The first landing of an aircraft carrier: the retina is easy to fall off when braking hard

 The first landing of an aircraft carrier: the retina is easy to fall off when braking hard

Hitting the deck, short skis and a sharp deceleration with a blocking device - exactly 30 years ago, on November 1, 1989, pilot Victor Pugachev first landed the su-27k on the Admiral Kuznetsov class carrier. Landing on an aircraft carrier is considered to be one of the difficulties in flight training. This paper will describe the working characteristics of the pilot of the aircraft carrier.

Su-33s carrier plane landed on admiral Kuznetsov

The main difficulty encountered by carrier based aircraft when landing on aircraft carriers is that, unlike in ordinary airports, the runway distance used by pilots to completely stop fighters has been minimized. The standard length of the runway is at least two kilometers, Anatoly kovocur, a test pilot who has participated in the runway system test of commander Kuznetsov class aircraft carrier, told us. On the aircraft carrier, it is only about 70 meters, so the landing needs to be extremely accurate.

Landing on an aircraft carrier requires the pilot to be highly accurate, because the aircraft needs to be parked in a narrow area only about 40 meters wide. Keep a certain angle when landing - only 3 or 4 degrees. The contact with the aircraft carrier must be within two meters of the center line of the flight deck. Aircraft carriers are usually moving, so they have to constantly adjust their landing trajectory.

In order to stop the 20 ton aircraft on the carrier quickly, a special kind of equipment - blocking device is needed, which is a firm and flexible block rope strung on the deck. There are four blocks on admiral Kuznetsov. The pilots task is to let the aircraft hook the arresting cable brake hook (a hook at the tail of the aircraft, manual release), and then the automatic device will pull the arresting cable.

Russian Navy pilots have been able to land skilfully on admiral Kuznetsov class carriers, whether in storms, at night or in severe weather conditions. Moon assisted landing system - a camera mounted on the deck helps the pilot aim and locate..

The carrier aircraft of admiral Kuznetsov

Not everyone can become an aircraft carrier pilot, and they have special requirements for the physical and psychological quality of the candidates. At the moment of contact with the deck and the start of the obstruction device, the pilots thoracic vertebrae and cervical vertebrae will be under great pressure. In addition, when braking hard, there is a risk of retinal detachment, which is also one of the occupational diseases of carrier pilots. The pilot must be able to maintain absolute composure and take immediate measures in case of emergency. For example, in order to deal with the breakage of the arresting line, the pilot should turn on enough horsepower when landing, so that the pilot may maintain a certain speed and take off for a second time after contacting the deck.

If the arresting line is disconnected, the aircraft itself will not stop, explained kovotchul in detail. In this case, there is a clear response guidance: increase the engine thrust to fly the second lap after contacting the run. If the arresting line breaks after slowing down, its bad. The plane will not take off again and will fall into the water.

According to Pugachev, he had carried out systematic training on the ground for many years before landing on the carrier deck for the first time. Take off and landing proficiency has reached the level of automation.

During the Soviet era, carrier pilots were trained at the Crimea ground test training center. The simulator is used to simulate the deck of aircraft carrier, which is a steel runway equipped with springboard and barrier device.

Compared with the land-based Su-27 fighter, Su-33 has increased the wing area and installed additional front horizontal tail. The carrier aircraft is also equipped with a reinforced chassis, air refueling system and special navigation equipment designed to withstand the impact force during landing.

Source: editor in charge of global network: Lin Zhiheng