Guo Shengkun, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Secretary of the political and Law Commission of the CPC Central Committee, Zhao Kezhi, State Councilor and Minister of public security, presided over the meeting, Zhou Qiang, President of the Supreme Peoples court, Zhang Jun, procurator general of the Supreme Peoples Procuratorate, Chen Yixin, Secretary General of the political and Law Commission of the CPC Central Committee, Fu Zhenghua, Minister of justice, Song Dan, Secretary of the political and Law Commission of the CPC Central Military Commission, Wang Ning, commander of the armed police force, etc. attended the meeting.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee proposed that we should accelerate the modernization of social governance in the city. What problems will social governance focus on? How will the next step work? Political affairs brought answers on the spot.
At present, some of the most prominent contradictions and problems converge in the city area and need to be prevented as a whole
How to grasp the modernization of urban social governance? The meeting pointed out that promoting the modernization of social governance in the city area is not only the strategic starting point of promoting the modernization of social governance, but also the important content of promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. How well the urban governance is done is related to peoples living and working in peace, social stability and order, and the long-term stability of the country.
It is required by the meeting that the special positioning of the city area in the national governance system should be accurately grasped. Urban governance is an important pillar of national governance, which has special significance in promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity. The city area has the function of connecting the preceding and the following. The biggest characteristic of the city level is to undertake the important responsibility of implementing the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee on the top, to guide the grass-roots and front-line work on the bottom, and to be the organizer and leader of promoting grass-roots governance. If we grasp the key link of market area, we can achieve the effect of one child falls and full activation.
The city has the engine function of taking the city with the countryside. As a combination of urban and rural social forms, urban area is an effective carrier to promote the integration of urban and rural areas. The city also has a demonstration role of point to area. The meeting stressed that compared with the county, the city governance objects are more diverse, the governance problems are more typical, and the governance system is more complete, which requires the city level to strengthen the top-level design and macro guidance. Compared with the province, the city directly faces the grass-roots line and various problems of social governance, and needs to come up with micro level operation plans and specific solutions.
How to accurately grasp the special role of market in the prevention and resolution of conflict risks? The meeting pointed out that at present, some of the most prominent contradictions and problems are concentrated in the city, and the most solid strength support for preventing and resolving conflicts is also in the city.
According to the meeting, market area is a barometer to observe the trend of contradiction risk. In the process of Chinas economic and social development, some new situations and problems often appear first in the market. Analyzing and mastering the law characteristics of the contradiction risk in the city area is conducive to grasping the risk situation of the current social contradiction in China as a whole, and improving the predictability and effectiveness of preventing and resolving the risk.
Market area is the main position to hold the bottom line of security and stability. At present, the characteristics of contradiction risk are systematic, cross-border and conductive, and the city area is becoming the key level to prevent and resolve the contradiction risk. It is an urgent need to take the city as the main position, give full play to the advantages of the citys resources and means, take a holistic perspective of prevention before, during and after the event, resolve the key links of source, transmission and transformation, and prevent the upward transmission and outward spillover of conflict risks.
The city level is the most direct and sensitive to the new needs of the people, and has sufficient resources and means to respond to the new era of the people in a timely and effective manner. The meeting proposed that we should take the initiative to adapt to the historical transformation of major social contradictions, from the height of preventing and resolving risks, building a higher level of safe China, firmly promote the modernization of social governance in the city, and strive to lay a solid foundation for national security through the citys security.
The meeting stressed that we should accurately grasp the special advantages of the city in social governance. The city has its own unique foundation and advantages. The city has its own space for policy making. Cities divided into districts enjoy local legislative power in urban and rural construction and management, environmental protection and historical and cultural protection, and have greater and more flexible policy space for independent innovation and exploration.
In addition, the city has a resource base to solve problems. The city often has a relatively strong material base and rich and diverse means of resources, which can coordinate all kinds of resources and solve all kinds of outstanding problems in a timely and effective manner. The market has room for bold attempts. There is more room for the city to explore social governance policies and models.
The social governance of the city should be extensive and refined, inclusive, consultation, open and co governance
Idea is the forerunner of action. We must deeply grasp the characteristics and laws of social governance in the city area and establish a scientific concept of governance. At the meeting, Guo Shengkun said that social governance in the city area should establish the concept of system integration, open co governance, change the extensive governance mode, and run the refinement and data throughout the whole process of social governance in the city area.
The meeting proposed to establish the concept of system integration and open co governance. System integration is the key to the formation and development of a city, and also the goal of social governance in the city. Only by realizing the deep integration of governance elements, can the multiplier result of governance effectiveness be produced.
Open co governance is an effective way to promote social governance in the city. The meeting held that the problems faced at the municipal level are cross-border, related and complex. To solve these problems, we must promote the governments tangible hand, the markets invisible hand and the peoples industrious hand to work together to form a community of social governance. We should pay more attention to the decentralization and empowerment of the social and market subjects, and combine the leadership advantages of the party with the resources integration advantages of the government, the market competition advantages of enterprises, and the service advantages of social organizations to the masses, so as to achieve the best effect of social governance in the city.
The meeting also stressed that the concept of inclusive consultation and refinement should be established. The city area is characterized by diversity of social structure, diversity of interest demands and complexity of social relations. It is the biggest consensus of social governance to gather, with inclusiveness as the basic premise and consultation as the basic way. We should adhere to the thinking mode of inclusive consultation, give overall consideration to the diverse and differentiated demands of different classes in the city, and enrich the institutionalized practice of having something to discuss and having people to discuss.
Refinement is an important symbol of the modernization of social governance in urban areas. The meeting proposed that we should change the extensive governance mode, run the refinement and data through the whole process of social governance in the city area, and achieve the precise, precise and delicate governance objectives through elaborate system design, precise process promotion and delicate governance technology. We should refine the governance units, and support the large pattern of fine governance through the fine governance of small units.
Define the boundary between government and society scientifically and widen the development space of social organizations
Political affairs understands that in the process of social governance in the city area, the boundary between the government and the society will be defined scientifically, and social organizations will undertake the specific things of the governments simplified administration and decentralization.
The meeting proposed that in order to promote the modernization of social governance in the city, we must improve the mechanism of giving full play to the functions of the city, county and township (street). We should further straighten out the relationship between the rights and responsibilities of cities, counties, townships (streets), improve the three-level vertical governance structure with clear rights and responsibilities, linking up the upper and lower levels, and pushing forward at all levels, so as to form a municipal social governance chain with overall planning and coordination at the municipal level, organization and implementation at the county level, and strong foundation of townships (streets).
In addition, we should improve the horizontal system and enhance the cohesion of social governance in the city. There are abundant governance resources and means at the city level. The key is to gather the scattered resources through system innovation, mechanism improvement and system construction.
The meeting stressed that the leadership system of the Party committee, the system of government responsibility, the system of social coordination and the mechanism of public participation should be improved. We need to further improve policy measures, scientifically define the boundary between the government and society, broaden the development space of social organizations, draw on the experience of some places in formulating the forbidden list of administrative affairs and rejecting the negative list of administrative affairs, implement the right goes with the responsibility, and the fee goes with the matter, and promote the establishment of a benign interaction mechanism between the government and society. We should actively cultivate public welfare, service and mutual aid organizations. We should give full play to the role of market mechanism, improve the mechanism of government purchasing services, and let social organizations undertake the specific affairs of the governments deregulation and decentralization.
According to the meeting, the wisdom and strength of governance come from the people. We need to improve the institutionalized channels for peoples participation in grass-roots social governance, and improve incentive mechanisms such as reporting rewards, public welfare feedback, and replacing compensation with awards. We need to innovate the mass work mechanism in the Internet era, build a parallel, interactive and diverse network platform for mass participation, and form a situation where everyone is responsible and enjoys.
In addition, we need to promote innovation in ways, enhance the driving force of social governance in the city area, and play the basic role of autonomy. In essence, grass-roots mass autonomy is the work of the masses themselves. We need to fully implement the county-level joint review mechanism for the candidates of the villages two party committees and resolutely keep out those who have criminal record and who are involved in criminal issues. We need to innovate the forms and carriers of grass-roots autonomy, and promote civil consultation, civil non-governmental and civil management.
Solve the most prominent problem of social conflict spillover actively
The meeting proposed that we should take the initiative to adapt to the new situation and new problems faced by the social governance of the city, focus on the construction of the working mechanism, be good at using the power of the system to prevent risks, solve difficult problems and make up for shortcomings, and constantly improve the social governance efficiency of the city.
First of all, we should take the initiative to solve the most prominent problem of social conflict spillover, and improve the level of social stability risk prevention and resolution in the city. According to the characteristics of the formation and evolution of social contradictions, the key is to give full play to the advantages of the system, push forward the gateway and shift down the center of gravity, and strive to make the city become the terminal of social contradictions.
The meeting stressed that we should improve the scientific decision-making mechanism and prevent social stability risks from the source. We should promote the improvement of the decision-making mechanism and procedures, strictly implement the social stability risk assessment system for major decision-making, build a consultation platform between the Party committee and the government, the responsible body and the masses, and make public decision-making try to find the greatest common denominator of the interests of all parties. We need to improve the system and mechanism of strictly performing duties in accordance with legal authority and procedures, improve the level of administration according to law, and prevent conflicts caused by illegal administration and operation.
In addition, we should improve the mechanism of investigation and resolution, and strive to solve problems as early as possible. We should give full play to the geographical advantages of community cadres and grid members, grasp, warn and mediate various demands and problems in a timely manner, and strive to solve the problems in the bud. We need to improve the linkage work system of peoples mediation, administrative mediation and judicial mediation, give full play to the functions of arbitration, administrative reconsideration and litigation, and resolve different conflicts and disputes in multiple ways. We should vigorously implement the system of receiving and visiting city and county leading cadres, and resolve conflicts locally to the greatest extent.
We should regularly crack down on and rectify the outstanding problems that the masses are most looking forward to, most anxious about and most worried about
The meeting proposed that we should take the initiative to deal with the most realistic challenge of the complexity and variability of public security issues, and improve the level of prevention and resolution of public security risks in the city. City area is the main foothold of safe construction. We should focus on solving the outstanding problems of public security reflected by the masses, strengthening the short board of public security prevention and control, and improving the ability of social security management and control under the dynamic and information-based conditions.
We need to improve the mechanism of regular special strikes and rectifications with the main line of solving the outstanding problems that the people are most looking forward to, most urgent and most worried about. We should grasp the characteristics of the growth and spread of black and evil crimes in the scope of the city, strengthen the strategies of promoting the city by focusing on the province and promoting the county by focusing on the city, strengthen the industrial governance and grass-roots governance, and promote the in-depth development of the special struggle against black and evil. We should closely follow up the public security problems that the people have strongly reflected and carry out special crackdown and rectification actions according to local conditions. We need to promote the establishment of cross regional synthetic combat platforms in some localities, and improve the ability to investigate and combat major and frequent cases.
We should strengthen the integrity, coordination and accuracy of social security prevention and control, and weave a tight network of social security prevention and control. We should adhere to the direction of three-dimensional, legal, professional and intelligent, and create a new pattern of social security prevention and control that integrates urban and rural planning, online and offline integration, civil air defense, physical defense, technical defense and control. We should adhere to the combination of experts and groups, and build a vast network of social security prevention and control.
In addition, we should focus on promoting the management of public security coverage, chain and elements, and enhance the effectiveness of public security management. With the rapid development of urbanization in China, the complexity and vulnerability of public security are prominent. We should strictly implement the territorial and departmental responsibilities of public security, improve the safety management mechanism in the fields of road traffic and fire control, strengthen the supervision of the industries such as delivery logistics and dangerous and explosive articles, and plug the security loopholes. It is necessary to strengthen the analysis and Research on new economy and new business situation, and improve the ability of identification, early warning and prevention and control of new risks.
We will increase the reform of the household registration system to ensure that by 2020, the goal of 100 million non household registered people settling down in cities will be achieved as scheduled
The meeting proposed that we should take the initiative to make up the most obvious short board of insufficient supply of high-quality public services and improve the level of public services in the city. The core of social governance is human service management. We should actively respond to the peoples new needs for a better life, accurately monitor the difficulties and blockages of service, and do a good job of public management and service.
We should focus on the orderly integration of the floating population and promote the equalization of public services in the city. We need to strengthen the implementation of household registration system reform measures, improve relevant supporting policies, and ensure that the goal of about 100 million non household registration population settling down in cities by 2020 is completed as scheduled. For those unable to settle in cities and towns for the time being, we should improve the residence permit system, promote the full coverage of basic public services in cities and towns to the permanent population, and make the floating population truly settle down in cities and towns.
The meeting also requested that the public service evaluation mechanism should be improved, the voter of evaluation should be put into the hands of the masses, and the transformation of public service from supply-oriented to demand-oriented should be promoted.
The pilot project of modernization of social governance in the city area was launched in an all-round way, and all cities and prefectures had equal opportunities to participate in it
In a vast country like ours, there are great differences between cities and unbalanced development between urban and rural areas. We must deal with the relationship between unity and difference, and take measures according to local conditions and circumstances. Guo Shengkun asked that we should fully deploy and launch the pilot of modernization of social governance in the city, boldly explore and dare to break through, create more replicable and popularized experience for the region and even the whole country, and play the role of pilot demonstration, breakthrough and leading.
Political affairs understood that, in order to enhance the demonstration effect, the central political and Legal Commission had studied and formulated the implementation plan of the national pilot work of the modernization of municipal social governance and the guidelines for the national pilot work of the modernization of municipal social governance.
When explaining the pilot work plan, Chen Yixin said that the work guide consists of two parts: prescribed action and optional action, with a negative list attached, forming a quantifiable, operable and evaluable index system. The prescribed action highlights three parts of the modernization of the social governance system, the layout of the governance work and the way of governance in the city; the optional action takes into account the regional particularity and enhances the local initiative.
Chen Yixin said that the pilot project is open to all cities and regions, so that all cities and regions have equal opportunities to participate. Although the pilot project is carried out by stages, there is no quota limit for the assessment and acceptance. As long as the pilot cities pass the assessment and acceptance, they can be awarded, so as to make the competitors not lose in the starting line, to win in the sprint line, and to make all cities have passion, motivation and gallop.
According to the requirements, the pilot will take three years as a phase, with 2020-2022 as the first phase and 2023-2025 as the second phase. Before applying for the pilot project, all cities shall carry out self-assessment on the standard work guidelines. If it is predicted that the target can be achieved in 2022, the pilot project of the first phase shall be declared; if it is predicted that the target can be achieved in 2025, the pilot project of the second phase shall be declared. Cities not included in the pilot should also participate in the synchronous start against the standard work guidelines.