Half of the police in Americas third largest city used to work for gangs, which was more chaotic than Afghanistan

 Half of the police in Americas third largest city used to work for gangs, which was more chaotic than Afghanistan

According to the Chicago Tribune on December 22, 2019, 13 people were injured in a shooting in Chicagos engelwood community on the same day, including 4 seriously injured. Police are investigating two suspects.

In fact, the shooting in Chicago is nothing new. Trump, speaking at the opening of the annual meeting of international police chiefs, said the rampant gun violence in Chicago, with more than 560 murders in 2018, is more dangerous than Afghanistan..

In terms of the overall data, Trumps analogy makes sense. According to data provided by the Chicago Tribune, between 2001 and 2016, the death toll of U.S. troops in Iraq was 4504, while that in Afghanistan was 2384. In this time zone, the number of abnormal deaths in Chicago was 7916. Chicago is also known as the city of violence and shooting capital in the United States.

So, how does the most modern city in the United States become the most unsafe city step by step?

1 frequent occurrence

Shots never stopped in Chicago.

In the first nine months of 2019 alone, there were 408 people killed and 1972 injured by the shooting in Chicago.

During the U.S. Labor Day holiday (August 31 September 2), Chicago staged a bloody weekend. Police said at least seven people in the city were shot dead and more than 30 injured within 48 hours.

The picture shows the police investigating the scene of a crime. Source: Chicago Sun

Among them, on the morning of August 31, a man named Willie coker was shot outside. On the same day, two people were killed and three injured when a man opened fire at the crowd with a gun; two shootings also occurred in Humboldt Park, resulting in one death and one injury.

On September 1, a 15-year-old boy, dovantae Jackson, was shot and killed on the spot in his neighborhood. Shortly afterwards, an unidentified man and woman were shot at a party and the man was pronounced dead on the spot. On the same day, one person was killed and one seriously injured in a shootout in southwest Chicago.

Then, from the evening of September 22 to the early morning of the next day, there were another 10 shootings in Chicago, 12 people were shot, and the frequency of the shootings was unimaginable

At about 7:30 p.m. that night, a 24-year-old man was shot, with two wounds on his shoulder;

Around 8:30 p.m., a 23-year-old woman was shot in her house and her leg was injured;

About 15 minutes later, a 39 year old man and two 14-year-old boys were shot while walking, and three of them suffered leg injuries;

At 10 p.m., a 33 year old man was shot in the back;

Around 11:45 p.m., a 28 year old man was shot in the back;

At 12:10 p.m., a 21-year-old woman was shot in the back of the yard with her arm injured;

At 12:30 p.m., a 45 year old woman and a 23-year-old man were shot while driving. The shoulder of the woman was injured and the hip of the man was shot;

Around 2:15 a.m., an 18-year-old man suffered a bullet bruise on his head;


Whats the matter with Chicago? It needs to start from scratch.

2 immigrants

From 1620 when the first Puritans sailed into New England on the Mayflower, to now, every four Americans have one new immigrant or the children of immigrants. The United States is a country built on immigrants.

Immigrants have brought advanced technology, laid the foundation of American civilization and culture, and also brought the potential for social unrest.

This is especially true in Chicago.

When immigrants first came to the United States, they generally chose areas with superior geographical location and rapid urban development.

From the perspective of geographical location, Chicago is located at the junction of Mississippi River tributary and Lake Michigan, with back to the five lakes area. There are many rivers in the area, and the terrain is flat, forming a dense land and water transportation line.

The picture shows the geographical location of Chicago

Relying on its excellent geographical advantages, coal from Illinois, iron ore from the northern Great Lakes region, wood from Wisconsin and Michigan, and grain from the Midwest of the United States are all transported to Chicago, and its steel industry has developed rapidly.

By the 1880s, Chicagos three largest steelworks together accounted for nearly 30% of the total rail production in the United States. Huge production capacity created a lot of jobs. In the 1970s alone, the number of employees in three steel plants reached more than 3100.

The picture shows a group of steel workers at the South Factory of Chicago. At its peak, the factory employed 20000 people. Source: Wikipedia

Just as Chicagos steel industry is in full swing, a disaster suddenly comes. In 1871, an unexpected fire burned for two days. Most of Chicagos urban areas were destroyed. At least 300 people died and 100000 people were displaced, accounting for one third of the population at that time.

While the fire brought disaster, it also brought opportunities for Chicago to re plan and build. During the reconstruction period, Chicago was born with the first skyscraper in the world with steel frame. Since then, its innovative urban buildings have sprung up, and gradually enjoy a high reputation in the world.

The picture is about the 1871 Chicago fire. Source: surging news

Convenient transportation, a large number of jobs and a city full of waste have attracted many immigrants. During the second wave of immigration (1861-1880), about 5 million immigrants came to the United States, and quite a few of them chose to settle down in Chicago. During this period, five years of civil war ended, many oppressed black people moved from the south to the north.

For all these reasons, Chicagos population increased from 112000 in 1860 to 503000 in 1880. With the convergence of various ethnic groups, the composition of Chicago society has been rapidly diversified and complicated, and ethnic conflicts have begun to highlight and rapidly escalate.

In the summer of 1919, a white man hurled a stone at Eugene Williams, a young African American swimming in Lake Michigan, who died of his injuries. The police refused to arrest the perpetrators, sparking protests from black groups. During the riots, white and black people threw stones or bricks at each other in the street, shot at each other with pistols or shotguns, and the police ignored them, leaving the whole city with no law and discipline. The 13 day riot killed 38 people (23 black and 15 white), injured more than 530 people and left more than 1000 black families homeless.

White militiamen and an African American veteran face off in the street during the riots. Chicago Tribune

Later, Woodrow Wilson, then president of the United States, denounced white people as perpetrators and promoted ethnic harmony through the establishment of voluntary groups and the legislation of Congress.

However, to this day, Chicagos racial discrimination and the resulting tragedy still exist.

In October 2014, Jason van Dyck, a Chicago police officer, had a quarrel with Latina McDonald, a 17-year-old black youth, when he was on duty, and then fired 16 shots at him, killing him on the spot. However, more than a year later, after van Dyck was charged with first-degree murder, the Chicago Police Department, at the request of the court, made public the video of the incident taken in a police car at that time.

The shielding behavior of the police station and the bloody truth of the video made Chicago people take to the streets to protest against the abuse of force by police officers and the collapse of trust between the people and the police. This incident is even considered to be one of the main reasons for the serious loss of public order in 2016 and 2017 in Chicago.

In October 2018, van Dyck pleaded guilty to second degree murder and 16 counts of serious assault, and was sentenced to 81 months (6 years and 9 months) in January 2019.

Of course, there is much more to racism than migration.

3 gangsters

There are many kinds of immigrants to the United States.

Immigrants from Britain, Germany and other countries came to develop North America with a large amount of money, while Irish and Italian immigrants were forced to seek livelihood in the United States by the domestic economic downturn and political turmoil.

At that time, the traditional white people in the United States regarded the latter as an alien and excluded them in various fields of society.

Italians from Sicily are eager to change the fate of the bottom. With their experience of participating in gang activities in their hometown, they started to establish the overseas branch of Mafia - Chicago Mafia.

Irish immigrants, who had experienced potato famine and cruel British rule, chose to fight violently in groups in the face of increasingly intensified racial conflicts in Chicago society.

The gangs controlled by these two groups have completely changed the social structure of Chicago.

Most of these gangs were founded at the end of the 19th century. They infiltrated every capillary of the city in blocks. Whats more, some gangs even buy arms from the military through special channels. Gangs with military weapons have become the primary threat to the security of cities.

The picture shows members of the gangs accepting the arms. Source: Wikipedia

A lot of money is needed to keep the gang running and to buy arms. Where does the money come from?

In 1920, the U.S. government issued the prohibition order, helping the gangs to solve this problem. During the prohibition period, the formal alcohol market was banned, which brought about the rise of the black market. For a while, smuggling and underground trade became a lucrative business, and a large amount of money poured into Chicagos private alcohol trade.

Because of the repression brought by the prohibition, many Chicago people not only offered their money to the gang, but also their knees. It can be said that a steady stream of wine money helps gangs to buy arms, develop the offline and expand their power.

At that time, the private wine trade in Chicago was mainly controlled by the Irish Gang under Moran and the Mafia led by Al Capone.

Among them, Al Capone, the leader of the Mafia, is known as the underground mayor of Chicago. During the prohibition period, he accumulated huge wealth through private alcohol trafficking. According to the data, the daily profit from selling wine by Al Capone is as high as $5000.

Moran the bedbug on the left and Al Capone on the right

However, with the growing of private alcohol trafficking, the conflicts of interests are all obvious, and the two factions gradually grow into a gap due to the uneven division of their spheres of influence. The accumulated resentment eventually turned into the Valentines Day tragedy that shocked the United States in 1929. Capones men, dressed as police, forced seven members of the Irish Gang to line up against the wall in their car houses and then shot them mercilessly.

In broad daylight, pretending to be a policeman, he shot his opponent, which shows the extent to which Al Capone and the Chicago Mafia were rampant at that time.

The picture shows the scene of Valentines Day Massacre simulated by the police

What are the real cops doing?

They were paid. During Capones time in the Mafia, more than half of the Chicago police worked for him. It is said that Capone spends millions of dollars every year to bribe a large number of police, government employees, lawyers and judges. So Capone doesnt have to worry about the risk of murder.

However, Capones craziest move in Chicago politics was to personally control the 1927 Chicago mayor election.

At that time, under the cover of campaign funds, he became the gold owner of Thompson, one of the candidates for mayor of Chicago. Six months before the vote, he made 62 bomb attacks, and at least 2 politicians were murdered in order to undermine the momentum of Thompsons opponents.

Capones actions were so rampant that federal law enforcement officials in Chicago asked the U.S. attorney general to authorize 500 federal law enforcement officers to ensure voters could vote safely that day. But the Chicago people who were afraid of the Mafia finally chose Thompson, and Capone also ushered in his own peak.

By the time of the 1928 presidential election, Chicago Interpol captain Ron Rothschild approached Capone and asked him not to step in. In return, the police promised to try not to disturb Capone and his men for trifles such as murder.

With the help of many parties, the development of Chicagos gangs has been overwhelming. Until now, they are still active and become a threat to the whole city. According to the data of police investigation in 2015, there are at least 59 gangs in Chicago and 625 subordinate branches. Today, Chicago, New York and Los Angeles are also called three major gangster cities in the United States.

As an American reporter wrote, guns are the passport here, drugs are better than dollars, and killing represents honor. Whoever kills more can be promoted among the gangs. .

4 politicians

In addition to the gangs, there is also a famous family in Chicago, the Daley family.

The picture shows Kennedy, then president of the United States, meeting with the Daley family in the White House

The first generation of political stars of the Daley family is Richard J. Daley, a former Illinois senator who combines the characteristics of American old white man (meaning old, white, male) politicians. He was elected mayor of Chicago for six consecutive terms of 21 years.

During his tenure, Daley successfully grasped the golden age of world economic development after World War II and completed the reconstruction of Chicagos heavy industry. However, two of his actions with obvious racial discrimination have left a legacy for the city.

One is the apartheid public housing scheme.

Chicagos public housing plan was born in the early 20th century. The rich city government hoped to provide a clean living environment for people living in difficulties. Therefore, the original design was based on two-story row apartments.

After Daley took office, he also vigorously promoted the public housing plan. However, compared with the previous public housing design, the public housing he advocated is huge, with a large number of households per unit, and a community can accommodate at least 75000 people.

From clean and comfortable to maximum population, why does the change happen?

Because Daley is a racist supporter. In the 1950s, the southern United States imposed extremely harsh racial laws, which oppressed black people cruelly. Many black people had to leave their hometown. A large part of them chose to go to Chicago to find opportunities.

In this case, the old-fashioned public houses with large area and small population can not meet the influx of black people. In 1955, Daley took office. White Chicago politicians led by him did not want black people to enter the traditional white community, so the new standard of public housing rose. Daleys idea is to isolate the black people in one corner of the city and rule the two groups separately.

Heres Robert Taylor, the largest black community in Chicago at that time. Source: the observer network

Therefore, Daleys new public housing plan is actually the result of the practice of white supremacy. And in the new public housing with a large population, the signs of violent crime began to grow. These complex and densely populated buildings can be a fortress to the outside, a weapon warehouse and a poison factory to the inside, and members of the gangs can also use ordinary residents as a cover to walk freely among them.

The second is the educational system with the color of apartheid.

In the mid-1950s, Chicagos public schools were overcrowded. Daley and his superintendent Benjamin Willis set up 625 Willis trailers on the campus of the black community, so that black students would not transfer to the white community, but because of the limited space, black students still need to take turns to go to school.

The picture shows the police on duty defending the mobile classroom of Guggenheim junior high school. Source: Chicago Tribune

When civil rights groups urged Daley and Willis to integrate schools in Chicago, Daley became furious and demanded that civil rights groups keep their distance from school affairs.

In 1965, the U.S. Department of Education announced that it would stop providing $30 million in federal funding because the Chicago school board still discriminated against people in schools. Daley told the media in a huff that he could use his influence in Washington to overturn the decision.

In 1968, 85% of black students in Chicago attended exclusive schools where 95% of black students attended.

In the early 1970s, Chicagos schools were in trouble, with more than 40% of students not graduating from high school. The average reading ability of the eighth grade students is almost one and a half years behind that of the students in other parts of the country, and the students in the schools in the slums are more than two years behind.

In 1976, Daley died of illness. His son, Richard M. Daley Jr., became mayor of Chicago in 1989. Daley Jr. served 22 years longer than his father.

Richard J. Daley on the left and Richard M. Daley on the right: Chicago Tribune

Under the rule of little Dali, a large number of relatives, friends and political allies of the Dali family benefited from urban contracting. Jeremy Joyce, a confidant of little Daley, won a contract to run a McDonalds franchise at Chicagos largest airport, OHare Airport, and made $1.8 million a year. Michael tadin, another friend of little Daleys, has signed a $100 million municipal road maintenance contract with the city.

A survey conducted by the Chicago Tribune in 1999 found that since little Daley took office, 68 relatives of the Daley family have been employed by the government at different times.

Whats more, little Daleys racism is more serious than his fathers. He once said publicly that what Chicago needs is a white mayor and ignored the illegal law enforcement by the police against ethnic minorities.

By the end of 2009, little Daleys approval rating had fallen to a record low of 35%. He then renounced the search for a seventh term. Peoples grievances, soaring prices, rampant gangs and capital outflow are the last impressions of Chicago under the Dali family.

5 bankruptcy

In 2008, the financial crisis broke out in the United States and the global financial market was turbulent. Chicago has also been affected. Since then, its steel industry has been sluggish, traditional manufacturing industry has moved out, and urban tax revenue has been sharply reduced.

This kind of decline has continued to this day, from the rising fiscal deficit can be seen.

Chicagos fiscal deficit in 2011 was 655 million US dollars (about 4.6 billion yuan). On August 29, 2019, mayor Lori letterfoot announced that the city is facing a budget deficit of up to 838 million US dollars (about 5.9 billion yuan) due to the increase of labor cost, pension expenditure and debt cost, and the severity of income not equal to expenditure has set a record. By 2021, the figure is expected to exceed $1.1 billion (about 7.7 billion yuan).

The figure shows that in 2014, Chicagos pension liabilities ranked first in the United States. Source: Chicago Tribune

In the face of financial problems, the Chicago city government has not come up with a reliable plan, and the former mayors plan to issue 10 billion US dollars of bonds has been stillborn.

Worse, in 2014, Moodys investors services, the international evaluation agency, downgraded the credit rating of $388 million bonds issued by Chicago from A3 to baa1, and set the outlook for Chicago as negative.

[Note: in Moodys credit rating, A3 indicates that the enterprise has good credit, general capital strength and asset quality, and has certain strength. Baa1 level means that the citys reputation is average, and various economic indicators such as assets and financial status are at a medium level, which may be affected by uncertain factors and have certain risks.

The damage to the citys financial reputation has brought a series of consequences to Chicago. The deterioration of municipal services has led to more high-end industries and elites unwilling to enter. Poverty has led to crime and a vicious circle.

The term rust belt generally refers to the traditional industrial areas in the northeast, West and east of the United States and the Great Lakes region, including Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin.

The picture shows rust belt in the United States

These areas are the heart of American manufacturing industry. Ohios oil refining industry, Michigans automobile industry, Pennsylvanias metallurgy industry and Illinois steel industry were all the pride of American industry. But under the background of globalization, the traditional manufacturing industry has launched fierce global competition. Cheap steel and manufacturing products from Asian developing countries have a strong impact on the economic structure of the rust belt states.

In 2013, Detroit, the rust belt, was officially approved for bankruptcy. At that time, the city was in debt of more than 18 billion US dollars (about 110 billion yuan), making it the largest bankrupt city in the history of the United States.

Looking back at Detroits bankruptcy Road, there are actually many causes Chicago is facing.

First, the expenditure of municipal projects is still huge, and the government revenue is too single.

Second, the competitiveness of traditional manufacturing industry has declined.

Third, racism is still prevalent, and gang conflicts are still fierce.

Of course, facing the urban crisis is not only the rust belt. In October 2017, zero hedge, a US financial website, published an article, where is the next US city to file for bankruptcy? saying, if you live in these Red cities, it may be time to start looking for another home..

As can be seen from the figure, these red cities include Auckland, Los Angeles, Phoenix, Austin, Houston, Atlanta, Pittsburgh and other big cities, and San Antonio, Sacramento, Dallas and other cities are also second only to red.

The chart shows the credit risk levels of major cities in the United States. Source: JPMorgan Chase

Where should these declining cities go?

In 2017, trump, who is going to replace Obama as president of the United States, shouted to ram Emanuel, then mayor of Chicago and former White House chief of staff of Obama, meaning: if you cant manage it well, let my government help you manage it. Now that more than two years have passed, things dont seem to be getting better, the mayor has changed, and Trumps trip actually carries a number of tasks. During the meeting on the 28th, he signed an executive order to set up a Presidential Committee in the local area, directly involved in the management of crime and law enforcement in Chicago. According to the Chicago Tribune, the committees functions include studying the causes of criminal activities and providing practical advice on police training and police assistance.

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: u5811557, container: ssp_, async: true});}) ()); however, the opposition between trump and Chicago is, in the end, a huge conflict of political ideas. As mentioned above, Chicago is one of the famous asylum cities in the United States, which means that to some extent, the city will refuse to implement the federal governments immigration policy and protect the foreigners who reside illegally in the United States, while the trump government pursues a tough immigration policy; for example, the Democratic controlled Chicago claims to have the most stringent gun control laws in the United States, which is also often the case For trump, Chicago could almost be seen as a failure model for democratic governance. He (trump) should come to listen to the public opinion, understand the current situation and see what can help If hes just here to take the money, its better to stay in the White House. So says figuery, an anti gun violence activist. Whether trump can really help Chicago remains to be seen. Source: Shangguan news editor in charge: Liu Yuxin ufe63 nbjs7825

However, the confrontation between trump and Chicago is, after all, a huge conflict of political ideas. As mentioned above, Chicago is one of the famous asylum cities in the United States, which means that to some extent, the city will refuse to implement the federal governments immigration policy and protect the foreigners who reside illegally in the United States, while the trump government pursues a tough immigration policy; for example, the Democratic controlled Chicago claims to have the most stringent gun control laws in the United States, which is also often the case For trump, Chicago could almost be seen as a failure model for democratic governance.

He (trump) should come to listen to the public opinion, understand the current situation and see what can help If hes just here to take the money, its better to stay in the White House. So says figuery, an anti gun violence activist. Whether trump can really help Chicago remains to be seen.