What kind of army is the space force?

category:Military
 What kind of army is the space force?


The picture shows a simulated space war scene.

Former US President Kennedy predicted that Whoever can control space can control the world. Because of the huge political, economic, military and scientific and technological value, the vast space has become the strategic commanding point of safeguarding national interests that all countries are concerned about.

Recently, the United States announced the official establishment of a space force, which, along with the existing army, Navy, air force, Marine Corps and coast guard, has become the sixth largest service and defends its legitimate interests in space.

Many experts believe that this is to seize limited space resources and extend its global hegemony in outer space by virtue of its military and scientific and technological advantages. A spokesman for Chinas Ministry of Defense said that the United States has set up a space force, vigorously developed space combat forces, promoted space militarization and arms race, and seriously threatened space peace and security.

Today, lets unveil the mystery of this new armyu2014u2014

Its been a long time since I wanted to become an army

In the 1980s, the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union became white hot. Compared with the Soviet Union, the United States is at a relative disadvantage in strategic nuclear weapons, but in space technology it has the upper hand. For fear of the nuclear balance situation being broken, the United States put forward the High Frontier strategy, using its space technology advantages, establishing a space weapon system, and providing space defense means to deal with strategic nuclear weapons attacks, so as to eliminate the growing nuclear threat of the Soviet Union.

Based on the High Frontier strategy, the United States has set up a project called strategic defense plan of Anti Ballistic Missile Defense System, which is often called Star Wars plan.

At the same time, due to the irreplaceable role of satellites in surveillance, early warning, communication, navigation and other aspects, Star Wars plan also includes anti satellite plan, which is mainly to deploy anti satellite weapons that can destroy the enemys military satellites, making the enemys satellites useless.

In 1985, when the Star Wars program was officially approved, the U.S. space command was established, which is the sprout of the space force.

In the early 1990s, with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, the United States announced the termination of the Star Wars Program. However, its High Frontier strategy with cold war thinking has not ended, and has been inherited and developed. The militarization of space has also been intensified under the United States hand.

In 2002, the United States integrated the space command of the sea, land and air forces, which was established from 1982 to 2000, and merged with the strategic command to form a new strategic command. At the same time, the United States has set up a space war research center, a space war laboratory, and a space protection strategy. It has successively set up a space war experimental force and a combat force to verify space operations and weapon systems.

In 2006, the United States revised its space policy and established a series of strategic objectives aimed at establishing an absolute space military advantage. NASA said that it would spare no effort to innovate in the field of space exploration, in order to keep the United States at the forefront of the space economy and obtain the best interests.

However, the United States is determined to militarize space and seek space hegemony, and the international community is not silent. The United Nations has been calling for the demilitarization of space, and has voted on relevant proposals and bills for many times. The United States has always been vocal in opposition. The United Nations Conference on Disarmament once proposed a draft treaty on the prevention of an arms race in space to prohibit any country from deploying any weapons in outer space, but the United States strongly opposed it.

Many countries in the world have a good wish to maintain space peace and jointly develop and utilize outer space. However, with the establishment of the US space force, some uncertainties have increased significantly.

Seeking hegemony by advantage

The space force mainly consists of four functional attributes: space launch, space measurement and tracking management, anti space surveillance operations and military astronauts. The space launch force is responsible for the inspection, testing, general assembly, docking, propellant filling, aiming and launching of launch satellites and spacecraft. The space measurement and tracking management force is responsible for orbit measurement and control, measurement of internal working parameters of spacecraft, spacecraft control and other tasks. The anti sky surveillance operation force is responsible for monitoring the launching and intercepting of the enemys spacecraft and intercontinental missiles. The military astronaut force is an astronaut team that carries out military tasks on the space shuttle, space station or spaceship. It is responsible for campaign management and monitoring the intercontinental missiles launched from the air, underwater and ground, and tracking the enemy military spacecraft in outer space.

Although the U.S. Army has established a space force, the space warfighters and organizations of the U.S. Army and navy have not yet been transferred to the space force. Among them, there is a space brigade, a missile defense brigade and a satellite operation center belonging to the army and the Navy.

According to the U.S. assumption, the main task of the space force is to fight independently and support other forces. Space forces use space weapons to strike spacecraft, satellites or ballistic missiles in outer space to blind opponents, paralyze their surveillance, early warning, communication, navigation systems, intercept and attack targets, and create a more favorable operational environment for their forces.

The space force has many new technologies and matching weapons, such as anti satellite weapons, beam weapons and so on.

There are two main applications of anti satellite weapons: one is hard destruction. Launch small satellites, projectiles, fragments, etc. into the orbit of the satellite. Their flight speed in space is the same as that of the satellite, which can be as high as 7000-8000 M / s, or even 10000-15000 M / s. collision with the satellite can generate huge kinetic energy, thus destroying the satellite; or the spacecraft directly carries the warhead to destroy the satellite. The other is soft capture. Use long arm satellites, space robots or space stations to catch and recover enemy satellites.

From concept to practice, it is necessary to master at least sub orbit launch technology, orbit launch technology, precise positioning and maneuvering technology, precise pointing technology, precise space tracking technology, general space tracking technology, autonomous tracking and homing technology to deploy anti satellite weapons. These technologies can support the deployment of ground-based anti satellite weapons such as projectile cloud anti satellite weapons, fragment killing anti satellite weapons, kinetic energy anti satellite weapons, etc., which can find and destroy targets.

In order to deploy space-based anti satellite weapons, in addition to having the most basic space launch ability to ensure the launch of satellites and spacecraft, it is also necessary to master micro satellite technology, in orbit maneuver technology, space autonomous approach technology, satellite interference source positioning technology, etc. by measuring the time and frequency difference of interference signals, the existing satellite resources are used to accurately locate the interference sources, so as to make satellites and spacecraft The robot and the human will change track in time to find, approach and catch the target.

The establishment of the space force is bound to stimulate the development of space counter weapons technology. The development of a single technology can no longer meet the needs. Space counter weapons technology is bound to develop in multiple directions, including the cross integration of space counter weapons technology and space application, space exploration technology and space counter offensive Technology itself.

Can we say one family is the only one

With the advent of the space age, national security in the traditional sense is facing new challenges. Without space security, national territory, territorial sea and airspace security will be difficult to guarantee. Whoever seizes the right to control the heavens will gain key advantages in the war. Therefore, the exploitation, utilization and competition of space are becoming more and more intense in the world.

Take Russia as an example. In the early years of this century, long before the establishment of the U.S. space force, Russia worried that the U.S. would generate asymmetric strike capability, so it placed space security on the priority of national security. In the political and diplomatic fields, Russia began to accelerate the research and development of space weapons, and set up a space war leading organization and space war forces.

In 2015, Russia established an air force. Unlike the United States, the Russian air force is a combination of air force and air defense force, more like a higher flying Air Force.

Although France is a member of NATO, because its defense system is independent of NATO, it is also seeking to protect the homeland. Last year, the French president announced the establishment of the national military space command, expanding the existing air force into an aerospace force as part of the French air force. This means that France has also put its military focus on space to seek strategic space autonomy. In order to improve the strength of space defense, France has also decided to increase defense costs from 2019 to 2025, and plans to launch more military reconnaissance satellites.

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: u5811557, container: ssp_, async: true});}) (); India is not willing to lag behind. Last year, India successfully launched an anti satellite interceptor missile and destroyed a low orbit satellite. Shortly after that, India announced the establishment of the National Defense Space Agency to unify the originally scattered space sector and assets. One of its functions was to identify the current space threats facing India and find solutions. India said it needed a controllable space deterrent as space competition became increasingly fierce. There is no doubt that the implementation of the U.S. space military strategy has caused and will cause more chain reactions from other major countries. All countries are striving to catch up with each other, and more military and scientific and technological forces will be put into space to avoid marginalization in the new round of strategic competition. In order to extend its hegemony, the U.S. space forces are bound to launch more space platforms and deploy more space weapons into space. However, no matter the scrapped space platform, satellite or the space debris formed by the destruction and disintegration of the spacecraft, it will seriously threaten the safety of the spacecraft and compress the space. People of insight pointed out that in the future, Im afraid its not a question of which one is in space, but whether space can be used! (Fang Xiaopeng, Ma Yixun, Peng Zezhuang) source: Xinhuanet editor in charge: Yao Wenguang, nn1682

India, too, will not fall behind. Last year, India successfully launched an anti satellite interceptor missile and destroyed a low orbit satellite. Shortly after that, India announced the establishment of the National Defense Space Agency to unify the originally scattered space sector and assets. One of its functions was to identify the current space threats facing India and find solutions. India said it needed a controllable space deterrent as space competition became increasingly fierce.

There is no doubt that the implementation of the U.S. space military strategy has caused and will cause more chain reactions from other major countries. All countries are striving to catch up with each other, and more military and scientific and technological forces will be put into space to avoid marginalization in the new round of strategic competition.

In order to extend its hegemony, the U.S. space forces are bound to launch more space platforms and deploy more space weapons into space. However, no matter the scrapped space platform, satellite or the space debris formed by the destruction and disintegration of the spacecraft, it will seriously threaten the safety of the spacecraft and compress the space.

People of insight pointed out that in the future, Im afraid its not a question of which one is in space, but whether space can be used! (Fang Xiaopeng horse art training Peng Zezhuang)