At present, the companys sales colleagues are basically unable to visit customers, which has a great impact in the short term. At the same time, the rent, employee social security and other expenses are very large, which is equivalent to the net consumption. He believes that the policies introduced by Shanghai are timely and hopes that other departments will introduce more policies at the same time.
Previously, Suzhou had issued ten policy opinions on the evening of the 2nd, proposing to postpone the payment of social insurance premiums, etc. On March 3, Beijing also introduced 19 measures to encourage small and medium-sized micro tenants to moderately reduce rent. In addition, on the same day, Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, issued eight rules of the lake to support the healthy development of enterprises in response to the epidemic.
On February 3, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting to listen to the report of the leading group of the CPC Central Committee in response to the epidemic situation of pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus and relevant departments on the situation of epidemic prevention and control, and study the next step of epidemic prevention and control. The meeting pointed out that it is necessary to fully support and organize all kinds of production enterprises to return to work, increase financial support, increase employment guarantee for enterprises to return to work, and make good use of sufficient assistance to stabilize post policies.
Shanghai welcomes four favorable policies
Fei Yuqing, deputy director of Shanghai Municipal Bureau of human resources and social security, told the first financial reporter that this is because the Shanghai municipal Party committee and the Shanghai municipal government consider that during the epidemic period, enterprises, especially small and medium-sized micro enterprises, will encounter certain difficulties in operation, many of them cannot start normal operation, and the operation cost will increase. Based on this consideration, the Bureau has worked out relevant policies with relevant departments to reduce the burden of enterprises.
Fei Yuqing introduced that the load reduction policy is divided into four parts.
The first is to implement the policy of stable return of unemployment insurance. In order to effectively reduce the impact of the epidemic on the production and operation of enterprises, in 2020, Shanghai will continue to return 50% of the total amount of the unemployment insurance premiums actually paid by the employers and their employees in the previous year to those employers that do not reduce the number of employees or meet the conditions. After the implementation of the policy, it is expected that about 140000 employers will benefit from it and reduce the burden by about 2.6 billion yuan in 2020.
Its still a big load reduction effort. Liu Hong, founder and chairman of the first resource of human resources industry consulting agency, explained that according to the total return amount of about 2.6 billion yuan, measured by about 140000 employing units, the average burden of each employing unit will be reduced by more than 18000 yuan.
The second part is to postpone the adjustment of social security payment base. From this year, the starting and ending date of the year of social insurance payment for employees in this city (including the year of employee medical insurance) shall be adjusted from July 1 of the current year to June 30 of the next year, which shall be postponed for three months (the year of social insurance payment for employees in 2019 shall be postponed to July 1, 2020). It is estimated that 10.1 billion yuan of social security payment burden will be reduced for enterprises in this city in this year. Among them, the enterprise endowment insurance fund is about 6.4 billion yuan, and the medical insurance including maternity insurance fund is about 3.34 billion yuan.
The third is to extend the payment period of social insurance. Due to the impact of the epidemic, if the social insurance insured units, flexible employees and urban and rural residents in this city fail to handle the insurance registration, pay social insurance premiums and other businesses on time, they are allowed to make up after the epidemic. If the insured unit fails to pay the social insurance premium within the time limit, after reporting to the municipal social security agency, it will not charge the late payment fine, and will not affect the personal rights and interests records of the insured employees. The relevant supplementary payment procedures can be completed within 3 months after the epidemic situation is lifted.
The fourth measure is to implement the subsidy policy for training fees. For all kinds of enterprises in the city affected by the epidemic, those who organize employees (including dispatched workers working in the enterprise) to participate in all kinds of online vocational training during the shutdown period shall be included in the scope of enterprise employee training subsidized by the local education additional special fund in each district, and enjoy 95% subsidy according to the actual training cost. Platform enterprises (e-commerce enterprises) and new business enterprises can refer to the implementation.
Liu Hong said the policy takes into account that the reduction of offline business will bring space for online training. With the 95% subsidy, the enterprise will be willing to go to the training business of the purchasing agency, and the training agency will have a business; and the training costs invested by the enterprise can enjoy subsidies, which can be described as special funds.
Liu Hong also told reporters that March, April, September and October are the peak periods of training every year. Such regulations can explicitly encourage all kinds of platform enterprises to provide online training and form a good ecosystem.
On the evening of February 2, the Suzhou municipal government issued ten policy opinions on supporting small and medium-sized enterprises to overcome the difficulties in coping with the pneumonia epidemic caused by the new coronavirus, and proposed to postpone the payment of social insurance premiums. For small and medium-sized enterprises affected by the epidemic situation, facing temporary difficulties in production and operation, and really unable to pay the social insurance premium in full, they can postpone the payment of endowment insurance, unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance premium after approval according to the regulations, with the maximum period of 6 months. After the expiration of the period of suspension, the enterprise shall make up the social insurance premium in full, which shall not affect the personal rights and interests of the insured.
At the same time, the opinion also proposes to implement the policy of assisting and stabilizing posts. For the insured enterprises that do not reduce the number of employees or reduce the number of employees, 50% of the actual unemployment insurance premium paid in the previous year can be returned. For the insured enterprises facing temporary production and operation difficulties, which are expected to recover and insist on no or less layoffs, the return standard can be determined according to the six-month local per capita unemployment insurance benefits and the number of insured employees, and the policy implementation period shall be implemented in accordance with the national regulations.
Previously, the general office of the Ministry of human resources and social security issued a notice on January 30, saying that the insured enterprises and individuals are allowed to postpone the processing of business. Due to the impact of the epidemic, the employer overdue the processing of employee insurance registration, payment and other businesses, and the handling agency should accept them in a timely manner. The overdue payment shall not affect the personal rights and interests records of the insured, and the supplementary procedures shall be completed within three months after the termination of the epidemic.
The general office of the peoples Government of Beijing issued several measures to further support the prevention and control of pneumonia epidemic caused by the new coronavirus on March 3 in Beijing, which responded to the call of tenants for rent reduction and encouraged large commercial buildings, shopping malls and market operators to moderately reduce the rent of small and medium-sized micro tenants during the epidemic, and all districts to take rent reduction and exemption measures The leasing enterprises may be given appropriate financial subsidies.
In terms of social security, Beijing has extended the collection period of social insurance premiums payable in January and February to the end of March. The measures also refine this policy: for the industry enterprises that are greatly affected by the epidemic, such as tourism, accommodation, catering, exhibition, commerce and trade circulation, transportation, education and training, literary and art performances, film and television theaters, ice and snow sports, etc., the collection period of social insurance premium payable during the epidemic impact period can be extended to the end of July upon the confirmation of relevant industry competent departments.
Suzhou also proposed to reduce the rent and tax of small and medium-sized enterprises. For small and medium-sized enterprises that rent state-owned assets for business use, the rent for one month is exempted and the rent for two months is halved; for those who rent other business use houses, the owners (landlords) are encouraged to reduce the rent for the tenants, which shall be solved by both parties through consultation. Some experts suggested that Shanghai could draw lessons from Suzhou to issue similar rules.
There are also financial support measures in both places.
In terms of enterprise service, in addition to rent reduction and exemption, Beijing municipal government has put forward specific measures to help all kinds of enterprises to stabilize production and operation. For example, for those enterprises that are temporarily difficult to operate due to the epidemic, but have prospects for development, they will not be loaned, loaned or pressured. They will do a good job of loan Renewal Service for relevant enterprises, and strive to continue as soon as possible.
The ten articles of the Soviet Union requires to ensure that the credit balance of small and micro enterprises does not decline, that the financing cost of small and micro enterprises is reduced, that the national team of policy banks is brought into play, and that financial institutions are encouraged to provide guaranteed financial services.
What are the needs of enterprises
Jiang Ruochen, director and professor of the research center of the top 500 enterprises of Shanghai University of Finance and economics, said in an interview with the first financial reporter that in addition to the timely introduction of policies, the government should do a systematic and predictive research, including what types of small and medium-sized enterprises are currently affected to what extent. Support policies should also cover finance, social security, rent and other aspects.
In order to understand the impact of the new crown epidemic on the production and operation of small and medium-sized enterprises, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued a questionnaire survey on the impact of the epidemic on small and medium-sized enterprises, which was completed online.
According to the first resource related research and statistics, at present, enterprises are particularly worried about the following problems: rising labor costs, declining per capita productivity, and the impact on enterprise benefits; personnel aggregation management, wage calculation, and employee stability after rework; high recruitment pressure, inability to develop offline business, and failure to promote projects due to the impact of contracts, which lead to the survival crisis of enterprises.
In Jiang Ruochens view, in addition to tourism, accommodation, entertainment, catering and other enterprises greatly affected by the epidemic, Shanghai is characterized by export-oriented, so it is more necessary to pay attention to enterprises involving import and export foreign trade.
Shanghai Baolong Automobile Technology Co., Ltd., which has many overseas customers and orders, has been back to work in less than a week. Yin Shufei, Secretary of the board of directors of the company, believes that the epidemic will have a certain impact on the production and sales of automobiles, as well as the customs clearance or transportation. However, most of their supply chain is in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and only a few are in Hubei, which should be overcome in general.
Yin Shufei said that the companys later production tasks are heavy, and the policies issued in Shanghai are very timely, helping to reduce their burden and stabilize the employees of the enterprise. At the same time, he expects the government to do more in public services, tax relief and reducing financing costs.
During the period of SARS, the Chinese government adopted a series of tax reduction policies, such as from May to September 2003, exemption from business tax, urban maintenance and construction tax and education surcharges for civil aviation passenger transport and tourism; reduction, exemption or postponement of business tax, urban maintenance and construction tax and education surcharges for catering industry and hotel industry; exemption or reduction of personal income tax or reduction of taxi drivers Receive quota, etc. In the same year, some government funds that were greatly affected by the epidemic included catering, hotels, tourism, entertainment, civil aviation, highway passenger transport, etc. Jiang also suggested that in addition to the existing social security measures, Shanghai could increase the support of unemployment insurance and tax reduction, reduce the financing cost of small and medium-sized enterprises, and provide free business places and epidemic prevention services for small and medium-sized enterprises. Source: First Financial Editor: Guo Chenqi, nbj9931
During the period of SARS, the Chinese government adopted a series of tax reduction policies, such as from May to September 2003, exemption from business tax, urban maintenance and construction tax and education surcharges for civil aviation passenger transport and tourism; reduction, exemption or postponement of business tax, urban maintenance and construction tax and education surcharges for catering industry and hotel industry; exemption or reduction of personal income tax or reduction of taxi drivers Receive quota, etc. In the same year, some government funds that were greatly affected by the epidemic included catering, hotels, tourism, entertainment, civil aviation, highway passenger transport, etc.
Jiang also suggested that in addition to the existing social security measures, Shanghai could increase the support of unemployment insurance and tax reduction, reduce the financing cost of small and medium-sized enterprises, and provide free business places and epidemic prevention services for small and medium-sized enterprises.