Hankou river beach, Wuhan (UAV photo) taken on August 4, 2018. Photo by Jin liwang, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
The environment is more optimized. From January to November 2019, the proportion of excellent water quality in the Yangtze River Economic Belt reached 82.5%, 6.1 percentage points higher than the national average;
Development remains strong. In the first three quarters, the GDP of 11 provinces and cities along the river increased by 7.1% year-on-year, 0.9 percentage points higher than the national growth rate. The total economic output accounted for 44.5% of the national total, and the proportion continued to increase.
Along the path of ecological priority and green development, the Yangtze River economic belt is growing into a new force leading Chinas high-quality economic development.
In jiangjiazui Town, Hanshou County, Changde, Hunan Province, the iron fishing boat to be recovered is parked by the Dongting Lake (photo taken on December 17, 2019, UAV). Photo by Xue Yuge, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Pay attention to the great protection together, do not engage in the great development is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people
This is a historic scene of the Yangtze Rivers ecological protection and a great change in production and lifestyle.
Since zero oclock on January 1, 2020, productive fishing has been banned in 332 nature reserves and aquatic germplasm resources reserves in the Yangtze River Basin. The key water areas of the Yangtze River Basin will also enter a 10-year annual fishing ban period.
A deeper change is about to happen. Not long ago, the Yangtze River Protection Law (Draft) of the peoples Republic of China was first submitted to the 15th session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National Peoples Congress for deliberation. This law is in the works to protect the ecological environment of the Yangtze River Basin in an all-round way.
Four years, nearly 1500 days and nights. Around the mother river of the Chinese nation, major strategies related to the overall development of the country are gradually unfolding, and a pattern of joint efforts to protect the mother river is forming.
Promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt is a major decision made by the Central Committee of the CPC at the core of Comrade Xi Jinping.
Set rules and clear directionu2014u2014
In order to promote the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, we must consider the long-term interests of the Chinese nation, take the road of ecological priority and green development, so that the green water and green mountains will generate huge ecological, economic and social benefits, and the mother river will maintain its vitality forever. General secretary Xi Jinping stressed.
Clarify ideological guidance and establish fundamental complianceu2014u2014
On April 26, 2018, Wuhan held a symposium on further promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt.
General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: under the new situation, the key to promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt is to correctly grasp the overall promotion and key breakthroughs, ecological environment protection and economic development, overall planning and long-term efforts, breaking the old kinetic energy and cultivating new kinetic energy, self development and coordinated development and making the Yangtze River economic belt a leading force in leading the high quality development of Chinas economy.
Ships travel in the waters of Zigui County, Hubei Province, the Three Gorges (photo taken on December 7, 2019). Xinhua Social Development Bureau (Photo by Zheng Jiayu)
Connecting the East and the west, connecting the South and the north, connecting the river to the sea, and gathering talents. The mother river, which has been nurturing and supporting Chinese civilization for thousands of years, is on the way of ecological priority and green development.
Yichang, Hubei Province, the junction of the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River. In the late winter, the river in Aijia town of Dianjun district is green and the coastline is clean.
More than 30 million yuan has been spent on soil pollution control project of Tiantian chemical plant. As the first enterprise to demolish the chemical industry Weijiang in Yichang City, it has been used for nearly three years to shut down, demolish, restore soil and plant trees to restore green space.
In 2017, Yichang city took the initiative to solve the dilemma of chemical industry encircling the river, and took the lead in launching the Customs reform and transfer of 134 chemical enterprises within 1km along the Yangtze River. In exchange for the historical opportunity of transformation and upgrading, a strong man broke his wrists. By the end of 2019, Yichangs fine chemical industry accounted for 36.2% of the chemical industry, which has doubled in three years.
Practice has proved that ecological protection and economic development are not contradictory, but dialectical unity; rather than affecting economic development, joint efforts to protect the Yangtze River Economic Belt will promote a new path of high-quality development.
Both sides of the Wanzhou section of the Yangtze River in Chongqing are covered with green trees (photo taken on April 8, 2018, UAV). Photo by Liu Chan, Xinhua News Agency
Chongming east beach in the early morning in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The water surface is sparkling, and the migratory birds passing through the border sometimes flutter their wings and sometimes rest on the beach.
Located at the intersection of the Yangtze River and the East China Sea, Chongming Island is the ecological barrier of Shanghai. Wang Guzhu, an inspector of the Shanghai development and Reform Commission, said that in Chongming, the concept of loving birds and protecting birds is deeply rooted in peoples minds.
The upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the Three Gorges Reservoir area. With high mountains, steep slopes and deep canyons, how to protect the ecology and increase income has troubled local cadres and masses.
Trade ecological beauty value for industrial value. Today, the red leaves of the Three Gorges, the Pinghu Lake of Gaoxia, the orange township of Zhongzhou and other cultural and tourism business cards are singing in the Three Gorges Reservoir area, and the green water and green mountain become the golden mountain and silver mountain.
Idea is the forerunner of action. According to the reporters investigation, in the past four years, the most profound thing is the change of development concept. In the past, some environmental problems that the masses reflected strongly and wanted to solve but failed to solve were eradicated. All localities gradually abandoned the old way of investment and factor investment as the leading role, and consciously planned a new way of ecological priority and green development.
Law enforcement officers from fishery, public security, maritime and other departments of Jiangsu province carry out joint law enforcement actions on the Yangtze River (photo taken on March 1, 2019). Xinhua social development (Photo by Su Yu)
In November 2019, in Maanshan City, Anhui Province, the on-site meeting for rectification of outstanding ecological environment problems in the Yangtze River economic belt and the plenary meeting of the leading group for promoting the development of the Yangtze River economic belt were held.
At the meeting, the 2019 ecological environment warning film of the Yangtze River economic belt was broadcast, which required that the problem should be firmly grasped and the responsibility of rectification should be continuously compacted.
A few days later, the 4th plenary meeting of the office of the leading group for the development of the Yangtze River economic belt was held to hand over the latest 152 outstanding ecological environment problems to 11 provinces and cities along the river.
In the past four years, remarkable achievements have been made in the rectification of outstanding problems in the ecological environment, but the ecological situation in the Yangtze River economic belt is still grim, and high-quality development has a long way to go.
Guided by the problem, we should find and solve one problem. We should continue to work hard and work hard for a long time.
In January 2019, the third plenary meeting of the office of the leading group for the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt transferred 163 outstanding issues to 11 provinces and cities along the river.
At the end of March, establish problem account and work scheduling and supervision mechanism; in the first half of June and from September to mid October, carry out two rounds of full coverage supervision and inspection on 163 outstanding problems rectification; have made secret visits to ecological and environmental problems in Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Jiangsu and other places successively, pay close attention to negative examples and report
Up to now, 163 outstanding problems of ecological environment have been rectified by 115. There were 3044 self-examination problems in 11 provinces and cities along the river, 2076 of which were rectified.
On March 17, 2019, Chongqing Beibei Jinyun Mountain Forest Mountain Marathon starts. This is the contestant in the competition. Xinhua social development (photographed by Qin Tingfu)
In April 2018, the remote sensing monitoring of the Ministry of ecological environment found that there are more than 500 human activity areas such as tourism facilities, industrial and mining land in Chongqing Jinyun Mountain National Nature Reserve. Since 2015, there have been 16 new areas, 76 expanded areas, and ecological damage caused by encroachment is very prominent. Then, an all-round iron hand mountain control action was launched around the comprehensive improvement of ecological environment in Jinyun Mountain reserve.
As of December 10, 2019, 184 problems have been rectified in Jinyun Mountain Nature Reserve; 319 illegal buildings have been rectified in 340 places, with a total of more than 80000 square meters of illegal buildings.
Problem rectification is the key, and ecological restoration and pollution control are the long-term strategies.
Based on the root cause. Sewage and garbage treatment in towns along the river, chemical pollution treatment, agricultural non-point source pollution treatment, ship pollution treatment and tailings pond pollution treatment One campaign after anotheru2014u2014
The great protection of the Yangtze River used to be a choice question, but now it has become a life and death must answer! a grassroots cadre told reporters.
By the middle of December 2019, the length of urban sewage collection pipe network at prefecture level and above in the Yangtze River economic belt has increased by 3954 kilometers compared with that at the end of 2018, and 579 tailings ponds have been closed in 11 provinces along the river; since 2019, 958 chemical enterprises have been transferred to the Yangtze River economic belt; the comprehensive utilization rate of livestock and poultry waste in the Yangtze River economic belt has reached 74%.
This is the demolition site of Yichang Tiantian Chemical Co., Ltd. on the South Bank of the Yangtze River in Dianjun District, Yichang City (photo taken on March 30, 2018). Photo by Du Huaju, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Return the river to the people. Vigorously implement the ecological restoration of the Yangtze River coastline and the regulation of the riverside coastline, and improve the peoples sense of happiness and gainu2014u2014
In 2018, the water quality of Yunnan Dianchi Lake, the Pearl of the plateau, rose to category IV, which is the best water quality in more than 30 years, realizing the return of clear water from one lake;
Adhering to the principle of first pollution control and then landscape construction, more than 300 wharfs of various types were demolished in Wuhan in the early stage. In 2019, 103 wharfs and 189 barges in the core areas of the Yangtze River and the Han River were demolished, integrated and integrated. The long-standing riverbank lines were exposed on the four banks of the two rivers, presenting a three-dimensional landscape of Riverside City Gallery;
Yueyang, Hunan Province, has implemented the afforestation project of the Yangtze River Levee. It has completed the restoration of 13000mu of the Yangtze River coastline, 477000m2 of the port and wharf, and the restoration of the beaches and closed wharfs
This is Yunnan Dianchi Lake and surrounding wetlands (photo taken on January 20, 2019, UAV). Photo by Hu Chao, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Explore a new way of ecological priority and green development
On December 1, 2019, the outline of regional integration development plan for the Yangtze River Delta was released. A new national strategic blueprint will be drawn up.
After the development of the Yangtze River economic belt into a national strategy, it is a kind of strategic superposition and strategic sublimation to upgrade the regional integration development of the Yangtze River Delta into a national strategy. It is of great practical significance to improve the spatial layout of reform and opening up, and to improve Chinas comprehensive strength, international competitiveness and anti risk ability. Wu Xiaohua, vice president of the Chinese Academy of macroeconomic research, said.
The dragon head of the Yangtze River delta takes off, and the dragon dances in the Yangtze River Economic Beltu2014u2014
The Yangtze River Delta has set up a platform to actively explore the establishment of industrial coordination mechanism serving the Yangtze River economic belt and the integration of the Yangtze River Delta. The established Yangtze River Basin Park cooperation alliance and the Yangtze River Basin intelligent manufacturing and robot industry alliance radiate more than 100 home areas and thousands of intelligent manufacturing, robot and artificial intelligence enterprises in the Yangtze River Basin.
On January 3, 2020, the sixth meeting of the central finance and Economics Commission was held, which made it clear to promote the construction of the two city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing area and form an important growth pole for high-quality development in the West.
The Yangtze River Delta city group, the middle reaches of the Yangtze River city group, Chengdu Chongqing city group, the three major city groups are interconnected and collaborative;
The Yangtze River Economic Belt Unicom one belt and one road, the river and sea linked, surging and surging, into the world economic tide.
From January to November 2019, 11 provinces and cities along the river opened 4685 China Europe trains, a year-on-year increase of 32%, accounting for 63% of the total number of trains in China.
Driven by innovation and reform and opening up, it injects surging power into the development of the Yangtze River Economic Beltu2014u2014
The total value of ecological products is 2.73 times of GDP, and farmers share in green water and green mountains for dividend In Jiangxi, one of the three experimental areas of ecological civilization, the good ecological advantages of the local area are accelerating to be transformed into economic advantages, and good mountains and good water are sold at a good price.
It is not easy to grasp the great protection together, do subtraction, cut interests and change the long-term development model.
Guided by the new development concept, it is still on the way to promote the high-quality development of the Yangtze River economic belt. We should not only make every effort to break through the barriers of interests, but also make contributions for a long time, fight a long-term war, and keep the mother river of the Chinese nation alive.