Who is the strongest 15-year-old student in the world? China is the first in the world, Hong Kong is the fourth

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 Who is the strongest 15-year-old student in the world? China is the first in the world, Hong Kong is the fourth


This is the Pisa test that the global education community pays close attention to. After three years, Pisa ranking comes again! This time, China is back at the top of the world. This is the third time since China joined Pisa in 2009.

According to Agence France Presse, BBC and other media reports, on December 3 local time, the world economic cooperation and Development Organization released the Pisa ranking results in 2018. The team of Chinese students, composed of students from Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, ranked first on the list. Singapore is second only to China, while Macao and Hong Kong are third and fourth respectively. The United States is 11th, Germany is 17th. France Country 22.

What is Pisa? What is the ranking based on? Why is global education so concerned about it?

>>What is Pisa?

Known as the world cup of education by Britain

Global test for 15-year-old students

Pisa is not the pizza we usually eat. Its full name is the international student assessment project (PISA). It is a 15-year-old student reading, mathematics and science ability assessment research project conducted by the world organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD). It is known as the world cup of education in the UK and also as the global test for 15-year-old students.

Pisas participating members are mainly OECD member countries (regions), and non member countries (regions) are included in Pisa, which is conducted every three years and named according to the evaluation year. After nearly 20 years of development, Pisa participating countries (regions) expanded from 43 in 2000 to 79 in 2018 (including the United States, Canada, Australia, most European countries, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and other Asian countries, Brazil, Argentina and other South American countries and regions). Pisa has become a large-scale third-party evaluation project of basic education with wide international influence in the world.

Many countries pay attention to the problems of world education reflected in Pisa evaluation. Participating countries can implement corresponding reform measures according to the performance of students in Pisa. For example, Finland, which won the first place in the test in 2003, has been an educational power with emphasis on research and learning in all countries in the past decade. In the first year, Germany ranked No. 20, and has been committed to improving education investment in the past decade.

Pisa began in 2000 with an assessment focused on mathematics, reading and science. However, with the change of world pattern and environment, the focus of students literacy requirements is also shifting. For example, the latest test project in 2018 - global competency, focuses on testing students critical thinking and the ability to identify false data and social media information.

>>Number one in the world

Teams of four provinces and cities in China

Defeat Singapore and return to the first place in the world

In the Pisa assessment in 2018, the level of 600000 15-year-old students in 79 countries and regions in the world was assessed. The team of Chinese students, composed of students from Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, scored 555 points, 591 points and 590 points respectively in the three tests of reading, mathematics and science. The results of the three subjects ranked first in all the countries and regions participating in the test.

It is reported that Shanghai has twice won the worlds first Pisa test on behalf of China; after that, China, represented by Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Guangdong, ranked 10th in the world last time and Singapore ranked first. This time, China is back at the top of the world. This is also the first time for students in Zhejiang Province to participate in the assessment.

As the mainland only covers students from Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, some people think that these eastern regions are not representative, but the World Economic Cooperation Organization says that the scale of these four regions is almost equal to that of many western countries, and the total population of these four regions is more than 180 million. The test results show that the reading ability of the last 10% students in Chinas four regions is better than that of the best students in some countries.

Although returning to the first place, some education experts said that paying attention to Pisa test should not only focus on scores and rankings, but also focus on identifying the advantages and disadvantages, and combining with the actual situation of our country, seeking effective strategies and methods to solve these education problems.

>>Test results

Chinese students have a low sense of happiness

Class learning time in school ranked fourth in the world

The Pisa test also looked at students health-related issues, including measures of belonging and life satisfaction. But the results are worrisome. Only about two-thirds of students say they are satisfied with their lives, down 5% from the last test. Nearly a quarter of students say they suffer from bullying at least several times a month, and 6% say they are always depressed. Although girls outnumber boys in reading, in almost all education systems girls are more afraid of failure than boys.

It is understood that 12058 15-year-old students from 361 schools in four provinces and cities in China participated in the test. Unfortunately, in the happiness ranking, Chinas performance is not ideal (students with positive happiness are those who are satisfied with their life, dont feel like outsiders in school, and dont doubt their future plans in the face of failure).

According to the test results of Chinese students, the overall learning efficiency of students is not high, and the happiness of students is low. The study efficiency of reading, mathematics and science of students in four provinces and cities in China is 119.8 minutes / hour, 118.0 minutes / hour and 107.7 minutes / hour respectively, ranking the last among the countries (regions) participating in the test, ranking 44th, 46th and 54th respectively. The average score of student satisfaction of four provinces and cities in China is 6.64, ranking 61st among the countries (regions) in the survey. In addition, the average in school learning time of students in four provinces and cities in China is 31.8 hours / week, ranking the fourth among the countries (regions) in terms of learning time.

>>How to evaluate?

120 minute test + 35 minute questionnaire randomly selected from students born in 2002

What does Pisa test? Pisa uses computer to evaluate. In addition to taking 120 minutes of the test, each student needs 35 minutes to complete the questionnaire survey, including learning, school, family, life and future planning, as well as mental health and life satisfaction. The test questions of the students use the native language of each country and region to ensure the same difficulty.

It is reported that Pisa test questions include open-ended questions, multiple-choice questions and closed-ended questions, all of which come from real life. For example, in the reading test, students will be allowed to read bulletin boards, charts, web pages, and perhaps their chat records, and then answer questions. For example, give the schedule of movies that three people can go out to see, the types of movies they like and the movie arrangement of a movie theater, and let the students choose the movies and times suitable for three people to watch at the same time according to the specific situation.

How did the 15-year-old students choose? According to the report, Pisa first selected schools from thousands of schools to take part in the test, and then randomly selected students from schools born in 2002. The selected students need to answer questions on a computer, each with a computer and a USB flash drive.

Luo Yuting, the selected student, said: Pisa test randomly selected four students from the class. Its not difficult because the topic is closely related to life. One of the questions is about the population pyramid. The questions tell us all the formulas we need. Lets deduce and solve the questions by ourselves, not only applying the mathematical knowledge but also combining the common sense of life. There is also a questionnaire on the test paper, which will ask us whether we like mathematics in our daily life. I still like mathematics very much.

The selected Wenyue students said: the test questions are random, and each students test questions are different. Among the questions I do, the subjects involved are still relatively extensive. There is a topic about financial management. It is about a classmate who goes to buy vegetables. There are three preferential ways, such as cabbage discount and reduce when you are full. Lets choose which one is the most affordable. I like this kind of topic very much. Unlike the exercises we have done before, I will tell you some formulas that need to be memorized, and examine your application ability without rote memorization.

>>Dominate Europe

Estonias small country stands out

Learn from Finland, which is famous for its excellent education

The top ten of the evaluation results are China, Singapore, Macao, Hong Kong, Estonia, Canada, Finland, Ireland, South Korea and Poland. After the top ten, Sweden, New Zealand, the United States, Britain, Japan, Australia, Chinese Taipei, Denmark, Norway and Germany ranked 11th to 20th in turn. Later, France came in 23rd, Russia in 31st, Italy in 32nd, Israel in 37th

In this ranking, Estonia, a small country, stands out, ranking fifth in the world and dominating Europe. Estonia has a population of 1.32 million, but its students outperform the major European powers. How does Estonia develop education? BBC reporter went to Estonia to interview learn from experience and analyze the reasons why the students of the country have made great achievements in Pisa. Estonia has compulsory education since the age of 7, but almost every child enters kindergarten before the age of 3, the report said. From the early childhood stage, Estonia will try its best to prepare all children for education, so as to improve the overall learning level. Estonias compulsory education is implemented from the age of 7 to the age of 16, with free textbooks, free lunch and even free transportation to school. Unlike many countries, where students are separated by subject performance or skills, Estonia does not have a so-called Star School but rather allows students with different grades to learn together. The teachers goal is to improve the performance of all students. In addition, Estonia often draws lessons from Finland, a neighbour known for its quality education.

Finland, which won the first place in Pisa test in 2003, has been a major educational power in research and learning for nearly ten years, but this time it only achieved the seventh place, which was surpassed by student Estonia.

>>The decline of a powerful country

American students are not good at mathematics

Japan says students are failing because of smartphones

In the test results of 2018, Finland, the online Red education power, ranked seventh in recent years, and Japan ranked 15th. Similarly, the United States and the United Kingdom, the old education powers, also fell out of the top ten, ranking 13th and 14th respectively. What happened to these educational powers?

The results of American students tests show that students reading and science scores are higher than the global average, but their math performance is poor. The average reading ability of American students is 505 points, higher than the global average of 487 points; the average scientific score is 502 points, also higher than the global average of 489 points; but the math score is only 478 points, lower than the global average of 489 points. There are eight countries and regions that have surpassed the United States in global reading ability, 30 in mathematics, and 11 in science. Tark, founder of the center for education and economics in the United States, is worried about the poor performance of American students math tests. To remain competitive, he said, the U.S. economy must improve students math skills.

The collapse of Japanese students reading ability ranking in Pisa test shocked the educational community. It is reported that the reading ability of Japanese students dropped from 8th place to 15th place. Experts pointed out that the sharp decline of Japanese students reading ability is closely related to the prevalence of smart phones and the Internet. The OECD also points out that Japanese students in the digital age are not used to reading too complex articles. A professor at Tokyo University lamented that when correcting papers and papers, he noticed a significant decline in students reading ability. The paragraphs of the articles were not clear and the arguments could not be explained clearly. There were many wrong words.

French schools are as unequal as ever, and the gap between the rich and the poor has opened up students achievements. The pi-sa results show that the average score of students with superior family conditions is 550, while the average score of students with poor family conditions is 443, and the gap between the two is 107.

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: 6374560, container: ssp_, size: 300250, display: inlay fix, async: true});))); (source of this paper: Han Jiapeng, editor in charge of Huashang daily