It is said that the new measures are the first one authorized by the U.S. Department of commerce under the export control act of 2018. The bill authorizes the Department of Commerce to formulate relevant rules and strengthen the supervision of sensitive technology exports to protect the interests of the U.S. economy and security. Although the new measure does not specify which countries to target, public opinion believes that these countries include China, Russia and Iran, which are considered by the United States to have trade problems. Reuters reported that the U.S. export control measure is to hope that sensitive technologies do not fall into the hands of competitors such as China.. James Lewis, vice president of CSIS and senior cyber security researcher, said the U.S. government wants to prevent U.S. companies from helping China develop better AI products that can be used for military purposes.
U.S. Republicans and Democrats have been disappointed by the slow implementation of export controls, Reuters said, after Senate minority leader Schumer urged the commerce department to speed up the process.
However, there are some disagreements in the industry. Shortly after the introduction of the export control act of 2018, the website of the New York Times published the restrict the export of artificial intelligence written by Cade Metz, a senior reporter in the field of artificial intelligence in early 2019? Silicon Valley worries about losing its edge, pointing out that industry insiders are worried that export restrictions could hurt us companies.
If the U.S. abandons the Chinese market, it will lead to a lack of profit and a decline in competitiveness due to the shrinking market, which will benefit China, as well as competitors in Europe, Japan and South Korea. U.S. technology companies, academics and policy makers have also called on the U.S. Department of Commerce to handle AI export regulations lightly.. Jack Clark, policy director of the open AI research center in San Francisco, told Metz: there are very few cases where exports can be completely controlled, and the probability of making a mistake is quite high. If something goes wrong, it could cause real damage to the AI community.
Xiang Ligang, a senior expert in the communications industry, told the global times on Friday that there is no doubt that China is one of the most important markets for AI software in the world. However, China has not yet formed a complete industrial chain, so the export control of the United States is likely to have a certain impact on Chinas relevant industries; however, from another perspective, the export control measures of the United States will further stimulate Chinas ability of independent research and development, speed up the development process of relevant software, and in the long run, promote the development of Chinas relevant industries.
According to a reporter from the global times, no Chinese enterprise has yet made a statement on whether it will be affected by the latest US export control measures.
In fact, it is not the first time that the United States has tried to impose so-called technical blockades and restrictions on China. In 2017, the U.S. government wanted to strengthen the review of Chinas investment in Silicon Valley to prevent the outflow of sensitive technologies that are crucial to the national security of the United States. In 2018, the U.S. banned and regulated relevant Chinese enterprises in the field of high-end chips. In May 2019, the U.S. Department of Commerce listed Huawei and other Chinese companies and institutions in the entity list, and then listed Hikvision, Dahua, Kuang technology and other companies in the entity list in October. The industry believes that if a series of initiatives in 2019 are still focused on hardware, especially chips and other fields, then the policy issued by the United States in the beginning of 2020 will put software out clearly at once. And compared with hardware, software is more dependent on globalization.
Chinas Ministry of Commerce has explicitly opposed the inclusion of Chinese enterprises in the entity list by the United States. Chinas Ministry of Commerce said that Chinas position against unilateral sanctions imposed by the United States on Chinese entities has never changed, and urged the United States to take practical measures to relax export controls to China, protect and promote high-tech trade and cooperation between enterprises of both sides, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises of both sides.
Bai Ming, deputy director of the international market research department of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, told the global times that the security issue is just a cover for the United States to suppress and sanction Chinese enterprises. The fundamental reason is that the United States cannot accept being overtaken by China in some high-tech fields. Gao Lingyun, a researcher at the world economic and Political Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, also told the global times that in the context of global economic integration, the US should abandon the cold war thinking and the concept of zero sum game, stop politicizing economic and trade issues and stop suppressing Chinese enterprises. Otherwise, it will destroy the global industrial chain and supply chain and the global economic order.