As one of the few ice hockey players from a well-known key middle school in Beijing, Zhang Xiaotian has been practicing ice hockey for eight years since he was 6 years old. However, one afternoon a year ago, the unprecedented feeling of soreness penetrated Zhang Xiaotians knee and became more and more intense.
In the days that followed, Zhang Xiaotian had to stay in bed at home, feeling the pain of his knee. Zhang Xiaotian, a middle school teacher, told the economic observer that Zhang Xiaotians stature is not very advantageous in the ice hockey team, but he is very diligent and active, and his parents support him. In order to get good results, Zhang Xiaotian had to train on ice five times a week for an hour and a half before the injury.
Li Hongbiao, deputy chief physician of sports injury of Haigeng sports training center in Yunnan Province, said that at present, there is no immediate treatment for this chronic injury, patellar tendinitis, which can only be recuperated in silence. It cant be trained for several months or even a year, and it may leave a sequela. Now, Zhang Xiaotian gradually recovers and begins to pick up basic training. However, whether the injury can be fully recovered and whether the future can continue to participate in high-intensity competition is still unknown for the child.
Zhang Xiaotians experience is not unique among the more than ten excellent students recruited by the middle school.
Behind Zhang Xiaotians encounter, it is estimated that at the time of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, it will reach a market of at least 3 billion yuan per year in Beijing alone.
Wei ziyao, a 10-year-old pseudonym, was selected as a member of Chinas national junior ice team (hereinafter referred to as the national junior team) with outstanding achievements. Behind the achievements are intensive training.
At 4 p.m. after school, Wei ziyao is on his way home for more than an hour. He will arrive at the training venue of the national youth team on time before seven oclock. Until nine oclock in the evening, Wei ziyao needs to hit the ball, slide, fight and other high-intensity training on the ice. So back and forth, three to four times a week. In addition, he also plays league games in the national youth team, Beijing team, school team and club. Its common for him to come home late at night.
Rest seems to be a luxury for Wei ziyao like young ice hockey players. Time flies, and not because of the busy and tired training every day, the study will be reduced. Even though she has been selected into the national youth team and won many school league titles with her team, Ms. Tian, Wei ziyaos mother, still hopes that her son will only take hockey as a hobby, and her main business will still be on learning.
Wei ziyao is lucky. After all, there is no problem with his knee.
But his teammates have suffered similar injuries to Zhang Xiaotian, and have been recuperating for nearly a year. We neglected physical training for a long time, the child didnt get enough rest, the knee was inflamed soon, and we dont want it to happen again, Svetlana, the mother of the child, told reporters
What is patellar tendinitis? How does this injury relate to ice hockey training? Dr. Li Hongbiao said that its not just ice hockey. There are many similar cases of basketball, football and other common sports. In high-intensity sports, the knee joint, as the junction of leg bones, muscles and ligaments, should bear considerable impact. When the leg and hip muscles are not strong enough, the knee wear will increase. Injuries are more likely when you are not physically fit. Therefore, the length of muscle training and physical training of legs and buttocks must not be lower than that of technical training. Li Hongbiao.
As early as 2015, surging News reported the training experience of NBA player Stephen curry. After many ankle injuries, Curie followed the trainers advice to enhance the training of gluteus maximus. The training contents included squat behind neck, straight leg up swing and so on. Training twice or three times a week has significantly reduced Curies injuries.
However, the Economic Observer survey found that professional physical and strength training in the youth ice hockey circle is difficult to achieve.
In half a football field, young players in their early tens come and go in a hurry. Many children dont have enough time to warm up, so they quickly put on heavy equipment to train under the ice.
Alexander, a hockey coach from Russia, told reporters that he would not recommend ice training for children without warm-up and land training. But most of the time, the answer is no time..
In order to enable children to receive better ice hockey education, the capital, with superior policies and relatively light academic pressure, has attracted many such families from afar. A father who brought his children to Beijing for training from the Northeast said that the school was heavy and the children had no time for physical training, let alone professional ice hockey land training courses.
Yao naifeng, the former head coach of the National Womens ice hockey team, also expressed the same concern as Alexander, ice hockey is actually a relatively safe sport, with lower injury probability than basketball and football. But there are many teenagers with similar injuries, which is related to their training time and methods. From Monday to Thursday, most children dont have time to train systematically. They only enjoy themselves on weekends. Short time, high intensity and too concentrated training time will undoubtedly increase the burden on their knees.
According to coach Alexander, ice hockey consumes a lot of physical energy and injuries are inevitable. However, through scientific and systematic training, the chance of overwork injury can be reduced.
Different from the traditional cognition, ice hockey training is mostly carried out on land. Theoretically, ice time should not exceed one third of the total training time. Besides the ice training, it includes jogging, fast running, basketball, football, strength training and recovery training. In Russia, scientifically trained children are much less likely to be injured than at home.
However, the training of Chinese children is often low frequency and high intensity, the ice time is too long, and the physical fitness is insufficient. The Chinese children Alexander came into contact with, even though their technical level is far superior to that of their peers and they have the potential to develop into professional athletes, they still bear the same academic burden as ordinary students. Although he will arrange 40 minutes of land training ahead of time every time, few Chinese children can attend on time.
At nine oclock in the evening, the father from the Northeast will take the child to the car. And home waiting for children, there is a pile of school work.
Hidden worries in flourishing age
What is worrying is not only the training system and heavy burden of schoolwork, but also the brain drain and shortage of young people. Tian Xiaojun, born in 1959 and former goalkeeper of the national hockey team in the 1970s and now living in the United States, recalls the development history of Chinas hockey and laments the past glory.
As early as the early days of the founding of the peoples Republic of China, this movement from the former Soviet Union was popular in the three eastern provinces, and became the official event of the first Ice Games in 1953. Four years later, the state has trained 11 first-class teams and conducted frequent exchanges with foreign countries. A large number of outstanding talents have emerged. In Tian Xiaojuns album, there is a photo of Jilin ice hockey team in 66 years, which says three victories in Poland. Thats the best testimony to the glorious years of Chinese hockey. Tian Xiaojun told reporters.
As the central government continues to increase its support for the cause of ice hockey, the indoor ice rink began to exist in 1976. In the 1970s, the members of the provincial ice hockey team were entitled to 36 yuan of meal allowance per month, which was not a small income at that time. Moreover, the central government also promised to work out the retirement package. Players who cant play in the team can go to university for further study. The treatment of athletes in that era was enviable.
At that time, there was still a big gap between Chinas ice hockey team and the worlds top teams, but it also made its best performance in history. The womens ice hockey team won the 5th place in the 1992 World Championship, the 4th place in 1998 Nagano Winter Olympic Games and the 1st place in Asian Winter Games, setting the best result in the history of Chinese ice hockey.
However, in the 1990s, the ice hockey teams relying on state subsidies were insufficient in stamina, lack of market blood transfusion, and excessive financial subsidies made the Sports Bureau unable to make ends meet. Most of the ice hockey teams in the three eastern provinces have been cancelled. It is clear that the cost of training individual projects is lower than that of team projects, and it is easier to win gold medals. Tian Xiaojun told reporters.
In 2015, China successfully won the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games, followed by the marketization of ice hockey. Tian Xiaojun said that compared with North America, the domestic ice hockey market has just started with a narrow audience. In fact, many well-known ice hockey clubs in China are in a very difficult business situation, and the market for watching is still not open.
There was a ice hockey match held by a well-known domestic club, and only 17 spectators were present at the end. The reason is that there are not good players and enough ice hockey fans. There have been many ice rinks, but there is still a long way to go to promote this sport.
Expensive ice hockey
Its expensive to practice ice hockey.
Wei ziyaos mother told reporters that the club broke a few days ago and was about to buy a new one. A good imported Club costs more than 2000 yuan. In addition, the starting price of ice hockey equipment, such as body protectors, training equipment, sneakers and jerseys, is about 30000 yuan.
My son doesnt have to spend money on training in Beijing and the national team. The ice hockey association and the government subsidies have been very effective. Ms. Tian calculated a sum of money for the reporter. It costs 200-300 yuan to use the most professional training ground for national teams. Four times a week, each child has to pay a government subsidy of 1000 yuan. In addition to the cost of various competitions, coaches and equipment, the national subsidy for training an ice hockey player in 15 years is about 300000.
Plus the course fee of the club on weekdays, 300 yuan for major courses and 600 yuan for minor courses. In a week, Ms. Tian will spend nearly 2000 yuan on her children. The bigger expense is going out to play, tens of thousands of dollars per trip.. Over the course of a year, all the expenses related to ice hockey will cost about 200000 yuan, which is still the state subsidies.
Its not a small number for an average family. Ms. Tian said that she had spent more than 1 million yuan since her child started ice training in her 4-year-old.
If they all have to give up the sport in the end, its a huge waste of resources for the country. MS Tian said. In the ice hockey circle, ice mother and ice father are nicknames for parents. Because once the children participate in the sport, the parents basically have no spare time, either accompany or earn money. Ms. Tian said with a smile.
Fan Chenjian, the head of tengte sports, who manages ice hockey equipment all year round, told reporters that although the price of imported equipment is high, the actual profit is less than 15%. The basic reason is that the market demand for ice hockey is insufficient.
Wang Du, founder of Shenyang REO club and ice hockey school, admitted that the club was also losing money in the competition. The audience was basically the parents and friends of the players. The main income of the club is still from selling classes, but students will not be forced to attend classes. Several small athletes interviewed said that the coach would advise students to take part in training about three times a week, but not compulsory.
But obviously, when the club plays, the trainees who train more times have advantages in technology and more opportunities to play.
Generally, every training is carried out on the ice. If the training is carried out three times a week, the time of ice sports for small athletes every week should be between 3-5 hours. According to the theory, the ice time should not exceed one third of the total training time. Therefore, the total theoretical training time of small athletes is 9-15 hours per week.
When it comes to land training, there are obvious differences among parents. Weis mother told reporters that in order to reduce the probability of injury, she would urge him to carry out appropriate physical and strength training. The other two parents said that their children have little land training program, most of which are running and playing in school.
Through communication with patients, Dr. Li Hongbiao learned that most young athletes did not receive scientific and systematic physical training in school. Some physical education classes are nothing more than free activities and playing basketball. Parents also lack the awareness of this aspect. The lack of school physical education is an important reason for the lack of physical development of Chinese teenagers.
In addition to the lack of sports knowledge, the lack of professional team medical system is also worrying. When you realize that you may have problems with your knee, the only basic thing you can find is a coach. The coach has sports experience, but not necessarily sports rehabilitation knowledge. We just listen to the coach to exercise and rest, sometimes we dont even consciously abide by it. Said Yang Qing, an ice hockey expert. There are few professional team doctors in the club, and only ambulances will be provided during the competition. Alexander told reporters that Russian schools will have professional team doctors to provide health guidance for students to prevent overwork injury.
In this case, the probability of injury increases greatly.
Where is the way?
Expensive and at risk of injury, where is the way out for ice hockey?
Even in an open area like Beijing, there is academic discrimination. The top schools dont accept sports majors, because they will lower their average scores, and the middle and bottom schools wont recruit too many. For example, we have a large number of special sports students, and the number of enrollment is less than 4% of the total every year. At present, there is no ice hockey team in good universities in China Zhang, a well-known key middle school in Beijing, who is in charge of ice hockey enrollment, said.
Now, Yang Qing has been promoted to junior high school. In his opinion, although many children love this sport and are enrolled in school by their special skills, most people will gradually regard sport as a hobby and concentrate on their studies. Students with good technology and good family will choose to go abroad, and ice hockey may become their career.
Among them, the story of Yingda, a famous director, is widely spread. He once pointed out in the interview of surging news that he immigrated to the United States to learn ice hockey for his son. Until my son started playing ice hockey, I realized that it was impossible not to go out to learn ice hockey. If I want to practice like this in China, as a hobby, there is no hope. Yingru dysprosium, who was under 18 at the time, was already 1.85 meters tall, the Sports Weekly reported. His performance in Beijing tiger team is eye-catching. He has performed hat trick continuously in the competition, helped the team win the Housea level Championship organized by the community, and won the scoring king. Seeing his sons talent in ice hockey, Yingda decided to let Yingru dysprosium take the path of professionalization. He sent his son to Phillips Exeter college, a famous American ice hockey school, to study and train, and started a professional ice hockey road. (because some of the interviewees are minors, the pseudonym is used in the article.) source: Economic Observer editor in charge: Cao Liqiao ue5e5 ns1806
Among them, the story of Yingda, a famous director, is widely spread. He once pointed out in the interview of surging news that he immigrated to the United States to learn ice hockey for his son. Until my son started playing ice hockey, I realized that it was impossible not to go out to learn ice hockey. If I want to practice like this in China, as a hobby, there is no hope.
Yingru dysprosium, who was under 18 at the time, was already 1.85 meters tall, the Sports Weekly reported. His performance in Beijing tiger team is eye-catching. He has performed hat trick continuously in the competition, helped the team win the Housea level Championship organized by the community, and won the scoring king. Seeing his sons talent in ice hockey, Yingda decided to let Yingru dysprosium take the path of professionalization. He sent his son to Phillips Exeter college, a famous American ice hockey school, to study and train, and started a professional ice hockey road.
(because some of the respondents are minors, the pseudonym is used)