At the end of the year, the number of provinces raising the minimum wage has increased. In November, Hebei and Liaoning began to implement the new minimum wage standard. Fujian Provincial Department of human resources and social security also issued a notice recently, deciding to adjust the minimum wage standards of all parts of the province from January 1, 2020.
The minimum wage standard is regarded as a bottom indicator, which is the remuneration that the employer must pay to the workers according to law under the normal working conditions of the workers. According to the situation sorted out by reporters, as of November 2019, the monthly minimum wage standard in six provinces of Shanghai, Beijing, Guangdong, Tianjin, Jiangsu and Zhejiang exceeded 2000 yuan.
In the provinces where the minimum wage adjustment plan has been announced, the new standards have been raised to varying degrees. For example, from July 2019, Beijings minimum wage standard will be adjusted from no less than 2120 yuan per month to no less than 2200 yuan per month; from October 1, Hunan Province will adjust the level of the four categories of monthly minimum wage standard to 1700 yuan, 154 yuan, 1380 yuan and 1220 yuan, respectively, 90 to 120 yuan higher than the original standard.
In terms of the minimum hourly wage, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Guangdong have exceeded the threshold of 20 yuan, with Beijing leading the country with a minimum hourly wage of 24 yuan. The lowest hourly wage in Hunan Province is 12.5 yuan, nearly double the gap between Beijing, the highest standard area.
Why are the minimum wage standards different in different regions? This is because the adjustment of the minimum wage standard is closely related to the local social and economic development. According to the provisions of the minimum wage, the minimum wage standard of all parts of the country is obtained on the basis of comprehensive consideration of the living expenses level, average wage level of employees, economic development level, payment level of social security and housing accumulation fund by employees, unemployment rate and other factors of residents in all parts of the country. Because there are great differences in the economic development level, price level and income level of different regions, the minimum wage standard of different regions will also vary greatly.
The reporter learned from the local peoples social system that raising the minimum wage standard benefits the low-income people a lot. In the practice of local policies, most regions have established a linkage mechanism between the unemployment insurance standard, the minimum living standard and the minimum wage standard. Therefore, the increase of the minimum wage standard means that all kinds of social security treatment standards, including the minimum living security subsidy and the unemployment insurance treatment, will be adjusted accordingly.
It is worth noting that the minimum wage standard refers to the minimum labor remuneration that the employer should pay according to law under the premise that the laborer provides normal work within the legal working hours or the working hours agreed in the labor contract signed according to law. Its composition does not include the wage for extended working hours. The laborer is working in night shift, high temperature, low temperature, underground and other special working environment and conditions Allowance, as well as labor welfare benefits stipulated by laws, regulations and the state. This means that after the above items are removed from the wage income of the workers, it is legal for the wages to reach the local minimum wage standard.
According to the data released by the Ministry of human resources and social security, in 2018, a total of 15 provinces adjusted the minimum wage standard. In the past two years, the frequency and range of minimum wage increases have slowed down compared with the 12th Five Year Plan period. Relevant departments have proposed that all localities should deal with the relationship between safeguarding the rights and interests of workers remuneration and promoting the development of enterprises as a whole, establish a minimum wage evaluation mechanism, and scientifically and reasonably determine the growth rate and adjustment frequency of the minimum wage standard. According to the experts in the industry, all regions should follow the principle of not overburdening the enterprises, ensuring the steady rise of the basic living standard of the workers, and do a good job in the adjustment of the minimum wage standard.
Source: Economic Daily Author: Han Bingzhi editor in charge: Yu changzong u00b7 nbj11145