Director of Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office: 23 items are not legislated, resulting in the intensification of Hong Kong Independence in recent years

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 Director of Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office: 23 items are not legislated, resulting in the intensification of Hong Kong Independence in recent years


Zhang Xiaoming, director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, pointed out in the guidance book of the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity (hereinafter referred to as the guidance book), that the establishment and improvement of the legal system and executive mechanism for safeguarding national security should be established It has become a prominent problem and urgent task for the Hong Kong SAR government and people from all walks of life to strengthen law enforcement. In recent years, Hong Kong has not completed the legislation of Article 23 of the basic law, nor established the corresponding executive body, which is one of the main reasons for the increasing activities of local radical separatist forces such as Hong Kong Independence. Zhang also pointed out that the administrative, legislative and judicial organs of the Special Administrative Region must also be mainly composed of patriots.

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out in the article upholding and improving the system of one country, two systems that to fully and accurately implement the policy of one country, two systems , we must further strengthen the top-level design from the strategic and overall height that is conducive to the long-term stability of Hong Kong and Macao, improve the system of the central government exercising comprehensive governance power over the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law, and improve the system of one country, two systems .

He said that we should exercise all the powers entrusted to the Central Committee by the Constitution and the basic law in accordance with the law. The Constitution and the basic law clearly stipulate that the powers belonging to the central government mainly include: 1. The creation power of the Special Administrative Region. 2. Organizational power of the government of the Special Administrative Region. 3. The power to formulate, amend and interpret the basic law of the Special Administrative Region. 4. The power of supervision over the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region. 5. The power to issue instructions to the chief executive of the Special Administrative Region. 6. The right to foreign affairs. 7. Defense rights. 8. To decide to implement national laws in the Special Administrative Region. 9. Declare a state of war or emergency in the Special Administrative Region. 10. The central government may also grant new authorization to the Special Administrative Region as required. The exercise of the above powers needs to be institutionalized, standardized and procedural.

Zhang Xiaoming said that safeguarding national security is the core requirement of the comprehensive and accurate implementation of the one country, two systems policy, and the constitutional responsibility of the Special Administrative Region. It is also necessary to establish and improve the legal system for safeguarding national security and the relevant implementation mechanism in the Special Administrative Region. At present, Macao has completed the legislation of Article 23 of the basic law, established the National Security Council and its office, and actively added the anti independence clause in the election law of the Legislative Council. In the next step, relevant supporting legislation will be formulated and revised. In recent years, Hong Kong has not completed the legislation of Article 23 of the basic law, nor set up corresponding executive bodies, which is one of the main reasons for the increasing activities of local radical separatist forces such as Hong Kong Independence. It has become a prominent problem and urgent task for the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and people from all walks of life to establish a sound legal system and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security and strengthen law enforcement.

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that with the deepening of the practice of one country, two systems, both the central government and the Special Administrative Region have the responsibility to further improve the relevant systems and mechanisms on the basis of a comprehensive review of the implementation of the Constitution and the basic law. Among them, the system of universal suffrage for the chief executive and the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has attracted the attention of all sectors of society. No matter when the relevant political reform work is restarted, it must comply with the relevant provisions of the basic law and the decision on the general election of the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the method for the formation of the 2016 Legislative Council adopted by the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress on August 31, 2014.

Zhang Xiaoming said that the implementation of Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong and Macao people governing Macao with patriots as the main body is an inevitable requirement for the comprehensive and accurate implementation of the one country, two systems policy. We must ensure that the chief executive is a patriot trusted by the central government and meets the standards of patriotism, love of Hong Kong or Macao, trust of the central government, ability to govern, and social identity of Hong Kong and Macao. The administrative, legislative and judicial organs of the Special Administrative Region must also be mainly composed of patriots. As the first person in charge of the administration of the Special Administrative Region, the administration team led by the chief executive needs to constantly improve its ability and level of administration according to law.

He also said that the Central Committee should exercise all the powers entrusted to it by the Constitution and the basic law, including the power to issue instructions to the chief executive of the Special Administrative Region, the power to supervise the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region, and the power to declare the special administrative region into a state of war or emergency, and improve the system in which the chief executive of the special administrative region is responsible to the central government.

Full text of the tutorial book:

One country, two systems is a great initiative of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since the date of their return to the motherland, Hong Kong and Macao have been reintegrated into the national governance system and have become the local administrative regions directly under the central government with a high degree of autonomy. How to manage Hong Kong and Macao well under the one country, two systems is an important issue that the Communist Party of China has been and will face for a long time.

Conceptually, one country, two systems has multiple meanings. It is the basic policy of the Chinese government in dealing with the affairs of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the general term of a series of policies of the central government towards Hong Kong and Macao. It is the basic system of the central government in governing the two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as an important system for solving the Taiwan issue and realizing the peaceful reunification of the motherland. It is the great practice that the party is leading the people and is also related to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation A great cause of prosperity. In terms of system, since Hong Kong and Macao returned to the motherland, the system of special administrative regions set up in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law has been established. The system and mechanism of the central governments governance over the special administrative regions have gradually improved, and the system and mechanism within the Special Administrative regions have generally operated well. Facts have proved that one country, two systems is the best system for Hong Kong and Macao to maintain long-term prosperity and stability. Facts have also proved that one country, two systems as a system innovation, like any other new thing, also needs to be tested in practice and constantly improved.

The decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on several major issues concerning upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity (hereinafter referred to as the decision) adopted at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (hereinafter referred to as the decision) is based on the in-depth summary of the practical experience of one country, two systems, and from the institutional level, especially the central governments governance of special administrative regions, A systematic system design and work arrangement have been made to promote the practice of one country, two systems. The first part of the decision regards adhering to one country, two systems , maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao, and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland as one of the 13 significant advantages of Chinas national system and governance system, which fully demonstrates the special and important position of one country, two systems in Chinas national system and governance system. The twelfth part of the decision focuses on what should be adhered to and improved in the construction of the one country, two systems system, which is unprecedented in the history of the party. These discussions fully reflect the spirit of Xi Jinpings socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of general secretary Xi Jinpings important exposition on Hong Kong and Macao Affairs, highlighting the firm determination and strategic determination of the Central Committee to adhere to the principle of one country, two systems. It also shows that the central authorities will surely have self-confidence and self-confidence in the system of governing the two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao. Meaning and long-term guiding significance.

I. comprehensively and accurately implement the policy of one country, two systems and set the right direction for quasi governance of Hong Kong and Macao

The decision stressed that one country, two systems, Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong, Macao people governing Macao and a high degree of autonomy should be fully and accurately implemented . This is a basic experience drawn from the successful practice of one country, two systems since the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland. In order to make sure that the practice of one country, two systems is not distorted and distorted, we must implement the policy of one country, two systems comprehensively and accurately. In terms of ideological understanding, we must adhere to the principle that one country is the premise and basis for the implementation of two systems, the basic logic that two systems are subordinate to and derived from one country and unified within one country; we must adhere to the rule of law principle that Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR are governed strictly in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law; we must firmly safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests, and Hong Kong The fundamental tenet of Macaos long-term prosperity and stability. The decision stressed the following three points:

(1) to govern Hong Kong and Macao in accordance with the law and maintain the constitutional order as determined by the Constitution and the basic law. This sentence points out the basic concepts and principles of governing Hong Kong and Macao. General secretary Xi Jinping said that the rule of law is the most reliable and stable way to govern. We should be good at using the rule of law thinking and the rule of law. From the perspective of Hong Kong and Macao, the first thing to govern according to law is to act in strict accordance with the Constitution and the basic law. Because the Constitution and the basic law constitute the constitutional basis of the Special Administrative Region, are the concentrated embodiment of the legalization of the principle of one country, two systems, are the top-level design of all systems in the Special Administrative Region, occupy the highest position in the whole legal system of the Special Administrative Region, and establish the new constitutional order of the Special Administrative Region. All administrative, legislative and judicial acts of the Special Administrative Region must conform to the Constitution and the basic law, with the provisions of the Constitution and the basic law as the highest criterion. The whole society should consciously respect the Constitution and the basic law, abide by the provisions of the Constitution and the basic law, and safeguard the authority of the Constitution and the basic law.

(2) to combine adherence to the principle of one country and respect for the differences between the two systems, safeguarding the central governments overall power of governance over the Special Administrative Region, safeguarding the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region, giving full play to the strong backing role of the mainland and improving the competitiveness of the Special Administrative Region. This Three Combinations points out three pairs of relations that need to be grasped in the system of governing Hong Kong and Macao.

1. We must combine adherence to the principle of one country with respect for the differences between the two systems. We should firmly establish a sense of one country, adhere to the principle of one country, earnestly safeguard national security, correctly grasp and handle the relationship between the central government and the Special Administrative Region, and never tolerate any behavior that challenges the bottom line of one country, two systems. General secretary Xi Jinping, on July 1, 2017, celebrating the return of Hongkong to the 20th anniversary congress and the inauguration ceremony of the fifth administration of the Hongkong Special Administrative Region, clearly stated: any activities that endanger the sovereignty of the state, challenge the central authority and the authority of the basic law of the Hongkong special administrative region, and use Hongkong to infiltrate and destroy the mainland are all touches on the bottom line, and they must not be allowed. In recent years, Hong Kongs opposition and some external forces have made a lot of attacks on the central government and the SAR government, including banning the Hong Kong Independence organization, the Hong Kong National Party, removing the qualification of swearing in members illegally in the Legislative Council, refusing to renew the work visa for Ma Kai, a foreign journalist who openly supports the Hong Kong Independence activities, precisely because the behavior of the relevant organizations and personnel has been seriously challenged The bottom line of one country, two systems. Under the one country, two systems, the residents of Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions should respect the socialist system with Chinese characteristics implemented by the main body of the state, the political system including the core content of adhering to the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and the people of the mainland should also earnestly respect the capitalist system with different characteristics implemented by Hong Kong and Macao, and respect the various rights and freedoms enjoyed by Hong Kong and Macao residents according to law u3002 Within the one country, the two systems should be able to coexist and coexist for a long time.

2. We must combine the protection of the central governments overall power of governance over the Special Administrative Region with the protection of the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region. China adopts a unitary state structure, with the central government having overall control over all local administrative regions, including the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions. The high degree of autonomy enjoyed by the two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao is not inherent, but comes from the central authority. In June 2014, after the publication of the white paper the practice of one country, two systems in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region , after extensive discussion, people have a deeper understanding of this point. The central governments overall power of governance cannot be opposed to the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region, let alone the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region. At the same time, the high degree of autonomy enjoyed by the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the law, including the administrative, legislative, independent judicial and final adjudication powers, should also be fully respected and effectively guaranteed.

3. We must combine giving full play to the strong backing role of the mainland with improving the competitiveness of the Special Administrative Region. The prosperity and development of Hong Kong and Macao have always been closely related to the motherland. Hong Kong and Macao have also made significant and unique contributions to the reform, opening up and modernization of the country. In the process of Hong Kong and Macaos response to the risks of the Asian financial crisis, the SARS epidemic and the international financial crisis, the mainland of China has provided strong support. For Hong Kong and Macao, the strong backing role of the mainland is eternal. As long as the governments of Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions and people from all walks of life stand high and look to the future, focus on development, combine the major opportunities brought by national development, the strong support from all aspects of the mainland with the advantages of highly legalized, marketized, specialized and internationalized Hong Kong and Macao, and constantly improve their competitiveness, they will surely be invincible in the increasingly fierce international and domestic competition Land.

(3) to improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Constitution and the basic law in the Special Administrative Region. We will adhere to the principle of Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong and Macao people governing Macao with patriots as the main body, and improve the ability and level of the Special Administrative Region to govern in accordance with the law. This sentence points out the system requirements and main body requirements of governing Hong Kong and Macao by law. With the deepening of the practice of one country, two systems, the central government and the Special Administrative Region have the responsibility to further improve the relevant systems and mechanisms on the basis of a comprehensive review of the implementation of the Constitution and the basic law. The laws to be enacted, the laws to be amended, the laws to be repealed, the systems to be supplemented and the supporting mechanisms to be matched. Among them, the system of universal suffrage for the chief executive and the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has attracted the attention of all sectors of society. No matter when the relevant political reform work is restarted, it must comply with the relevant provisions of the basic law and the decision on the general election of the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the method for the formation of the 2016 Legislative Council adopted by the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress on August 31, 2014. It is necessary for us to carry out the policy of one country, two systems in an all-round and accurate way. We must ensure that the chief executive is a patriot trusted by the central government and meets the standards of patriotism and love for Hong Kong or Macao, Central Trust, ability to govern, and social identity of Hong Kong or Macao. The administrative, legislative and judicial organs of the Special Administrative Region must also be mainly composed of patriots. As the first person in charge of the administration of the Special Administrative Region, the administration team led by the chief executive needs to constantly improve its ability and level of administration according to law. At present, many new changes have taken place in the internal and external environment of Hong Kong and Macao, and governance also faces many new problems and challenges. It is even more necessary for the government of the Special Administrative Region to dare to take responsibility and be good at acting. The Central Committee will continue to unswervingly support the chief executive and the government of the Special Administrative Region in their administration in accordance with the law, economic development, improvement of peoples livelihood, maintenance of the rule of law, promotion of democracy, promotion of harmony and good governance.

Second, we will improve the system of the central governments exercise of overall governance over special administrative regions in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law, and constantly improve the system of one country, two systems

Since the eighteen Party Congress, the Central Committee of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has been planning and promoting the system construction of governing Hong Kong and Macao in the strategic and overall situation, and has formed many new institutional results. On August 31, 2014, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress decided on the basic system of universal suffrage for the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. On November 7, 2016, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress took the initiative to explain the relevant provisions of Article 104 of the basic law of Hong Kong and clarify the relevant system of oath for public officials in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in response to the violation of oath by some members of the Legislative Council of the region. On February 26 this year, the Central Peoples government issued an official letter to the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on banning the operation of the Hong Kong National Party, an organization for Hong Kong Independence, which stated the relevant positions and opinions of the central government and further established the system and mechanism for the central government to issue instructions on major issues related to the relationship between the central government and the Special Administrative Region. The Macao Special Administrative Region has also completed the local legislation of the National Anthem law, established the national security maintenance Committee, and is carrying out supporting legislative work, making significant progress in system construction. In order to fully and accurately implement the policy of one country, two systems, we must further strengthen the top-level design from the strategic and overall height conducive to the long-term stability of Hong Kong and Macao, improve the system of the central government exercising comprehensive governance over the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law, and improve the system of one country, two systems.

(1) to exercise, in accordance with law, all the powers conferred on the Central Committee by the Constitution and the basic law. It is not only an important way to implement the overall governance power of the central government, but also the proper meaning of governing Hong Kong and Macao by law. The Constitution and the basic law clearly stipulate that the powers belonging to the central government mainly include: 1. The creation power of the Special Administrative Region. Including the establishment of a special administrative region in accordance with the provisions of Article 31 of the Constitution and the provision of the basic system to be implemented by the Special Administrative Region. 2. Organizational power of the government of the Special Administrative Region. For example, the central government has the right to appoint and remove the chief executive and key officials of the Special Administrative Region, which is substantive. We need to improve the relevant systems and procedures of the central government for the selection, appointment, supervision and recall of chief executives and key officials. 3. The power to formulate, amend and interpret the basic law of the Special Administrative Region. Since Hong Kongs return to the motherland, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress has interpreted the relevant provisions of Hong Kongs basic law five times. The exercise of the power of interpretation of the basic law should not depend on the subjective likes and dislikes of some people, but should be determined according to the actual needs, and the interpretation is the interpretation. 4. The power of supervision over the high degree of autonomy of the Special Administrative Region. The key point is to supervise whether the laws of the Special Administrative Region and the activities of the organs of political power violate the constitution, the basic law and the one country, two systems. For example, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress may exercise the power of record keeping and examination over laws formulated by the legislature of the Special Administrative Region, approve or record amendments to the measures adopted by the chief executive and the Legislative Council of the Special Administrative Region, and record the appointment and removal of judges of the court of final appeal and chief judges of the high court of the Special Administrative Region. 5. The power to issue instructions to the chief executive of the Special Administrative Region. The Central Committee may issue instructions to the chief executive on the relevant matters prescribed by the basic law. 6. The right to foreign affairs. The central government is responsible for the administration of foreign affairs related to the Special Administrative Region. 7. Defense rights. The central government is responsible for the defense of the Special Administrative Region. 8. To decide to implement national laws in the Special Administrative Region. The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress may increase or decrease the number of national laws listed in Annex 3 of the basic law that are implemented in the Special Administrative Region. 9. Declare a state of war or emergency in the Special Administrative Region. The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress may declare a state of war or decide according to law that the Special Administrative Region shall enter into a state of emergency, and the central government may issue an order under the state of emergency to implement the relevant national laws in the Special Administrative Region. 10. The central government may also grant new authorization to the Special Administrative Region as required. The exercise of the above powers needs to be institutionalized, standardized and procedural.

(2) to establish and improve the legal system and implementation mechanism of the Special Administrative Region for the maintenance of national security. Maintaining national security is the core requirement of implementing the policy of one country, two systems comprehensively and accurately, and is the constitutional responsibility of special administrative regions. It is also necessary to establish and improve the legal system for safeguarding national security and the relevant implementation mechanism in the Special Administrative Region. At present, Macao has completed the legislation of Article 23 of the basic law, established the National Security Council and its office, and actively added the anti independence clause in the election law of the Legislative Council. In the next step, relevant supporting legislation will be formulated and revised. In recent years, Hong Kong has not completed the legislation of Article 23 of the basic law, nor set up corresponding executive bodies, which is one of the main reasons for the increasing activities of local radical separatist forces such as Hong Kong Independence. It has become a prominent problem and urgent task for the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and people from all walks of life to establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security and strengthen law enforcement.

(3) to improve the system of responsibility of the chief executive of the Special Administrative Region to the central government. According to the provisions of the basic law, the chief executive is not only the head of the government of the Special Administrative Region, but also the head of the Special Administrative Region, who is responsible for the Special Administrative Region as well as the central government. The positioning of two heads and two responsibilities determines that the chief executive plays an important role in the governance of the Special Administrative Region under the one country, two systems and assumes the leading responsibility. On the one hand, we need to improve the institutional arrangements for the chief executive to be responsible for the central government, including the system for the central government to issue instructions to the chief executive on matters stipulated in the basic law, the system for the chief executive to report to the central government, and the system for reporting major issues of the Special Administrative Region to the central government; on the other hand, we need to implement the chief executive oriented system in the Special Administrative Region We will improve the civil service management system, support the chief executive and the government of the Special Administrative Region in their administration according to law, and ensure that the requirements that the chief executive be responsible for the central government on behalf of the entire special administrative region are fulfilled.

(4) improve the mechanisms for Hong Kong and Macao to integrate into the overall national development situation, complement each others advantages with the mainland, and coordinate development. The integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall situation of national development is the objective need of national reform and opening-up in the new era, and also the inevitable choice for their own development. Needless to say, Hong Kongs economic and social development has encountered some difficulties, such as the shortage of housing and land supply, the wide gap between the rich and the poor, and the weakening of social mobility, especially many young people are facing greater difficulties and pressures in housing, education, employment and entrepreneurship. Macaos gaming industry is one industry in the world. Moderate and diversified economic development is easy to understand. Limited by geographical, economic structure and volume, market space and other conditions, Hong Kong and Macao cannot solve these deep-seated contradictions and problems affecting social stability and long-term development by their own strength. This requires people from all walks of life in Hong Kong and Macao to keep pace with the times, change their ideas, adjust their mentality, dispel the myth of inland and Marginalization, and actively integrate into the overall situation of national development. With the help of the vast market and strong development trend in the mainland, we will expand new space for our own development. Add new impetus to solve the problems of economy and peoples livelihood. The central government will further improve the policy system supporting the complementary development of Hongkong and Macao with the mainland, and promote the innovation of the institutional mechanism in the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hongkong and Macau. It will take the lead in realizing the convenient flow of elements. It should give full play to the unique role of Hongkong and Macao in building the one belt and one way. Various mechanisms for in-depth exchanges and cooperation between Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland in various fields. Under the premise of maintaining the one country, two systems and the original system characteristics of Hong Kong and Macao, promoting the coordinated development between Hong Kong and Macao and the mainland will certainly enable Hong Kong and Macao residents to have more sense of access, happiness and security.

(5) to improve and strengthen the relevant systems and mechanisms for education in the social constitution and basic law of Hong Kong and Macao, education in national conditions, and education in Chinese history and culture. The return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland is a major historical change. From the constitutional order to the political institutions, from the public opinion environment to the mainstream values of society, we should comply with this historical change and adapt to the practical requirements of one country, two systems. The governments of the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions and all sectors of society should focus on Strengthening Education in the Constitution and basic law, national conditions, Chinese history and Chinese culture, improve relevant education systems and mechanisms, and constantly enhance the national awareness and national identity of the whole society, especially public officials and young people. In particular, we should face up to the lack of national education in Hong Kong for a long time, strengthen the patriotic education of young people, care, guide, support and help them grow up healthily.

(6) to improve the system and mechanism for resolutely preventing and containing external forces from interfering in Hong Kong and Macao Affairs and carrying out activities of division, subversion, infiltration and sabotage. External forces have been intervening in Hong Kong and Macao Affairs in various ways, carrying out activities of division, subversion, infiltration and sabotage in Hong Kong and Macao. Recently, the U.S. Congress pushed forward the Hong Kong human rights and Democracy Act 2019, which openly provided new links for the long-term U.S. intervention in Hong Kong affairs in the form of domestic laws, provided a protective umbrella for the Hong Kong opposition and radical forces to engage in Anti China and anti chaos activities more recklessly, and provided new chips for using the Hong Kong issue to contain and curb Chinas development. We must fight tit for tat, establish and improve the mechanism of counter intervention and coordination with the government of the Special Administrative Region, and never allow external forces to do whatever they want in Hong Kong and Macao.

In February this year, the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region tried to transfer a Hong Kong young man suspected of murder in Taiwan to Taiwan for trial, and to fill the legal loophole between Hong Kong and the mainland, Taiwan and Macao where fugitives cannot be transferred to each other. The launch of the revision of the two relevant regulations has raised social concerns and strong backlash in Hong Kong. Under the instigation of the opposition and the intervention of external forces, Hong Kong has experienced long-lasting social and political turmoil and street violence. The practice of one country, two systems in Hong Kong has encountered unprecedented severe challenges. This practice storm fully exposed some deep-seated contradictions and problems in Hong Kongs politics, economy and society, and further highlighted the necessity and urgency of improving Hong Kongs governance system. Therefore, the comprehensive and accurate implementation of the policy of one country, two systems and the continuous improvement of the system of governing Hong Kong and Macao in practice are not only in line with the general law of the development of political system, but also will contribute to the stability of the one country, two systems navigation ship.