Q: we have noted that President Ma Mao of Kiribati is on a visit to China. Chinese leaders held talks and meetings with President Ma Mao yesterday. Can you give us more information? What specific consensus have China and the Kyrgyz sides reached on the development of bilateral relations?
A: in September last year, Kiribati resumed diplomatic relations with China, becoming the 180th new member of Chinas circle of friends and the 10th new partner of Chinas Pacific island cooperation family. At the beginning of the new year, President Ma Mao paid a state visit to China as scheduled, which is also the first state visit received by China this year. Yesterday, President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang held talks with President Mao Mao respectively. The in-depth communication between the leaders of the two countries has laid out a beautiful blueprint for the development of China Brazil relations. Generally speaking, the two sides have reached the following three important consensus:
Second, further expand practical cooperation. Since the resumption of diplomatic relations, cooperation between China and the Kyrgyz side in various fields has been vigorously carried out and many early gains have been made. The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on the construction of the one belt and one road Memorandum and other documents, which will take the one belt and one road initiative together with the 20 year development plan of Kiribati and provide a platform and guidance for the two sides to strengthen cooperation. The two sides agreed to strengthen cooperation and exchanges in economic and trade, agriculture and fishery, infrastructure and other fields, so as to jointly achieve sustainable development and prosperity.
Third, further close people to people and cultural exchanges. Both sides agreed to strengthen people to people and cultural exchanges and local cooperation and build a bridge for mutual understanding and friendship in the vast Pacific Ocean. Kiribati is the only country in the world that crosses the equator and the international date change line. It is also one of the first countries to usher in the new year. Its tourism resources are unique. China has approved Kiribati as an outbound tourist destination for Chinese citizens. It is believed that more Chinese tourists will visit Kiribati in the future to enjoy the beautiful scenery.
Facts have proved that it is in the common interests of the two peoples to resume diplomatic relations. We are confident that China Brazil relations will continue to develop rapidly in the future, produce more and more fruitful results, and usher in a bright future of common development and prosperity!
Q: on China US economic and trade consultation. It is reported that Vice Premier Liu He will lead an economic and trade delegation to Washington on January 13 to sign the first stage economic and trade agreement with the US side. Can you confirm that?
A: as for the specific arrangement of China US economic and trade consultation, I suggest you ask the Ministry of Commerce.
Q: it is reported that the United States refused to issue visas for Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Zarif to attend the UN Security Council meeting in New York on Thursday. What is Chinas comment on this?
A: it is an international obligation of the United States, as the host country of the United Nations, to provide visa and other facilities for representatives of various countries attending United Nations meetings. China urges the United States to fulfill its host country obligations and facilitate the participation of relevant public officials of relevant countries in United Nations meetings.
Q: first, this year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Indonesia. How will both sides celebrate? What are the highlights? Second, will Chinese and Indonesian leaders meet in China or Indonesia this year? Third, will the recent events in the waters of the Natuna islands affect the preparations for the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two sides?
A: Indonesia is one of the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with new China. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Indonesia. At the same time, this year is also an important year in the process of national construction of the two countries. Both countries attach great importance to this and agree to hold a series of celebrations, further strengthen bilateral exchanges and cooperation in various fields, push bilateral relations to a new level and inject positive energy into the common development of the two countries and regions.
As a comprehensive strategic partner, China Indonesia cooperation has a wide range of fields and great potential. As long as the two sides think about each other and work hard together, their relations will surely show more growth points and achieve greater development on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
Here I would like to emphasize that the cooperation between China and Indonesia in building the one belt and one way cooperation has been fruitful and has brought tangible benefits to the two peoples. China is ready to work with India to deepen cooperation between the two countries under the one belt and one way framework.
On the issue of the leaders meeting between the two countries that you are concerned about, I can tell you that high-level exchanges have always been an important part of China Indonesia relations, and China is maintaining communication with Indonesia on relevant arrangements.
You also mentioned some recent maritime events. I can tell you that China and Indonesia have been communicating on this issue through diplomatic channels. As comprehensive strategic partners, friendly cooperation between China and Indonesia is the overall situation, the mainstream, and differences are local and tributaries. As a coastal country and a regional power in the South China Sea, both countries shoulder the responsibility of maintaining regional peace and stability. China has always looked at the relations between China and Indonesia from a strategic and long-term perspective. We believe that Indonesia can also focus on the overall situation of bilateral relations and regional stability, properly settle differences with China, and create a suitable atmosphere and good conditions for the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries this year.
Q: it is reported that the second phase protocol of the China Pakistan Free Trade Agreement entered into force in the near future, and relevant tariff reduction measures have been implemented since January 1, 2020. Can you give us more information?
A: the protocol between the peoples Republic of China and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on Amending the free trade agreement entered into force on December 1, 2019.
The protocol upgraded and revised the market access and tariff concession table, rules of origin, trade remedy, investment and other contents of the original free trade agreement, and added a chapter on customs cooperation. Among them, the core content is to substantially improve the level of goods trade liberalization on the basis of the original free trade agreement. According to the protocol, the proportion of zero tariff products between China and Pakistan will gradually increase from 35% to 75%. In addition, the two sides also reduced taxes by 20% on other products accounting for 5% of their respective tax items. The relevant tariff reduction measures have been implemented since January 1, 2020.
China and Pakistan are all-weather strategic cooperative partners, and bilateral relations enjoy a good momentum of development. China is willing to work with Pakistan to continuously consolidate political mutual trust, further deepen all-round cooperation including trade and investment, promote high-quality development of China Pakistan Economic Corridor, and bring more benefits to the two countries and their peoples.
Q: Indonesian President Joko said yesterday that he will send fishing boats to the South China Sea and join the navy ships that have already carried out tasks in the relevant waters. At the same time, Joko said the sovereignty issue is not negotiable. You just said that China and Indonesia have been communicating on this issue through diplomatic channels. Was the communication after zoko made the above remarks? What is your comment on the current situation at sea?
A: as I said just now, China and Indonesia have been communicating through diplomatic channels on some recent maritime affairs. As I said just now, China and Indonesia, as comprehensive strategic partners, friendly cooperation is the overall situation, the mainstream, and differences are local and tributaries. As a coastal country and a regional power in the South China Sea, both countries shoulder the responsibility of maintaining regional peace and stability. China has always looked at the relations between China and Indonesia from a strategic and long-term perspective. We believe that Indonesia can also focus on the overall situation of bilateral relations and regional stability, properly settle differences with China, and create a suitable atmosphere and good conditions for the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries this year.
Q: it is reported that the Iranian parliament passed a motion to list the US military as a terrorist organization. What is Chinas comment on this?
A: China is highly concerned about the current situation in the Middle East. The further deterioration of the situation in the Gulf region is not in the interest of any party, and ensuring peace and stability in the region is of vital importance to the whole world.
China has always maintained that all parties should earnestly abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms of international relations, that the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be respected, and that peace and stability in the Middle East and the Gulf region should be maintained.
We urge the us not to use force indiscriminately. At the same time, we also call on all parties concerned to exercise restraint, avoid the escalation of events in turn, return to the track of dialogue and consultation as soon as possible, and promote the reduction of tensions as soon as possible.
Q: it is reported that China and Russia have prevented the Security Council from issuing a presidential press statement condemning the attack on the US embassy in Iraq. In this regard, the permanent representative of Russia to the United Nations said that it is impossible not to take the killing of suleymani by the United States into account. Does China believe that the Security Council should issue a presidential press statement on the death of Sulaimani?
A: the permanent representative of Iran to the United Nations has written to the president of the Security Council and the Secretary General of the United Nations on relevant issues. We believe that the Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and should earnestly shoulder the responsibilities entrusted by the Charter of the United Nations.
As a permanent member of the Security Council, China will continue to uphold an objective and just position and work with all parties concerned to safeguard international law, international fairness and justice, and peace and security in the Middle East and the Gulf region.
In this process, China will maintain close communication with Russia, our comprehensive strategic partners of coordination and other members of the Security Council.