Last September, I came to Pushkin Russian Institute in Moscow to study as a student of Sino Russian government scholarship exchange.
January 25 this year is the first day of the lunar new year. Most Russian universities take 10 days off for Chinese students around the first day of the lunar new year. I went back to China on December 27 last year and to Moscow on January 17 this year. At that time, many Chinese students who had returned to China for the Spring Festival did not expect that they would face the dilemma of being restricted to return to Russia in a few days, while the Chinese students who stayed in Russia would face the confusion and anxiety of whether they can attend classes normally and whether they can travel normally.
Overseas students worried about not going back and not having classes
Novel coronavirus has China novel coronavirus pneumonia since the outbreak of the new coronavirus. A series of regulations have been issued to prevent and control the new crown pneumonia, including temporarily stopping some flights to China, and temporarily restricting the entry and visa applications of Chinese citizens.
The Russian Ministry of science and higher education has also issued relevant regulations for Chinese students. On January 31, the Ministry of science and higher education of Russia issued an administrative order to extend the holiday of Chinese students to March 2. Meanwhile, it asked the affiliated colleges and universities to ensure the full completion of this semesters teaching content and study the feasibility of distance teaching. On February 12, the Ministry of science and higher education again requested Chinese students to suspend their return to Russia through diplomatic channels.
What should we do? When does the school start? Can we go back to class? Russias epidemic prevention and control policy has also raised concerns among overseas students. Students returning home during the Spring Festival are worried that they will not be able to return to school as scheduled, which will affect their study plans and achievements. Even the academic achievements of the second semester of 2019-2020 academic year will be cancelled. The students in Russia began to worry about whether they could have normal classes.
In view of the special situation of Chinese international students, since the outbreak of the epidemic, Russian universities have successively issued the notice on the suspension of returning to school for the international students who are still in China, proposing to provide complete teaching content to the non returned international students, and not to be expelled because the students are not in school. After the lifting of Russias entry restrictions, universities will arrange the return time.
For example, the national Pushkin Russian Institute (hereinafter referred to as Pushkin Institute) that I studied in issued the presidents order, informing students who are still in China to extend their vacation to March 2. Students who stay in China will complete the course content through online classes, online assignments, etc. If the students still choose to return to Russia, they will be isolated for 14 days for medical observation. Moscow romonosov State University (hereinafter referred to as Moscow University) stipulates that Chinese students who arrive in Moscow after February 15 need to be isolated in a specific dormitory for two weeks. If everything is normal after that, they will return to the original dormitory.
For Chinese students in Russia, Russian universities have taken different measures. Some colleges and universities announced further extension of winter vacation for Chinese students and postponement of school opening.
For example, on February 20, the president of Moscow University signed a new order on the delayed opening of Chinese students at Moscow University, announcing that the full-time teaching arrangement for students returning from China to Moscow would be postponed to March 16. Some colleges and universities announced that after the end of the holiday, Chinese students will be taught online separately. For example, according to the Moscow National Normal University, from March 2 to April 2, Chinese students will adopt distance education, even in Russia, they will not attend classes intensively. Of course, there are also some colleges and universities that open in normal time and give lectures in a centralized way. For example, Pushkin college is still open on January 9 according to the original teaching plan, and the Chinese students who stay in Russia are still taught intensively, but they must pass the temperature examination every day.
Although schools make different decisions on whether to attend classes, they track and count the situation of Chinese students leaving and returning to school, and require a temperature check. As stipulated by Pushkin college, Chinese students must take part in the anti epidemic physical examination at 9:00 every day. If there is no physical examination record, the school will seriously deal with it, terminate the accommodation contract or even dismiss it.
Generally speaking, the policies of Russian Universities for Chinese students are basically the same, but they are adjusted according to the situation of the University, but the epidemic prevention and control measures are relatively strict.
At the beginning of the issuance of the epidemic prevention and control policy, students were confused about whether to suspend classes and whether domestic students could return to school. Because of the lack of understanding of the epidemic situation and related policies, there were worries and panic about not going back and not having classes. But with the relevant documents and interpretation becoming more and more clear, students gradually overcome the panic and continue their normal school life according to the arrangement of the school. Although the introduction of relevant policies may disrupt the original learning plan and rhythm, the students all expressed their understanding of the arrangement of special period and actively cooperated with the arrangement of the school.
Calmness and indifference of fighting nation
Russia also showed a different attitude in the face of the epidemic. They seem to be more calm and indifferent than the reactions of many countries.
Novel coronavirus epidemic is more relaxed in Russia than in Japan and the US, according to a poll conducted by Ipsos, an international opinion polling agency. The survey was conducted in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States from 7 to 9 February 2020. About 1000 people were interviewed in each country. The results show that only 42% of Russians think the virus is a high threat to the world. The countries most concerned about the spread of the virus were Japan (66%), Australia (61%) and the United States (55%). In Canada, the United Kingdom and Germany, 42% - 47% of the respondents believed that the virus was a high threat.
Novel coronavirus is not known in Russia, and the fearless nature of the fighting nation is what I think.
In Russia, the mainstream media did not vigorously publicize the epidemic, and even rarely reported the policies and foreign aid actions taken by Russia in the anti epidemic campaign. Before that, an article entitled Russia, how did you drop the materials and run away? Dont say hello! Since then, many people have known that Russia has donated 23 tons of materials to China, and that Russia is the first and only foreign expert group sent to China to carry out epidemic prevention and control cooperation. Many Chinese people think that Russias silent donation style is like iron and steel straight man, which fits their title of fighting nation.
However, the distinctive character of fighting nation also leads to a problem - not caring about the epidemic.
In the class, when we asked the head teacher whether the school would stop classes for the Chinese because of the epidemic, the head teacher said very dismissively, its no big deal, its similar to the common flu.. His attitude represents the attitude of many Russian people. Because of the lack of media publicity and the general publics indifference to public health issues, many Russians dont know the severity and development of the epidemic, and many people think that the impact of the epidemic is not significant.
Some time ago, the rumor that Chinese people want to call the police to deal with appeared on the bus in Moscow caused a public outcry. The Chinese Embassy in Russia quickly refuted the rumor and condemned the misleading documents and misinterpreting key words. Despite the rumor dispelling, Chinese people in Russia have been treated specially in a special period. My classmates and I met with difficulties in Moscow, such as taxi drivers refusing to take Chinese people, subway stations to check Chinese passports, and now there are often police raiding schools, asking Chinese students to enter information and track and monitor Chinese people. Although there are only a few more inspection procedures, and the difficulties can be solved by presenting documents and explaining the situation, these measures are still associated with discriminatory behaviors.
For this reason, Chinese students in Russia launched a publicity activity of u042fu041du0415u0412u0418u0420u0423u0421 (I am not a virus) on social media, and actively popularized epidemic knowledge to more Russians, indicating that we are also healthy groups like other people.
On February 24, the Chinese Embassy in Russia, in a note to the Moscow municipal government, noted the supplementary measures recently taken by the Moscow municipal government to prevent the spread of the epidemic, including the general monitoring of all personnel from China, but the relevant departments seem to only check and register Chinese people in actual operation. The embassy stressed that China understands the need for Russia to take measures, but hopes that the relevant measures will be moderate and non discriminatory and conform to the spirit of China Russia friendship and the level of bilateral relations.
In the special period, we need to face the reality calmly and rationally. The national character of Russians makes them calm and not panic in the face of the epidemic, but at the same time, it also causes them to neglect the real situation of the epidemic and the latest information, as well as imperfect policy making. Here, we call for greater efforts to publicize and popularize the real situation, and hope that Russians can face the epidemic information more calmly and rationally, and avoid discriminatory behaviors caused by false information. Chinese students in Russia are looking forward to the victory of the epidemic in this war, and also to shaping a more rational and healthy environment.
Appeal: what else should we do to prevent and fight the epidemic in the future?
1. Strengthen the awareness of epidemic prevention and prepare for epidemic prevention
In February 23rd, novel coronavirus was detected by all new centers of health and infectious diseases in Russian Federation, Russian Federation, according to information released by the consumer rights bureau.
But at present, Russias response to the epidemic needs to be strengthened. Although some prevention and control measures have been taken, such as restricting the entry of Chinese citizens, the current policy is obviously not able to effectively complete the prevention and control of the epidemic with the occurrence of cases of infection in Russia and the continuous spread of the epidemic around the world. Once the epidemic broke out, Russia is not fully prepared for epidemic prevention and anti epidemic, and public health conditions and facilities may not be enough to quickly control the epidemic. Therefore, Russia needs to strengthen the national awareness of epidemic prevention, adjust epidemic prevention policies as soon as possible, improve its health system, and make good preparations for epidemic prevention and anti epidemic.
2. Strengthen epidemic prevention publicity and eliminate public misunderstanding
While the Russian government has issued policies and strengthened epidemic prevention measures, the Russian media also need to strengthen the propaganda of the epidemic. At present, there is not much information about the epidemic in Russian media, which leads to misunderstanding and even blind discrimination.
In the face of a sudden outbreak of the epidemic, peoples concerns may quickly turn into panic, leading to the exclusion and discrimination of innocent people. More complete information and updated information can help reduce public panic, face the epidemic more calmly and rationally. While taking preventive measures to ensure their own safety, we also need to reduce irrational behaviors and unnecessary injuries.
3. Carry out global cooperation on epidemic prevention
At present, at a critical time when the epidemic has spread to more than 40 countries and regions around the world, confrontation and discrimination are the most terrible viruses. They are not only not conducive to solving any problems, but also will seriously affect the relations between people in different countries. In difficult times, human beings must unite, eliminate discrimination, eliminate prejudice, carry out cooperation and share difficulties. In this highly globalized era, at a time when the new crown epidemic is likely to become the decisive node of pandemic diseases, countries should adhere to the concept of community of shared future for mankind and work together to carry out global cooperation in epidemic prevention, which is not only responsible for the safety and health of their own people, but also contributes to global public health.
(the author studied at Pushkin Russian Institute in Moscow, Russia)