The construction of ecological civilization is a millennium plan related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. The decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee stressed that we should adhere to and improve the system of ecological civilization, promote the harmonious coexistence of human and nature, and adhere to the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment. Beautiful China is an important goal of socialist modernization. Adhering to the thought of Xi Jinpings ecological civilization, adhering to, consolidating, perfecting and developing a series of major institutional innovations over the years, especially since the eighteen great developments, and giving full play to the advantages of our socialist system are the fundamental means to comprehensively strengthen the protection of the ecological environment and enhance the level of ecological civilization, and also to build beauty. The fundamental guarantee of China.
Institutional guarantee for historical progress of ecological environment protection in China
Since the eighteen Partys Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has creatively integrated the construction of ecological civilization into the five in one overall layout and the four comprehensive strategic layout, and launched a series of fundamental, pioneering and long-term work to promote the historic, transitional and global changes in the protection of the ecological environment, and achieved remarkable results in the construction of ecological civilization. Important steps have been taken in national construction.
Chinas ecological environment protection has made historic progress. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have deployed and implemented three major action plans for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution, and resolutely declared war on pollution. In 2018, the national ecological and environmental protection conference was held to deploy the key battle of pollution prevention and control, launch three major defense battles and seven landmark battles, and comprehensively strengthen the ecological and environmental protection. We will vigorously promote supply side structural reform, strengthen the optimization and adjustment of industrial structure, energy structure, transportation structure and agricultural structure, increase the elimination of excess production capacity such as steel and coal, and eliminate backward production capacity, so as to build the largest clean coal power supply system in the world. We will carry out special actions to enforce the law on the environmental protection of drinking water sources, increase the remediation of black and smelly water bodies, and build the largest urban sewage treatment system in the world. We carried out a detailed investigation of soil pollution, prevented soil pollution risks, and carried out comprehensive remediation of the rural environment in nearly 157000 villages. Foreign garbage is strictly prohibited from entering the country. The quality of the national ecological environment has been significantly improved, and the speed of improvement is unprecedented. Peoples sense of access, happiness and security has been significantly improved, which has also been highly recognized by the international community. Hebei Saihanba forest farm and Zhejiang one thousand village demonstration and ten thousand village renovation project won the earth guard Award of the United Nations, and Chinas air governance was evaluated as Beijing has become the most successful case of global urban air quality improvement by the United Nations.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the institutional guarantee for the historic progress of ecological environment protection in China. The key to the historic achievements in the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of ecological environment lies in the improvement and development of the system of ecological civilization covered in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. These systems include strengthening the leadership of the party in an all-round way, requiring Party committees at all levels to resolutely shoulder the political responsibility of ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection, and strictly implementing the same responsibility of the party and the government, and the same responsibility of one post and two responsibilities. We will focus on the people, make it a priority area for peoples livelihood to solve outstanding ecological and environmental problems, focus on solving outstanding environmental problems that harm peoples health, and constantly meet peoples growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment. Adhere to the concept of green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, emphasize that protecting ecological environment is protecting productivity, improving ecological environment is developing productivity, and adhere to the coordinated promotion of high-level protection and high-quality development. We should adhere to the national unity, concentrate our efforts on major issues, resolutely declare war on pollution, and resolutely fight a tough battle against pollution. Adhere to the principle of keeping pace with the times, reform and innovation, and successively issue a series of reform measures, such as the opinions on accelerating the construction of ecological civilization, the overall plan for the reform of the ecological civilization system, the assessment method for the objectives of the construction of ecological civilization, and the investigation method for the responsibility of the leading cadres of the party and government for the damage to the ecological environment, to basically form the four beams and eight pillars of the ecological civilization system.
The system of ecological civilization is an important system innovation
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee stressed that we should adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics from 13 aspects, and promote the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity, including adhering to and improving the system of ecological civilization, and promoting the harmonious coexistence of human and nature. Chinas ecological civilization system has been further improved, and its governance capacity has been significantly improved. Important innovations and achievements have been made in exploring the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and improving the socialist theory and system.
Xi Jinpings thought of ecological civilization is the fundamental guidance for the construction of ecological civilization system. Xi Jinpings thought of ecological civilization is an important part of Xi Jinpings socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It is a vivid practice and theoretical innovation of the Sinicization of Marx doctrine, and is the fundamental criterion for adhering to and improving the system of ecological civilization. Xi Jinpings thought of ecological civilization is not only the world outlook and values that understand the laws of human social development, and know the nature and environment, but also the systematic view and methodology of carrying out the system construction.
The construction of ecological civilization system is a major innovation in the construction of socialist system with Chinese characteristics. China has vigorously promoted the reform of ecological civilization system and the construction of ecological environment system, which has basically formed an ecological civilization system. First, a number of landmark and basic reform measures have been launched successively, such as property rights of natural resources assets, land development and protection, spatial planning system, total resource management and conservation, paid use and compensation of resources, environmental governance system, market system, performance assessment and accountability, four beams and eight pillars system has been accelerated to improve. The second is that the management institutions should constantly optimize and adjust, form a more powerful policy and system formulation and implementation carrier, set up the Ministry of ecological environment, exercise the responsibility of supervision and administrative law enforcement of all kinds of pollution discharge in ecology and urban and rural areas, and strengthen the Four Unifications of policy planning standard formulation, monitoring and evaluation, supervision and implementation of law, and supervision and accountability. In terms of solving regional, watershed and cross departmental problems, we have also constantly optimized the organization setting, set up Beijing Tianjin Hebei and surrounding area atmospheric environment administration, and set up seven major river basin (sea area) ecological environment supervision and administration bureaus, so as to achieve a new breakthrough in solving the long-term problems of cross responsibility and multi management of regional, river basin and sea area ecological environment supervision. Third, we should strengthen the construction of ecological environment law, actively promote the reform of ecological environment law enforcement, establish a comprehensive law enforcement team for ecological environment protection, and strengthen the responsibility of ecological environment supervision. Fourth, we will further promote the evaluation and assessment of the objectives of ecological civilization construction, the investigation of the responsibility for the damage to the ecological environment, the quality management of ecological environment monitoring data, emission permits, the river (Lake) system, environmental protection taxes and other systems and policies, and comprehensively improve the level of ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection. The environmental governance system led by the Party committee, led by the government, dominated by the enterprise and participated by the public has been continuously improved, which has promoted the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of ecological environment in our country to undergo major changes from recognition to practice, and has also laid a good institutional foundation for opening a new journey of socialist modernization and building a beautiful China.
Give full play to institutional advantages and improve the efficiency of ecological environment management
Facing the goal of building a beautiful China and accelerating the modernization of the governance system and capacity in the field of ecological environment, it is an important task for the construction of ecological civilization and the protection of ecological environment at present and in the future. A series of effective practices have been formed for tackling key problems in ecological environment protection and pollution prevention and control, including adhering to the guideline of Xi Jinpings ecological civilization, adhering to the people centered approach, adhering to the party and government responsibility, one duty and two responsibilities, insisting on improving the quality of the ecological environment as the core, adhering to the implementation of the six achievements, and persisting in constantly strengthening the team building and basic capacity building, etc. This is the ecological ring. The valuable experience of environmental protection and system construction should be consolidated and developed. On this basis, we will implement the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, give full play to the institutional advantages of our country, further improve and develop the system of ecological civilization, and improve the efficiency of ecological environment governance.
First, we must adhere to Xi Jinpings thought of ecological civilization. As the largest developing country in the world, Chinas basic national conditions in the primary stage of socialism have not changed for a long time. It has a large population, a fragile ecological environment and an inadequate development imbalance. The ecological environment is still a short board of Chinas socialist modernization. It is necessary to adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinpings ecological civilization thought, give full play to the superiority of our socialist system, uphold and improve the system of ecological civilization, maintain strategic determination, and comprehensively strengthen and continuously promote ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection.
Second, we should focus on the people and improve the environmental well-being of the people. A good ecological environment is the most inclusive welfare of peoples livelihood. We will take the protection of ecological environment as a major project of peoples livelihood, and vigorously solve the ecological environment problems around the people. We will ensure the safety of the natural ecosystem, constantly improve the supply capacity of high-quality ecological products, build a beautiful China with blue sky, green land and clear water, and meet the growing needs of the people for a better living environment.
Third, adhere to the overall strengthening of the partys leadership, and implement the same responsibilities of the party and the government, one post and two responsibilities. Always adhere to the leadership of the party, ensure the implementation of the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, implement the same responsibility of the party and the government for the construction of ecological civilization and ecological environment protection, and implement the leadership of the party to all aspects of ecological environment protection. We will implement the central supervision system for ecological environment protection, the evaluation and assessment system for the goal of ecological civilization construction, and build a large pattern of ecological environment protection.
Fourth, adhere to improving the quality of ecological environment as the core. Chinas overall improvement of ecological environment quality has not achieved steady results. The quality of ecological environment in some regions and fields is still poor, and there are many historical debts. In order to basically achieve the goal of beautiful China in 2035, and fundamentally improve the ecological environment, we should unswervingly take improving the quality of ecological environment as the core, continue to promote ecological environment governance, and make contributions for a long time, and make solid progress To improve the ecological environment.
Fifth, adhere to the concept of green green mountain is golden mountain and silver mountain, and realize the coordinated promotion of high-quality development and high-level protection. Green development is the fundamental strategy to solve the problems of ecological environment. We must put the promotion of the formation of green development mode and life style in a more prominent position, constantly strengthen the awareness of green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, optimize economic development, guide industrial layout and promote structural transformation with environmental protection, and form a spatial pattern, industrial structure and life style of saving resources and protecting environment The mode of production and the way of life, realize the internal unity and mutual promotion of development and protection, and realize the coordinated promotion of high-quality economic development and high-level ecological environment protection.
Sixth, we should adhere to the rule of law as the fundamental means of ecological environment protection. In the long run, we must firmly establish the concept of the rule of law, adhere to the thinking of the rule of law, and constantly improve the legal system of ecological environment protection with the goal of source prevention, process control, damage compensation and responsibility investigation. We will strengthen legislation in key areas, promote the formulation (Revision) of laws and regulations on resources and environment, strengthen the legal guarantee of ecological environment protection, strictly enforce the law, strengthen the awareness of the rule of law in the whole society, and promote the governance of ecological environment in accordance with laws and regulations.
Seventh, we must give full play to the role of the market mechanism. We will fully implement the management of emission permits, build a regulatory system of fixed pollution sources with emission permits as the core, and rely on the management of emission permits to achieve the synergy of a series of political systems, such as enterprise environmental access, standard emission, information disclosure, environmental protection tax, enterprise environmental credit evaluation, enterprise environmental classification management, green finance, environmental insurance, etc. Stimulate the market mechanism of environmental protection and integrate environmental protection into the construction of market economy.
Eighth, adhere to scientific and technological support to improve governance capacity. Science and technology are the primary productive forces and the most effective means to solve the ecological environment problems. In order to modernize the capacity of eco-environmental governance, we should strengthen scientific and technological innovation, scientific governance and precise governance, make full use of blockchain, Internet of things, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, satellite remote sensing and other scientific and technological means to improve the level of eco-environmental protection and management. Relying on modern information technology means, promote the coordinated implementation of ecological environment system and policy, and improve governance efficiency.
Ninth, we will continue to build a beautiful China with the whole society. The construction of ecological civilization and the protection of ecological environment are related to every member of the society. Everyone is a participant, a relevant person and a beneficiary. No one is a bystander or an outsider. We should improve the awareness of environmental protection of the whole society, accelerate the formation of the pattern of Party committee leadership, government leadership, enterprise subject and public participation in the governance of ecological environment. Actively promote the implementation of environmental information disclosure, public participation and other systems, actively guide the public to become a helper and ally for finding problems, and actively play a role of social supervision. Encourage green consumption, green life and green travel to guide the public to participate in them, and steadily promote the national action of ecological environment governance.
10. Actively fulfill the responsibility of international ecological environment protection. Chinas socialist modernization is advancing steadily, and the construction of ecological civilization and green development have made great contributions to the sustainable development of the world. In the process of building a socialist modernization powerful country, we should adhere to the development concept of building a clean and beautiful world, conscientiously implement international conventions, actively participate in leading the response to global climate change, and actively participate in the global environmental governance system National wisdom and China plan.