were killed. This is the first time that a submarine has sunk a warship on the battlefield after World War II. It is also the largest casualty of an Indian Navy warship. According to the Indian Navy, it was the saddest day ever. The sinking of the frigate Kukri greatly stimulated the Indian Navy. After the war, a large amount of money was invested to purchase anti submarine equipment from Britain, France and the Soviet Union to improve the anti submarine combat power.

At present, Indian Navys anti submarine helicopter models mainly include king of the sea, Ka-28 and Polaris. The Sea King anti submarine helicopter was introduced from the UK, with a number of about 30. The Sea King is equipped with radar, hanging sonar, sonar buoy and other search equipment. When a submarine is found, it can use torpedo or deep-water bomb to attack. As a 13 ton anti submarine helicopter, Haiwang submarine search and attack equipment is relatively perfect, but most of these aircraft were introduced in the 1970s and 1980s, and most of them have been in service for more than 40 years. Compared with the new antisubmarine helicopter, only the Ka-28 introduced from Russia has about 10. The helicopter is also equipped with radar, sonar and torpedo, and has relatively perfect anti submarine capability. However, due to its coaxial twin rotor design, the helicopter is mainly carried on tawar frigate and aircraft carrier. However, the reliability of the 4-ton Polaris anti submarine helicopter made in India is poor, and there have been many crashes. After a few equipment, the Indian Navy kept away from it.

Indian Navy Ka-28 anti submarine helicopter

The king of the sea anti submarine helicopter is old and out of date, while the number of Ka-28 is small. The coaxial twin rotor design makes it difficult to adapt to other Indian warships. Moreover, the electronic equipment of the card-28 is relatively backward, and the submarine search equipment is not perfect. For example, it is not equipped with photoelectric submarine search equipment, and its performance can only be considered as medium level in the same level of anti submarine helicopter. As a result, India did not purchase the helicopter after the introduction of 10 Ka-28. In fact, the Indian Navy proposed to purchase a number of advanced anti submarine helicopters at the beginning of the 21st century. However, due to the constraints of funds and other factors, the bidding was delayed until nearly two years before the formal completion of the purchase process.

Mh-60r Seahawk is an anti submarine helicopter developed by the United States on the basis of SH-60 helicopter, and it is also the latest model of anti submarine helicopter in the United States. The aircraft uses the body and power system of the first generation of SH-60 Seahawk, and through the replacement of new search radar, photoelectric search equipment and other sensors, the anti submarine capability is further improved, and the multi task capability is greatly enhanced. Aps-147 radar equipped with mh-60r has the imaging ability of synthetic aperture radar and inverse synthetic aperture radar. The detection distance of periscope is tens of kilometers, and the detection distance of medium-sized surface ships is more than 200 kilometers. It can detect and track 255 targets. The photoelectric turret, suspended sonar and buoy sonar carried on the aircraft further enriched the means of submarine search. The airborne weapons include MK46 324mm anti submarine torpedo and agm-114 Hellfire anti tank missile, which can not only perform anti submarine tasks, but also perform anti-ship and vertical supply tasks.

Mh-60r Sea Hawk anti submarine helicopter launches Hellfire missile

It is worth mentioning that the Indian government has approved the purchase of 111 multi-function helicopters for the Navy. Of the 111 multi-function helicopters, 95 will be assembled locally in India, while the remaining 16 will be assembled abroad. This is part of the made in India procurement plan actively promoted by the Indian government. The total value of the contract is US $3 billion, with an average of US $27 million per unit.

Mh-60r Sea Hawk can be said to be the benchmark of the worlds advanced anti submarine helicopter. Its introduction will greatly enhance the air anti submarine capability of the Indian Navy. The aircraft can be equipped with p-8i fixed wing anti submarine helicopter and maritime guard UAV through data link.

American aviation anti submarine system gradually takes shape

Before the introduction of the p-8i, India was equipped with fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft, namely the il-38 and tu-142 introduced by Russia. With the passage of time, the two kinds of antisubmarine aircraft are aging gradually, and the antisubmarine attack and submergence means have been unable to meet the requirements. After entering the new century, India began to buy a new type of fixed wing antisubmarine patrol aircraft, and after some comparison, finally chose the p-8i antisubmarine patrol aircraft of the United States.

With the increase of the number of p-8i, the il-38 antisubmarine aircraft introduced from Russia will gradually be withdrawn from active service

At present, India has ordered two batches of 12 p-8i. On May 15, 2013, the Indian Navy received the first p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft. So far, the first batch of 8 p-8i antisubmarine patrol aircraft ordered by India has all entered the service of Indian Navy. On November 13, 2015, the first p-8i anti submarine patrol squadron was stationed at the rajali naval air base in southern India. The second batch of purchase agreements was signed in 2016, with 4 units delivered around 2021. According to the plan of Indian Navy, the third batch of 10 p-8i will also be purchased, with a total of 22, with a total value of about $2.2 billion.

P-8i is an Indian model of American p-8a anti submarine patrol aircraft, which is developed on the basis of Boeing 737-800 aircraft. The aircraft is 39.47m long, 35.69m wingspan, 12.83m high and 83600kg maximum takeoff weight. The engine is cfm56-7b27a engine jointly developed by CMF international and SNECMA company of France. The maximum flight speed of p-8a anti submarine patrol aircraft is 907000 M / h, with a maximum range of 9265 km, it can patrol the mission area 2200 km away from the base for 4 hours. The aircraft is equipped with an / apy-10 airborne radar, magnetic detector, forward-looking infrared detection system and other detection equipment. The airborne weapons include torpedo, deep-water bomb and harpoon anti-ship missile. It can not only perform anti submarine tasks, but also perform anti-ship, maritime surveillance, intelligence reconnaissance and other tasks. It is a multi-purpose anti submarine patrol aircraft.

In the aspect of maritime long-term surveillance, India is actively introducing 22 maritime guard long-term UAVs. The maritime guard UAV is upgraded from the original predator B UAV by general electronics of the United States, which can fly for at least 24 hours without interruption. The machine is equipped with photoelectric, radar and satellite communication equipment, with strong wide area monitoring ability.

Indian Navy p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft array, with tu-142 anti submarine patrol aircraft parked in the distance

From the perspective of Indias introduction of a variety of us anti submarine and reconnaissance and surveillance aircraft, India is actively building an American style aviation anti submarine system. In this system, the p-8i anti submarine patrol aircraft and the sea guard can use their own advantages of high speed and strong mobility to carry out large-scale anti submarine patrol operations at a distance of 1000 kilometers or even more, while the mh-60r is carried by warships, which move in the middle anti submarine circle about 200 kilometers away from warships, combined with submarines and surface ships, to create a multi-layer anti submarine system.

P-8i + maritime guard can even be built into an Indian version of maritime wide area surveillance system . The maritime wide area surveillance system of the United States is composed of p-8a anti submarine aircraft and mq-4c UAV. In the Indian version of the maritime wide area surveillance system, the maritime guard UAV is equivalent to the role of mq-4c UAV. The fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft and UAV cooperate with each other. In peacetime, it is used to monitor and detect other submarines and surface ships entering and leaving the Indian Ocean. In wartime, p-8i and mh-60r can directly attack submarines with their own weapons. The aircraft can also use the data link on the aircraft to transmit data and share information with the air combat group, air early warning aircraft, and can continuously monitor the ocean in a larger range.

Sea guard UAV

Through the introduction of p-8i fixed wing anti submarine patrol aircraft, mh-60r anti submarine helicopter and maritime guard UAV, the Indian Navys anti submarine system presents the characteristics of Americanization. As the U.S. has the strongest anti submarine technology and rich anti submarine experience in the world, the anti submarine combat power of Indian aviation following the U.S. cannot be underestimated.