Will the current public information of patients activity areas violate privacy?

category:Global
 Will the current public information of patients activity areas violate privacy?


Data chart: the community strengthened the prevention and control of pneumonia caused by new coronavirus infection. Photo by Hou Yu, reporter of China News Agency

In the view of scholars, at the critical moment of national anti epidemic, some big cities gradually publicize the living or frequent activity areas of the confirmed infected people to the society, which is conducive to the public to timely grasp the distribution of the epidemic situation and prompt the relevant groups to protect themselves. However, it should be noted that when disclosing information, we should avoid stigmatization of the infected individual and family and prevent the secondary injury caused by human flesh search.

Extraordinary move in critical period

The reporter noted that just the day before, eight experts in the field of health law had publicly expressed their legal opinions, calling on local governments to publicize the communities, communities or frequently active areas where the infected people lived.

Yu Lingyun, a professor from the school of law of Tsinghua University, said in an interview with China News Agency on the evening of June 6 that the more critical the epidemic prevention and control period is, the more timely information should be made public, and it is clear which community finds suspected patients and confirmed patients, which can improve the vigilance of the general public. Try not to go to this place as much as possible, or residents who have had brief contact with the area (patients) will also have protection and strengthen self isolation..

In Yu Lingyuns opinion, if the infected person does not take any protective measures to contact with other people before diagnosis, it may cause the contact person to be infected, thus causing a certain public health risk. In order to prompt the health risks to the contacts and others, and urge them to take corresponding preventive measures, at the same time, effectively block the transmission channels and protect public health, and timely guide the prevention and control of the epidemic situation, it is necessary to announce the approximate areas where the confirmed infected people live. This is not only conducive to promoting the self-protection of relevant groups, but also conducive to group prevention and governance.

Experts pointed out that all kinds of true and false information about the area where the patients belong, if not published, will cause social panic and confusion to a certain extent. In this case, the government or authority will publicize the area where the patients are distributed, which is conducive to the openness and transparency of information.

Xue LAN, a professor at Tsinghua University, believes that in an abnormal environment, the public can do not go out or less, but normal life will always return. When more people return to normal life, they need to obtain more open and transparent information in a timely manner. So it seems that several cities in China have successively announced the areas where patients live, which is conducive to public health and safety.

However, according to Li Changan, a professor at the school of public management of the University of international business and economics, it is worth affirming that the public knows the potential risks through official information. But from another point of view, it is inevitable that everyone will feel some panic. Because a patient lives in an area, he may take multiple routes in and out, which will be difficult for mass prevention and treatment. So when disclosing information, government departments should have more explanations to dispel everyones doubts.

Prevent patients from being human flesh searched

As the author of the legal opinion, Wang Chenguang, a professor of Law School of Tsinghua University, also mentioned a problem in the interview: every decision-making in the field of public health involves the balance and choice of rights and interests, especially in the case of public health emergencies, which always brings conflicts between personal rights and public interests. Its a dilemma. We have to make a trade-off.

We also made it clear in our legal opinions that there should be a certain limit to the disclosure of information, so as to simplify the published personal information as much as possible and reduce unnecessary damage to personal rights and interests. Wang Chenguang said.

Yu Lingyun reminded that patients active areas should be disclosed, and patients information should be prevented from being disclosed, resulting in human flesh search. First of all, he said, the relevant departments should not disclose the relevant information of the community in too much detail. Secondly, in the official real-time information announcement, we need to remind everyone that we are against viruses, and patients and suspected cases themselves are victims. We should do a good job in positive publicity to reflect human care.

Does information disclosure violate privacy?

According to Chinas emergency response law, the law on prevention and control of infectious diseases and the regulations on emergency response to public health emergencies, the government has the responsibility to publish epidemic information.

But experts stressed that the law only allows personal information to be published in certain circumstances. Article 15 of the regulations on the disclosure of government information stipulates that the administrative organ shall not disclose the government information involving business secrets, personal privacy and other publicity that will damage the legitimate rights and interests of the third party. However, if the third party agrees to make it public or the administrative organ believes that it will have a significant impact on the public interest, it shall make it public.

(function(){(window.slotbydup=window.slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_5811557,async:true});})(); Yu Lingyun told reporters about whether the disclosure of patients activity areas constitutes human rights violations under special circumstances. First, this measure has a legal basis, that is, it is handled in accordance with the Regulations of the peoples Republic of China on the disclosure of government information; second, it is also done in the West. I participated in the drafting of the regulations on the disclosure of government information. At that time, there was a discussion about why business secrets and personal information were not absolutely protected, but relatively closed. Because of the need to measure major public interests. This practice is also an international practice. . According to Chang Jian, a professor at Zhouenlai School of government management, Nankai University, public health and safety should be the first priority in the current epidemic situation. Because it involves the security of thousands of households, when the public health requirements and personal privacy conflict, the first thing to consider is public health security. However, it is not to say that the right to privacy is completely ignored, but it is limited to some extent, because the announced activity place is a public area. However, we need to pay attention to the stigmatization of the community and discrimination against people, which should be effectively avoided. Source: editor in charge of China News Network: Han Jiapeng Peng nn9841

Yu Lingyun told reporters about whether the disclosure of patients activity areas constitutes human rights violations under special circumstances. First, this measure has a legal basis, that is, it is handled in accordance with the Regulations of the peoples Republic of China on the disclosure of government information; second, it is also done in the West. I participated in the drafting of the regulations on the disclosure of government information. At that time, there was a discussion about why business secrets and personal information were not absolutely protected, but relatively closed. Because of the need to measure major public interests. This practice is also an international practice. .

According to Chang Jian, a professor at Zhouenlai School of government management, Nankai University, public health and safety should be the first priority in the current epidemic situation. Because it involves the security of thousands of households, when the public health requirements and personal privacy conflict, the first thing to consider is public health security. However, it is not to say that the right to privacy is completely ignored, but it is limited to some extent, because the announced activity place is a public area. However, we need to pay attention to the stigmatization of the community and discrimination against people, which should be effectively avoided.