From the perspective of missile selection, Irans counterattack is reasonable and reasonable

category:Military
 From the perspective of missile selection, Irans counterattack is reasonable and reasonable


Some Iraqis sent out pictures of missiles exploding near the US military base, while some US self media claimed that the US military base in the Middle East quickly took off six F-35 fighters.

However, the U.S. central command later said that the Iranian Revolutionary Guard launched 10 medium and short-range ballistic missiles conqueror 313 to Assad Air Force Base in Iraq on the same day, which did not cause casualties to the U.S. military. At the same time, five intifada-1 medium range ballistic missiles were fired at the US military base near Erbil in northern Iraq, four of which were far from the target.

U.S. media said trump may make a speech on TV, but later the White House said that because Irans missile attack did not cause any casualties to the U.S. military, trump will not make a speech on this issue.

In this way, Irans retaliation seems to be more symbolic. Obviously, Iran does not want to cause the situation to expand.

But from a technical point of view, Irans action, it should be said, has played the purpose of military demonstration, which is worth mentioning.

Fars News Agency video

Lets first introduce the two weapons used in this attack.

According to the previous US military report on Iran, Iran has a total of about 2000 ballistic missiles of various kinds, of which hundreds have high accuracy.

The conqueror 313 missile that attacked the US base is one of the ones with high precision.

The history of the conqueror 313 missile can be traced back to a Chinese missile.

This is the M-7 missile that our country sold to Iran in the 1980s. Its other code name is 8610 missile. This kind of missile is actually a partially modified hongqi-2 missile.

The hongqi-2 missile is a kind of air defense missile that we all know very well. It is a kind of missile that is improved on the basis of the s-75 missile of the Soviet Union and enhances the ability of anti electronic interference. Because it adopts the command guidance mode, it can fly to a specific control point under the control of the ground control station according to the specific altitude speed, and then continue to fly according to the inertia until it falls to the ground - in the latter half of the inertial flight, it is actually equivalent to a ballistic missile.

The direct descendant of the 8610 missile is still being manufactured in Iran. It was used by the Hussein forces in Yemen to attack Saudi Arabia

According to the requirements of Iran, the 8610 project is to improve the hongqi-2, cancel some electronic equipment on the missile, simplify the control station, and install a heavier warhead at the same time. Thus, it becomes a kind of ballistic missile for special ground attack. It has a range of 150 kilometers, a warhead weight of 150 kg and a dispersion range of about 300 meters. If the circular probability error is calculated, it is about 100 meters or less. Its accuracy is basically similar to that of barrel gun, which is quite accurate at that time.

Of course, the second stage rocket of the hongqi-2 and 8610 project missiles uses a liquid fuel engine, which needs to be filled before launching and takes a long time to prepare.

Later, on the basis of hongqi-2 solid fuel booster, China developed a foreign trade surface to ground short-range ballistic missile with inertial guidance, i.e. B-611 missile. On the basis of this, China launched a series of similar missiles, the latest of which is bp-12a ballistic missile.

One of the main directions of developing ground to ground missile based on hongqi-2 is to use its solid booster to develop new missile. The figure below shows B-611 solid short-range tactical missile

Of course, India compares Its Earth missile is a main engine developed on the basis of two s-75 liquid rocket engines

As foreign trade missiles, the range of B-611 and BP-12 missiles is limited to 300 kilometers, and the warhead weight is less than 500 kg, so they are smaller in size and weight.

On the Iranian side, although the missiles they later developed have nothing to do with the B-611 and BP-12, the same idea is to cancel the second stage liquid rocket and develop a short-range ballistic missile based on the solid booster.

This is the conqueror 110 series.

The conqueror 110 series was developed in 1995 and first put into service in 2002. Its diameter is 610 mm as that of the B-611, but after all, it does not need to consider the export market restrictions, so its length is much longer than that of the B-611, of course, its weight has increased a lot. The latest models of these two series, the launching weight of bp-12a is almost half of that of conqueror 313.

Of course, after all, Iran and China cannot be compared in terms of basic technology. It is not easy for Iran to achieve this level of technology.

The diameter of Fatah 110 is similar to that of B-611, but its length is much larger, and its aerodynamic layout is also very different. Its range and delivery quality are larger than that of B-611. Although it is not technically sophisticated, its actual combat effectiveness is very good

The original model has a range of 220km and a warhead of 650kg. It has been developed for four generations. By 2012, the fourth generation of conqueror 110 has almost nothing to do with the red flag-2. From the appearance, it seems that only the shape of its rotary launcher still leaves a little shadow of ancestor - the range of the fourth generation of conqueror 110 missile It has been increased to 300 km, the warhead weighs 650 kg, and it has also introduced the satellite correction inertial guidance technology. When the range is doubled compared with the 8610 missile, the circular probability error is kept within 100 meters.

And conqueror 313 is a kind of missile that has been in service since 2015, which is equivalent to the fifth generation product of conqueror 110 series. Its warhead weight has been reduced from 650 kg to 500 kg, thus the range has been increased to 500 km. More importantly, its hit accuracy has been greatly improved. It can use laser or TV guided terminal guidance device, so it can carry out fixed-point attack.

An improved version of it is called Persian Gulf or Hormuz missile, which is equipped with infrared guidance head and can attack naval ships, so it is called as anti-ship ballistic missile by Iran.

In 2018, Iran used the conqueror 313 missile to strike the terrorist base in Iraq accurately. Iranian television also showed the image of the missile hitting the designated position of the building precisely shot by the drone carrying out the target indication task.

The conqueror 313 is not the latest in a series of Iranian missiles. According to Iranian media, in recent years, they have launched a technical battle to significantly improve the range of various types of missiles in their country (I dont know if they follow the practice of a large country...). In the Conqueror series of missiles, the outcome of this battle is the zolfikar missile, which was first exhibited at the 2016 Iranian military parade, and its range further increased from 500 kilometers of conqueror 313 to 700 kilometers.

Only from this fixed launch stand of the conqueror 110 series missile can we see its continuous blood relationship with ancestors

Conqueror 313 missile

The main technical means of zolfekar range extension is said to be replacing the missile body material with composite material from the original steel. In fact, the thin steel tube is wrapped with glass fiber, which can reduce the overall weight of the missile. In addition, the warhead of the missile is also said to be changed to a cluster warhead, which can reduce the weight of the warhead and increase the killing range.

In 2017, Iran claimed to have used zolfikar missiles against terrorist bases in Syria.

This time, the conqueror 313 missile with precise guidance capability is used to attack the US base, and the picture of hitting the target can also be displayed, which may indicate that there are ground personnel in Iran who have infiltrated near the US base to carry out laser guided strike and observe the strike effect on the spot.

If in this case, the U.S. military has no casualties or serious property damage - this only shows that Irans goal is to avoid the casualties of the U.S. military, while warning the U.S. military.

As for the intifada-1 missile attacking Erbil, it is actually a reduced missile based on the introduction of North Korean mars-6 missile by Iran in the early years - and the prototype of mars-6 is the famous Scud missile. This kind of missile cancels the tail stabilizer to meet the needs of launching from the cellar type launching site with Iranian characteristics. As for why this kind of imprecise missile hit 5 missiles and 4 missiles far away from the U.S. base - Im afraid this shows that Iran just doesnt want to hit the U

Launch the uprising 1 missile in the cellar

Its performance is relatively poor, with a hit probability error of 500 meters and a range of 1000 kilometers. From the launch site of its underground facilities, its main task is to deter Saudi oil facilities across the sea. In fact, the launch to Iraq is a little distant. In fact, the U.S. base in Erbil is completely within the strike range of the conqueror 313 missile launched from the border area between Iran and Iraq. Using the intifada-1 missile to attack the target from the far-reaching inland of Iran may have another warning meaning, that is, Iran can use the missile to attack other US bases in the Middle East if necessary.

On the whole, Irans action conveys the meaning of the protest and does not over stimulate the United States, which is reasonable.

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