There are high frequency words in media statistics, and the word system has appeared 77 times. It is no wonder that the theme of this conference is system - socialist system with Chinese characteristics, as well as the modernization of national governance system and capacity.
System, system, ability, these three words appear frequently in the communique, what is the relationship? The plenary explained as follows:
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a scientific system formed by the party and the people in their long-term practice and exploration, and the governance ability of the governance system is the concentrated embodiment of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and its implementation ability.
It can be seen that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is an all inclusive concept, while the governance system is a system composed of various systems, such as the partys leadership, economy, politics, culture, society, ecological civilization, military, foreign affairs and other systems. The governance ability is the performance of the system in operation.
Borrowed from an ancient Chinese concept, system is body, but this body is one body with many sides, and governance ability is use.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing from October 28 to 31, 2019. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Central Committee, delivered an important speech.
There has always been a theme in the plenary session. For example, the theme of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee is comprehensively deepening reform, the theme of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee is comprehensively governing the country by law, and the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee discusses the 13th five year plan
Each plenary session has a cut-off entrance and a more focused topic. However, the theme of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is very special. We will talk directly about the overall system construction, so as to meet the immediate risks and challenges, and ensure the prosperity, long-term stability and stability of the party and the country. This makes this plenary session both practical and historic.
The text structure of the communique is very strict. We can divide it into several levels.
First, the basic information of the meeting, such as the date of the meeting, the attendees, the content of the meeting, etc. Second, we have highly affirmed the work of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee since the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, because the Political Bureau has to report to the plenary session on its work. Next is the third part, which is a comprehensive interpretation of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, as well as the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity.
Before that, we must consider an important time node, which is the 70th anniversary of the founding of new China. In October, we just solemnly commemorated this historic moment. In the same month, the Fourth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee comprehensively summed up the historical achievements of the 70 year system construction.
In the text summarizing achievements, there are some key sentences: combining the basic principles of Marxism with Chinas specific reality, making historic achievements, as well as since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is more perfect, and the modernization level of national governance system and governance capacity is significantly improved.
Although the concept of modernization of national governance system and capacity was put forward at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, it can include the whole 70 years of institutional exploration. It includes the peoples Congress system, the regional national autonomy system, the political consultation system, the collective leadership system of the central government and so on. These political systems with Chinese characteristics have continued steadily for 70 years.
Presided over by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee
If we look at the five thousand years of Chinese history and other countries in the world at the same time, the creation of these systems by the Chinese Communists is highly creative. It can be called unprecedented.
For example, when discussing how to deal with the problem of ethnic areas, some people also proposed to learn from the federal system of the Soviet Unions ethnic Republic, but Mao Zedong and others, considering that Chinas ethnic minorities are small, large and mixed, the population is far less than the Han nationality, and Chinas unified tradition for thousands of years, did not copy the Soviet model, but created a regional ethnic autonomy system with Chinese characteristics Degree.
In the past 70 years, many countries in the world have been beset by national problems, while China has maintained national unity and national unity, which is the contribution of this system.
Whether a system is good or not depends on its effectiveness. This system is effective if it can be in line with the actual governance of the country, can solve the practical contradictions, and can promote the liberation and development of the productive forces. This is a very simple truth. The communique of the plenary session summed up 13 significant advantages for this effectiveness, and the recognition of these significant advantages is the basic basis for us to firmly four self-confidence.
Behind this is the practice oriented governance idea, a typical Chinese pragmatism.
This is Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Li Chai Shu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji, Han Zheng and so on on the rostrum.
After 70 years, we will look forward to the future. The communique put forward consolidating the foundation, promoting the advantages, reinforcing the shortcomings, and strengthening the weak and strong points. No system can be perfect. If someone says that a perfect system can cure all diseases, it is either a liar or a madman.
Because the system needs to be used and the practical problems need to be solved. However, the reality is always changing and contradictions emerge in endlessly, so any system needs to be improved constantly. This is the reform orientation.
Here is a key question. After the establishment of the system, can we leave room for our own change? A good system is hard and has a prescriptive effect on reality, but the system is flexible, which can give the executor a chance to improve in the real operation.
In this regard, institutional change under the leadership of the Communist Party of China is very frequent. Its not to say that were going to push it over again, but that we have a strong ability to repair it on the premise that the large architecture remains stable.
However, the system of some countries in the world is often stuck in the veto type system, and the reform is slow and hard to push forward, and the system is too rigid due to the emphasis on checks and balances. Its like a snake that bites its tail and traps its body.
A key to understanding the vitality of Chinas system is the Communist Party of China. This plenary session once again stressed that the party is in charge of everything in the East, West, North and south. The partys leadership should be implemented in all aspects of national governance.
This means that the Communist Party of China plays the role of locomotive. As long as the locomotive can continue to generate driving force, Chinas development can obtain high efficiency. So the key to running Chinas affairs well is the party.
So how to make this locomotive full of power? The original intention of the western system is to guard against power because of its natural vigilance to power, but the result is likely to be a phenomenon of wrangle. Therefore, in recent years, scholars such as Fukuyama put forward the theory of state construction, calling for effective state governance and state capacity.
For the Communist Party of China, it also faces the problem of how to face the power. Power can eat people, but power can also promote progress. On the other hand, it is necessary for leading cadres to make good use of their power. How to tame power? It depends on the system.
The communique has a systematic plan for the partys leadership system this time. It proposes to establish a system that does not forget the original intention and remembers the mission (this is still a new formulation), improve and firmly maintain the authority of the Party Central Committee and the systems of centralized and unified leadership, improve the partys overall leadership system, improve the systems of governance for the people and relying on the people, etc.
Other peoples systems of ownership, rule of law, administration, basic economic system, advanced cultural system, etc. are explained in the bulletin, which reflects the comprehensive construction of the system. And the basis of all this is the leadership system of the party.
How important is the construction of the partys leadership system? Communique ranks first among all systems.
Appendix: quick reading of the communique of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee