On February 28, the Bureau of statistics issued the bulletin of national economic and social development statistics in 2019. At the same time, the official website of the Bureau of statistics released Sheng Laiyun, deputy director of the National Bureau of statistics, comments on the 2019 statistical bulletin.
The following is the full text of Sheng Lai Yun: stabilizing the middle stage, advancing the middle stage, increasing the well-being -- review of 2019 statistical bulletin:
1u3001 The comprehensive national strength has stepped to a new level, and the foundation for the development of a large country has been continuously consolidated
With the joint efforts of the whole nation and a series of policies and measures to stabilize growth, promote reform, adjust structure, benefit the peoples livelihood, prevent risks and ensure stability, Chinas total economy has reached a new level, with a per capita development level of more than 10000 US dollars, continuous improvement of industrial development and infrastructure, continuous enhancement of the comprehensive national strength and continuous expansion of international influence.
The total economic output is close to 100 trillion yuan. According to preliminary accounting, in 2019, Chinas GDP reached 99086.5 billion yuan, reaching 14.4 trillion U.S. dollars at the annual average exchange rate, ranking second in the world; per capita GDP reached 70892 yuan, reaching 10276 U.S. dollars at the annual average exchange rate, breaking through the 10000 U.S. dollar mark for the first time, further narrowing the gap with high-income countries. The economic growth rate ranks the top among the worlds major economies. In 2019, Chinas GDP grew by 6.1% over the previous year, significantly higher than the global economic growth, ranking first among the economies with a total economic volume of more than US $1 trillion; its contribution rate to world economic growth reached about 30%, and it has continued to be the main driving force for world economic growth.
Employment expansion and price stability in general. In 2019, 13.52 million new jobs were created in cities and towns across the country, which remained above 13 million for seven consecutive years; the total number of migrant workers was 290.77 million, an increase of 0.8% over the previous year. The monthly national urban survey unemployment rate remained between 5.0% and 5.3%, lower than the expected target of about 5.5%. The total temperature of market price increase is plus. In 2019, the consumer price of residents increased by 2.9% over the previous year, lower than the expected target for the whole year. Among them, the core CPI excluding food and energy rose 1.6%, down 0.3 percentage points from the previous year.
The level of industrial development continued to rise. The basic position of agriculture has been strengthened. In 2019, the added value of the primary industry reached 7046.7 billion yuan, an increase of 3.1% over the previous year. The total grain output was 663.84 million tons, a record high. In 2019, a total of 270000 hectares of cultivated land and 1.46 million hectares of efficient water-saving irrigation will be added. Industry continues to grow. In 2019, the industrial added value is 31710.9 billion yuan, an increase of 5.7% over the previous year, of which the manufacturing added value is expected to rank first in the world for 10 consecutive years. The output of main products ranks the top in the world. In 2019, the output of integrated circuit is 2018 billion pieces, an increase of 8.9%; the output of steel is 1.2 billion tons, an increase of 6.3%. By the end of 2019, the installed capacity of power generation in China was 2010660000kw, an increase of 5.8% over the end of last year. The growth of service industry is good. In 2019, the added value of service industry was 53423.3 billion yuan, an increase of 6.9% over the previous year, of which information transmission, software and information technology services increased by 18.7%, and leasing and business services increased by 8.7%.
2u3001 The supply side structural reform has been solidly promoted, and the leading role of innovation has been continuously enhanced
Adhere to the eight character policy of consolidate, enhance, enhance and unblock, continue to deepen supply side structural reform, vigorously implement the innovation driven development strategy, focus on promoting mass entrepreneurship and innovation, actively play the leading role of scientific and technological innovation demonstration, promote the two wheel drive of reform and innovation, and constantly burst new vitality of development.
The supply side structural reform has achieved remarkable results. The achievements of three go, one drop and one supplement have been consolidated. In 2019, the utilization rate of national industrial capacity was 76.6%, 0.1 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. At the end of the year, the area for sale of commercial housing decreased by 25.93 million square meters compared with the end of the previous year, and the asset liability ratio of Industrial Enterprises above designated size decreased by 0.2 percentage points. In 2019, the investment in fixed assets in education, ecological protection and environmental governance increased by 17.7% and 37.2% respectively compared with the previous year. The reform of releasing management service has been further promoted, and the vitality of micro main body has been continuously enhanced. In 2019, there were 23.77 million newly registered market entities, 20000 newly registered enterprises per day, and 120 million market entities at the end of the year. Financial support to the real economy has increased. In 2019, tax reduction and fee reduction exceeded 2.3 trillion yuan. The balance of RMB loans to the real economy at the end of the year was 151.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 12.5% over the end of the previous year.
The leading role of scientific and technological innovation has been enhanced. The innovation environment continues to improve. In 2019, China ranked 14th in the global innovation index, up 3 places over the previous year. Investment in innovation increased rapidly. In 2019, the national R & D expenditure increased by 10.5% over the previous year, and the ratio with GDP was 2.19%. Innovative achievements are constantly emerging. Change-4 successfully landed on the back of the moon for the first time in the world, the long march-5-yao-3 carrier rocket was successfully launched, the xuelong-2 made its first voyage to the south pole, and the Beidou navigation global network entered a sprint period. In 2019, there will be 1.401 million patent applications, 13.3 patents per 10000 population, and the target tasks set in the 13th five year plan will be completed in advance.
New driving forces for development thrive. The rapid development of new industries, new models and new products has become a new driving force for economic growth and structural adjustment. In 2019, the added value of industrial strategic emerging industries increased by 8.4% over the previous year, 2.7% faster than that of industries above Designated Size; the operating revenue of strategic emerging service industry enterprises increased by 12.7%, 3.3% faster than that of services above Designated Size; and the output of service robots increased by 38.9%. Both online and offline wings are flying together, and new forces of network are accelerating to form. In 2019, the online retail sales of physical goods increased by 19.5% over the previous year, accounting for 20.7% of the total retail sales of consumer goods.
3u3001 Continuous optimization of economic structure and steady improvement of development coordination
We will vigorously promote industrial upgrading, focus on expanding domestic demand, coordinate urban and rural regional development, and accelerate the construction of a benign regional interaction mechanism. New progress has been made in Chinas structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading.
Upgrading and development of three major industries. Adjustment and optimization of agricultural planting structure. In 2019, the planting area of rapeseed, peanut, vegetable and other economic crops increased, the area of high-quality rice expanded, and the soybean planting area increased by 10.9% over the previous year. The manufacturing industry is moving towards the middle and high end. In 2019, the growth rate of added value of equipment manufacturing industry and high-tech manufacturing industry is 1.0 and 3.1 percentage points faster than that of industries above scale, accounting for 32.5% and 14.4% of industries above scale respectively. The role of stabilizers in the service industry has been further enhanced. In 2019, the added value of service industry accounted for 53.9% of GDP, an increase of 0.6 percentage points over the previous year; the contribution rate to economic growth was 59.4%, higher than 22.6 percentage points of the second industry.
The structure of domestic demand continued to improve. In the case of complex international environment and fluctuating external demand, domestic demand, especially consumption, plays an important role in stabilizing economic operation. In 2019, the contribution rate of domestic demand to economic growth is 89.0%, among which the contribution rate of final consumption expenditure is 57.8%, 26.6 percentage points higher than the total capital formation. The total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 41164.9 billion yuan, an increase of 8.0% over the previous year, and exceeded 40 trillion yuan for the first time. Investment in the weak areas and short boards has been strengthened. In 2019, investment in high-tech industries and social sectors increased by 17.3% and 13.2% respectively compared with the previous year.
The coordinated development of urban and rural areas has achieved remarkable results. The new urbanization is advancing steadily. At the end of 2019, the urbanization rate of permanent residents was 60.60%, 1.02 percentage points higher than that at the end of last year; the urbanization rate of registered population was 44.38%, 1.01 percentage points higher. Major regional development strategies have been promoted as a whole. The coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, and the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta have pressed the fast forward key. The ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin have become national strategies, and the pattern of regional coordinated development has been further optimized. In 2019, the GDP of the central and western regions increased by 7.3% and 6.7% respectively compared with the previous year, faster than that of the whole country by 1.2 and 0.6 percentage points; the GDP of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei increased by 6.1%, the GDP of the Yangtze River Economic Belt increased by 6.9%, and the GDP of the Yangtze River Delta increased by 6.4%.
4u3001 Accelerate the construction of ecological civilization and achieve new results in green development
Throughout the country, we have thoroughly implemented the concept of green development, strengthened ecological environment protection and pollution prevention and control, resolutely fought for the defense of blue sky, clear water and pure land, continuously improved the efficiency of resource utilization, continued to improve the beauty and temperament of the land of Shenzhou, and accelerated the formation of a green, low-carbon and environmentally-friendly production and life style.
The efficiency of resource utilization is constantly improving. The effect of energy conservation and emission reduction is obvious. In 2019, the energy consumption of RMB 10000 GDP decreased by 2.6% over the previous year, the carbon dioxide emission of RMB 10000 GDP decreased by 4.1%, and the water consumption of RMB 10000 GDP decreased by 6.1%. Clean energy is more widely used. In 2019, coal consumption accounted for 57.7% of the total energy consumption, down 1.5 percentage points from the previous year; clean energy consumption such as natural gas, hydropower, nuclear power, wind power accounted for 23.4% of the total energy consumption, up 1.3 percentage points.
Ecological protection has been improved. More efforts have been made to protect and repair the ecosystem, and comprehensive control of soil erosion has been solidly advanced. In 2019, 7.07 million hectares of afforestation area, 7.73 million hectares of forest tending area and 54000 square kilometers of new soil erosion control area will be completed. By the end of the year, there were 474 national nature reserves.
5u3001 Opening up in an all-round way has been strengthened, and foreign trade and economic cooperation have grown against the trend
In the face of the rise of Global trade protectionism and unilateralism and the headwind of globalization, China firmly maintains the multilateral trade system, implements a more active opening strategy, improves the level of trade facilitation, continuously optimizes the business environment, promotes reform and development through opening up, improves the level of all-round opening up, and makes new achievements in the development of foreign trade and economic cooperation.
The quality of foreign trade will be improved in a stable way. The scale of trade reached a new high. In 2019, Chinas total import and export of goods reached 31.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.4% over the previous year, and exceeded 30 trillion yuan for two consecutive years, which is expected to be the first in the world. The trade structure continued to be optimized. In 2019, the import and export of general trade accounted for 59.0% of the total import and export of goods, an increase of 1.2 percentage points over the previous year. The scale of service trade has expanded steadily. In 2019, the total import and export of services increased by 2.8% over the previous year, and the deficit of service trade narrowed by 10.5%. Among them, the proportion of total service exports to total service imports and exports reached 36.1%, 2.0 percentage points higher than the previous year.
The utilization of foreign capital continued to expand. The vast market space and the constantly optimized business environment make China a hot spot for foreign investment. In the case of a sharp decline in global cross-border investment, Chinas actual use of foreign direct investment in 2019 amounted to 941.5 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% over the previous year. The pilot free trade zone has strengthened its role in attracting foreign investment, with six new pilot free trade zones and a new area adjacent to the port of Shanghai free trade zone. There are 6242 foreign-funded enterprises in 18 pilot free trade zones and 1436 billion yuan of foreign investment, accounting for more than 15% of the total in China.
Building a one belt, one road has achieved fruitful results. In 2019, one belt, one road, and 92690 countries were imported and exported to China, an increase of 10.8% over the previous year. Among them, exports increased by 13.2% and imports by 7.9%. Two way investment develops in depth. In 2019 one belt, one road, and one belt, one road, were directly invested by US $15 billion, representing a 0.6 percentage point increase in total foreign investment compared with the previous year. The total amount of direct investment in China along the one belt and one way amount to US $8 billion 400 million, an increase of 30.6%.
6u3001 Social undertakings have made overall progress and peoples lives have continued to improve
Adhere to the principle of sharing development and development for the people, continuously increase peoples livelihood investment in all regions and departments, accelerate the development of various social undertakings, continue to increase the income of residents, further reduce the number of poor people, continuously improve social security, strengthen education, culture, health and sports, and lay a solid foundation for improving peoples livelihood.
The income of residents is basically in step with the economic growth. We should take multiple measures to increase urban and rural residents income, implement the special additional deduction policy of personal income tax, and break through 30000 yuan of per capita income for the first time. In 2019, the per capita disposable income of Chinese residents was 30733 yuan, an increase of 5.8% over the previous year, basically in line with the GDP growth, faster than the per capita GDP growth. The income gap between residents has been further narrowed. In 2019, the ratio of per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents was 2.64, 0.05 lower than the previous year.
We have achieved outstanding results in overcoming poverty. Poverty reduction. In 2019, 11.09 million rural poor people were lifted out of poverty, reducing poverty by more than 10 million people for seven consecutive years; the incidence of poverty was 0.6%, 1.1 percentage points lower than that of the previous year, a big step towards the elimination of absolute poverty. The income of residents in poor areas increased rapidly. In 2019, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 11567 yuan, an increase of 11.5% over the previous year; the real growth rate after deducting the price factor was 8.0%, 1.8 percentage points faster than the real growth rate of the per capita disposable income of rural residents nationwide.
The social security system continued to improve. The number of old-age and medical insurance participants increased. By the end of 2019, the number of people participating in basic endowment insurance for urban employees, basic endowment insurance for urban and rural residents and basic medical insurance increased by 15.81 million, 8.74 million and 9.78 million respectively compared with the end of last year. Social assistance is increasing. In 2019, 9.18 million people received temporary assistance, 77.82 million people were subsidized to participate in basic medical insurance, and 61.8 million people received outpatient and inpatient assistance. Housing security for the poor continued to advance. In 2019, 3.16 million sets of shantytowns will be reconstructed and 2.54 million sets will be basically completed.
Social undertakings are flourishing and developing. Education and culture continued to strengthen. In 2019, the consolidation rate of nine year compulsory education is 94.8%, an increase of 0.6 percentage points over the previous year; the gross enrollment rate of high school stage is 89.5%, an increase of 0.7 percentage points. In 2019, the operating revenue of cultural and related industry enterprises above Designated Size reached 8662.4 billion yuan, up 7.0% over the previous year. Increase in medical and health institutions and personnel. By the end of 2019, there were 1.014 million medical and health institutions nationwide, an increase of 17000 over the previous year; 10.1 million health technicians, an increase of 570000. Competitive sports have made great achievements, mass sports have developed vigorously, and sports fitness facilities have been improved. According to the results of the seventh national general survey of sports venues, there are 3.16 million sports venues in China, with an area of 1.86 square meters per capita.
On the whole, against the background of slowing world economic growth and increasing downward pressure on domestic economy, Chinas economic giant ship is firmly moving forward and its high-quality development is fast and steady, which fully demonstrates the fundamentals of Chinas economic stability and the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, as well as the resilience, potential and vitality of the sustained economic development of major countries. This is the result of directing and steering by the Central Committee of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core. It is the result of hard work and hard work by all localities and departments. It is also the result of strengthening confidence and solidarity among the whole Party and people of all ethnic groups. 2020 is the year of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and the end of the 13th five year plan. It is of great significance to maintain the sustained and healthy economic development. We must be clear that the basic national conditions of our country, which is still in and will be in the primary stage of socialism for a long time, have not changed. Our international status as the largest developing country in the world has not changed. The problem of insufficient development imbalance is still prominent. There are many shortcomings in the fields of public services, such as health care, education, housing, etc., which need our continuous efforts and long-term contributions. At present, novel coronavirus pneumonia is pull together in times of trouble for the production and life of our people. We must unite more closely around the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, strengthen our confidence and work together in a unified way, and conscientiously grasp the work of all kinds of work, grasp the ground and seize the ground in accordance with the decision making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Do a good job in six stability work, maintain sustained and healthy economic development, and ensure the successful completion of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way!