Why cant Australias wildfires, which have been burning for nearly four months, be extinguished?

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 Why cant Australias wildfires, which have been burning for nearly four months, be extinguished?


What are the hazards caused by the fire?

So far, Australian wildfires have killed at least 24 people, including three firefighters in New South Wales. In addition, the wildfires have burned more than 6.3 million hectares of land.

In the worst hit state of New South Wales, fires have destroyed nearly five million hectares of land, destroyed more than 1300 homes and forced thousands of people out of their homes. On January 6 local time, there are still about 130 burning wildfires in NSW.

In addition to the severe disaster in NSW, since late November 2019, wildfires have continued to rage in Victoria, burning more than 800000 hectares of land. A state of emergency has been declared in the worst hit areas of the state, and the authorities have forced the evacuation of the population.

In addition, according to satellite images on January 4, fire disasters in New South Wales and Victoria caused the spread of smoke, which affected the air quality of New Zealand.

On January 6, the east coast of Australia finally ushered in rainfall, and the temperature began to drop.

According to the BBC, the rain has brought breathing opportunities to thousands of firefighters and volunteers.. But Australian authorities warned that the fires would continue in a few days.

International students: Sydney sun becomes red sun

I feel the air quality in Sydney is so poor that I dont even want to breathe. Especially in the week of December 19, you can even smell strong smoke, said Xiao Jiang, a student studying at the University of New South Wales

The scene of Sydney after the fire disaster. /Xiaojiang map

About half a month ago, the strong wind blew smoke to the place where I lived. The sky turned yellow and the sun was red. I felt very uncomfortable when I went out that day.

A while ago, I went to the north of Sydney, where there are large areas of trees. There are frequent fire disasters, Cheng said

Affected by the fire disaster, Sydneys Sun became a red sun. /Chengs friend Xiao LV gives the picture

What is the cause of the fatal mountain fire?

According to reports, Australias deadly wildfires are caused by extreme heat, long-term drought and strong winds.

Australia is now in a heat wave. December 17 last year was the hottest day in Australias history. The national average temperature reached 40.9 degrees Celsius, breaking the record of 40.3 degrees Celsius set on January 7, 2013.

According to the BBC, an anomaly called the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) has resulted in the late arrival of the northern monsoon, which has resulted in higher than average precipitation in the western part of the Indian Ocean, while the eastern part of the Indian Ocean - Australia and Southeast Asia - will become drier. Since 2017, there has been insufficient rainfall in most parts of NSW and Queensland.

At the same time, the local wind speed on January 6 was as high as 96 km / h. Strong winds not only disperse the flames, but also push the smoke to major Australian cities.

High temperature and drought accompanied by strong wind, trees, bushes and grassland have become the ideal fire for combustion.

So, are frequent mountain fires related to climate change?

According to the daily telegraph, wildfires are a regular feature of Australias calendar, usually caused by natural factors, so it is not only the impact of climate change that can be attributed to wildfires.

But experts have also said climate change is key to understanding the rise of wildfires. Hotter, drier conditions make Australian wildfires longer and more dangerous.

Firefighters refused to shake hands with the prime minister

A firefighter who lost his home in a mountain fire refused to shake hands with Prime Minister Scott Morrison, the Independent reported.

Firefighters in kobago, NSW, refused to shake hands with Morrison. /YouTube video

According to a video shot by Greg Nelson, who recorded the wildfire disaster, Morrison came to a firefighter who was resting and wanted to shake hands with him, but the firefighter refused.

According to the daily mail, angry firefighters said, I hope Morrison will step down now.

According to the report, at the end of December 2019, Morrison was severely criticized for flying to Hawaii for a holiday. There is growing anger over Prime Minister Morrisons handling of the mountain fire crisis.

Fund raising all over the country

Millions of people are expected to donate to the New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFs) through private donations and other fundraising efforts as the Australian wildfires continue, the Guardian reported.

Michael ebern, an emergency management expert at the Australian National University, said on January 6 local time that in view of the important work done by RFs, the donation to RFs is commendable. But Ebon stressed that the organization is a government funded and managed institution. People should understand before making a donation that they are basically making a donation to the NSW government.

Netizens share volunteers treatment of the injured koala. /Twitter screenshot

Australian comedian Celeste barber alone received more than $33 million in donations to the charity, the report said.

Shane Fitzsimons, director of RFs, said that at present, RFS does not know how to use the donation. We need to understand the intention behind the donors: to help the victims or to improve the conditions for volunteer firefighters? But Fitzsimons said he pledged to use the money as planned and invest it in the fire victims and the National Fire Department.

Help from the international community

According to the Australian website, US President trump called Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison on January 7 local time.

Trump said by phone that he would support Australia during the mountain fire crisis. Morrison tweeted that Australia thanks U.S. firefighters and trump for their support.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison tweeted. /Twitter screenshot

The national fire coordination center has sent 20 more senior firefighters from California to Australia, the Sydney Morning Herald reported on January 6. As of January 5, 81 U.S. firefighters helped Australian authorities put out wildfires, according to a report from the center.

In addition, New Zealand has sent 157 firefighters to Australia, some of whom have been assisting Australia in fighting wildfires since October 2019, and New Zealands support operations are expected to continue until the end of January.

At present, the United States, Canada, Singapore, New Zealand, Vanuatu and other countries have provided assistance to Australia.

More international firefighters are expected to work in Australia this year than ever before, said Paul considing, director of international fire coordination at the Australian fire and emergency services Management Council

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: u5811557, container: ssp_, async: true});}) ()); source of this paper: Yu changzong, responsible editor of Beijing News