Smart home is not easy to do, the three giants of Silicon Valley decide to fight in alliance

category:Internet
 Smart home is not easy to do, the three giants of Silicon Valley decide to fight in alliance


If you have to say the difference, its probably from a little bit of stamp on the screen of the mobile phone to wake up some appliances with your voice, and then use several apps to transfer other parts. Through the linkage between home appliances to improve the efficiency and comfort of home life, at present, it seems that this dream has not made a qualitative leap due to the addition of AI.

At the end of the day, its still the old pain point of the IOT era - the disunity of communication standards.

From single agent intelligence to overall intelligence: what are the disadvantages of aiot?

If we want to select the most democratic technology, AI must be the best. Almost all of the top technology companies are competing to open up their basic algorithms and put them on the open source communities, algorithm platforms, algorithm supermarkets, etc.

First of all, some products known as intelligent with WiFi and Bluetooth modules began to exit, and products with real AI capabilities such as natural voice interaction and image recognition began to be recognized and accepted by the market. For example, a smart refrigerator that can automatically identify vegetables, fruits, meat, eggs and ingredients and timely remind the owner of the purchase will start to deliver real and sensible mental labor.

At the same time, smart speakers began to become the focus of the home IOT device matrix, and the voice modules that let microwave ovens, sweeping robots, air conditioners speak began to fade. After all, its no longer a psychological barrier to yell at the smart assistant in the speaker, but its a little unacceptable to whisper into the microwave oven.

Of course, the realization of all these needs to focus on the surging power of cloud computing. After all, so many sensor devices waiting for the masters call in real time should be deployed at home, especially many complex components that will cause small accidents. If the network transmission and data processing cant keep up with each other, will a little bug cause a sitting reaction, Im afraid that many waiting consumers can be dissuaded. Therefore, it has become the basic consensus of the industry that the future prospect of smart home with high-performance terminals such as mobile phones and speakers as the interaction core and 5g as the explosion window.

But the problem is that the evolution of human-computer interaction is all based on the plate movement of communication standards.

The foundation of smart home interconnection lies in connection and communication, and the choice of networking technology determines the interaction range of future products. Until now, there is no unified wireless communication protocol and standard for aiot, so products of different manufacturers often belong to different technology continents, such as Ethernet, Wi Fi, RFID, NFC, ZigBee, 6LoWPAN, Nb IOT and other conventions.

The result of cross continental deployment is that once the intelligent products are divided into different sectors, the experience of consumers is likely to have an earthquake. For example, after shouting for a long time, the air conditioner didnt respond. It used to support WiFi instead of Bluetooth mesh. Did the little fire ignited by technology in mind be put out in an instant?

The three giants of Silicon Valley launched the open source unification plan: the era of alliance operation?

First, there is a lack of practical industrial technology system. In particular, the iteration of cloud computing, IPv6, AI and other new technologies makes it easy for the official dominated standards to be determined and then moved, which is not suitable for the current situation of the industry, resulting in many uncertainties in the implementation.

Second, in terms of ecological support, the leading mode of a single enterprise is to wait for other manufacturers to try to get closer to each other in hardware and integrate with their own products, so that they cant catch up with industrial standards and value output.

In order to solve the problem of IOT standards that has lasted for several years, recently, the three Silicon Valley giants, peers are enemies and anxious in the field of home furnishings, took the lead in breaking the deadlock.

Led by Google, the company launched the connected home over IP project, with Amazon, apple, ZigBee (separate from the existing ZigBee 3.0/pro agreement) and other industry partners participating. IKEA, NXP, Samsung smartthings and signify (Philips Lighting) and other household enterprises also joined in.

At the heart of the plan is a new standard that enables IP based communication between smart home devices, mobile applications and cloud services.

It can be applied to all kinds of current network technologies, including Wi Fi, thread and low power Bluetooth (ble). With the help of compatible technology, a consistent programming model is established to configure process experience for standardized products, so that any device can be applied to any ecosystem to meet the current needs of smart home.

So far, the smart home of one belt and one n has formed a group to fight against strange things, iterating out the n quadratic mode. Compared with a single manufacturer, it is obvious that the influence of multi giant overweight is much greater. However, does this mean that its time for smart home to usher in the era of unification, and that consumers can finally smoothly spin and jump between smart devices?

Im afraid its not as simple as we think.

Coalition operations or burning company battalions? The nature of multi giant ecology

Mingming is a multi giant franchise, why do we say it doesnt necessarily have a name?

Im afraid the answer starts with the hidden concerns of the giants.

The reason why manufacturers like their own leading standards and create a separate IOT ecosystem before is mainly due to the halo effect brought by core products, which drives the growth of peripheral hardware through deep binding with users. For example, the presence of smart TV and smart speaker directly improves the intelligent transformation of other low-frequency products in the family scene.

Although many giants have increased the popularity of general equipment, they cant solve the closed ecological interest cycle chain. Im afraid that the greater role is to speed up the entry circle of small and medium-sized home manufacturers, while the top giants are still their own business.

In addition to business considerations, the unified standard will face the specific dilemma when it is implemented, that is, the iteration cycle of different products.

There are many kinds of smart home, and the update speed of each product is different. The whole house cannot be reinstalled at the same time of standard iteration. For example, the technology of smart speaker often iterates in several months, but the manufacturers of light bulbs, air conditioners and other home appliances that adapt to it do not have such iterative support efficiency. The new standard of chip organization will only use IPv6, not support IPv4. Many traditional manufacturing enterprises may not have corresponding development capabilities All of these will lead to the failure of ecological agreements in pursuit of unification, and eventually return to the coexistence of multiple agreements.

Whats more, the unified networking standard also means higher requirements for system level security, so as to avoid damaging attacks scattered throughout the Internet of things. This kind of system level security deployment cannot be remedied by protection measures after the incident. It needs to be planned from the initial stage of design and included in all processes of development, deployment and management. When the scale is huge, how to sink these network security technologies to the small and medium-sized manufacturers, and manage the operation and maintenance of thousands of devices remotely, and leave enough design flexibility to accommodate the rapid expansion and update, these are not single standards to solve, but also need the alliance to come up with more targeted and feasible long-term plans and programs. At present, it seems that a fast, powerful and expandable Unified Smart Home solution needs more thinking and risk, so as to completely open the intelligent life imagined by the public. Source: brain polar body editor: Liao ziyao, nbjs10040

Whats more, the unified networking standard also means higher requirements for system level security, so as to avoid damaging attacks scattered throughout the Internet of things. This kind of system level security deployment cannot be remedied by protection measures after the incident. It needs to be planned from the initial stage of design and included in all processes of development, deployment and management.

When the scale is huge, how to sink these network security technologies to the small and medium-sized manufacturers, and manage the operation and maintenance of thousands of devices remotely, and leave enough design flexibility to accommodate the rapid expansion and update, these are not single standards to solve, but also need the alliance to come up with more targeted and feasible long-term plans and programs.

At present, it seems that a fast, powerful and expandable Unified Smart Home solution needs more thinking and risk, so as to completely open the intelligent life imagined by the public.