An important meeting with pioneering and milestone significance -- authoritative interpretation of the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee by the heads of six departments
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held from October 28 to 31, making major strategic arrangements for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
On November 1, the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee held a press conference to invite the heads of the six departments to introduce the relevant information of the plenary session and answer questions from journalists.
For the first time in the history of the party, a plenary session of the Central Committee was devoted to the study of national system and governance
For the first time in the history of our party, a plenary session of the Central Committee was devoted to studying and making decisions on national systems and governance. Wang Xiaohui, deputy director of the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee and deputy director of the Policy Research Office of the CPC Central Committee, pointed out in introducing the significance of the plenary session.
Wang Xiaohui said that the most important outcome of the plenary session was the deliberation and adoption of the decision of the CPC Central Committee on several major issues concerning upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, which comprehensively answered the major political question of what to uphold and consolidate, what to improve and develop in Chinas national system and governance It is a political manifesto and program of action for upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and capacity.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is an important and groundbreaking meeting. With the implementation of the spirit of the plenary session, it will have a significant and far-reaching impact on promoting the maturity and finalization of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and transforming the institutional advantages of our country into the advantages of national governance. Wang Xiaohui said.
13 significant advantages to clarify the code of the rule of China system
Wang Xiaohui pointed out in response to the reporters questions that the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee will adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and determine it as the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform in China. The decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is to deepen and expand this general goal, and at the same time make many new arrangements and arrangements, the most prominent of which are as follows:
The first is to highlight the adherence to and improvement of the partys leadership system and the dominant position of the partys leadership system in the national governance system; the second is to fully demonstrate the confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and summarize the 13 significant advantages of Chinas national system and national governance system, which are the two wonders of our partys leadership of the people in creating rapid economic development and long-term social stability The fundamental guarantee lies in the code of the governance of China system, and the basic basis for strengthening the four self-confidence; the third is to embody the strong problem orientation and distinct practical characteristics, not only to clarify the major systems and principles that must be firmly adhered to, but also to deploy the major tasks and measures to promote the system construction.
Put forward six requirements for upholding and improving the partys leadership system
Jiang Jinquan, deputy director of the central policy research office in charge of daily work, said that the plenary session systematically described the Atlas of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics for the first time, which is composed of 13 parts, of which the partys leadership system is the fundamental leadership system of the country, commanding and running through 12 other systems.
These six systems constitute the basic elements of the partys leadership system, which must be well built, adhered to, improved and developed in an all-round way. Jiang Jinquan said.
Put forward three requirements for full coverage of supervision of public officials
In terms of strengthening the full coverage of supervision over state public officials, Jiang Jinquan proposed three requirements for this plenary session:
First, improve the supervision system of unified leadership, comprehensive coverage, authority and efficiency of the party. Coordinate the supervision of the party and the state, coordinate the existing supervision mechanisms, promote the effective connection of the discipline inspection supervision, patrol supervision and post supervision within the party, and promote the organic connection and coordination between the supervision within the party and the supervision by the peoples Congress, democratic supervision, judicial supervision, etc;
The second is to improve the power allocation and operation restriction mechanism. In order to effectively prevent the abuse of power, we should make a series of provisions to strengthen supervision from three aspects: legal power and responsibility, transparent power and responsibility, and unified power and responsibility;
Third, we need to build an integrated system and mechanism that cant, doesnt and doesnt want to corrupt. We will continue to strictly investigate and deal with the situation, maintain a high-pressure situation, strengthen the atmosphere of being afraid of corruption, improve various restraint systems, and form a system and mechanism that cannot be corrupted, strengthen ideological education that adheres to the original aspiration and undertakes its mission, and build a solid ideological foundation that cannot be corrupted.
The basic economic system is a long-term and stable part of the economic system, which has a decisive impact on the nature of the economic system and the way of economic development. The plenary session also made a systematic explanation and clear deployment.
Over the years, we have taken public ownership as the main body and the common development of various ownership economies as the basic economic system. One of the great innovations of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee is that on this basis, distribution according to work is the main body, multiple modes of distribution coexist, and the socialist market economy system is upgraded to a basic economic system. Han Wenxiu, deputy director of the office of the central finance and Economics Commission in charge of daily work, said that the three systems are all basic socialist economic systems, which are interconnected, mutually supported and mutually promoted. This major innovation marks the maturity and finalization of Chinas socialist economic system.
In response to foreign journalists questions about Chinas market opening up policy, Han Wenxiu pointed out that opening up is an important feature and basic attribute of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Next year, China will build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and embark on a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, which puts forward new requirements for the next step of opening up.
Han Wenxiu said that the plenary session proposed to build a new open economic system of a higher level and to implement a comprehensive opening up in a wider range, in a wider field and at a deeper level.
He said that the implementation of a wider range of opening-up is to optimize the spatial layout of opening-up, including accelerating the construction of free trade zones, free ports and other highlands of opening-up; the implementation of a wider range of opening-up is to significantly relax market access, including allowing foreign holding or sole investment in more fields; the implementation of a deeper level of opening-up is to promote free trade and investment Facilitation, including improving the system of national treatment plus negative list management before foreign investment access.
Adhere to and improve the fundamental political system of the peoples Congress System
Shen Chunyao, director of the law working committee of the Standing Committee of the National People .
Shen Chunyao disclosed that at present, there are 1.88 million Township Peoples congress deputies, 590000 County Peoples congress deputies, 120000 Municipal Peoples congress deputies divided into districts, 20000 Provincial Peoples congress deputies including provincial peoples Congress, autonomous region peoples Congress and municipal peoples congress deputies directly under the central government. There are nearly 3000 NPC deputies, with a total of 2.62 million deputies at these five levels.
He said that the plenary session put forward the key directions, main tasks, work requirements and important measures for upholding and improving the system of the peoples Congress at present and in the future. This includes supporting and ensuring that the people exercise state power through the peoples Congress, that the peoples Congress and its Standing Committee exercise their functions and powers in accordance with the law, that deputies to the peoples Congress are closely connected with the people, and that the organizational system, electoral system and rules of procedure of the peoples Congress are improved.
Put forward five major task requirements for improving the system of one country, two systems
The plenary session proposed that we should adhere to and improve the system of one country, two systems and promote the peaceful reunification of the motherland. Shen Chunyao introduced that the plenary session put forward a series of tasks and requirements.
First, we should adhere to the rule of Hong Kong and Macao by law, including maintaining the constitutional order of the Special Administrative Region as determined by the Constitution and the basic law, improving the system and mechanism related to the implementation of the Constitution and the basic law of the Special Administrative Region, and adhering to the Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong and Macao people governing Macao with patriots as the main body;
Second, we will improve the appointment and removal system and mechanism of the central government for the chief executive and key officials of the Special Administrative Region, and the interpretation system of the basic law by the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress;
Third, we should establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanism for the Special Administrative Region to safeguard national security, and support the Special Administrative Region to strengthen law enforcement;
Fourth, we need to improve the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall national development situation, complement each others advantages with the mainland, coordinate development mechanisms, and promote the construction of the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao;
Fifth, we will strengthen education in the Constitution and basic law, national conditions, Chinese history and Chinese culture among Hong Kong and Macao society, especially among public officials and young people.
Give full play to the effectiveness of the CPPCC as a political organization and democratic form
Shu Qiming, Deputy Secretary General of the CPPCC National Committee, introduced that the plenary session made arrangements for the implementation of the principle of long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, mutual respect and sharing weal and woe, the strengthening of the construction of the socialist party system with Chinese characteristics, and the improvement of mechanisms for mutual supervision, especially the conscious acceptance of supervision by the Communist Party of China and the implementation of major decision-making and deployment.
Shu Qiming said that the plenary session stressed that the CPPCC should give full play to its effectiveness as a political organization and democratic form, improve the level of political consultation, democratic supervision and participation in political discussion, better build consensus, improve the system of special consultation institutions of the CPPCC, enrich consultation forms, and improve consultation rules.
Several measures to strengthen the supervision of law enforcement
The plenary session proposed that we should adhere to and improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics and improve the ability of the party to rule the country according to law. Yuan Shuhong, Secretary of the Party group and vice minister of the Ministry of justice, said that the plenary session proposed four measures to guarantee.
First, we need to improve the system and mechanism to ensure the full implementation of the constitution, strengthen the implementation and supervision of the constitution, the implementation of the constitutional interpretation procedure mechanism, the promotion of constitutional review, and the strengthening of the filing review system and capacity-building; second, we need to improve the legislative system and mechanism, and constantly improve the quality and efficiency of legislation; third, we need to improve the social justice and legal security system; fourth, we need to strengthen the supervision of the implementation of the law To ensure that administrative, supervisory, judicial and procuratorial powers are properly exercised in accordance with the law.
The people are disgusted by the phenomenon of intervening in judicial cases of law enforcement, such as greeting , approving notes and delivering materials. We should resolutely exclude all kinds of illegal interference, all kinds of hidden rules, and never allow the grace outside the law, and never allow the handling of relation cases, human situation cases and money cases. Yuan Shuhong especially stressed that the vitality of the law lies in strict implementation and full compliance. The plenary session proposed a number of measures to strengthen the supervision of the implementation of the law.