At present, the north-south differentiation of Chinas economic development is obvious. The implementation of ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin is also conducive to accelerating the economic development, transformation and upgrading of the northern region, and promoting the coordinated development of regional economy.
Give play to the leading role of central cities and Urban Agglomerations
From the perspective of industrial development, because the Yellow River Basin spans many provinces and regions and has a large area, the driving role of central cities, metropolitan areas and urban agglomerations is very important to promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. The economic development conditions of these places are good. By improving the economic and population carrying capacity and realizing intensive development, the high-quality development of the river basin can be promoted.
These urban agglomerations mainly include Shandong Peninsula Urban Agglomerations, Central Plains urban agglomerations, Guanzhong Plain urban agglomerations, Hubao Eyu urban agglomerations, Lanzhou Xining urban agglomerations, etc.
At the same time, the above meeting also stressed that it is necessary to promote the development of Lanzhou Xining urban agglomerations, promote the coordinated development of the Yellow River several turn urban circle, strengthen the leading role of Xian and Zhengzhou National Central Cities, play the leading role of Shandong Peninsula Urban Agglomerations, and promote the high-quality development of central cities and urban agglomerations along the Yellow River. We should adhere to the principle of water as the basis of land and water as the basis of production, force the adjustment of industrial structure and build a modern industrial system.
Relevant policies for the development of urban agglomerations have also been issued in succession. For example, in February 2018, the State Council approved and approved the development plan of Hubao and Eyu urban agglomerations, pointing out that we should strive to promote the co construction and co maintenance of ecological environment, build a new pattern of open cooperation, innovate the system and mechanism of coordinated development, guide the coordinated development of industries, speed up the interconnection of infrastructure and strive to improve people The level of economic agglomeration of Hubao and Eyu will develop Hubao into a city cluster with important influence in the central and western regions.
In March 2018, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of housing and urban rural development issued the notice on printing and distributing the development plan of Lanzhou Xining urban agglomeration, pointing out that Lanzhou Xining urban agglomeration is an important trans provincial urban agglomeration in the west of China, which has been a strategic place of national security since ancient times, and plays an irreplaceable and unique role in maintaining the overall situation of Chinas land security and ecological security. Nurturing and developing the Lanzhou Xining urban agglomeration is conducive to safeguarding national ecological security, safeguarding homeland security and promoting balanced development of the territory, facilitating the construction of one belt along the way and the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, and is conducive to achieving the goal of two one hundred years in the northwest region.
These central cities have the strongest driving force
Urban agglomeration is an important carrier and platform for the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, while the central city is the center and leader of urban agglomeration. In the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, the leading role of the central city is particularly crucial.
Hu Fugen, director of the public service and performance evaluation research center of Zhejiang University, told the first financial reporter that to grow and strengthen the central city is conducive to resource agglomeration, improve the ability of the central city in scientific research, innovation and serving the surrounding areas, and better promote the development of the surrounding areas.
The first financial reporter combed the main economic indicators of nine key cities in the Yellow River Basin (including provincial capital cities and cities specifically listed in the plan), and found that Zhengzhou, Xian, Jinan and Qingdao, four central cities in the whole basin, were in the first camp, compared with other cities, there was a significant gap between them, belonging to the second camp. Therefore, the leading role of these four cities is very important.
According to the data, the main economic indicators of the four cities are in line. In terms of the total GDP, Qingdao is the largest city in the plan, reaching 1200.1 billion yuan in 2018, followed by Zhengzhou with 1014.3 billion yuan, Jinan with 886.2 billion yuan and Xian with 834.986 billion yuan after the merger of Laiwu by the end of 2018. At present, Qingdao and Zhengzhou are listed in the GDP trillion club, while Jinan and Xian are still in the rush.
In terms of total retail sales of social consumer goods, the gap between the four cities is not large, ranging from 420 billion yuan to 490 billion yuan. In terms of local general public budget revenue, Qingdao has reached 123.49 billion yuan, ranking first, Zhengzhou has exceeded 110 billion yuan, Jinan has exceeded 80 billion yuan, and Xian has nearly 70 billion yuan.
However, compared with GDP, total retail sales of social consumer goods and other factors, capital stock and urban population scale are more important manifestations of a citys ability to gather factors and radiate and drive its surrounding capacity. In terms of capital stock, in 2018, Zhengzhou and Xian, two national central cities, exceeded 2.1 trillion yuan, with Jinan and Qingdao slightly behind them, 1.7 trillion yuan and 1.61 trillion yuan respectively.
In terms of urban population, according to the 2017 statistical yearbook of urban construction, Zhengzhou has the largest urban population, more than 6 million; Xian is close to 5 million, but according to the development speed of these two years, by the end of 2019, it should have broken through the 5 million peoples Congress, so Xian and Zhengzhou are currently two mega cities in the Yellow River Basin (urban population 5 million to 10 million).
In contrast, although the urban population of Qingdao and Jinan are more than 4 million, there is still a gap compared with Zhengzhou and Xian, which is also related to the overall urban pattern of Shandong. Although Shandong is the third largest economic province after Guangdong and Jiangsu, the urban development pattern dominated by small and medium-sized cities has greatly affected Shandongs attraction to population and talents, as well as the transformation and upgrading of regional economy.
According to Li Xunlei, an economist, Shandong is in the middle of Beijing Tianjin Hebei Urban Agglomeration in the north and the southern ministers triangle urban agglomeration, while the west is facing the strong rise of Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Xian and other national central cities. The competition for talents, capital and technology in these cities has become white hot, which may produce siphons to Shandong and Northern Jiangsu. In contrast, in Shandong Province, Jinan and Qingdao attract less population than the surrounding capital cities.
In recent years, Jinan and Qingdao have been expanding and strengthening the urban platform through the way of removing counties and districts or merging surrounding areas. In July 2018, the withdrawal of Jiyang County under the jurisdiction of Jinan was approved. This is also after Zhangqiu district was changed in September 2016, another county (city) under Jinan was approved. In December 2018, the State Council approved Shandong Province to adjust the administrative division of Laiwu City, cancel Laiwu City, and put its jurisdiction area under the jurisdiction of Jinan City.
On January 5, Jinan municipal Party committees economic work and four centers construction promotion conference was held. At the conference, the three-year action plan for Jinan to build a national central city (2020-2022) was printed and issued. It was proposed that Jinan should accelerate the construction of comprehensive transportation hub, strengthen the traffic connection with each city, and create an efficient and convenient one hour metropolitan area; promote the construction of lower Yellow River urban agglomeration, Promote the docking and cooperation between Jinan Metropolitan Area and Zhengzhou metropolitan area; fully open the restrictions on settlement, build a national urban-rural integration development pilot area, create a comprehensive national science center; build an intelligent manufacturing industry cluster highland, etc.
At present, Jinan and Qingdao are both building national central cities. During the two sessions of the National Peoples Congress in 2019, Meng Fanli, deputy to the National Peoples Congress and mayor of Qingdao, mentioned that according to the city positioning approved by the State Council on the overall urban planning of Qingdao in January 2016, Qingdao is an important coastal city in China. Through the development of the past two years, Qingdao has made new progress in economy and society. We hope to further clarify the status of Qingdao as a national central city and better play a leading role in the mass development of cities in Shandong Peninsula.
In the middle reaches, Zhengzhou, as the center of the Central Plains city group, has developed rapidly in recent years. According to the data, in 2018, the permanent population of Zhengzhou increased by 255000, and the total permanent population exceeded the 10 million mark. This is also the 8-year continuous increase in the permanent population of Zhengzhou over 150000 people. The momentum of rapid population growth can be seen.
Henan is the largest economic province in Central China, and also the largest province with registered population in China. In 2018, the total population of Henan reached 109.06 million, and the urbanization rate of permanent population was 51.71%. Zhengzhou, as the capital of Henan Province and the core city of single pole, with the acceleration of urbanization, the population of Henan Province has become the biggest potential of Zhengzhou.
Xian in the upper reaches is the leading city in Northwest China and one of the five major cities of higher education in China. Ding Changfa said that there are many colleges and universities in Xian with a large number of talents. With the construction of Xian as a national central city and the improvement of business environment, this comparative advantage is gradually playing out.
Xie liangbing, President of the standard ranking Urban Research Institute, believes that colleges and universities are the driving force and birthplace of urban innovation. Xian has Xian Jiaotong University, northwest Polytechnic University, Northwest University, Changan University, Shaanxi Normal University and other well-known universities. These universities are important sources of scientific and technological innovation in Xian, and also important sources of innovation and entrepreneurship in Xian.