An old photo records Chinas memory of poverty. Since the founding of new China, the party and the government have been committed to poverty eradication. At the time of reform and opening-up in 1978, there were 250 million people living in poverty, which dropped to over 98 million by 2012. It is still a very difficult and arduous task to get rid of poverty. Since the eighteen Partys Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has put the key to poverty eradication to the important position of governing the country. The Communist Party of China solemnly promises to the people of the whole country that the poor people in the rural areas will be lifted out of poverty by 2020.
Xi Jinping: we can not build a well-off society in an all-round way, nor can we fall behind on the road to common prosperity.
[commentary] General Secretary Xi Jinping has always been worried about the masses in the poor areas. Every year before the Spring Festival, he goes to a deep poverty area to investigate and investigate and visit the local villagers. On the eve of the Spring Festival of February 2018, general secretary Xi Jinping traveled to Liangshan, Sichuan to investigate poverty alleviation and to visit many poor households in the mountains.
[subtitle: Symposium on precision poverty alleviation
[commentary] on the second day of his trip to Liangshan, general secretary Xi Jinping held a forum in Chengdu to fight a tough fight against poverty. He stressed the need to improve the quality of poverty alleviation and focus on the deep poverty areas, so as to push forward the fight against poverty effectively. We need to strengthen supervision and ensure that poverty alleviation through sunshine and integrity is achieved. As for corruption in the field of poverty alleviation, we found that we should seriously investigate, punish and hold accountable together, and never condone it.
Feng Yingying (former township head of xilomi Township, Leibo County, Sichuan Province): I will deal with this matter, otherwise it will always be a bomb, a bomb in my life. It will explode at any time, and it will blow me to pieces.
[commentary] Feng Yingying usually likes playing mahjong. She doesnt win or lose very much. But once, a card player asked her to go to the table and know that the stakes were quite big. There was a usurer nearby who offered money at any time. Feng Yingying fell into the trap of not only losing all his money, but also owing usury.
Feng Yingying: when I came out, I already owed 80000 yuan. I was in debt of usury. I felt like I couldnt say it. It was like a dream. I didnt dare to tell my family. I get more than 3000 yuan a month.
[commentary] but Feng Yingying is not reconciled. She fantasizes that if she is lucky, she can pay back her gambling debt if she wins once, so she goes to gamble again. This gamble makes her completely desperate.
Feng Yingying: I think that I have only a few thousand yuan on my body. Ill gamble my luck. Ill go after I lose or win or whatever. I feel totally out of control when I sit on it. Not long, two or three hours, that day I lost more than 400000.
[commentary] Feng Yingying, whose monthly income is only more than 3000 yuan, is unable to repay hundreds of thousands of yuan of huge debts. Moreover, the usury is making more and more profits. The lenders threaten to collect debts from their families and units. Feng Yingying feels desperate.
[commentary] just then, she found dozens of bankbooks in her desk, which are special bankbooks for children with special difficulties in the countryside to receive living subsidies. More than a year ago, Feng Yingying forgot about it when she received her passbook from the County Civil Affairs Bureau. The County Civil Affairs Bureau thought that the subsidy was being distributed normally, and the families of the extremely poor children thought that the subsidy had not been applied for, and the information on both sides was not available, so 67 bankbooks had been sleeping in Feng Yingyings desk for more than a year, and no one had ever asked.
[commentary] Feng Yingying felt that this was a good opportunity to take out the living allowance that these children should have received to repay the usury they owed by gambling.
Liu Xiaomei (member of Leibo County Supervision Committee of Sichuan Province): she has been sending money all the time, and then she has been taking money. I took 5 in this branch and 10 in that branch. At that time, we checked and found that she had taken money from almost every branch in Leibo County.
[commentary] over the past few years, Feng Yingying has taken out more than 880000 yuan to pay off the usury. But she was always under great pressure, always worried about the east window incident.
Feng Yingying: Im afraid, and Im afraid of contacting others or how. Sometimes people come to ask me a question. Im very sensitive. Will they know, or will they know when the civil affairs bureau asks.
[commentary] Feng Yingyings worry is not that she scares herself. After the reform of the supervision system, the supervision committee of the Commission for Discipline Inspection further strengthened the supervision of the field of poverty alleviation, and continued to extend to the grass-roots level. Embezzlement of poverty alleviation funds has become the focus of supervision.
[commentary] in April 2018, the supervision committee of Liangshan Discipline Inspection Commission publicly exposed a case of township cadres embezzling poverty alleviation funds. Feng Yingying was restless after hearing the news and decided to commit after thinking.
Feng Yingying: four words touched me a lot when I filed a case for investigation. I think I have committed a crime. I cant hide it. I have to deal with it.
[commentary] after Feng Yingyings submission, the supervision committee of Liangshan State Commission for Discipline Inspection urged the functional departments to check 67 bankbooks one by one and subsidize those who meet the requirements immediately.
Ansu, 15, is one of them. Her father died when she was a child, and her mother left home later. Since she was eight years old, she has been living with her grandfather. The village has applied for the subsidy for her very poor children, but neither she nor her grandfather knows about it, and they have never received the subsidy. Ansu used to worry that she could not afford to go to high school, but this subsidy made her feel at ease to continue her studies.
[on the spot record] ansuze studies: Why are you sad, my little princess
[commentary] at present, when the fight against poverty has reached the sprint stage, Party committees and governments at all levels need to continue to work hard. In this major campaign concerning peoples livelihood, discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels must shoulder their own important mission, which is always stressed by the Party Central Committee. At the Third Plenary Session of the nineteenth Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that in practice, we should expand the work of eliminating corruption and work style around the masses.
[commentary] Liangshan area is one of the poorest areas in China. In recent years, a large amount of poverty alleviation funds have been invested. If the supervision is not in place, micro corruption has loopholes to be drilled. Micro corruption damages the vital interests of the people, nibbles on the peoples sense of gain and happiness, and squanders the partys credibility and governing foundation, which should not be underestimated. Through the case of Feng Yingying, the supervision committee of Liangshan Prefecture Discipline Inspection Commission found that there were a lot of one card with various subsidies.
Li Ying (Deputy Secretary of the Discipline Inspection Commission of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, deputy director of the Supervision Commission): some ordinary people have dozens of one card cards, the most seventeen cards, the least three cards, multiple banks, multiple cards, and then after the ordinary people take them, they dont know how much money they have, which is also a confused card for our functional departments.
[commentary] in the past, there were many subsidies for people and farmers at all levels, with more funds and more administrative departments. Each subsidy required a separate card, involving multiple banks. Many banks only had outlets in the county. It was very inconvenient for villagers in the mountains to collect money from cards. Therefore, in many places, the account books were collected by cadres, and they were handled uniformly from card to money. Corruption is easy to happen when there are selfish cadres.
Feng Yingying: if you are familiar with the kind that has run my business, you will know that I have done these things for the township government. Generally, I will find those people who often do my business to get them, because they know that I do this, and they have proved that before.
[commentary] according to the investigation of Liangshan Prefecture Commission for Discipline Inspection at that time, some subsidies have not been received since they were issued. In 2017, the states funds stranded in bank accounts reached 450 million. In response to this situation, the supervision committee of Liangshan Prefecture Commission for Discipline Inspection believes that card clearing can be an effective starting point for precise supervision in the field of poverty alleviation and start card clearing.
[commentary] in April 2018, the card clearing operation was launched in Liangshan Prefecture; in June, Sichuan provincial Party Committee launched the card clearing operation in 21 cities and prefectures across the province. In Liangshan Prefecture, for example, 170 million yuan of retention funds were cashed in and 7.3 million yuan was refunded to the masses on the spot.
[on the spot: the scene where the masses receive subsidies
Villagers of Kaiyuan Township, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province: today we have all received the money. Thank you for returning the money to us!
Reporter: what are you going to do to get the money?
Villagers of Kaiyuan Township, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province: Im going to buy pigs to raise them. I dont have pigs in my family, so I can buy pigs to raise them.
Wang Shunyun (secretary of the Party group of the Finance Bureau of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province): previously, this procedure was to distribute our state funds to the county-level finance when they are in place, and the county-level finance to the county-level department. The Department then distributed them to this bank according to the register, and the bank gradually pushed them to the common people. In the past, if the department didnt do some work, it would take ten and a half days, or even several months, but it didnt pay off.
[commentary] in the process of supervision over the distribution of poverty relief funds, the discipline inspection and supervision organ has positioned itself as re supervision of supervision and asked all relevant departments to take out their own poverty relief account books for exposure. I didnt expect that as soon as this proposal was put forward, there was a lot of resistance.
Li Ying: all functional departments are reluctant to put this data in and accept supervision. They feel that power has its own face.
[commentary] in order to be able to supervise every poverty alleviation fund in place, Sichuan Province overcame the resistance and urged relevant departments to use a social security card to distribute all the poverty alleviation subsidies. Most villagers can get money in the village. At the same time, the big data platform led by the financial department has also been put into operation, allowing all data to run in the sun.
Wang Shunyun: at that time, there were still people in our finance who said, why does finance need to appear in the public? I explained to them that your finance is your responsibility. With the promotion of the Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision, finance should be done, which should be the biggest supervision.
Chen Rong (member of the Standing Committee of the Discipline Inspection Commission of Jinyang County, Sichuan Province): in recent years, the task of poverty alleviation is more important. Then there are more non party members in the village director, which is very difficult to deal with. It should be said that after the implementation of the supervision law, this situation does not exist.
[commentary] Sichuan Province has established a working mechanism in which the provincial Party committee and the provincial government take the overall responsibility, the provincial Commission for discipline inspection supervises and promotes, and 14 functional departments, including finance, agriculture and rural areas, poverty alleviation, are specifically responsible for the implementation at all levels. The supervision committee of the provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection has expanded the scope of supervision to every small link in the field of poverty alleviation, focused on the precise implementation of measures to control micro corruption at the grass-roots level, and required the individuals who have problems in the management of financial subsidies for the benefit of the people and farmers to actively explain the problems to the local discipline inspection and supervision organs within a time limit. There are more than 24000 people who actively explain problems to organizations in the whole province. According to the four forms, the Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision gives critical education and organizational treatment to most of the minor violations of discipline. More than 1900 people who are relatively serious in nature of the problem are given disciplinary and administrative sanctions, among which those suspected of job-related crimes are transferred to judicial organs for treatment, and a total of more than 80 million yuan of return and compensation related funds are recovered.
Chen Rong (member of the Standing Committee of the Discipline Inspection Commission of Jinyang County, Sichuan Province): whoever moves the peoples cheese for poverty alleviation, we will move it, occupy it and then misappropriate it. In addition, the amount is relatively large, so we will file a case.
[Documentary: Rural performance of qingka action
[commentary] Sichuan Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection takes card clearing action as the starting point, from investigating and handling specific cases to promoting system construction, optimizing the governance system and improving the governance efficiency.
Xia Gensheng (deputy director of the Party group of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council): after the reform of the supervision system, I think it has played a very good role in the supervision of poverty alleviation, especially at the grass-roots level, covering the whole front line, providing a strong guarantee for winning the war.
[commentary] the key to the special treatment of corruption and style of work in the field of poverty alleviation is to strongly correct the prominent problems in the field of poverty alleviation, such as formalism, bureaucracy and fraud, so as to ensure the implementation of the poverty alleviation policy of the Party Central Committee. Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels have taken the issue that the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee for poverty alleviation are not resolute and in place, and the main responsibility, supervision responsibility and supervision responsibility of functional departments are not implemented as a key point of supervision.
Supers: Xian, Shaanxi Province
[news broadcast: Feng Xinzhu is put on file for examination
[commentary] at the beginning of 2018, Feng Xinzhu, a former member of the Party group and vice governor of Shaanxi provincial government, was put on file for review. In the Circular of the National Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee, Feng Xinzhu failed to implement the major decision-making and deployment of the CPC Central Committee on poverty alleviation, passively dealt with it, and used his authority in charge of poverty alleviation to seek private interests was placed at the beginning of the prominent position. This is the first time that the circular on the fall of central management cadres mentions that the implementation of poverty alleviation is weak, which releases the central governments distinct attitude of seriously investigating and punishing corruption and style of work in the field of poverty alleviation.
Li Jinpeng (a staff member of the State Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee): he was the vice governor in charge of poverty alleviation. He didnt pay attention to the work of poverty alleviation and dealt with it. So the work of poverty alleviation in charge was in a mess.
[commentary] in the 2016 assessment of the poverty alleviation and development work of the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, the comprehensive evaluation of the assessment results of Shaanxi Province was poor, and the main leaders of the provincial Party committee and the provincial government were interviewed by the State Council. In the eyes of many Shaanxi cadres, Feng Xinzhu, as the provincial leader in charge of poverty alleviation, bears great responsibility for this.
[commentary] in April 2015, Feng Xinzhu was appointed vice governor of Shaanxi Provincial Peoples government from the Secretary of Tongchuan Municipal Party committee, in charge of poverty alleviation and agriculture, and also served as the deputy leader of the leading group of poverty alleviation, which means that he presided over the daily work of poverty alleviation in the province. But in his heart, Feng Xinzhu was not willing to take charge of poverty alleviation.
Feng Xinzhu (former vice governor of Shaanxi Province): Im afraid of difficulties. I feel the poverty alleviation in Shaanxi is very large. You cant report your achievements in one year, so everyone is willing to do something visible and tangible. I sometimes whisper to my secretary that when I say that the term of office will be changed next year, I would like to suggest that we can adjust it.
[commentary] such an idea will naturally affect our daily work. According to the regulations, every provincial leader should determine a poverty-stricken county as his poverty alleviation contact point, but in the two years after Feng Xinzhu took office, he did not select his own poverty alleviation point.
Yu Yi (deputy director of the Coordination Center for social poverty alleviation in Shaanxi Province): for two years, after the selection list of poverty-stricken counties was handed to him, he never responded or gave instructions. He repeatedly contacted the matter, and then the Secretary said that the leaders had not been determined.
Feng Xinzhu: (to) a village in Chunhua County. After he went there, he contacted the cadres and said that he was in hospital. A cadre of the water conservancy department said that he was in hospital. He was so tired that he was in hospital. How can I say that I am so tired? He said that our village is 20 kilometers away, and your village is 20 kilometers away? I havent heard that a village is 20 kilometers long. He said that I have to run to every house. Recently, in order to fill out this form, I am so tired now.
[commentary] its reasonable to say that the first time I visited the contact point, I found out the grass-roots situation that I didnt know about in charge of poverty alleviation for two years, which should be reflected by Feng Xinzhu. However, since then, he has only been a spectator to the poverty alleviation point. This let the cadres of Chunhua County to his expectations quickly turned to disappointment.
Xinmin (deputy county head of Chunhua County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province): Im looking forward to it and Im very happy. But actually, in 2017, he didnt do anything. In fact, he came three times, and all came in a hurry. He left in about two hours.
[commentary] provincial leaders determination of targeted poverty alleviation points is not only a demonstration role under the above rate, but also a good channel to promote them to go deep into the grass-roots level and connect poverty alleviation ideas with rural reality. Feng Xinzhu is in charge of poverty alleviation, but he doesnt pay attention to this work at all. What kind of signals he sends to his subordinates can be imagined.
Supers: Meixian County, Shaanxi Province
[narration] some villages in Meixian County, Baoji City are located in the deep mountains, where the traffic is difficult, leading to deep poverty. In 2016, the province plans to implement the overall relocation of poverty alleviation and move the villagers to the new village at the foot of the mountain.
Reporter: what year did you move down?
Meixian village, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province: 2018.
Reporter: when was it?
Villagers of Meixian County, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province: August.
Villagers of Meixian County, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province: it was planned in 2016.
Reporter: in 2016?
Reporter: I said at that time that I didnt move immediately, did I?
Meixian village, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province: no move.
[commentary] although the villagers moved to the foot of the mountain in 2018, they didnt know that they had been relocated two years in advance in the materials submitted to the State Council by the end of 2016. At that time, Meixian County failed to complete the work as scheduled for some reasons, and worried about being deducted, so it falsely reported that the relocation had been completed. In addition to Meixian County, there are other places in Shaanxi Province that also falsely report the number of relocation upward, involving 2038 households in total. It is not difficult to verify whether more than 2000 households have moved or not, but as the deputy governor in charge, Feng Xinzhu has collected all the materials reported below according to the list and reported them without taking any control measures. As a result, the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council found that only 23 households have moved into new houses in fact.
Feng Xinzhu: there is no nuclear power, so we put it in the newspaper. After all these years, I have developed these bureaucratic habits. I think that when I become a vice governor, I will have a bigger official position. I should let go of many things.
[commentary] in addition to falsely reporting the progress of poverty alleviation, during Feng Xinzhus period in charge of poverty alleviation in Shaanxi Province, he was also found to have many problems, such as inaccurate exit of the poor, irregular use of poverty alleviation funds, and unsound assistance work.
Li Jinpeng: only when you go to your poverty alleviation site and do research conscientiously, and talk to the people about their daily life, can you really find out the problems in it, so that you can formulate good measures and have a targeted goal. Therefore, because of Feng Xinzhus attitude, you cant find the problems in it without dissecting the sparrow, so the measures he formulated will have other consequences.
[commentary] this practice, which is divorced from the reality, has a bad impact on the overall atmosphere of poverty alleviation in Shaanxi Province, and also makes grassroots cadres feel miserable.
[commentary] in fact, Feng Xinzhu himself knows that the excessive frequent assessment is not reasonable, and he also sees some fraud and superficial articles brought about by it, but he ignores the harm of this practice to the poverty alleviation work for the short-term effect.
Feng Xinzhu: at that time, I also felt a little bit. I said that the effect might have problems in the end. Some of the income is not real, some of it is for hair sheep. When he calculates the account, he buys a sheep. A ewe can give birth to a lamb a year. When a lamb is raised, a lamb can sell for 1000 yuan. Can you get rid of poverty by this way.
[commentary] Feng Xinzhu perfunctorily deals with the poverty alleviation work, and even makes use of the management power of the poverty alleviation fund in his hands to seek personal benefits. With the help of Feng Xinzhu, three private enterprises closely related to him successfully joined the pilot project of targeted poverty alleviation, each of which received tens of millions of yuan of poverty alleviation fund investment.
Li Jinpeng: he lives, eats and plays with these bosses. He has a wechat group called happy group. Everyone is happy together. So playing mahjong, eating, drinking, playing and traveling are paid by this group of bosses. That boss will not pay for nothing.
[commentary] over the years, Feng Xinzhu has been used to a life of high consumption, which is sustained by the illegal income from trading power and money. When he lost his horse, 674 shopping cards were found at home. It was found out that the total amount of bribes he took was more than 70 million yuan.
Feng Xinzhu was born in the countryside and suffered from poverty. Later, he went out of the village and became a national cadre. He became a vice governor step by step and focused on poverty alleviation. This was a good opportunity to do practical work for the old and the old, but he went too far and forgot the way to come.
Feng Xinzhu: I have been away from the countryside for a long time. I really forget my roots. It used to be very difficult. When I was young, I came out of the countryside, as if I had more contact with the rich and less contact with the poor. If I couldnt find them, I couldnt find that feeling.
[commentary] after Feng Xinzhu was investigated, Shaanxi Province held a special deployment meeting to promote the reform of the case of Feng Xinzhu, which emphasized to face up to the problems existing in the poverty alleviation work of Shaanxi Province, and to rectify them effectively, which was also a wake-up call for Party members and cadres at all levels.
Li Jinpeng: he is the first middle management cadre involved in the field of poverty alleviation. The demonstration effect is very great. He will warn others, warn future generations, let cadres use public power to serve the people, and ensure the implementation of the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee.
[commentary] from January 2018 to March 2019, 271 typical cases of formalism and bureaucracy in the field of poverty alleviation were reported on the website of the State Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee, focusing on four aspects: weak supervision, floating style, illegal decision-making and fraud. The event of whitewashing in Funan County of Anhui Province is one of the typical cases.
[commentary] Gaotai Township, Funan County, Anhui Province, belongs to the Huaihe River flood storage area. In the past, the living environment was very bad, the houses were crowded, the roads were narrow, and the infrastructure such as public toilets, street lamps, sewage and garbage disposal was lacking.
Reporter: this road is very narrow.
Gaotai village people in Funan County, Anhui Province: narrow is narrow.
Reporter: the windows on both sides cant see the sun, can they?
Gaotai village people in Funan County, Anhui Province: no way to see them.
Reporter: did you have a light?
Gaotai village people, Funan County, Anhui Province: No.
Reporter: No, what about that evening?
Villagers in Gaotai, Funan County, Anhui Province: take a miners lamp at night. There are worms under it. Sometimes if you dont take a miners lamp, you will get them.
Gaotai village people in Funan County, Anhui Province: if you marry a daughter-in-law, you cant drive a car. The daughter-in-law can only be pulled to the bottom of the ridge. Take things up the same way. Before that, the garbage at the bottom of the ridge was a mess. You cant see it. You have to see it. You cant see it.
[commentary] in September 2018, the former principal comrade of Fuyang municipal Party committee proposed to thoroughly renovate 153 Zhuangtai within three months, and demanded immediate results. At the work promotion meeting one month later, Gaotai township was criticized for the slow progress of the overall work. After the meeting, Gaotai Township decided to spend money first to whitewash the wall and get results as soon as possible.
Rong Zejun (then Secretary of the Party committee of Gaotai Township, Funan County, Anhui Province): he has the idea of quick success and instant profit. In order to save face and lose the lining, many problems have not been solved, many street lamps in Zhuangtai have not been installed, the road with broken ends has not been repaired, and a large amount of money has been put out to whitewash the wall.
[commentary] just as Gaotai township was busy painting the white wall, the 11th inspection team of the Central Committee came to Anhui Province to do a sinking survey. They saw lots of new and clean white walls in Gaotai township.
[commentary] in November 2018, during the acceleration of whitewashing in Gaotai Township, Anhui provincial Party committee seriously criticized some local whitewashing and face-saving projects twice in the provincial teleconference, and asked the provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision to investigate immediately and carry out legislative reform. However, at that time, the leaders of Fuyang municipal Party committee were still not satisfied, and did not put forward rectification requirements for the problem of whitewashing in Funan County.
Cui Li (secretary of Funan County Party committee of Anhui Province): when I point to the problem of whitewashing, I didnt think about it. I didnt even think about it. I still didnt know it.
Cui Li: I did wrong after introspection. Whitewashing is just a symbol. Behind it lies the formalism and bureaucracy that exist in us. In fact, it is a place where people have more pain points, which may be a place where we need to spend more money.
[commentary] Funan County is a poor county, and the task of poverty alleviation is very important. At that time, there were 2641 poor households out of more than 8700 households involved in whitewashing in Gaotai township. The province and the city put out a lot of funds to support the improvement of infrastructure and living environment in the countryside, but some funds were used to decorate the facade, exposing serious formalism and bureaucracy problems, which not only ran counter to the requirements of the Party Central Committee, but also reflected the weakening of the purpose consciousness of local party and government leaders, and did not take solving the practical problems most concerned by the masses as the starting point of work.
Zhou Shengjiao (deputy director of the sixth supervision and inspection office of the National Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee): the problem of whitewashing is actually a formalism. Some leading cadres in Fuyang City fail to implement the decision-making and deployment requirements of the CPC Central Committee in a proper way, which results in deviations, misplaced views on political achievements, utilitarianism, the pursuit of immediate performance, the emphasis on face but not on the inside, the work is not solid, pragmatic and not practical Fine.
[commentary] after the event of whitewashing, the Party Central Committee informed the whole party about the formalism, bureaucracy and other outstanding issues in Fuyang City, Anhui Province. At the same time, relevant responsible persons are also seriously held accountable. Anhui provincial Party Committee attaches great importance to, drawing inferences from one example, carrying out the warning education of case warning, case as warning and case for reform. The supervision committee of the provincial Commission for discipline inspection checks and holds the responsibility, focuses on finding and seriously investigates and deals with such problems in the whole Province, and ensures that the poverty alleviation effect is recognized by the masses and can stand the test of history.
[commentary] how to ensure that the partys good policies are consistent to the end and no deviation occurs in the implementation? This is the top priority for Discipline Inspection and supervision organs to strengthen political supervision, and also an entry point for the reform of supervision system to promote the improvement of governance capacity.
Wang Weimin (deputy director of the supervision office of the Party style and political style of the National Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee): we supervise and re supervise the performance of functional departments and relevant national public officials. One is to urge and supervise them to perform their duties; the second is to guide and educate the majority of Party members and cadres to perform their duties conscientiously through accountability; the other is to promote the relevant functional departments from Education guides and takes the initiative to fulfill their responsibilities.
[commentary] bureaucracy is the main source of formalism, and formalism is a typical manifestation of bureaucracy. They bring about a variety of specific problems. On October 9, 2018, the Poverty Alleviation Office of Gansu Province received a supervision proposal, which requires the Poverty Alleviation Office to pay attention to and rectify the problem that the poverty alleviation departments at the grass-roots level are overburdened with forms.
Chen Hongli (deputy director of the Poverty Alleviation Office of Gansu Province): we have a lot to do in opposing and preventing job-related crimes in the field of poverty alleviation, and we are surprised that this supervision proposal is about our specific work.
[commentary] the cause of the incident is that in the process of giving clues to the problems in the field of poverty alleviation, Gansu Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision found that the provincial poverty Alleviation Office had many problems, such as requiring grassroots to fill in more data forms, repeated content, and complicated statistical caliber of some data. Subsequently, a special survey was carried out in more than ten towns across the province. Many cadres at the grass-roots level reflected strongly that filling in various forms, data and materials took a lot of time and energy.
Li Tian (college student village official, Dingjiagou Town, Huining County, Gansu Province): what a department wants is different from what a department wants, because different forms have to be filled in all the time.
Pei JUANJUAN (head of poverty alleviation station, quanjiawan Town, Longxi County, Gansu Province): you need to enter the house in the daytime and fill in the form in the evening. Basically, you cant go home.
Li Tian: in order to fill in the form, I cant go to bed until one or two in the evening. I get up at seven in the morning.
[commentary] many departments also require households to collect information and ask farmers to sign leave a mark so that they can have black and white certificates during inspection. Repeated household entry not only has a huge workload, but also makes farmers unbearable.
Lu Shuzhen (a villager in jiaojiawan village, quanjiawan Town, Longxi County, Gansu Province): to tell you the truth, our cadres came here to write and write every day, prepare a lot of tables, write and calculate every day. I think its very troublesome.
Li Cray (staff of Gansu Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection and supervision): it seems that our village cadres just want to fill in the form. The real problem has not been solved. It should belong to formalism.
[commentary] the key to targeted poverty alleviation is not only the accuracy of numbers, but also the need for grassroots cadres to settle down, find the poor root and cure the poor disease, so as to help the masses live a better life. But in front of the complicated forms, grassroots cadres can only be tired of coping. This formalism, which requires accuracy on paper and ignores the actual effect, is not only the focus of supervision, but also the difficulty of supervision.
Wang Guojian (member of the Standing Committee of Gansu Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection): in the past, we lacked some effective means of supervision for some units or departments and some problems in style. After the promulgation of the supervision law, the supervision proposal has become an effective tool for our current supervision work, which has enriched our means of supervision over the units and departments.
[commentary] according to the supervision law, if the unit that receives the supervision proposal fails to implement the supervision proposal, the main leaders of the unit shall be held responsible and notified. The supervision proposal received by Gansu Poverty Alleviation Office explicitly requires them to give feedback within 30 days. This is a real binding force.
Chen Hongli: this supervision proposal has legal effect. To be honest, we did hold the Party group meeting as soon as we received it. We held two party group meetings. For special research, we called everywhere and all directly affiliated units. If you have arranged the work of filling in the form and reporting, you should tell us what you have arranged.
[commentary] driven by the supervision proposal, the provincial poverty alleviation office conducted a comprehensive investigation on the statements forwarded and prepared since 2014. It found that there were 55 copies of all kinds of statements, 26 of which were abolished, and the remaining statements were simplified. At the same time, check the data held by each department and input it into the existing big data platform for targeted poverty alleviation to realize information sharing.
Chen Hongli: you are like education, medical insurance, and human resources and social security, which means we implement data docking. Now compared with the data of these departments, the biggest benefit for the province is that the data is accurate and accurate, and the workload for the following is greatly reduced.
[commentary] this rectification has enabled the grassroots cadres in Gansu Province to really focus on the implementation of their work. Grassroots cadres are no longer going to fill in the form to enter the village. Formalism, bureaucracy and other problems found in the field of poverty alleviation have seriously affected the process of poverty alleviation, which is the middle obstruction and roadblock for the implementation of the decision-making and deployment of the CPC Central Committee.
[commentary] in July 2019, the central leading group of theme education of never forget your original mind and keep your mission in mind issued a notice, asking all departments in all regions to effectively focus on the special rectification of the eight outstanding issues listed in the theme education, focusing on corruption and style of work in the field of poverty alleviation, and stressing formalism and bureaucracy are the important contents.
Wang Weimin (deputy director of the supervision office of the Party style and political style of the National Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC Central Committee): the key harm of formalism bureaucracy is that the central governments decision-making and good policies are not implemented, and the people really feel this sense of gain and happiness, and they really do not realize it. The most important thing for us is to ensure that the policies of the Party Central Committee for poverty alleviation are implemented to the local level, in place, in a real way and out of poverty.
Supers: from 2013 to 2018, Chinas rural poverty population has decreased by more than 80 million, and the national poverty incidence rate has dropped from 10.2% to 1.7%. 436 poverty-stricken counties have been lifted out of poverty.
[commentary] the popular mind is the biggest politics. Winning the battle against poverty is a heavy political responsibility. It is a solemn promise made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core. At present, the fight against poverty has entered the countdown. The more important the historical moment is, the more arduous the task is, and the less deviation there is.
[commentary] General Secretary Xi Jinping held a symposium on outstanding issues of two worries and Three Guarantees held in Chongqing in April 16, 2019. He stressed that the key stage of the decisive battle for poverty alleviation is entering the decisive battle. All localities and departments must attach great importance to, unify their ideas, carry out the implementation, make a vigorous effort, fight hard and fight bravely.
[commentary] on the way to achieve the two centenary goals, winning the battle of poverty alleviation is a key step. Discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels must always bear in mind the purpose, constantly increase the supervision and punishment of prominent problems that harm the interests of the masses, provide a strong discipline and law guarantee for the fight against poverty, and let the absolute poverty problem of the Chinese nation for thousands of years be solved historically in the hands of our generation.