According to 51job survey, the number of enterprises returning to work is growing rapidly, from 53% in the first week to 71.8%.
In terms of industry, the highest proportion of financial industry returning to work is 89.2%, retail industry is 88.3%, medical industry is 86.7%, manufacturing industry is 72.3%, logistics industry is 67.8%, and real estate industry is 52.3%.
From the perspective of enterprise type, state-owned enterprises return to work the earliest, with the highest proportion of employees coming to work, and relatively good employee security conditions; the Internet industry has the highest proportion of return to work, with the current proportion of work at home as high as 92%.
At the same time, large-scale enterprises have the highest proportion of return to work. The proportion of return to work in the surveyed enterprises with more than 2000 employees is 84%, and the proportion of return to work by employers with less than 100 employees is only 47%.
Data from the Ministry of industry and information technology also shows that the return to work rate of Industrial Enterprises above designated size has gradually increased, among which Zhejiang has exceeded 90% and Jiangsu, Shandong, Fujian, Liaoning, Guangdong and Jiangxi have exceeded 70%. The operating rate of small and medium-sized enterprises is only close to 30%.
Feng Lijuan, chief human resources expert of 51job, said that for most enterprises, it may not be difficult to return to work, but the road to return to work may be as long as several months.
Synchronous growth of enterprise recruitment
At the same time with the resumption of work, the need for enterprise personnel began to grow. From February 10 to 21, the number of jobs for 51job increased by 570000 (more than one job may be recruited), and the number of people who sent resumes in the same period has exceeded 5 million.
However, compared with last year, the employment demand of enterprises has declined significantly. The number of employers whose social recruitment plans are in line with last years growth accounts for 57%, and the number of employers whose recruitment is suspended accounts for 12%. The number of new positions and resumes posted was 31% and 45% of the same period of the previous year.
According to the report, the decrease in recruitment does not mean that talent acquisition is easy. In fact, the lack of candidates in social recruitment has puzzled the employers who are eager to employ people.
Zhang Chenggang, director of China new employment form research center of Capital University of economics and trade, told No.1 finance and economics that at present, the main problem facing employment is that there are obstacles in the cross provincial personnel flow. Even if the point-to-point direct transportation mode is used to mainly guarantee the employment of key enterprises, the cost of spreading out the scope of each province is still high. The next step is to solve the labor flow as soon as possible and the inability to return to work after the flow The dilemma.
Among the 3850 employees interviewed, 54.5% were eager to resume their daily work, far more than the sum of do not want to work (6.9%) and still dare not return to work (14.5%).
Faster recovery in manufacturing than in services
The survey also shows that at present, almost all enterprises are in the stage of spending more than income. 34% of enterprises can only maintain their cash flow for 1-3 months, 21% for 3-6 months, 8.6% for 6-12 months, and 31.3 for more than one year. For the overall recovery of operation, more than half of the employers think it is visible within one year.
Different industries are affected by the epidemic to different degrees, and the recovery speed is also different. According to the latest report issued by Huambo New Economy Research Institute, from the perspective of structure, the service industry, which accounts for 53% of the total economy, is not only the most affected by the epidemic and has a slow recovery speed, but also the losses of some industries can not be made up in the second half of the year. It is expected that the growth rate of the service industry in the first quarter of 2020 will be -0.1%, and the growth rate in the first half of the year will be about 3.7%. Among them, the catering and accommodation industry suffered the most, with an expected growth rate of - 45.7% in the first quarter and - 11% in the whole year.
According to the experience of SARS, the recovery of manufacturing industry is also faster than that of service industry. At present, the recovery speed of manufacturing industry is faster than that of service industry, and the manufacturing industry is expected to grow in the first quarter. Therefore, the next stable growth should focus on the service industry.
Tengtai suggested that monetary policy should be announced as soon as possible to reduce the standard and interest rate, and effectively reduce the financing cost of enterprises; fiscal policy should use innovative methods to open the revenue and expenditure space, which can increase the dividend intensity of state-owned enterprises. If the dividend is based on 50% of the profits of state-owned enterprises in 2019, the non tax revenue can be increased by 1.3 trillion yuan.