In response to the murder of general suleymani by the United States, the Iranian government announced on the 5th that it would enter the fifth and final stage of suspending the implementation of the Iranian nuclear agreement, and abandon the last key limitation in the Iranian nuclear agreement, namely the limitation on the number of centrifuges.
Ma Xiaolin, Professor of Zhejiang Institute of foreign languages and President of the Mediterranean rim Research Institute, said in an interview with the first financial reporter that this is an understandable gesture of Iran. However, to go backward on the nuclear issue is to punish ourselves with the mistakes of the United States, which will inevitably be countered by the international community.
Irans suspension of its nuclear agreement
According to the statement of the Iranian government, Irans nuclear program will no longer be subject to any practical restrictions, including uranium enrichment level and purity, quantity of enriched substances and research and development activities, and Irans nuclear program will be promoted according to its own technical requirements.
In May 2018, U.S. President trump unilaterally announced to withdraw from the Iran nuclear agreement, and then the U.S. government successively restarted and added a series of severe sanctions against Iraq. As a counter measure to the unilateral withdrawal of the United States from the Iran nuclear agreement, Iran has suspended the implementation of some provisions of the Iran nuclear agreement in four stages since May 2019, involving Irans uranium enrichment and heavy water reserve restrictions and uranium enrichment limits.
Ma Xiaolin told the first financial reporter that this is an important gesture of Iran, responding to the voice of the people and expressing his own indignation.
However, he also analyzed that Iran is punishing itself with the mistakes of the United States. It is the consensus of the international community to prevent nuclear non-proliferation. If Iran chooses to take this opportunity to withdraw from the Iran nuclear agreement, go on nuclear ambiguity, or even try to possess nuclear weapons, it is not only against the United States, but also against the major countries that have signed the Iran nuclear agreement.
Fortunately, Iran did not make it clear in the statement that it was seeking nuclear weapons. In addition, Iran said in the statement that it will continue to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency. If the sanctions are lifted and Irans economic interests are guaranteed, Iran will be ready to resume its commitment to the Iranian nuclear agreement.
In addition, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Mousavi also expressed his hope of easing in his speech on the 5th. He said Iran has no intention of fighting the United States, but is ready for anything.
Tensions have escalated, something European leaders do not want to see. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Marcon and British Prime Minister Johnson spoke on January 5. The leaders of the three countries agreed to cooperate to cool tensions and urged Iran to avoid military actions that exacerbate regional instability.
The British government sent two warships to the Persian Gulf to protect the safety of its citizens, fearing that the situation would heat up. The British Foreign Office also advised citizens not to travel to Iran and Iraq.
European Union foreign and security policy high representative borir said Friday that he has invited Iranian foreign minister Zarif to Brussels to continue discussions on regional politics and security issues.
In an interview with the first financial reporter, Ma Xiaolin said that judging from the comparison of national strength, Iran is still afraid of a full showdown with the United States. There are a large number of U.S. military bases around Iran. If there is a war, Iran will not be an opponent. But at the same time, the United States will pay a great price, and its allies throughout the Persian Gulf will be affected, with unimaginable consequences.
However, according to Ma Xiaolin, Iran cant swallow this tone at present. It will make use of Irans influence in the region, especially the cooperation with the Shiite forces close to Iran, to make trouble for the United States. Of course, both sides will be careful not to develop into a large-scale war between the two countries.
Iraqs holding back
Iraq has not stood by in this matter. The Iraqi National Assembly held a special session on the 5th and adopted a resolution on ending the presence of foreign troops. According to the contents of the resolution, the Iraqi government cancelled the previous request for assistance to the League of nations to fight against the extremist organization Islamic state.
It is worth noting that the resolution passed by parliament has no legal significance and is not binding on the government, but it may be approved by the government. There are still about 5000 U.S. troops stationed in Iraq, most of them remain as consultants, responsible for training Iraqi government forces and providing relevant support.
However, it is clear that most of the foreign troops here refer to the US military. Parliament asked the Iraqi government to conduct a top-level investigation into the US air strikes and to inform the national assembly of the results of the investigation within seven days from the issuance of the resolution.
Prime Minister Abdul Mehdi of the caretaker government said at the special session that the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq is in the interests of Iraq and the United States, especially after recent developments. He said Iraq should not be allowed to be a stage of conflict or war.
Of the 329 members of the Iraqi parliament, 173 attended the special session, most of them Shiite, while Sunni and Kurdish members did not.
As for how to deal with the new situation in Iraq, US President trump has come up with a conventional tactic - sanctions. He told us media on air force one Friday that the United States has invested billions of dollars in Iraq, and the United States will not leave easily unless Iraq returns the money to the United States. If Iraq demands the withdrawal of US troops in an unfriendly way, we will impose sanctions they have never seen before, he said. This will make the sanctions on Iran look more moderate.
U.S. Secretary of State John pompeio is skeptical that the U.S. military will be deported. We believe that the Iraqi people will want us troops to stay in Iraq, he told us media In an interview with the first financial reporter, Ma Xiaolin said that the United States took military actions on Iraqs territory and airspace without authorization, which itself violated international law and ignored Iraqs dignity as a sovereign and independent country. Iraq has endured this for a long time. This killing of general Sulaimani once again touched the pain point of Iraq. Ma also pointed out that Irans top military generals have been murdered on Iraqi land, and that Iraq also needs to be forced to bear part of the responsibility. For all these reasons, the above-mentioned resolutions of the Iraqi parliament are under pressure. Source: First Financial Editor: Guo Chenqi, nbj9931
U.S. Secretary of State John pompeio is skeptical that the U.S. military will be deported. We believe that the Iraqi people will want us troops to stay in Iraq, he told us media
In an interview with the first financial reporter, Ma Xiaolin said that the United States took military actions on Iraqs territory and airspace without authorization, which itself violated international law and ignored Iraqs dignity as a sovereign and independent country. Iraq has endured this for a long time. This killing of general Sulaimani once again touched the pain point of Iraq.
Ma also pointed out that Irans top military generals have been murdered on Iraqi land, and that Iraq also needs to be forced to bear part of the responsibility. For all these reasons, the above-mentioned resolutions of the Iraqi parliament are under pressure.