84 how to use disinfectant and alcohol? Health Care Commission tips: never mix!

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 84 how to use disinfectant and alcohol? Health Care Commission tips: never mix!


The main component of 84 disinfectant is sodium hypochlorite (NaClO), the effective chlorine content is 5.5-6.5%, which is a kind of high-efficiency disinfectant with pungent smell, certain corrosiveness and volatility.

Therefore, it is not generally used for disinfection of skin surface, and it is not suitable to directly contact the original 84 disinfectant without dilution with skin. If contact 84 disinfectant directly with skin for a long time, it will cause skin dryness, molting, pruritus and other problems.

The correct use of 84 disinfectant

First, wear gloves and masks to avoid direct contact. In addition, when cleaning the surface of general objects, the ratio of water (cold water) and water (cold water) is 1:100, and the disinfection time is about 20 minutes. Moreover, after wiping, spraying and dragging, clean with water.

When using 84 to clean white fabrics, the concentration should be low, generally 1:160. After the ratio is good, put the clothes into the water. Do not pour 84 disinfectant directly on the clothes or use 84 disinfectant to clean colored clothes. The soaking time should not be too long, just 20 minutes, and after the soaking and disinfection, wash the clothes with water for many times.

As for deodorization and disinfection, clean the water pipes, kitchen sinks, ditches, garbage cans, etc., directly pour 84 disinfectant solution into two bottles or spray the original solution on the surface of the article, and then wash it with water after 10 minutes. Many people just ignored the second clean-up of water, which caused the irritant odor in 84 to stimulate the respiratory tract and cause damage to the human body.

In hospital, the proportion of the contaminated materials was 1:50, and the disinfection time was as long as 30 minutes. After soaking, spraying and disinfecting, wash with clear water for 1-2 times and dry. 84 disinfectant will remain on the surface of the object after use and volatilize into the air. Its pungent smell will stimulate the respiratory tract of people. The chlorine in it will also pollute the water source, increase the risk of carcinogenesis and teratogenesis, and cause harm to human body. Therefore, when the hospital cleans the ground and handrail with 84 disinfectant diluent, it is necessary to wipe it twice with clear water to prevent the residue from damaging human body.

After using 84 disinfectant, it is necessary to open windows for ventilation, so that the air circulation can dissipate the residual pungent smell as soon as possible. After cleaning the utensils, it is better to dry them in the sun for a while.

84 consequences of improper use of disinfectant

If there is no secondary cleaning and ventilation after using 84 disinfectant in the family, the body may have symptoms such as cough, chest tightness and dyspnea after inhalation of the gas volatilized from 84 disinfectant. At this time, the patient should be quickly transferred to the fresh air to keep the patients respiratory tract unobstructed, and then contact the doctor immediately.

There is a news that Ms. Wang, who lives in Beijing, poured the toilet cleaner and 84 disinfectant into the toilet when cleaning the toilet. She fainted after cleaning for some time and was sent to the hospital for rescue.

Just clean the toilet, why can cause such serious consequences? Because the components of jiechuanling contain hydrochloric acid, and the main component of 84 disinfectant is sodium hypochlorite. When they are mixed, chemical reaction will occur, resulting in toxic chlorine. Chlorine gas invades the human body through the respiratory tract and dissolves in the water contained in the mucous membrane to generate hypochlorite and hydrochloric acid, causing damage to the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract: hypochlorite causes strong oxidation of the tissue; hydrochloric acid stimulates the mucous membrane to produce inflammatory swelling, causes the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract to swell, secretes a large amount of mucus, and causes difficulty in breathing.

Therefore, we must not mix 84 disinfectant with acid cleaning products. When we do not know the ingredients of the product, we only use one cleaning product at a time to ensure that no chemical reaction will occur and harm the human body.

When cleaning fruits and vegetables, try not to use 84 disinfectant for cleaning, so as to avoid the harm of 84 disinfectant residue to human body caused by incomplete cleaning.

In public places and at home, do not put 84 disinfectant in a place accessible to children, and do not use bottles without warning signs or labels to prevent others from taking it by mistake.

84 disinfectant has strong oxidability. Drinking it by mistake will cause chemical burn of gastric mucosa. Therefore, gastric lavage is not recommended to avoid aggravating the damage.

How to use alcohol correctly

Alcohol is flammable and explosive

Now we store and use a lot

Pay attention to the hidden danger of alcohol fire

Dangerous characteristics of alcohol

Alcohol, the scientific name of alcohol, is a flammable, volatile, colorless and transparent liquid under normal temperature and pressure, with a flash point of 13 u2103, and a light blue flame. Its vapor is heavier than air, and can spread to a far place at a lower place, forming an explosive mixture with air, which can cause explosion and combustion in case of open fire and high heat.

Search the Internet, because alcohol causes fire is not only a few.

1. Pay attention to indoor ventilation

When using alcohol indoors, it is necessary to ensure indoor ventilation. Cloth cleaning tools such as used towels should be cleaned with a large amount of clean water after use, and then stored in a closed place, or dried in a ventilated place.

Before use, it is necessary to clean the surrounding inflammables and combustibles, and do not spray them directly in the air. Alcohol has low ignition point and is easy to self ignite in case of fire and heat. When using, do not close to the heat source and avoid open fire. Disinfect the surface of the electrical appliance. Turn off the power supply first and wait for the electrical appliance to cool down before proceeding. If you wipe the kitchen stove with alcohol, turn off the fire source first to avoid explosion caused by alcohol volatilization. During use, the upper cover of the container must be closed immediately after each use, and it is strictly prohibited to open it.

3. Dont hoard alcohol at home

Alcohol is a flammable and volatile liquid. When residents disinfect with alcohol at home, they can buy small bottles of alcohol, which is suitable for sufficient use. Do not store a large amount of alcohol, so as not to leave a fire safety hazard.

4. Store away from light to prevent dumping and damage

Containers for collecting, storing and using alcohol must be reliably sealed, and containers without cover are strictly prohibited. Glass bottles shall be avoided to prevent falling and damage. The rest of the alcohol in the home should not be placed in the balcony, stove and other heat source environment, or near the power socket, the wall, the corner of the table and other places to prevent accidental collision and dumping. Store in a cool place, such as a cabinet, in a dark place. When storing, close the cover and label to avoid volatilization.

5. Keep away from children when storing

In families with young children, alcohol should be kept out of childrens reach. For older children, parents can explain the characteristics of alcohol to their children, teach them not to play with alcohol, let alone light it with fire.

Here

Fire department reminds residents

Correct use of alcohol for disinfection

In case of fire, scald, fire and other accidents

What about alcohol fire?

1u3001 Soak clothes, tablecloths, sheets or quilts in water and cover with fire.

2. Then pour water continuously to the fire until it goes out.

3. When the fire starts, it is most likely to go out. Try to use the things around you.

4. Dont put out the fire in the direction of people or inflammables.

5. When the alcohol in the laboratory is on fire, do not blow it with the mouth when the alcohol furnace is out. Use the lamp cap to cover it twice more.

In case of alcohol fire

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: u5811557, container: ssp_, async: true});}) ()); how to save yourself? After being burned, the first thing is to put out the fire. The correct measures should include the following: first, take off the clothes immediately. Clothes stained with alcohol have become combustibles. The fastest way to remove clothing and heat source can minimize damage and consequences. Second, avoid shouting. Shouting can cause severe respiratory burns when the head and face are surrounded by flames. Respiratory burn is one of the three major causes of death in burn patients. Third, try to put out the fire. It is better to cover with cotton fabric or wash with water nearby, and see a doctor immediately after the fire goes out. Source: Yueyang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of traditional Chinese medicine, Xingtai Fire Department source: surging news editor: Zhao Lixian Gu nag3173

How to save yourself?

After being burned, the first thing is to put out the fire. The correct Countermeasures for the injured should include the following:

First, take off your clothes immediately. Clothes stained with alcohol have become combustibles. The fastest way to remove clothing and heat source can minimize damage and consequences.

Second, avoid shouting. Shouting can cause severe respiratory burns when the head and face are surrounded by flames. Respiratory burn is one of the three major causes of death in burn patients.

Third, try to put out the fire. It is better to cover with cotton fabric or wash with water nearby, and see a doctor immediately after the fire goes out.

Source: Yueyang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of traditional Chinese medicine, Xingtai fire protection