You have the answers to all six questions about the pneumonia epidemic in Wuhan

 You have the answers to all six questions about the pneumonia epidemic in Wuhan

No medical staff infection found

Preliminary analysis

Case is viral pneumonia

Detection of pathogens and investigation of the causes of infection

In progress

Many people still have questions:

Is Banlangen really useful?


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Q: Can the major hospitals in Wuhan receive patients normally?

A: At 3:15 p.m. on December 31, the reporter came to Wuhan Tongji Hospital. In the inpatient department of respiratory medicine on the 20th floor of the new internal medicine building, a ward has been isolated with a medical screen.

The inpatient department of respiratory medicine, emergency guidance desk and emergency waiting area in Houhu District of Wuhan Central Hospital

In the outpatient department, emergency department and Respiratory Department of Wuhan Union Medical College Hospital and Wuhan Central Hospital Houhu hospital area, as usual, they all wore medical masks for reception, but no doctor wearing isolation suit was found.

Jinyintan hospital outpatient service everything as usual.

Q: Is the epidemic related to aquatic virus? Can you rest assured to eat seafood?

A: This outbreak is highly related to the seafood market in South China. Is it due to the aquatic virus?

Experts said that livestock viruses may be transmitted to humans through the respiratory tract, but aquatic viruses do not have this possibility. Human cells do not have the receptor of aquavirus, so it is impossible for aquavirus to infect human through respiratory tract.

However, this does not mean that the aquatic products are absolutely safe, and there may be rare pathogens such as solitary cholera and Brucella, which may be fatal in severe cases, but it has nothing to do with this epidemic.

Virus is afraid of clean environment, dirty, messy, smelly and wet environment are conducive to the breeding and transmission of virus.

For market operators, they need to disinfect with conventional disinfectants every day, such as spraying the environment and cleaning the surface of utensils, washing after closing, and then illuminating with ultraviolet light for 10 minutes, which will play an effective role in disinfection.

Q: What is viral pneumonia?

A: Viral pneumonia is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract that spreads downward and causes inflammation of the lung tissue. Upper respiratory tract infection is what we usually call a cold.

Viral pneumonia usually occurs in winter and spring, which can be sporadic or outbreak. Experts said that the common viruses causing adult viral pneumonia include influenza A and B, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, etc.

As for the relationship between influenza and viral pneumonia, influenza virus is the most important pathogen causing adult viral pneumonia, such as influenza A (H1N1) and influenza A (H3N2) subtypes, which are currently important influenza viruses in human transmission.

The clinical manifestations of viral pneumonia are: it is prone to occur in the epidemic season, and often starts acute. The symptoms of fever, headache, body ache, muscle pain and fatigue are generally prominent, which may be accompanied by respiratory symptoms (such as cough) and gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea).

The key to the treatment of viral pneumonia is early identification. Therefore, when influenza symptoms such as fever, headache, aching and fatigue occur, we should pay great attention to them and seek medical treatment in time.

Experts stressed that pneumonia is not an incurable disease, timely detection, standardized treatment, can cure the vast majority.

Q: How to prevent the epidemic season?

A: Winter is the epidemic season of viral pneumonia. Experts remind that the high-risk groups of viral pneumonia should pay special attention to this season. These people include: children, their immune function is not perfect; the elderly, their immune function is poor; people with basic diseases, such as diabetes, renal insufficiency, tumor and other patients, they are all high in viral hepatitis Crowd.

In order to prevent viral pneumonia, we should strengthen health awareness, exercise regularly and improve our immunity.

In addition, even if the weather is cold, pay attention to the ventilation of the room and office. Ventilation can reduce the number of viruses in the air, so as to reduce the infection. When family members or office colleagues get sick in the epidemic season, others should pay attention to isolation, so as to reduce the chance of infection. During the epidemic season of viral pneumonia and influenza, try to reduce the number of crowded places. Take subway, bus and other public transportation back After home, change your coat, wash your hands and nose.

A: Reporters came to the drugstore around Tongji Hospital at 4 p.m., and three groups of people came in to buy masks within 2 minutes. The reporter inquired and learned that N95 haze mask and Banlangen have been sold out, only medical disposable mask.

Can masks and Banlangen prevent viral pneumonia and influenza? Experts say the virus is mainly spread by droplets. People should wear masks when they go to places with many people.

There are three kinds of masks: surgical mask, N95 mask and cotton mask.

How to choose?

Experts told reporters that it is recommended to choose surgical masks, which can play a protective role and have good air permeability and can be worn for a long time. Although N95 anti haze mask can prevent haze and respiratory tract infection effectively, it is not recommended to wear it for a long time because of its poor permeability. As for the cotton mask, the material is not dense enough to play a protective role.

Experts say there is no evidence that isatis root can prevent viral pneumonia and influenza.

Q: Can Wuhan carry out pathogen detection?

A: According to a public health and epidemic prevention expert who once participated in the front-line command of SARS, Wuhan has formed a series of emergency plans, methods and norms in 2003, and accumulated valuable experience and action guidelines.

Peoples awareness of disease prevention has been generally enhanced, the public health team in Wuhan has been continuously strengthened, the prevention and control and monitoring networks at all levels at the grass-roots level have been further improved, and the technical means have been more advanced, making it possible to detect the epidemic early.

At present, P4 laboratory, the highest level of virus research laboratory in China, is located in Wuhan, which is also the only highest level virus laboratory in Asia.

At present, all known human pathogens can be studied in Wuhan P4 laboratory, such as Ebola virus and Nipah virus.

Recently, some medical institutions found that many cases of pneumonia received were related to South China Seafood City. After receiving the report, the municipal health and Health Committee immediately carried out case search and retrospective investigation in the citys medical and health institutions. At present, 27 cases have been found, including 7 cases of serious illness, the rest of the cases are stable and controllable, and 2 cases are expected to be discharged in the near future. The main clinical manifestations were fever, dyspnea in a few patients, and double lung infiltrative lesions on chest radiograph. At present, all cases have been isolated for treatment. The follow-up investigation and medical observation of close contacts are in progress. The hygiene investigation and environmental sanitation disposal of South China Seafood City are in progress.

Wuhan seafood city after pneumonia: sanitation and disinfection are more frequent than ever

On the evening of December 31, 2019, the interface news saw in South China seafood city that several merchants wearing masks were cleaning up their seafood inventory. According to reports, todays market sanitation disinfection is more frequent than before.

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