Artificial intelligence against counterfeiting: is Shakespeares famous works written on behalf of others?

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 Artificial intelligence against counterfeiting: is Shakespeares famous works written on behalf of others?


Because the most talked about part of this work is its origin. In short, many people suspect that this work is not written by Shakespeare at all, but by someone who wrote it on behalf of him.

In fact, after the publication of this work, it has caused a lot of controversy. Many critics criticized the language and plot of this work, and thought that its language was not beautiful enough and the plot was not compact enough, so they doubted whether it was Shakespeares play or not.

u25b2 Henry VIII

After carefully reading Henry VIII in 1850, James pound seriously doubted that it was not Shakespeare, but Fletcher, another playwright, who wrote Henry VIII of Shakespeare?

In fact, when Liang Shiqiu translated this work, he once raised the same doubts in the preface and later recorded them in the authors question. In fact, the discussion of this issue in the literary world has not stopped. Recently, a powerful accuser has emerged, but he is not a person, but an AI.

Petr plech u00e1? A researcher from the Czech Republic developed an algorithm system that can analyze literary styles, so he input the controversial Henry VIII into the system for analysis.

First of all, plech u00e1? Input Shakespeares works of the same period and the works of Fletcher, the suspect of ghostwriting, into the algorithm system, so that the system can learn their own language style, writing habits, etc.

When the system has been studied, plech u00e1? Finally inputs Henry VIII into the system and analyzes it word for word.

The final result is the same as the previous peoples conjecture, Henry VIII is actually completed by two people, and the other one is the suspected Fletcher.

From the results of systematic analysis, we can see that there are many sudden changes in the style of the play, such as the third act of the first act, the first act of the third act and so on. From the statistical results, this work really comes from Shakespeare, only about half.

u25b2 AI analysis results, pictures from: relative contributions of shakespeareand fletcherinhenry VIII

Of course, in order to make the test more rigorous and contrastive, plech u00e1? Also input the work of another surrogate suspect Philip Kissinger into the algorithm system, so that the algorithm can also learn his literary style.

However, the results show that although there are some similarities with the writing styles of Philip Kissinger and Henry VIII, Fletchers proportion is not worth mentioning at all, so the suspicion of Philip Kissinger can be basically ruled out.

Plech u00e1? Thinks that although the algorithm system is more based on the combination model of words and sentences when discussing language style and writing habits. But for the drama, its really the identity recognition rate of the author. So the result of this crackdown is quite reliable.

Source: Aifan Er Author: Lei Jianheng editor in charge: Li Yipeng nbjs9851