China is rich in wildlife resources and diverse habitat types, but due to various reasons such as population and economy, the fragmentation of wildlife habitat is becoming increasingly serious, and a considerable number of wildlife populations have been seriously threatened.
On March 3, 10 departments including the Ministry of ecological environment, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas and the Ministry of Public Security jointly deployed a special law enforcement action to crack down on illegal wildlife trading, which was strictly prohibited in any form during the epidemic.
There is no harm without trade, and the illegal trade in wildlife has destroyed some of the remaining wildlife populations. Ma Jun, director of the center for public environmental research, told China News Agency recently that some wild animals that have been used as medicine can find substitutes by analyzing ingredients and using modern means, without direct access.
Ma Jun suggested that, first of all, it is said that the epidemic originated from the South China seafood market in Wuhan, where there is no qualification to operate wild animals, which exposes loopholes in market supervision. It is necessary to strengthen law enforcement, and also need more clear relevant legislation; secondly, it is prohibited to eat wild animals illegally, and a hotline can be established to facilitate public supervision and timely investigation and punishment by law enforcement departments.
Ma Jun confessed that there are complex factors behind the wildlife trade. For example, some so-called wild animals are actually farmed. This part belongs to the allowed trade or in the gray area, and this link is more prone to outbreaks of symbiotic diseases between humans and animals. It involves the wild animal breeding industry and employment, behind which there are economic interests disputes such as farms, which need to be carefully studied and solved. In the transitional period of banning the trade of wild animals in an all-round way, it can be considered to give certain economic compensation to the affected farmers.
Its time for us to make up our minds. Ma Jun said that the number of some birds and animals has declined sharply, and they are in a state of degradation, endangered or even extremely endangered, so it is urgent to protect the wildlife population. The public cant bear the huge public safety risk by making green consumption choices and not eating wild animals.
Chang Jiwen, deputy director of the resources and Environmental Policy Research Institute of the development research center of the State Council, said that the reason why there are many problems in the protection of wildlife is that they not only need to be protected, but also can generate economic benefits through domestication and breeding, which is easy to lead to conflicts. The urgent task is to establish a list of wild animals that are forbidden to eat and strictly supervise them.
19 scholars, including Xu Zhihong, former president of Peking University, Fang Jingyun, President of Yunnan University, and WAN Jianmin, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, recently jointly called for an end to the illegal consumption and trade of wild animals and the control of major public health crises from the source. It is hoped that the competent departments of the government and the public will make joint efforts to turn the crisis into an action to protect the ecology and public security in a timely and effective manner.
As one of the 19 co advocates, Lu Zhi suggested that the law of the peoples Republic of China on the protection of wild animals clearly stipulates that wild animals under state key protection cannot be used for food, but animals not on the list of key protection, such as bats and civets, may also become storage or intermediate hosts of diseases shared by animals and humans. It is suggested to ban the market of wildlife management and stop the illegal trade of wild animals on the Internet. Because its legality cannot be traced and certified, the quarantine safety can not be guaranteed, and it is easy to lead to public security incidents and poaching and smuggling activities.
In order to maintain the ecological balance and prevent the epidemic focus of wild animals, Beijing Forestry University Students state law research center and other institutions recently jointly proposed to expand the scope of legal wild animals, prohibit the sale and prohibition of wild animals. At the same time, we will increase legal accountability for illegal consumption of wild animals, and investigate criminal responsibility for causing major epidemics, major property losses or personal injury