Illegal pollution discharge of gold smelter in Song County, Henan Province
Villagers say birds will die after drinking the river water
Songxian County, located in the southwest of Luoyang City, Henan Province, is known as the back garden of Luoyang, the ancient capital. Moreover, Songxian County is also a famous Golden county. Song county is famous for its gold. At the same time, the pollution caused by gold mining and smelting has been plaguing this small county in the Yellow River Basin.
Song County, Henan Province
Zhongjin Songyuan gold smelter is located in Songxian industrial cluster area, fanpo Township, Songxian County, Luoyang City. The factory is mainly engaged in the acquisition, smelting and processing of gold, silver, gold concentrate and other non-ferrous metal mines.
Nearby villagers told CCTV finance and economics half an hour of economy that when they passed by the factory in the morning and night, they could smell the smell of choking. What worries and fears the villagers more is the waste residue and sewage discharged from the smelter. Villagers said that the river they had been drinking was no longer drinkable. Some villagers found that birds died after drinking some water in the river.
Zhongjin Songyuan gold smelter
Yi River, known as the local mother river in Songxian County, is less than 1000 meters away from the original gold smelter of zhongjinshong. In a hidden channel under the tailings pond of zhongjinshong original gold smelter, there is a pungent smell of tailings leachate. Where the culvert passes, the stones, branches and leaves have all changed color, and the surrounding soil has also precipitated a layer of white powder. The water of this underground channel finally converges with the mountain stream, and then flows directly into the Yi River after several hundred meters. However, the former gold smelter of zhongjinshong did not take any anti-seepage measures for this underground channel, which discharged tailings leachate to the tributary of the Yellow River all year round.
White powder on soil surface
Zhongjin Songyuan gold smelter is located in the east of Luhun reservoir on the upper reaches of the Yi River, with a straight-line distance of no more than three kilometers. Luhun reservoir is the centralized drinking water area of Luoyang. According to the regulations of Luoyang on the protection of drinking water source of Luhun reservoir, the land area with the depth of 3000 meters and the extension of 500 meters on both sides of the river is within the scope of Luoyang drinking water source protection area.
In addition to the sewage discharged into the river by the tailings pond of the smelter, the waste residue in the tailings pond has always been a time bomb for the local people. A villager took the reporter to a new tailings pond built in the factory. There are already production wastes stacked here, and white powder appears after the liquid from the waste dries up, which is very similar to the white powder around the former underground channel.
Tailings pond under construction
Whats more surprising is that when the reporter inquired in the license information inquiry system of Henan work safety supervision and Administration Bureau, he didnt find any information about the two new and old tailings ponds of zhongjinshongyuan gold smelting Co., Ltd. obtaining the license for safe production of hazardous chemicals, but the tailings pond has been in use.
Moreover, according to the underground channel found by the reporter at the scene, the enterprise did not recycle the waste water according to the requirements of the EIA, but directly discharged the waste water into the river.
Tailings pond of Zhongjin Songyuan gold smelter
As for the annual illegal production, the reporter consulted the following information: from 2016 to 2018, the enterprise received five environmental protection penalties and one administrative penalty. In March 2016, the tail slag (hazardous waste) generated in the production of the company was not piled up as required. In December 2016, the flow of cyaniding tail slag lost about 100 tons. However, for the treatment of this serious illegal act, only environmental protection penalty of 30000 yuan was imposed, and the destination of the lost cyaniding tail slag was not found out.
In this small mountain, there are more than one such enterprise. Next to the gold smelter is Luoyang Rongchuan Recycling Co., Ltd., which is mainly engaged in the recovery, processing and sales of scrap metals. Through aerial photos, the reporter found that there was a green seepage pit in the yard of the enterprise, and no anti-seepage protection measures were taken around the seepage pit. Above the seepage pit is a sewage pipe, and not far from the enterprise, you can see the Yi River and the villages it flows through. In other words, the liquid in the seepage pit will infiltrate into the underground water system, causing groundwater pollution.
Seepage pit in Luoyang Rongchuan Recycling Co., Ltd
On the official website of Luoyang Ecological Environment Bureau, the reporter found the reply to the environmental impact report of the zinc ash comprehensive utilization project of Luoyang Rongchuan renewable resources recovery Co., Ltd. It is required in the reply that the waste water and condensate produced by the acid mist absorption tower of the enterprise shall be discharged into the sewage pipe network of the park after being mixed at the main outlet, and finally into the Tianhu sewage treatment plant of Songxian industrial cluster for advanced treatment.
However, what the reporter saw on the spot was quite different from the EIA reply, so the local environmental protection department ignored the practice.
The tributaries of the Yellow River seem to be garbage channels
Along the Yi River, the reporter came to Yanshi, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Luoyang City. After flowing through Yanshi, the Yi River finally flowed into the Yellow River.
In Gaolong Town, under a bridge across the Yi River, construction waste, domestic waste and garbage generated by landscaping can be seen everywhere. Some large pieces of construction waste are discarded on the river bank, which may slide into the river at any time.
Construction waste under the bridge
In the half village of Gaolong town of Yanshi City, on the riverbank here, the big pits left by sand quarries are like huge scars. All kinds of rubbish can be seen everywhere around these big pits.
Villagers told reporters that there used to be a huge sand quarry in the village. The vehicles used to transport the river sand once bothered people in the village. The deep pit formed by sand mining along the river often shocked people in the village. Once in summer and flood season, the villagers were most worried about drowning in the pit. At present, although the sand quarry has been closed, the deep pit left has not been backfilled.
Rubbish in the pit
At the riverside of Antan village, Guxian Town, Yanshi City, there are many large and small holes left by sand mining. In addition to the holes left by sand mining on the river bank, I came to the riverside of Antan village. In addition to these colorful domestic garbage, there are a large number of abandoned tires, wires, and glass are also randomly discarded in the river.
A large amount of rubbish is piled up in the river
The water of the Yi River cant be drunk. In order to ensure the safety of drinking water, people in the village have basically dug wells. But seeing more and more garbage in the river, villagers worry that the polluted water will eventually affect their own well water.
A river full of rubbish
On the other side of the Yi River Bridge, the villagers live by the river, and the villagers here not only throw all kinds of domestic garbage on the river bank at will, but also directly rush the toilet drain to the river. All kinds of construction waste can be seen everywhere on the levee, which is only more than 30 kilometers away from the entrance of the Yellow River.
The drain of the toilet rushed to the river
From December 2018 to July 2019, the Supreme Peoples Procuratorate and the Ministry of water resources jointly implemented the special action of hand in hand to clean up the four chaos and protect the mother river. The two sides worked together to urge the clean-up of the polluted water area of 1707 mu, urge the clean-up of the polluted and illegally occupied river course of 1937 km, urge the rectification and demolition of the illegal buildings of 808000 square meters, and urge the clean-up of domestic waste and construction waste of 1.387 million tons u3002 The renovation efforts are not so large, but the reporter found in the investigation that after the special action, chronic diseases still exist in the tributaries of the Yellow River such as the Yi River.
The river course of Yi River full of rubbish
[half hour observation
General secretary Xi Jinping held a symposium on ecological protection and high quality development in the Yellow River basin in Henan. He once pointed out that many problems in the Yellow River are in the Yellow River, in the valley.
In the reporters field survey, we also truly see that the tributary of the Yellow River, the Yi River, is becoming a channel for sewage and garbage discharge and dumping, and the fate of the Yi River is only a miniature of many tributaries of the Yellow River. In 2018, in 137 water quality sections of the Yellow River, the proportion of inferior V (V) water reached 12.4%, significantly higher than the national average of 6.7%. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, nine provinces and regions along the Yellow River have left their footprints of investigation and research.
The Yellow River is peaceful, and the world is peaceful.. We hope that all units in charge of the whole river basin along the Yellow River can plan as a whole, manage carefully, shoulder the responsibility entrusted by the central government and the state, and truly make the mother river a happy river.