On the positive role of social forces in national governance system from the perspective of anti epidemic practice

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 On the positive role of social forces in national governance system from the perspective of anti epidemic practice


Second, provide emergency services. After the closure of Wuhan, a large number of emergency services, including medical security services and living materials services, were provided by non-governmental forces. The form of medical security service includes medical protection material transportation and medical staff security. Since the outbreak of the epidemic, a number of love convoys set up by the people have started to operate. They communicate through social media. Some of them help to transport masks, protective clothing, oxygen generators and other protective articles donated by the people, some are responsible for delivering living materials and personal hygiene supplies for medical staff, and some are obliged to take medical workers to work. Hotels, restaurants and other enterprises also spontaneously mobilized to provide basic support for medical staff, such as food and accommodation. The service of living materials is embodied in the transportation of living materials in the closed community in the city. Despite the low income and the risk of long-term isolation, there are still a large number of truck drivers willing to transport living materials for various areas of Hubei Province during the epidemic. The main body of emergency service includes not only public individuals but also social organizations. For example, Wuhan Logistics Association has established an anti epidemic volunteer truck team and volunteer private car team with Wuhan Modern Logistics Research Institute, one meter Dida and other large-scale logistics enterprises and enthusiastic truck owners to transport support materials to Wuhan leishenshan hospital, huoshenshan hospital, Hubei peoples Hospital and other units. At the same time, in the face of the shortage of domestic materials, a group of alumni organizations, represented by Wuhan University Alumni Association, Peking University Alumni Association, Zhejiang University Alumni Association, Shanghai Jiaotong University Alumni Association and local branches, actively coordinated overseas resources, collected and purchased protective materials and equipment from more than 10 countries and regions, including the United States, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, etc All kinds of materials urgently needed for domestic transportation.

Third, care for special groups. There are three types of caring groups. The first is the traditionally difficult groups, such as the elderly, children, long-term patients, disabled and other groups who are at higher risk of infection due to their weak health foundation. Typical service projects for the above groups include China rare diseases alliance and Beijing pain challenge public welfare foundation to launch drug aid projects for patients with rare diseases during the epidemic, Wuhan enpai social innovation and development center to contact and connect childrens mask resources for Hubei maternal and child health care hospital, etc. The second category is the vulnerable groups in the epidemic due to the weak economic foundation, represented by migrant workers. The typical service project for such groups is the migrant workers anti epidemic rescue operation launched by Beijing social work development center of collaborators, relying on the nationwide service network of the organization to carry out the emergency rescue and capacity-building of migrant workers and their children. The third group is the vulnerable groups directly affected by the epidemic, represented by small and micro business owners. The typical service project for this kind of group is the 200 million yuan emergency support plan for small and micro enterprises launched by the charity foundation of Guangdong hehe, which is used to relieve the short-term pressure of rent and labor for individual businesses and small and micro enterprises in Shunde District of Foshan City.

Fourth, build a cooperation platform. The types of platforms can be divided into formal and informal ones. No matter which type of platform, the Internet, especially social media, is basically used as the carrier to form a fast and stable interactive communication mechanism and information release mechanism, so as to help more individuals to invest in epidemic prevention and control affairs. The formal platform is set up by social organizations or enterprises, aiming at information release and organization of joint action, and gathering professional social forces to invest in specific epidemic prevention work as much as possible. For example, the Beijing Boneng voluntary public welfare foundation launched the Beijing Hubei Iwill voluntary joint action jointly with professional volunteers and public welfare institutions in Beijing and Hubei, which connects volunteers and resource information online to form a service force. In addition to the formal platform, a large number of private volunteers set up informal self-Media platforms in the form of wechat groups, coordinate the donation of money and materials, material transportation, commuting support and other work, and achieve collaboration based on social network circles. Some individuals with technical capabilities have also developed wuhan2020 and other information platforms by using GitHub and other websites, so as to make the folk collaborative behavior more intelligent. In addition, in the epidemic prevention practice of the grass-roots government, there are also cases where the government and social forces cooperate to build a platform: the wechat group of online epidemic prevention Volunteer Center established by Dabieshan Youth League of Yingshan County, Hubei province directly invites local deputy county heads and other leading cadres to join in, and issues an announcement at the first time and communicates with the masses about their needs, which has played a more significant effect -- local new crown lung The death toll and confirmed cases of inflammation were the lowest in Huanggang City, and the cure rate was the highest in Huanggang City.

From the practice of social forces participating in epidemic prevention and control, its role in the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity is not limited to the construction of grass-roots social governance pattern emphasized in the decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, but has a more complex and critical role. These functions include the following four aspects:

Resource pooling. The decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee proposed that we should attach importance to the role of the third distribution and the development of charity and other social public welfare undertakings. The large-scale social donation in the process of epidemic prevention and control fully shows that the third distribution, represented by charity, is generally a wealth flow process with positive social value guidance and active and spontaneous participation of social members, which contains profound cultural embeddedness and shows the peoples concept of great love and community thinking of destiny. This distribution process is different from the market cooperation game under the guidance of efficiency demands, and also different from the governments compulsory intervention for national value. It has its own internal logic and vitality, and can break out amazing energy in response to emergencies. Taking the social cooperation in the epidemic prevention and control as an opportunity to encourage the third distribution mechanism to play a more routine role in the modern governance system will be conducive to further aggregating the capital of civil society and creating the development path of charity with Chinese characteristics.

Emergency management function. In the decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, it was proposed to build an emergency management system with unified command, special and regular functions, sensitive response and linkage between the top and the bottom. From the rapid response of social forces after the outbreak of the epidemic, we can see that the concept of multi participation governance also needs to be popularized in the emergency field, and social forces are fully capable of becoming one of the participants in emergency governance. In an emergency, the individual volunteers in the area where the incident happened often become the first responders, and implement humanitarian assistance, emergency services and psychological support in a short period of time. A well-developed social organization, as one of the main bodies of emergency management, can play a role in both the emergency rescue and post reconstruction stages, and carry out detailed and sustainable projects relying on its own professional ability and strong flexibility. In order to promote the emergency management function of social forces, the emergency responders should be given certain system guarantee and empowerment, and the daily training of social organizations emergency ability should be strengthened.

Peoples livelihood. The decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee proposed to encourage and support social forces to set up public welfare undertakings to meet the diversified needs of the people at various levels. The multiple care services provided by social forces in epidemic prevention and control fully show that social forces can not only pay attention to multiple dimensions and multiple objects of peoples livelihood issues, make up for the absence or deficiency of the government in the field of non basic public services, meet the diverse needs of the people, but also become a powerful assistant of the government in improving social equity and resolving social conflicts. The different services provided by different social organizations for workers and enterprises reflect the importance of the adjustment of social forces in the process of economic downward risk under the influence of negative factors such as epidemic situation. In the future, social forces will become an important subject to ensure social stability, improve peoples livelihood, solve deep-seated contradictions and problems, and enhance peoples well-being and public sense of access from different perspectives. Following the requirements of the decision and opening more service areas to be undertaken by social forces will be a feasible attempt to construct the governance system in the next stage.

Subject synergy. Coordination is one of the high-frequency key words in the decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee. The construction of administrative system requires the optimization, coordination and efficiency of the functions of state institutions. The macro-control system emphasizes the coordinated efforts of various policies, and the prevention and control system of social security emphasizes the coordination in addition to the integrity and accuracy. In fact, the coordination of government and society is also the meaning of realizing the modernization of governance system and capacity. The practice of epidemic prevention fully shows that social forces can form a spontaneous collaborative system and operate efficiently. In order to strengthen the construction of the governance system, we should promote the establishment of a government led, social forces widely involved in the cooperation mechanism, to find the point of agreement between the two sides, to generate multi-dimensional interaction, and to promote collaborative governance.