Beijing, Nov. 15, China News Web client: stable employment in advance! China completes the annual employment target ahead of schedule
Reporter: Li Jinlei
Under the situation of continuously increasing downward pressure of Chinas economy, as the first of the six stability work, stable employment is now quite stable. According to the latest data from the National Bureau of statistics, 11.93 million new urban jobs were created in the first 10 months, achieving the annual goal two months ahead of schedule, and the unemployment rate in the survey also declined slightly.
Map: job fair site. Photo by Liu Xin, reporter of China News Agency
u2014u2014Create new jobs 2 months ahead of time to achieve the full year goal
Employment is the biggest livelihood, and also one of the important indicators to judge whether the macro-economy is stable.
In 2019, for the first time, China put the employment priority policy at the macro policy level. The employment goal is to create more than 11 million new jobs in cities and towns, with the urban survey unemployment rate of about 5.5% and the urban registered unemployment rate of less than 4.5%.
Today, the target of new jobs in cities and towns has been completed two months ahead of schedule. According to the data released by the National Bureau of statistics on January 14, 11.93 million new jobs were created in cities and towns nationwide from January to October, and the target of 11 million new jobs in cities and towns throughout the year was achieved in advance.
The unemployment rate of urban survey is also within the control target. According to the data, the national urban survey unemployment rate was 5.1% in October, down 0.1 percentage point from last month.
In addition to keeping the main indicators of employment within a reasonable range, the supply and demand of the labor market is basically balanced, and the employment of key groups is stable.
According to the data released by the Ministry of human resources and social security in October, in the third quarter, the market demand rate of 100 Urban public employment service institutions was 1.24, and the market operation was basically stable. The employment level of college graduates in 2019 is basically the same as that in previous years. From January to September, 1.33 million people with employment difficulties have been employed, and the target task of 1.3 million people in the whole year has been completed.
On October 12, 2019, the first graduate recruitment fair of 2020 employment service season for university graduates in Beijing was held in Tsinghua University Gymnasium. Li Shikun photo
At present, the global economic growth is slowing down, there are many external unstable and uncertain factors, domestic cyclical problems and structural contradictions are superimposed, the downward pressure on the economy continues to increase, and Chinas GDP growth rate fell to 6% in the third quarter. In this situation, why can China achieve the goal of new employment ahead of time, and the unemployment rate of urban survey is also falling?
u2014u2014The overall economic growth is stable, and the continuous expansion of GDP brings incremental effect.
Liu Aihua, spokesman of the National Bureau of statistics, said that GDP in the first three quarters of this year still maintained a medium high growth rate of 6.2%. It is estimated that for every percentage point of economic growth, about two million jobs will be created. In fact, the growth rate of 6.2% should be able to drive the total employment between 11 million and 12 million.
Su Hainan, a special researcher of the Chinese labor society, told reporters that despite the impact of international trade friction, Chinas economic growth is still basically stable, operating in a reasonable range, and the big chassis effect of economic fundamentals provides a strong support for employment expansion.
u2014u2014Adjustment of industrial structure, more employment in service industry
Liu Aihua pointed out that in recent years, the trend of Chinas industrial restructuring from industry-oriented to service-oriented has been consolidated. Compared with industry, service industry has a stronger ability to absorb labor. By 2018, the proportion of the tertiary industry in GDP has risen to 52.2%, which is improving every year, so the change of industrial structure is an important factor.
Sunan also pointed out that compared with the first and second industries, there are more labor-intensive enterprises in the third industry, which create more jobs, have higher employment elasticity coefficient, and the employment increment is far greater than the first and second industries.
u2014u2014Steady employment policy continues to play a role
Zhao Xijun, vice president of the school of Finance and finance of Renmin University of China, said that the state attaches great importance to the employment issue, strongly encourages the public to start businesses and innovate, and has issued a series of policies to solve the problem of employment and attract talents from the central government to the local government.
Su said that the current employment stabilization policy system is complete and more targeted. Governments at all levels give priority to employment policies, including policies to reduce social security rates, support enterprises to stabilize jobs, carry out vocational skills training on a large scale, and implement the employment assistance system, which has played an extremely important role in promoting employment this year.
u2014u2014New industries and new formats attract a large number of jobs
Zhao Xijun pointed out that the development of emerging industries is fast, and new industries such as sharing economy and digital economy have created a lot of jobs and absorbed a lot of employment.
Liu Aihua said that there are more and more new businesses supporting flexible employment. In recent years, there are more and more policy incentives for entrepreneurship and innovation, so the number of flexible employment is increasing.
The picture shows graduate candidates queuing up to submit resumes and interview. Chen Wen she
u2014u2014We need to continue to work hard to stabilize employment
With regard to the future employment situation, Su Hainan said that it should not be taken lightly because of the prominent employment structural contradictions and the phenomenon of some people have nothing to do, others have nothing to do; moreover, under the impact of external uncertainty in foreign trade and the impact of low-end industries outward transfer, the employment pressure should not be underestimated.
Su Hainan believes that, on the one hand, we should strive to maintain stable economic growth and not fall below a reasonable range; on the other hand, we should continue to do a good job in the adjustment of economic structure, and at the same time, we should continue to do a good job in the implementation of the current employment policy, so as to promote the employment of key groups such as college students and migrant workers.
Zhang Ying, director of the Employment Promotion Department of the Ministry of human resources and social security, said at the press conference in the third quarter of 2019 that the employment work does face challenges and pressures, will continue to highlight the policy orientation of employment priority, take employment as the priority target of economic development, strengthen the orientation of all aspects to attach importance to employment and support employment, and form a virtuous circle of economic development and employment expansion.
The specific measures include: supporting enterprises to stabilize their jobs, implementing the policy of reducing social security rates, increasing the return of unemployment insurance to the insured enterprises that do not reduce the number of employees and reduce the number of employees, and providing social security subsidies, loan discount and tax relief to the enterprises that absorb the employees with employment difficulties. We will promote entrepreneurship to promote employment, increase support for entrepreneurship of key groups such as college graduates, laid-off workers, migrant workers, and so on. (end)
Source: Wang Xiaowu NF, editor in charge of China News Network