On the morning of October 31, at the opening ceremony of China International Information and Communication Exhibition 2019, the Ministry of industry and information technology, together with three major operators and China Tower, held the 5g commercial launching ceremony, announcing the official opening of large-scale 5g commercial in China.
In this regard, the Beijing News interviewed Wang Zhiqin, vice president of China Academy of information and communication. She said that Chinas 5g package tariff level is lower than the international mainstream operators. At the same time, with the further promotion of network speed-up and cost reduction, domestic communication users have gradually shifted from focusing on cost reduction to paying more attention to the quality and experience of communication services. According to the differentiated services, it will also be the development trend of 5g tariff.
On October 31, China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom respectively announced the tariff of 5g package in their respective official apps, with the maximum of 869 yuan from 128 yuan.
5g package of international mainstream operators, such as South Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom, has a minimum price of about 200 yuan / month, and the tariff will drop in the future
Beijing News: what is the level of 5g package tariff in China compared with the international mainstream?
Wang Zhiqin: with regard to the 5g package launched by mainstream international operators such as South Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom, the cheapest package is equivalent to 200 yuan / month, and the most expensive package is about 750 yuan / month, the overall price of 5g package is positioned at the middle and high end, mainly because in the early stage of business, the network coverage is concentrated in the hot area, facing the user groups with higher requirements and greater demand for network broadband The cost of providing network services with more advanced technology and rich content is relatively high. However, with the improvement of 5g network coverage level, network carrying capacity and the development and growth of users, the network construction and operation costs will be gradually diluted, and the 5g tariff level will also decline.
On November 1, three domestic telecom operators will officially launch 5g commercial package. From the perspective of communication with operators, Chinas 5g package tariff level is lower than that of international mainstream operators. At the same time, with the further promotion of network speed-up and cost reduction, domestic communication users have gradually shifted from focusing on cost reduction to paying more attention to the quality and experience of communication services. According to the differentiated services, it will also be the development trend of 5g tariff.
Beijing News: in the 5g era, what are the main competition points of the three operators? How will the competition pattern change?
Wang Zhiqin: 5g technology, with its characteristics of high speed, low delay and large connectivity, can be applied to mobile Internet, industrial Internet and other scenarios. It will not only serve individual users, but also many industry customers. Operating enterprises will provide differentiated solutions and services around different entities, which may be the focus of market competition in the future. In terms of market competition pattern, from the perspective of license issuance, China Radio and television has become the fourth basic telecom operator after China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom.
Beijing News: it is reported that 5g base stations in South Korea are mainly laid in Seoul and its surrounding areas. Will Chinas 5g base station construction also focus on large cities?
Wang Zhiqin: the investment in 5g base station construction is large, which is generally carried out in batches. The first 5g base stations in China are mainly laid in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Suzhou and other economically developed cities. According to relevant planning, 130000 5g base stations will be built in 50 cities in the year. It is expected that next year will be a large-scale construction period of 5g base station, and it is believed that it will be gradually deployed to all cities in the country.
It is estimated that the total investment in 5g network construction will reach 1.2 trillion yuan in 2025.
Beijing News: what are the problems in 5g network construction and operation and how to solve them?
Wang Zhiqin: 5g business is just in its infancy, there are still a lot of work to be done in the future, and many difficulties and challenges still exist. First, the cost of 5g construction has increased, and the pressure on operators has increased. On the one hand, due to the higher working frequency band and data throughput of 5g, the deployment density and power cost of base stations will increase, and the cost of network construction and operation and maintenance of operators will be high. It is estimated that the power consumption of 5g single base station equipment is three to four times that of 4G at this stage; under the same coverage, the total investment of 5g network construction is expected to reach 1.2 trillion yuan in 2025, including three major operators and radio and television (considering co construction and sharing), as well as social investment. On the other hand, telecom enterprises are facing the pressure of declining income growth. With the gradual saturation of the domestic communication market, the growth rate of revenue in the telecommunications industry has continued to decline. In the first half of this year, the cumulative revenue of the telecommunications industry fell by 0.03% year on year, and the current traffic management model is difficult to maintain. In order to solve this problem, operators need to innovate business model, break through inertia thinking, and use 5g new technology such as network slicing to find new development path.
Beijing News: what are the bottlenecks in 5g application cultivation?
Wang Zhiqin: the application prospect of 5g in all walks of life has been widely concerned by the whole society, but it still faces many challenges. Due to the uneven information foundation and different demands of various vertical industries. 5g industry application has not formed a clear business model yet, the fragmented industry demand means it is difficult to copy and promote on a large scale. 5g application ecosystem needs to be improved, and the cooperation between 5g application and network, terminal, basic software and hardware needs to be further strengthened. For example, in the past, the download rate of mobile Internet was much higher than the upload rate, but in the industrial Internet scenario, the demand for upload rate was higher than the download rate. 5g integrated application development is a world-wide problem, which requires collaboration of different industries to explore a win-win business model. At the same time, it needs to get through multiple links such as technology, industry, capital, etc., to face new scenarios and demands in the production field, and to re develop new hardware and software products.
Beijing News: what specific application scenarios will 5g have?
Wang Zhiqin: 5g application scenarios are widely used in Internet of vehicles, intelligent manufacturing, medical treatment, entertainment, social networking, etc. At present, the use of AR / VR technology should be strong in public perception, close to personal life and high in attention. It strengthens the channels and ways of information acquisition, and can build an interactive bridge between real scenes and virtual scenes. During the use process, users can more comprehensively understand real world objects, such as AV / VR game experience, virtual fitting mirror, etc. 5g network is like a highway, application is like a car. When the road is paved, there will be more cars. I believe that users can experience different experiences in 5g era.
Wang Zhiqin: on the basis of good 4G, Chinese enterprises actively participate in the development of 5g international standards, and promote large-scale antenna, service-oriented network architecture, advanced coding and other innovative technologies into international standards. 5g basic patents account for more than 30%, ranking the first in the world. Huawei, ZTE and other enterprises take the lead in the performance of medium frequency system equipment in the world. Huawei Hisilicon has launched 5g commercial chips. Huawei , oppo, vivo, Xiaomi, etc. have launched 5g commercial terminals, and Chinas 5g industry has been in the first echelon in the world.
Reporter of Beijing News promises editor Xu Chao to proofread Li Shihui