So what is the relationship between the existing 211 Project, 985 Project and double first class construction? The surging journalists noted that in a recent reply from the Ministry of education, they had a new position on this issue.
On November 28, 2019, the Ministry of Education officially released a consultation on 985 and 211 lists. During the Q & A, a question was asked: is the list of 985 engineering schools published on December 6, 2006 and the list of 211 Engineering Schools published on December 23, 2005 the latest? Will the list of 985 and 211 schools change? I have noticed that three of the 211 schools are not included in the 2019 National General Higher Education list. What do you mean?
The Ministry of education replied in the Q & A: 985 Project was launched in 1998, supporting 39 universities to carry out key construction in combination with the national innovation system. The 211 Project was launched in 1993, and 112 colleges and universities have been included in the scope of construction. All colleges and universities are national ordinary colleges and universities. The Ministry of education also stressed that the 211 Project and 985 Project and other key construction projects have been integrated into double first-class construction.
Surging journalists noted that the relationship between 211 Project, 985 Project and double first-class construction had been stated in a report of Xinhua news agency as early as June 2016. In introducing the research and formulation of the implementation measures for double first class construction, the report said that the Ministry of Education announced the invalidation of a number of normative documents, including the opinions on the continued implementation of the 985 Project construction project, the circular on the supplementary construction plan for the third phase of the 211 Project of higher education, the opinions on the implementation of the key characteristic discipline project and the opinions on the continued implementation of the excellent Opinions on the construction of discipline innovation platform and other documents.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee has put forward major strategies such as four comprehensive strategic layout and innovation driven development, which put forward higher and more urgent requirements for the construction of high-level universities. In August 2015, the 15th meeting of the leading group for comprehensively deepening reform of the Central Committee deliberated and approved the overall plan for promoting the construction of world-class universities and disciplines. In November, the State Council officially printed and issued the new plan for the key construction of higher education in the new era, including 985 Project, 211 Project, advantageous discipline innovation platform and characteristic key discipline construction Setting up projects and integrating them into the construction of world-class universities and disciplines requires comprehensively deepening reform requirements, innovating key construction mechanisms, taking Chinese characteristics and world-class as the core, taking first-class as the goal, discipline as the basis, performance as the lever and reform as the driving force, so as to promote a number of high-level universities and disciplines to enter the worlds popular or front row.
Double first class construction is another national strategy in Chinas higher education field after 211 Project and 985 Project. According to Chen Baosheng, Minister of education, the double first-class construction is not a copy of the 211 Project and 985 Project, nor an upgraded version, nor a copycat version. It is a new plan.