Comments: after the end of the cold war, Russias economy has been sluggish for many years, and it has been unable to build a strong surface ship force. Moreover, as a traditional land power, Russia has not enough enthusiasm for building ocean surface ships. Therefore, as one of the main forms of the Trinity sea based nuclear power deterrence system, the nuclear submarine has become the most favored object of Russia in many strategic weapons, and its strategic significance has even surpassed the aircraft carrier to some extent. At present, the Russian navy has made a lot of achievements in the construction of nuclear submarines. In addition to inheriting the consistent high speed and super deep submergence of Russian submarines, the yasen-m attack type nuclear submarines also pay special attention to stealth noise reduction technology and multi-functional use, which has become an important weapon for Russia to frighten the sea.
Launch of Novosibirsk
Russian nuclear submarine power: the biggest nightmare of the US Navy
In recent years, the United States and other Western powers have paid more and more attention to shallow water operations, and the frequency of activities in Russias coastal areas has increased significantly, which makes the latter feel more threatened. Under the situation that the Navys surface fleet is seriously shrinking and unable to compete with the United States, Russia has concentrated its limited resources on the construction of underwater submarines, spared no effort to develop the nuclear submarine force as the pillar of national defense, so as to ensure the reliability of the secondary nuclear counterattack of the underwater nuclear force.
At present, the Russian navy has 37 nuclear submarines in active service, including 11 strategic nuclear submarines, 8 cruise missile nuclear submarines and 18 attack nuclear submarines. Among them, yasun class is the most advanced attack nuclear submarine built by Russia so far, with diversified attack capabilities, including conventional anti-ship anti submarine operations and ground attack capabilities. It is a multi-purpose nuclear submarine Submarines are mainly used against the most advanced sea wolf and Virginia attack type nuclear submarines in the United States.
The new Siberia nuclear submarine launched this time is a modern and improved yassen-m type of Yassen. It is built in full accordance with the modern design scheme and uses the latest research and development achievements in many aspects such as weapon equipment, information system and power device. For example, in terms of weapon equipment, the ship is equipped with the worlds largest caliber 650 mm heavy torpedo launch tube, and adopts the modular vertical launch missile system, which can launch caliber cruise missiles with a range of more than 1800 kilometers, to attack the enemys land-based deep and high-value targets, and has a certain degree of strategic strike capability. In addition, the submarine can also be replaced with eight four in one Onyx supersonic anti-ship missile units according to operational needs, which are used to destroy large enemy surface warships 300 kilometers away.
In addition, the ship has been greatly optimized in terms of modern equipment, materials and hull structure, such as adopting double hull in the bow and applying new sonar system and anechoic tile to reduce noise. Equipped with modern electronic equipment, the submarine can quickly and effectively track, detect and lock multiple long-distance targets. It takes only 10-15 seconds from target identification to attack. These excellent performances make the western media nickname the Russian subson nuclear submarine the biggest nightmare of the US Navy.
According to the 2020 national armament plan, the Russian army has launched and is under construction six Yassen class submarines, which are respectively Kazan, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Arkhangelsk, perm and Ulyanovsk. In the future, it is planned to install four Yassen class submarines in the Northern Fleet and the Pacific Fleet u201dThe new generation of underwater main fleet is composed of four nuclear attack submarines and four nuclear strategic submarines of the God of the north wind, which will undoubtedly greatly improve the deterrence of the Russian navy.
Compared with Yasen, the improved yasen-m has stronger multi-purpose combat power
Modern strategic weapons: an important guarantee for maintaining the status of a great power
In the face of the current world military competition situation, it has become an important means for Russia to enhance the core capability of military technology to accelerate the in-depth promotion of advanced technologies that have made breakthroughs and to rapidly import them into the military field. Especially after the tense relations between Russia and the West in 2014, Russia has made military modernization the top priority. It has successively released the list of basic and key military technologies before 2025, the list of priority directions for basic, forward-looking and exploratory research to ensure national defense security before 2025, the national weapons and equipment plan 2016-2025, and 2018 -The 2027 national weapons and equipment plan and other series of plans provide support and guidance for the development of weapons and equipment through various measures in the construction of core capacity.
With the gap between Russias conventional forces and the United States and other western countries growing, strategic weapons have become an important guarantee for Russia to deter the invasion of strong enemies and maintain its position as a great power. From the current content of weapon equipment modernization, Russia mainly focuses on air defense equipment, high-end weapons and artificial intelligence technology. These advanced technologies are not only the scientific and technological innovation achievements of Russia in recent years, but also the focus of Russias modernization of weapons and equipment.
First of all, in terms of air and space weapons and equipment, Russian air and space forces have been trying to develop cutting-edge aircraft to replace old fighters left over from the Soviet era, and have made rapid progress in upgrading long-range bomber formation and developing new advanced aircraft. According to general kobilash, commander of Russian long-range aviation forces, on December 22, 2019, the 5th generation strategic bomber being developed by Russian space forces will adopt stealth technology, capable of carrying up to 30 tons of payload, with a range of 12500 kilometers, and is expected to fly for the first time in 2025. In addition, Russia plans to develop the 6th generation of bombers by 2040.
Secondly, in terms of high precision weapons, the Russian army has developed and equipped dagger and zircon hypersonic missiles, becoming one of the few countries in the world to deploy hypersonic weapons. The flight speed of these two missiles can be increased to 10 times the speed of sound, which can break through almost all current missile defense systems and be difficult to intercept. In addition, the Russian army is developing key technologies to ensure the improvement of the missiles flight speed, range and guidance accuracy. In terms of strategic missiles, Russia will also display a new type of salmat intercontinental missile. With the latest ultra heavy liquid propulsion, the missile can carry about 10 nuclear warheads, and is expected to be put into operation by 2020.
Finally, Russia actively develops new concept weapons, including expanding the production of UAVs, lasers, hypersonic weapons and robot systems capable of completing various combat tasks. On December 26, 2019, Valery grasimov, chief of the general staff of the Russian armed forces, said that the troops equipped with the peleswaite mobile laser system had been put into combat duty in December of that year. This is an autonomous combat laser system, which can independently find and track the targets in the visible spectrum segment, and destroy the targets in the sky.
In addition, Russia is actively developing the Poseidon unmanned submarine and the petrel nuclear powered cruise missile will soon be available. As Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the enlarged Ministerial Conference of the Ministry of national defense on December 24, 2019, the modernization level of Russias nuclear Trinity weapons has reached 82%, which has a strong advantage in developing advanced weapons and designing new weapons, and leads the world for the first time in history. These will greatly deter strategic opponents and effectively safeguard Russias national security.
In the future, yasen-m will fight alongside the strategic nuclear submarine of the God of the north wind and become the backbone of Russias future sea based nuclear power.
Us Russia competition: the curtain of strategic arms competition has been opened
For a long time, the United States and Russia have been engaged in fierce competition around military superiority. Especially since last year, the western countries led by the United States have taken a series of measures to worsen the international situation, such as the unilateral announcement of the withdrawal of the United States from the Treaty of China and the expiration of the new strategic arms reduction treaty in the next year, with uncertain prospects. At present, NATOs activities close to the Russian border are more and more frequent. In 2019, the air and sea reconnaissance activities close to the Russian border increased by 1 / 3 and 24% respectively compared with the previous years, and 40 major exercises with obvious anti Russian tendency were carried out in Europe. These actions made Russia uneasy and worried that the balance of the strategic deterrence system might be broken.
In order to effectively cope with international military competition and European and American strategic repression, on the one hand, Russia has rapidly updated its weapons and equipment base. For example, in 2019, the Russian army received 143 fighters and helicopters, 624 armored vehicles, 1 submarine and 8 surface ships. In 2020, there will be 22 intercontinental ballistic missiles, 106 new aircraft, 565 armored vehicles, 3 submarines and 14 surface ships in service. On the other hand, Russia Rose actively enhanced the combat readiness of strategic forces, especially the strategic rocket force, which is the main force of Russia in implementing the strategic nuclear containment task. The army is in a high combat readiness state all the year round. Every day, about 6000 strategic rocket soldiers are on duty and can execute the combat orders issued by the president at any time. Russias strategic rocket Force conducted more than 200 exercises in 2019, and will maintain similar exercises in 2020 and continue to strengthen cooperation with other arms.
Peleswaite mobile laser system
Although Russia has made great achievements in the modernization of weapons and equipment and in the construction of strategic forces, there is still a big gap between its comprehensive strength and that of the United States. First of all, in terms of quality, although the Russian army continues to improve the modernization rate of weapons and equipment, but subject to economic strength and other related factors, gold content is greatly reduced. Many of its new equipment and weapons are not completely upgraded, but the replacement and performance improvement of the same generation of equipment. Secondly, in terms of quantity, Russias new weapons and equipment in service are far less than that of the United States. For example, the most advanced F-35 fighter in the United States is currently speeding up production at a rate of about 150 aircraft / year. By 2023, the total F-35 production will reach 1148, and is expected to reach 3579 in 2046, which is beyond Russias reach. Finally, Russia is relatively weak in the study of operational theory and concept. At present, the operational theory and concept of the United States continue to innovate, and the third offset strategy, multi domain warfare, distributed killing and cloud warfare and other new operational concepts have been proposed one after another, which has played a very good role in guiding and supporting the development of American equipment. Therefore, while attaching importance to the development of equipment, Russia also needs to strengthen the research on the operational theory and concept, so as to ensure the strength to win future wars.