Recently, the outline of regional integration development plan for the Yangtze River Delta (hereinafter referred to as the outline of the plan) officially announced proposed that by 2025 after the end of the 14th five year plan, substantial progress should be made in the integration development of the Yangtze River Delta, and by 2035 when socialist modernization is basically realized, the integration development of the Yangtze River Delta should reach a higher level.
Sub regional and sub domain
The so-called sub region refers to the circle structure of integrated development, which is promoted from point to area and in turn: to promote the formation of the integrated development pattern of new zone of Shanghai Free Trade Zone, Yangtze River Delta ecological green integrated development demonstration zone, 27 cities in the central area, three provinces and one city.
The planning scope of the Yangtze River Delta covers the whole area of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Anhui, covering an area of 358000 square kilometers. While giving full play to the leading role of Shanghai and the directors of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui, the planning outline has designated a central area of 225000 square kilometers.
The center covers 27 cities, including Shanghai, 9 cities in Jiangsu Province (Nanjing, Wuxi, Changzhou, Suzhou, Nantong, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Yancheng, Taizhou), 9 cities in Zhejiang Province (Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Shaoxing, Jinhua, Zhoushan, Taizhou), and 8 cities in Anhui Province (Hefei, Wuhu, Maanshan, Tongling, Anqing , Chuzhou, Chizhou, Xuancheng).
That is to say, the 27 cities should first strengthen the cooperation and linkage between cities, and establish a mechanism for consultation and co construction of major projects among cities. Through the integrated development of the central area, other areas of the Yangtze River Delta (North Jiangsu, Southwest Zhejiang, North Anhui, etc.) will be driven to accelerate development and lead the open development of the Yangtze River economic belt.
In the promotion of regional integration, there are two key areas in the Yangtze River Delta, namely 2300 square kilometers of Yangtze River Delta ecological green integration development demonstration area and 873 square kilometers of Shanghai Free Trade Zone New Area. These two areas have undertaken the task of exploration and experiment.
Among them, the demonstration area should take the lead in exploring the transformation of ecological advantages into economic and social development advantages, from project coordination to regional integration system innovation, deepening market-oriented reform, and leading the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta through demonstration.
The new zone should target the most competitive free trade park in the world, strengthen the function of open economic agglomeration, based on the freedom of investment and trade, accelerate the realization of the freedom of capital, transportation and personnel employment, improve the ability of network information service, innovate the arrangement of tax system, and create a special economy with more international market influence and competitiveness, which is connected with the international prevailing rules The functional area will drive a new round of reform and opening up in the Yangtze River Delta.
The so-called sub areas refer to the requirements of the outline of planning for promoting overall planning at different levels according to the differences of integration conditions in different areas.
These areas are mainly divided into three categories: one is the areas that have already met the conditions, including major inter provincial infrastructure construction, environmental protection, regional collaborative innovation, etc., to speed up the integrated development; the other is the areas that have the conditions to some extent, including business environment construction, market supervision linkage, public service sharing, etc., to pay attention to the establishment and improvement of institutional mechanisms, and gradually improve Integration level: one is the field that does not yet have the conditions. We should pay attention to integration, connectivity, coordination and interaction, and constantly narrow the development gap.
National economic growth pole
He Lifeng said that in the new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, making full use of the important strategic opportunity period of Chinas development, we must identify strategic areas in terms of space bearing and give full play to the leading role of major regional strategies.
As one of the regions with the most active economic development, the highest degree of openness and the strongest ability of innovation, it is also one of the regions with the most ability to take the lead in basically realizing modernization. Obviously, the Yangtze River Delta has been identified as one of the strategic regions.
According to the planning outline, the strategic orientation of the Yangtze River Delta is one pole, three areas and one highland - a strong and active growth pole for national development, a model area for high-quality development, a leading area to basically realize modernization, a demonstration area for regional integrated development and a new highland for reform and opening up in the new era.
He Lifeng said, the strong and active growth pole of national development is the basic orientation of the general development of Yangtze River Delta during the inspection of general secretary Xi Jinping in November 2018. The specific requirement is that the Yangtze River Delta should stimulate the vitality of the market players, improve the ability of innovation and policy making, enhance the participation in the allocation of resources and competitiveness of the whole sphere, and play a stabilizer in promoting the upgrading and upgrading of Chinas economy quality and efficiency. u201dAnd the role of main engine to enhance the influence and driving force of national economic development.
The first financial reporter inquired the statistical data of one city and three provinces in the Yangtze River Delta. The results showed that the total GDP of one city and three provinces in the first three quarters was 16454.3 billion yuan, accounting for 23.58% of the national GDP (69779.8 billion yuan). Among them, the GDP growth of Jiangsu (6.4%), Zhejiang (6.6%) and Anhui (7.8%) exceeded the national average growth rate of 6.2%.
Each province has its own bright spot in the upgrading of economic quality and efficiency.
In the first three quarters, Shanghais tertiary industry maintained rapid growth, and the added value of the tertiary industry accounted for 72.2% of the citys GDP, 2.6 percentage points higher than the same period last year. 1429 new enterprises were set up every day, an increase of 7.4% over the same period last year.
In Jiangsu Province, among the top 10 industries in terms of industrial added value above Designated Size, the added value of 8 industries increased year-on-year, and the growth rate of 3 industries rebounded in varying degrees compared with the first half of the year. Among them, the added value of photovoltaic industry increased by 27.5%, up 6.6% over the first half of the year; the added value of pharmaceutical manufacturing industry increased by 18.6%, up 3.4%; the added value of steel industry increased by 16%, up 4.2%.
Zhejiangs digital economy related industries grew rapidly. From January to October, among industries above Designated Size, the added value of core industries of digital economy increased by 13.4% year-on-year. The added value of high-tech, high-tech, equipment manufacturing and strategic emerging industries increased by 13.3%, 7.1%, 6.8% and 9.4% respectively, higher than that of industries above designated size.
Among the industries above Designated Size in Anhui Province, the added value of high-tech industries increased by 13.2%, and the output value of strategic emerging industries increased by 15.2%, 5.6% and 8.7% higher than that of all industries respectively. Among them, the added value of electronic information industry increased by 25.8%, contributing 22.5% to the growth of all industries, ranking first in 40 industries.