In the morning, the national development and Reform Commission held a press conference in November to release the macroeconomic operation and answer questions from journalists. A spokesman of the national development and Reform Commission introduced the progress of the construction of the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. At present, we are working with and organizing relevant parties to accelerate the preparation and approval of special plans such as infrastructure interconnection, ecological environment protection, industrial development and intercity railway, and gradually build a 1 + n planning system.
Attached with the actual record of the press conference (source: china.com)
Dear media friends, good morning! Welcome to the national development and Reform Commissions press conference in November. First, I would like to introduce six aspects to you, and then I would like to answer your questions.
First, about the economic operation
Focus on three aspects of data.
First, power operation. In terms of power generation, from January to October, the national industrial power generation above designated size increased by 3.1% year on year, 0.1% higher than that from January to September. Among them, thermal power, hydropower, nuclear power, wind power and solar power increased by 1.1%, 6.5%, 19.3%, 5.7% and 14.4% respectively year on year. In October, power generation increased by 4.0% year-on-year, 0.7% slower than last month.
In terms of electricity consumption, from January to October, the electricity consumption of the whole society increased by 4.4% year on year. Among them, the first, second, third and residential power consumption increased by 5.2%, 3.0%, 9.3% and 5.9% respectively year on year, while the third and residential power consumption continued to maintain rapid growth. By region, the power consumption of 27 provinces (regions and cities) in China is growing, among which Guangxi and Tibet have achieved double-digit growth of more than 10%. In October, the power consumption of the whole society increased by 5.0% year-on-year, and the growth rate rose by 0.6 percentage points compared with last month.
Second, the examination and approval of investment projects. In October, the national development and Reform Commission approved eight fixed asset investment projects with a total investment of 44.2 billion yuan, mainly in the energy sector. Among them, the approved external transmission pipeline project (Caofeidian Baodi section) of Hebei Xintian Tangshan LNG terminal will be connected with China Russia east line, Shaanxi Beijing line and other national trunk pipelines as well as Hebei natural gas pipeline network after completion, which is of great significance to ensure regional gas supply safety, improve atmospheric environment and promote economic and social development along the line.
Third, price operation. From January to October, Chinas consumer price rose by an average of 2.6% year-on-year, and the structural characteristics of pork and other food prices were obvious.
In terms of consumer prices, October rose 0.9% month on month, the same increase as the previous month; the year-on-year rise was 3.8%, 0.8 percentage points higher than the previous month. The recent year-on-year increase in CPI has expanded, mainly due to the significant increase in the price of pork and its substitutes, driving the overall food price up 15.5% year-on-year, contributing more than 80% to the increase in CPI. From the perspective of core CPI excluding food and energy prices, since the beginning of the year, the growth rate has gradually declined, with a year-on-year increase of 1.5% in October and an average increase of 1.7% from January to October.
In terms of factory prices of industrial producers, they rose 0.1% month on month (MOM) in October, the growth was the same as that of the previous month; they fell 1.6% year on year, the decline was 0.4% higher than that of the previous month; they fell 0.2% on average from January to October. PPI rose slightly this month, mainly due to the rise in the price of agricultural and non-staple food processing industry. Driven by the rise in food prices, the price of agricultural and sideline food processing industry rose 1.8% month on month.
Second, on the construction progress of Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Bay Area
In accordance with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the national development and Reform Commission, together with Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao and relevant departments, has made positive progress in promoting the construction of the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in an orderly manner.
First, the 1 + n planning policy system has been continuously improved. In February this year, the outline of the development plan for Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan district was released to the public, which clearly defined the overall requirements and key tasks for the construction of Dawan district. At present, we are working with and organizing relevant parties to accelerate the preparation and approval of special plans such as infrastructure interconnection, ecological environment protection, industrial development and intercity railway, and gradually build a 1 + n planning system.
Second, the construction of international scientific and technological innovation center was advanced in an orderly manner. The construction framework of two corridors and two points of the international science and technology innovation center of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area has been gradually built. Among them, two corridors refer to the science and technology innovation corridors of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Zhuhai, and two points refer to the two points of Hetao and Hengqin. The Hong Kong University of science and Technology (HKUST) cooperative education project in Nansha New Area of Guangzhou has been approved and is now officially under construction. The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Hong Kong SAR signed the memorandum on the establishment of affiliated institutions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Hong Kong to jointly promote the construction of the Hong Kong Institute of innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A number of major scientific and technological infrastructures have been started, such as the high current heavy ion accelerator, material genome, brain analysis and brain simulation, etc. scientific research institutions and personnel in Hong Kong and Macao can share and use major scientific and technological infrastructures and large-scale scientific research equipment.
Third, infrastructure connectivity has been continuously strengthened. Nansha bridge was opened to traffic smoothly, and the construction of Shenzhen China channel was carried out in an orderly manner. The construction of Jiangxi Shenzhen high speed railway and Guangzhou Shantou high speed railway was accelerated, the construction of Guangzhou Zhanjiang high speed railway was started, and the preliminary work of key projects such as the Shenjiang section of Shenzhen Maoming railway and Shenzhen Huizhou intercity railway was carried out steadily. The construction of the third runway of Shenzhen airport was approved, and the expansion project of Huizhou airport terminal, freight area and apron was started. Huanggang port reconstruction project was launched, and the customs inspection and supporting area at Zhuhai side of the joint inspection building of Guangdong Australia New Channel (Qingmao port) has been sealed.
The fourth is to speed up the building of a high-quality life circle suitable for living, business and tourism. The implementation plan for strengthening the construction of Hong Kong and Macao Youth Innovation and entrepreneurship base was issued and implemented to include Hong Kong and Macao entrepreneurs in the scope of local entrepreneurship subsidies. The preferential policies for personal income tax in Dawan District of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao have been issued, and the detailed rules for implementation have been formulated by Guangdong Province. The high-end talents and talents in short supply working in 9 cities in the Pearl River Delta will enjoy preferential tax policies.
On November 6, vice premier Han Zheng chaired a leading group meeting on the construction of the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in Beijing, studied and proposed a number of preferential policies and measures for Hong Kong and Macao, and deployed the next phase of the construction of the Great Bay area. In the next step, we will work with relevant parties to actively and steadily promote the implementation of relevant major policies and key tasks.
The third aspect is about the latest progress in the construction of the one belt and one road initiative.
In terms of policy communication, by the end of October, China had signed 197 cooperation documents with 137 countries and 30 international organizations, including developing countries, developed countries, and many companies and financial institutions from developed countries cooperated with China to explore third-party markets.
With regard to the facilities interconnection, the projects of the old fellow railway, the Zhongtai railway, the Ya Wan high speed railway and the Hungarian railway have been progressing smoothly, and the projects of Gwadar, Hanban toto, Piraeus port and Halifa port are progressing smoothly. By the end of October, the cumulative number of China EU trains had reached nearly 20000.
In terms of unimpeded trade, from January to September this year, Chinas total import and export to the countries along the belt and road amounted to about 950 billion US dollars, and its non-financial direct investment to the countries along the belt and road exceeded 10 billion US dollars. China Belarus Industrial Park, China Arab (UAE) production capacity cooperation Park, China Egypt Suez economic and trade cooperation zone, etc. are advancing steadily.
In terms of financing, China has established bilateral local currency swap arrangements with more than 20 countries along the line and RMB clearing arrangements with seven countries. The framework for sustainability analysis of debt along the belt has been officially released, and a multilateral development financing cooperation center has been set up, which has jointly established the capacity building center with the International Monetary Fund.
In terms of people to people exchanges, a series of achievements have been made in scientific and technological exchanges, educational cooperation, cultural tourism, green development, foreign aid, etc.
Next, we will adhere to the principle of sharing and sharing with all parties concerned, adhere to the concept of openness, green and integrity, and push forward the second summit of one belt and one road international cooperation.
Fourth, implementation opinions on promoting the deep integration and development of advanced manufacturing industry and modern service industry
To promote the deep integration of advanced manufacturing industry and modern service industry is an inevitable trend to comply with the new round of technological revolution and industrial reform, and also an important channel to enhance the core competitiveness of manufacturing industry, cultivate modern industrial system and achieve high-quality development. Recently, 15 departments including the national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the implementation opinions on promoting the in-depth integration and development of advanced manufacturing industry and modern service industry, which was approved by the 10th meeting of the comprehensive Deepening Reform Commission of the Central Committee. Today, it is officially released through the website of the Commission. Here, it focuses on four aspects.
First, the overall goal. It is clear in the implementation opinions that by 2025, a number of enterprises, platforms and demonstration areas with active innovation, remarkable benefits, excellent quality and outstanding driving effects will be formed for in-depth integrated development. The investment in productive services of enterprises will be gradually increased, and the industrial ecology will be continuously improved. The integration of the two industries will become an important support for promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.
The second is a new mode of integrated development. According to the implementation opinions, 10 typical business types and models with great development potential and good prospects are put forward, including promoting the construction of intelligent factory, accelerating the innovation and application of industrial Internet, promoting flexible customization, developing shared production platform, improving the level of general integrated contracting, strengthening the whole life cycle management, optimizing supply chain management, developing service derived manufacturing, and developing industrial cultural tourism Travel and other new business models.
Third, a new path of integrated development. According to the key industries of manufacturing industry and service industry, the implementation opinions put forward 10 possible paths to accelerate the two-way integration development of key industries such as raw material industry, consumer goods industry, equipment manufacturing industry and automobile manufacturing.
Fourth, we should play a diversified role. According to the implementation opinions, we should give full play to the important roles of leading enterprises in the industrial chain, key enterprises in the industry, specialized, special, new, small and medium-sized micro enterprises, platform enterprises and institutions, and release the potential for the integrated development of various entities.
At the same time, the Implementation Opinions also made clear the relevant security measures from the aspects of optimizing the development environment, strengthening the land security, increasing financial support, strengthening the human resource security, etc.
Next, the national development and Reform Commission, together with relevant departments, will conscientiously carry out the implementation of the implementation opinions, speed up the issuance of supporting policies and rules, strengthen policy innovation, increase security and support, encourage and support qualified local, industrial parks and enterprises to carry out integrated development pilot, try first, explore and form different ones in line with Chinas reality The mode and path of integration development of regional characteristics and industry characteristics.
Fifth, relevant provisions on venture capital fund and government funded industrial investment fund
In order to implement the separate requirements of the new regulations on venture capital funds and government funded industrial investment funds, better play the role of two types of funds, meet the medium and long-term capital needs of the real economy, guide more social capital and resources to support innovation, entrepreneurship and industrial transformation and upgrading, and effectively prevent and control financial risks while effectively enhancing the real economic capacity of financial services, Recently, the national development and Reform Commission, together with the peoples Bank of China and other departments, jointly printed and issued the notice on further standardizing matters related to the investment in venture capital funds and government funded industrial investment funds by asset management products of financial institutions. The notice mainly clarifies the application of new regulations on asset management and their implementation rules for venture capital fund funded by asset management products and government funded industrial investment fund. The overall thinking and main contents are consistent with the guidance and basic principles of the new regulations and their implementation rules.
In terms of specific measures, there are three main points: first, clear policy arrangements for the transition period. Before the introduction of the new regulations, some financial institutions had signed subscription agreements or actual contributions with the two types of funds. In order to avoid the influence of half pulling project on the funds function of serving the real economy, according to the principle of breaking the old and the new regulations, the subscription agreement signed by the financial institutions and the two types of funds that meet the requirements of the notice before the new regulations of asset management is still valid. During the transitional period, the financial institutions can issue two types of funds that meet the requirements of the notice with the investment of the old products, but should control In order to prevent the cliff effect at the end of the transition period, the system should be within the overall scale of the stock products and reduce them in an orderly manner.
Second, during the transitional period, the investment of public funds management products is allowed to meet the requirements of the notice. During the transition period, if the investment of asset management products meets the requirements of the notice for two types of funds, financial institutions may regard the products as qualified investors as a whole on the premise of fully disclosing and presenting the investment nature and investment risks of the products to investors.
Third, moderately loosen the nesting restrictions. According to the notice, when two types of funds that meet the specified requirements accept the investment of asset management products and other private investment funds, the two types of funds are not regarded as the first level asset management products to avoid the impact on the operation of the fund. This policy is applicable to the transitional period and the end of the transitional period.
Next, the national development and Reform Commission, together with relevant departments, will strengthen supervision over the implementation of the circular by the two types of funds and financial institutions that meet the requirements of the circular, further strengthen financial risk prevention, eliminate regulatory arbitrage space to the maximum extent, and better play the positive role of the two types of funds in serving the high-quality development of the real economy.
Sixth, on poverty alleviation through consumption
At the end of 2018, the general office of the State Council issued the guiding opinions on deepening consumer poverty alleviation and helping to win the battle against poverty. In the past year, the national development and Reform Commission, together with various regions and departments, has carried out a lot of work in expanding consumption scale, breaking through the bottleneck and improving supply quality, and achieved positive results.
First, we should strengthen top-level design and focus on building a policy system to support consumer poverty alleviation. The national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, the national supply and marketing cooperatives and other departments shall formulate and implement the implementation plan of the guiding opinions in a timely manner, and put forward clear requirements for the consumption poverty alleviation work of their own departments and systems. The Ministry of Finance and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council issued a special circular to give full play to the effect of government procurement policies to guide consumption poverty alleviation.
Second, we should mobilize a wide range of organizations and strive to pool the strong joint efforts of all parties involved in poverty alleviation through consumption. We will give full play to the role of counterpart support and poverty alleviation cooperation mechanism between the East and the west, and guide provinces and cities to vigorously promote poverty alleviation through consumption. We will hold the mayors Forum on consumer poverty alleviation in 2019, summarize and exchange good practices and experiences of various departments in various regions to promote consumer poverty alleviation, and discuss new ways and measures to further mobilize the whole society to participate in consumer poverty alleviation. Open a public welfare platform to serve the docking of production and marketing of agricultural products in poor areas.
Third, we should aim at the short board of circulation and strive to break through the prominent bottleneck that restricts the poverty alleviation through consumption. We will deepen the pilot program for universal telecommunications services, and push the proportion of broadband access to poor villages to exceed 98%. We will vigorously implement the comprehensive demonstration of e-commerce in rural areas, and achieve full coverage of poverty-stricken counties at the national level. We will accelerate the express delivery to the countryside project, and increase the coverage of express outlets in villages and towns to over 95%. Promote chain operation and logistics distribution network to extend to rural areas, open up the last mile of agricultural products.
Fourth, improve the quality of supply and strive to promote the sustainable development of poverty alleviation through consumption. We will support poor areas to establish demonstration parks for the integrated development of rural industries and promote the integrated development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries. We will speed up the improvement of facilities in scenic spots in poverty-stricken areas and promote the upgrading of rural tourism. Establish a green channel for food certification in poverty-stricken areas, and support a large number of green food enterprises, organic enterprises and geographical indication products to become bigger and stronger.
Fifth, we should strengthen publicity and guidance, and strive to create a good atmosphere to support consumer poverty alleviation. We will give full play to the advantages of the central news media, launch a series of large-scale thematic publicity activities, organize and implement targeted poverty alleviation projects through advertising, and launch special columns on targeted poverty alleviation. Mobilize new media forces to promote the special products of poor areas in a more vivid form. Jilin, Henan, Jiangsu and other provinces through the first secretary endorsement, county leaders into the live broadcast room and online Red anchor to promote consumption poverty alleviation.
Recently, 15 departments, including the national development and Reform Commission, the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council, the working committee of the central and state organs, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of culture and tourism, issued the initiative of mobilizing the whole society to participate in the poverty alleviation through consumption to help the poor get rid of poverty and the long-term development of poverty-stricken areas. A trickle is enough to make a river. We believe that with the participation of the whole society, the poor people will be able to get rid of poverty and increase their income as soon as possible, and share the fruits of reform and development with the people of the whole country.