Watch out for these signs of acute myocardial infarction
Most people have symptoms of acute myocardial infarction. Zheng Sidao, chief physician of the Department of Cardiology in Beijing Hospital of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, said that the most typical symptom of myocardial ischemia is angina pectoris. The discomfort in the precordial region appears under the inducement of fatigue, emotional excitement or sleep disorders. If it continues to be not relieved, and accompanied by sweating, pale face, the patient will have a sense of dying. Myocardial infarction patients may also show some atypical symptoms, such as dyspepsia or gastrointestinal discomfort, neck pain, shoulder and arm pain, back pain, jaw pain, toothache and so on.
Myocardial infarction is not a patent for the elderly
Driven by unhealthy diet, high work pressure and irregular life, the proportion of young and middle-aged people with myocardial infarction is increasing year by year. Zheng Sidao said that some young people often have a sudden onset of myocardial infarction without symptoms and discomfort. In addition, young people usually do not have myocardial ischemic pre adaptation such as angina, and compared with the elderly, young people have larger myocardial oxygen demand. Once acute myocardial infarction occurs, the imbalance of myocardial oxygen supply and demand is significantly aggravated, often leading to large-scale or serious myocardial infarction, increasing the incidence of sudden death Probability.
Myocardial infarction treatment remember two 120
November 20 is the day of myocardial infarction treatment. We hope that you can remember the two 120s: call 120s emergency number in time, and grasp the gold for 120 minutes. According to statistics from Beijing Emergency Center, nearly half of patients with myocardial infarction go to the hospital by themselves, and less than 26% go to the hospital by calling emergency vehicles. In case of chest pain, chest distress and other symptoms suspected of acute myocardial infarction, you should find a safe and comfortable place to wait for rescue. You can take quick acting Jiuxin Pill or nitroglycerin, instead of going to the hospital by yourself.
Long term hyperglycemia can affect blood vessels
More than 70% of diabetics die of cardiovascular disease. Zheng Sidao introduced that long-term hyperglycemia has a very obvious effect on blood vessels. Diabetic patients microvascular lesions and macrovascular lesions damage the whole blood vessels, including coronary arteries, and have a long-term effect. Diabetic neuropathy can also affect nerve function, resulting in insensitivity to pain perception, and thus often manifested as painless myocardial infarction. If diabetic patients have upper abdominal discomfort with nausea, vomiting, tight throat, cough and other symptoms, they should be aware of the possibility of myocardial infarction.
Prevention of myocardial infarction by adjusting food, housing and transportation
Reasonable diet, low salt, low fat and light diet are very helpful for improving metabolism and reducing blood fat, blood pressure, blood sugar, etc.
Exercise properly, but avoid strenuous exercise. Do at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity every week to reduce sedentary time.
Smoking cessation and alcohol restriction may aggravate myocardial ischemia or cause coronary artery spasm, and excessive drinking may increase the risk of myocardial infarction.
To avoid tiredness under pressure for a long time will make the body secrete a lot of adrenaline, which will lead to vasoconstriction, rapid heartbeat, etc., causing myocardial infarction.
To stabilize the excessive emotion may lead to the increase of heart load, the insufficiency of heart blood supply, and then myocardial infarction.
Liu Xu, reporter of Beijing News
Editor Yue Qingxiu proofreader Zhao Lin
Source: responsible editor of Beijing News: Geng Yiwen, nj6040