Under the background of the new crown epidemic prevention and control, air tickets of many routes fell to cabbage price.
On March 1, the surging news reporter inquired about the third-party ticketing software and found that many popular airline tickets appeared as low as double-digit or less than 10% of the cabbage price.
For example, according to data from qunar.com, from March 2 to March 15, the lowest price of one-way tickets from Shanghai to Chongqing is less than 100 yuan, among which the lowest price from March 2 to March 10 is 60 yuan, the discount is as low as 0.3% and the highest price is 5.5%.
The lowest price of one-way ticket from Shanghai to Chengdu is similar. According to data from qunar.com, from March 2 to March 28, the minimum price of one-way ticket from Shanghai to Chengdu is also less than 100 yuan, among which, the minimum price from March 3 to March 10 is 69 yuan, the discount is as low as 0.3% and the maximum price is 5.5%.
Ticket prices on popular travel routes have also been kept low. Ctrip data shows that from March 2 to March 15, the minimum price of one-way ticket from Shanghai to Sanya is 79 yuan, with a discount of 0.4%. Among them, the maximum price discount from March 2 to March 9 is only 1 to 1.5, and the maximum price discount rises to 4.2% after March 10.
The ticket price of classic business routes can not escape the cabbage price. Ctrip data shows that from March 2 to March 12, the lowest one-way price of Shanghai Beijing route is between 230 yuan and 240 yuan, with a discount as low as 1.5% and a discount as high as 5.3%; from March 13 to March 28, the lowest fare of the route only rises to about 300 yuan. In contrast, the Beijing Shanghai route was the gold route in China before. Because most of the passengers are business passengers, the demand for business travel is strong, and the ticket price has been high, full price ticket is a common phenomenon.
Why do low price tickets appear frequently? This may be related to the recent flight data performance of domestic airlines.
According to the flight standard data, as of 10:00 on March 1, there are 16900 planned flights nationwide, 8393 scheduled flights and 8514 cancelled flights.
On February 29, 8531 flights were cancelled and 4667 flights were executed in China, a decrease of 3.48% compared with the previous day; the utilization rate of the aircraft was 2.73 hours / day, a decrease of 3.87% compared with the previous day, including 1.4 hours for wide body aircraft and 2.93 hours for narrow body aircraft; the passenger occupancy rate of domestic airlines remained around 60% in the past week.
According to the analysis of flight standards, compared with the current daily take-off and landing sorties, and compared with the historical airport take-off and landing sorties published by the Civil Aviation Administration, the cumulative take-off and landing of mainland airports on February 29 was 10714, about equal to the level in 2007 (10796 per day). If you want to recover to the peak in the latest year, the current take-off and landing sorties have to be 3.49 times.
Lin Zhijie, an expert in the civil aviation industry, analyzed in an interview with surging journalists that there are three main reasons for the emergence of Chinese cabbage fares on domestic routes:
First, at present, the return passenger flow of the Spring Festival transportation has been gradually started, especially the call of the central government to return to work as soon as possible. Before, when the ticket price was isolated, the travel stimulation was limited. No matter how cheap the ticket was, everyone would not go out. With the gradual resumption of production, ticket prices can guide passengers to travel, so this is a performance of market recovery.
Second, at present, the one-way passenger flow is relatively obvious. For example, there are few people coming out of big cities. For example, it costs only 80 yuan from Shanghai to Chengdu, but there are still some people coming to work in big cities. For example, there are 50% or 60% discount tickets from Chengdu to Shanghai, about 8900 yuan, so this has something to do with one-way passenger flow.
Third, different airlines have different strategies. The ticket prices of large airlines are still relatively high, and those of medium and small airlines are relatively cheap, which may also have a certain relationship with the cash flow of airlines.
Low implementation rate and low ticket price will also bring cash flow problems.
Asked how the airline can solve the cash flow problem, Meng Tao, CEO of yuanhangtong, a partner of Alibaba cloud, answered the question in an interview with surging journalists. At present, more than 70% of the airlines flight operation risk control system is provided by yuanhangtong, which has close cooperation with 95% of domestic airlines.
Meng Tao said that this problem is the biggest problem in the industry at present. The normal cash flow of the civil aviation industry is relatively good, but after the outbreak, all airlines have undertaken the relevant social responsibility and fulfilled the refund guarantee without handling fee. But the cash pressure on airlines is huge.
In this case, airline cost saving has become a consensus. What we have learned is that, in addition to the cost expenditure that must be guaranteed by the aircraft operation, other costs and expenses (for airlines) are strictly controlled. In addition, some routes are stopped and a large number of flights are cancelled to reduce capital expenditure. At the same time, there are also rotation of personnel, which are necessary measures. Meng Tao said.
Meng Tao believes that at present, the pressure of airlines on cash flow is really great, and it is difficult to relieve the pressure in a short period of time, which requires multi-dimensional and all levels of policy support. We judge that this outbreak may cause some airlines to face great challenges in operation and pressure of restructuring, which is inevitable. Of course, this is also a passive optimization of the whole market to promote the innovation and upgrading of the business model of the civil aviation industry.