How strong is the Holy City Brigade of Irans Revolutionary Guard? Read a text

 How strong is the Holy City Brigade of Irans Revolutionary Guard? Read a text

Born in war

According to the British military balance Yearbook, the Holy City Brigade was born in the early 1980s, when the Iran Iraq war was raging, and the base camp of the Holy City Brigade was set up in Ramazan barracks in Kermanshah City, southeast Iran, which was originally the training center for new recruits of the Revolutionary Guard, and was responsible for supplementing new blood for the front line of the Iran Iraq war. However, with the combination of teaching and combat practice getting closer, the importance of Holy City Brigade becomes more and more prominent. At that time, there was a deep gap between the regular Iranian army composed of professional soldiers and the Revolutionary Guard whose main body was the believers, and even there was no basic tactical coordination, so that the Revolutionary Guard had to use human sea tactics to attack the Iraqi army team in the absence of armor protection and artillery support, resulting in heavy losses. The field teaching of Holy City Brigade and the rotation battle of officers regiment have achieved initial results. In the haibar campaign, the largest offensive launched by Iran from February to March 1984, the infiltration unit composed of Holy City Brigade instructors and expendables cut off the Baghdad Basra road and occupied the southern bridgehead of Basra, majinu, Iraq, once, almost reversing the war process.

Iraqi armed forces supported by Al Quds

After the first World War, the Holy City Brigade gained a great reputation. Since then, it has not only expanded its posts from 2200 to about 15000 (close to the division level system), but also shouldered the responsibility of guarding the ideology of Iran. Now, after several expansions, the Holy City Brigade undertakes asymmetric operations, intelligence collection, special operations, Shia propaganda, secret operations and overseas operations. It is a standard special combat force. According to the website of first defense of the United States, after Sulaimani was transferred from the commander of the 41st division of the Revolutionary Guard to the commander of the Holy City Brigade in 1998, he extended his tentacles to Iraq, Yemen, Lebanon, Sudan and other countries, established a dense military, political, intelligence and economic network, and established close ties with the eunuch party, Gaza Jihad, and Yemen Shiite Zeid militia (the predecessor of the Hussein armed forces) Relationship. It is reported that the Holy City Brigade is not only funded by the Iranian government budget, but also supported by a large number of enterprises with Revolutionary Guard background. It can be said that there are people and money.

Active in the dark

Western intelligence agencies have described the Holy City Brigade as a seven-month academic restriction. The purpose of the training is to build guerrilla leaders, guerrilla group leaders and axis advisers of Shiite resistance. In the future, they will go to the rear of the enemy to organize guerrilla warfare. This means that students should learn reconnaissance, mine burying, blasting and other knowledge, combat in mountainous areas, as well as medical treatment, psychological warfare and radio communication. In order to develop special skills, the refresher class has everything it needs, such as training and shooting ranges, helicopters and cars, the latest electronic equipment and weapons, among which foreign weapons, clothing and special combat training reference books are all obtained through special channels.

Iranian Revolutionary Guard reviewed

However, the activities of the holy city tour are generally more secret, and little is known to the outside world. Since they often go deep into high-risk war zones and assist in tough and radical armed operations in the region, casualties are not uncommon. After the escalation of the Syrian civil war in 2012, at the request of the Assad regime, more than 4000 members of the Holy City Brigade successively entered Syria. In the fierce battle, Sulaimanis close comrades in arms, Sartre and Zada, lost their lives one after another.

Influence the whole Middle East

The West accused al Quds of planning and participating in a number of violent attacks around the world, but the Iranian government denied it. Due to the secrecy of Holy City Brigade, its actual performance can only be guessed. It is generally recognized that Al Quds has rescued Syria and Iraq from the quagmire of terror. At the critical moment of the Syrian civil war in 2014, the Advisory Group led by Sulaimani took charge of the outskirts of Damascus, deployed troops and materials, and maintained the traffic line between Damascus and the important western towns such as Homs, Aleppo and Latakia. The Shiite civil defense army, which was trained by the Holy City Brigade from weapons to training, filled the gap in the rear of the Syrian government army, so that it had enough strategic reserves for mobile operations. In November 2016, the Fifth Army of Syrian army was newly established. Their foundation is the militia trained by the Holy City Brigade.

The same thing happened in Iraq. Western intelligence shows that the primary task of Al Quds is to support the Shiite military operations in Iraq. In June 2014, in the face of the rampant attack of the Islamic state, the Holy City Brigade strongly supported the Shiite militia, making it a backbone force, the peoples mobilization army, which is comparable with the regular Iraqi army. Under the plan of Sulaimani, Iraq won successive victories in the fight against Islamic state, and Irans influence was enlarged. But the US alleges that Al Quds also provided weapons to the anti US forces, helping them carry out terrorist attacks and guerrilla warfare, resulting in the death of hundreds of US soldiers..

The operation strategy of Al Quds in the Middle East is very similar to NATOs regional response measures. They can transfer and coordinate a large number of militias across the border, and these militias are combined with the local regime system to form a political network, with stronger vitality, said afshin ostova, a professor of graduate School of Naval War College Iranians devote a lot of effort to political networks. Their goal is not to maintain military bases in Syria or Iraq for a long time, but to stay rooted in these networks all the time, said hedel kader, a Syrian researcher specially invited by the Carnegie Center for Middle East studies. We should see the Holy City Brigade as a diplomat in camouflage, not as a simple warrior.

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