With the deepening of the health poverty alleviation project, there are more and more types of medical services, such as medical security, remote service, village doctors visiting, centralized care High quality medical resources continue to sink, so that people in poor areas can enjoy more quality and convenient medical and health services, and build a healthy defense line for poverty alleviation.
Doctors in the first hospital of Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province provide diagnosis and treatment services for poor families in Yanshou county through telemedicine (photo taken on November 29). Photo by Yang Siqi, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Remote service, assistance and Co Construction: realizing medical sharing
In the early winter, Liu Tiezhu, a 29 year old poverty-stricken family, came to the peoples Hospital of Yanshou County for MRI examination with the help of Hou Guixia, a local village doctor. Liu Tiezhu suffered from epilepsy for many years. Four years ago, he often had headache and nausea due to accidental brain injury.
One hour later, Wang Yan, director of Mr Office of Harbin First Hospital, received Liu Tiezhus image data through remote file transmission. At present, the disease is not serious and does not need special treatment, but we should pay attention to the interval examination. Wang Yans words reassured Liu Tiezhu.
Reporter understands, this summer, Liu Tiezhu is in hospital because of stomach disease, enjoy local basic medical insurance, serious illness insurance, etc., medical reimbursement rate reaches 95%. The medical expenses are more than 5000 yuan in total. I spent only 300 yuan to cure the disease. Liu Tiezhu said that with the guarantee of health, he was hired as a public welfare post to work as a forest ranger, with a wage income, and was lifted out of poverty this year.
Yanshou county is the only national poverty-stricken county in Harbin. Hou Guixia said that 80% of the 70 poor households in Tuanshan village are due to illness.
Since 2016, China has launched the health poverty alleviation project in an all-round way, clearly implemented the improvement of medical security level, implemented classified treatment for the patients with major and chronic diseases, implemented nine important tasks, including hospitalization, diagnosis and treatment before payment for the rural poor in the county, and strengthened the construction of medical and health service system in the poor areas, so as to ensure that the poor people can truly and stably get rid of poverty.
Poverty alleviation by medical treatment makes high-quality medical resources sink to the last kilometer In Hou Guixias mobile phone, the wechat group of Yanshou County village medical health express targeted poverty alleviation work group has been at the top. This is the online village doctors consultation group established by the first hospital of Harbin City, in which 106 village doctors are included.
Hou Guixia said that grass-roots medical staff can ask about the treatment plan of difficult diseases in the group at any time, and can also conduct remote classes through wechat group to learn medical and health knowledge. It not only meets the learning needs of village doctors, improves the basic level of medical treatment, but also solves practical problems for local people.
Now, through the joint construction of pair assistance, Harbin No.1 Hospital has sent five technical backbones to the peoples Hospital of Yanshou County for half a year to provide technical guidance for the local area and accelerate the balanced development of urban and rural medical and health services.
Nimattila sidik (middle), a doctor in the health center of dabar Township, tashkurg Autonomous County, Xinjiang, examined the body of the villagers during a visit (photo taken on July 6). Photo by Hu Huhu, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Health poverty alleviation: warm Pamirs
In the deepest part of Pamir Plateau in the westernmost part of China, piler village. Thank you for your care, Guri GAis, a village doctor in her 80s, told reporters
Three years ago, gulee Gates had a lung attack. Aimuguli immediately took the medicine box and walked for 5 hours in the night.
Gulee Gates was so sore that she couldnt stand up. Aimuguli recalled that in the door-to-door service, she lived in gulee Gates home for 5 days, gave her careful care for injection and infusion, and the drugs were provided free of charge by the township health center.
In this almost isolated border village, such things often happen. Aimuguli TAIR has been working for the health of herdsmen for 21 years. For a long time, it has been her important work to take the medicine from the township health center back to the village and then distribute it to every herdsman in need.
The spring breeze of health poverty alleviation is blowing to the Pamirs. In July this year, a new township health center was built up, with two-story buildings particularly striking. Yimugulis door-to-door service is no longer alone, and she is accompanied by the county and Village United medical team. Garnatihan alibiyati, a 23-year-old colleague, knows a lot about the use of medical devices such as B-ultrasound machines and ECG monitors.
The reporter understands that the action of poverty alleviation through health has covered tashkurg Tajik Autonomous County in Xinjiang. The medical team regularly carries out the follow-up of chronic diseases, tuberculosis screening, small medicine box and drug inspection for residents health, and publicizes the policy of medical benefits and various prevention and control knowledge to the villagers, so as to guide the villagers to change their traditional concepts and develop healthy habits.
In recent years, all county-level hospitals in 832 poverty-stricken counties in China have one or more teams from tertiary hospitals. By coordinating the medical and health resources in the county, strengthening the training, inspection, dispatch and other ways, China has constantly enriched the rural two-level health personnel team. Up to now, more than 95% of township hospitals in poverty-stricken areas have at least one licensed doctor or assistant licensed doctor, and common and chronic diseases of the rural poor can be treated in time nearby.
On December 2, the staff of the foster care center of Zhumadian Economic Development Zone in Henan Province provided help for the disabled who wrote calligraphy. Shen Jizhong
Centralized foster care: family placement
Taking care of one person, dragging a group of people and causing poverty to one family was once a true portrayal of the poor families of the severely disabled, and also the most difficult hard bone in medical poverty alleviation. In Zhumadian City, Henan Province, centralized foster care brings warmth to many families.
A few days ago, in Zhumadian Economic Development Zone foster center, the reporter saw that the past rare Li Zhide is practicing calligraphy with his left hand. When he was young, Li Zhide was disabled in his right hand and right leg due to a car accident. In the foster care center, he not only has no money to eat and go to hospital, but also enjoys professional care.
In the sports room, more than 10 old people gathered, some writing, drawing and some playing chess. In the adjacent rehabilitation room, there are elderly people who carry out rehabilitation training under the guidance of the staff.
In this center, like Li Zhide, there are 45 poor people who have a disability above grade 2 and are unable to take care of their daily food and living. According to Zhang yinliang, director of Zhumadian disabled persons Federation, each foster care center is designed with residential room, medical room, rehabilitation room, kitchen, dining room and toilet, and equipped with nursing bed, wheelchair, rehabilitation equipment, etc.
Wu Qi, in his 20s, suffered from cerebral palsy and was admitted to a nursing center. The center recruited Zhou Hemei, Wu Qis mother, as a care worker with a monthly salary of 2000 yuan. She can take care of her son and other disabled people at the same time.
The construction and operation funds of the foster care center are mainly financial investment. At the same time, it integrates multiple funds such as the minimum living security fund in rural areas for the residents, the two subsidies for the disabled, establishes the intensive foster care operation fund for the severely disabled, and guides the participation of social public welfare organizations, economic organizations and caring people.
Today, the intensive care model for the severely disabled in poor families has been launched in Zhumadian City, with 103 care centers, 12 under construction and 2016 severely disabled residents.
According to the relevant person in charge of the national health and Health Commission, in the future, the capacity-building of county hospitals, the mechanism construction of County Township integration, rural integration and the standardization construction of rural medical and health institutions will be further promoted. By the end of 2019, the blank spots of rural medical and health institutions and personnel will be basically eliminated. By 2020, the outstanding problems existing in the guarantee of basic medical care will be fully solved and continuously improved The sense of health attainment and satisfaction of the poor.