Can modern battleships resist the air attack of World War II aircraft carriers?

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 Can modern battleships resist the air attack of World War II aircraft carriers?


On paper, the anti-aircraft firepower of battleships in World War II was quite powerful.

Take the U.S. battleship as an example, the Iowa class battleship is equipped with 10 mk12 auxiliary guns of 127mm, each with two guns; the quadruple is equipped with 15-20 bofos machine guns of 40mm caliber, and 60 20mm anti-aircraft guns, with a total of 160 guns.

The 40mm bofos gun equipped by the US Army in World War II

The dense gun positions on the Dahe

Although there were a lot of guns and small guns on battleships in World War II, the efficiency was quite low, because almost all of them were loaded and fired by manual aiming. In the face of fighter planes with a speed of 500-600 kilometers per hour, it was inevitable that they were in a hurry.

In terms of ammunition types, it is also relatively small. Small caliber anti-aircraft cannons can only explode when they hit the cannons directly. Large caliber anti-aircraft cannons can detonate at a predetermined height. Whether they can crash the enemys aircraft depends on peoples character. In addition to the fact that the VT radio proximity fuze developed by the Americans at that time was black technology, the air defense firepower of fleets of other countries was basically covered by a barrage, but the barrage was always thin.

Now the question is, if we use modern technology to transform a World War II giant ship, can we withstand the air attack of that year?

After World War II, the U.S. military used battleships to the Gulf War

In order to avoid too much advantage, anti-aircraft missiles cant get on board and can only rely on naval gun for anti-aircraft.

There is no doubt that modern warships have many advantages over World War II warships.

First of all, the detection distance of modern warships is far greater than that of World War II. For targets with a radar cross section of 3 square meters and a height of more than 3000 meters, the detection distance of us Aegis system can reach 320 kilometers.

The towering bridge of Japanese Fusang battleship

Later, the U.S. warships were equipped with radar, but compared with aegis, they were basically toddlers.

In addition to the advanced radar system, the degree of automation of modern warships also rolled over the warships of World War II. Both air defense missiles and naval guns were controlled by computers, and both the reaction speed and the firing speed were greatly improved. Moreover, the naval gun has a complete ammunition feeding system, which can automatically transport and load ammunition without too much manual operation, thus greatly increasing the efficiency.

Finally, the modern ammunition also exploded in the World War II period. The extensive application of intelligent ammunition has greatly improved the lethality and accuracy of modern naval gun.

Under such conditions, if we take the Iowa class battleship as a sample, we can build a super air defense ship.

Japanese Aegis

The 127mm main gun is replaced by the modern mk45 naval gun. The single gun weighs 21.7 tons. The maximum firing speed is 20 rounds per minute. The maximum ammunition for each gun is 680 rounds. The effective range is 15km, and the maximum range is 23km. It is far more than the 128mm anti-aircraft gun, which is the strongest in Germany in World War II. The shell weighs more than 30kg, and no aircraft can withstand it.

American 127 mm naval gun and shell have a considerable range and power

At present, the most advanced 57 mm Bofors gun, with a single door weight of 14 tons, contains 1000 shells.

Bofos 57mm gun is the most advanced small caliber naval gun in the world

Cannonball attack small boat in air blast mode

It has an effective range of 8.5km and a maximum speed of 200 rounds per minute. It uses a programmable warhead of 2.4kg against the air and has a variety of detonation modes.

It also has 20 seats.

All the other 60 20 mm anti-aircraft guns were cancelled and changed to 6 dense array defense systems as the last line of defense.

The US Armys dense array defense system can fire 6000 shells per minute

In this way, the ship has 10 127mm guns, 20 57mm guns and 6 20mm six tube dense array systems.

The first two kinds of guns can shoot 4200 shells per minute, 70 shells per second.

So how large a fleet can they deal with?

The Midway Island Naval Battle in World War II is the largest aircraft carrier battle in human history. In this battle, the U.S. military dispatched 233 carrier aircraft, 127 land aircraft and 248 Japanese carrier aircraft, totaling 608 aircraft.

If these planes attack together, there is no doubt that they are the largest air fleet in the naval battle.

Because of different types of aircraft and different speeds, different echelons will be formed.

In World War II, the carrier aircraft must be close to each other when launching attacks, especially the dive bombers

According to the real history, the first is the low-altitude attack of TBD torpedoes. Its maximum speed is only 331 kilometers per hour. Before these torpedoes enter the attack range, they will be named by 127 naval guns. Under the precise attack of programmable shells, they will only be completely destroyed.

The rear large aircraft groups, such as the zero and F4F, have maximum speed of 533 kilometers per hour, 150 meters per second, and the effective range of anti-aircraft guns of warships is 10 kilometers, so the fighters need to fly 66 seconds in the anti-aircraft fire circle.

Although there are many bullet curtains in the sky, most of them are random

In this period, the 127 mm naval gun can shoot 200 shells, and in the 57 gun range, 20 bofos can shoot 2000 shells in half a minute.

The 2200 shells are not the pure human things in the past. Under the precise guidance of the radar, the radio proximity fuze or programmable ammunition can play a maximum role.

In the movie midway through the decisive battle, we can intuitively feel the intense warship anti-aircraft fire and the exciting scene of fighter passing by. The cannonball of that year needs to be hit in order to be effective. However, modern intelligent cannonball will not have the good thing of human character explosion, such as the cannonball. They will start at a fixed point in the path of aircraft attack.

127 mm shells do not need to hit directly, and can cause fatal damage to the aircraft in the explosion radius of 10 meters. 57 mm shells also have the surface lethality. Bofos can intercept cruise missiles flying at low altitude, and intercept World War II aircraft with much lower speed and much larger targets, which is basically shooting.

Bofos 3P has a variety of explosion modes and a wide range of applications

More than 600 aircrafts can fly into the air defense circle of warships alive. Thats only when the human character is good enough. But there are six dense arrays in the inner layer

Of course, if it was a large group of planes that covered the sky and covered the sun during the World War II, according to the usual tactical formation at that time, one round of naval gun shooting might kill half of the planes.

In particular, the most effective ammunition against the World War II aircraft is the ahead bomb with hundreds of tungsten bullets inside. It has an accurate time fuse, which can detonate several meters away from the target, project the projectile at a high speed of 1200 meters per second, and form a dense and uniform curtain. Its killing range is smaller than that of the 3P bomb of bofoss, but the concentration of the projectile is smaller Higher, more destructive to the target. The ahead ammunition is specially used to intercept high-speed targets. Fighters with weak defense and low speed in World War II will be screened.

Ahead bomb with hundreds of tungsten pillars inside

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