The most stringent new regulations on entering Beijing in history came into force on November 1: affecting millions of cars

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 The most stringent new regulations on entering Beijing in history came into force on November 1: affecting millions of cars


Traffic on the main road of the East Third Ring Road in Beijing. Photographed by Jin Shuo, a reporter from China new Internet

Where is the strictest in history?

According to the notice of Beijing Municipality on taking traffic management measures for some passenger cars (hereinafter referred to as the notice), the measures implemented on November 1, 2019 are called the most stringent in history because there are four major changes compared with the previous restrictions on license plates in other places.

Change 1: restrict further expansion of the region. From November 1, 2019, the restricted areas of foreign brands will be expanded from Beijing Fifth Ring Road to Beijing Sixth Ring Road, and Tongzhou, the Deputy administrative center of Beijing, will be all divided into restricted areas.

Amendment 2: the paper entry certificate must be clearly stated. There are two ways to apply for the Beijing entry permit, one is to apply for it at the high-speed service point, and the other is to apply online through the Beijing traffic police app. After the implementation of the new regulations, the Beijing entry permit handled by the mobile terminal must be printed in paper version and placed on the inner left lower part of the front windshield.

The electronic entry permit needs to be printed.

Change 3: the number of days in Beijing every year will be limited. Each vehicle with a foreign license can apply for a Beijing entry pass at most 12 times a year, with a maximum period of validity of 7 days each time. Therefore, it can drive for up to 84 days a year, accounting for 23% of the total number of days in the whole year.

According to the actual needs, it is possible to apply either continuously or monthly or irregularly, according to the relevant person in charge of Beijing Transportation Commission. After the implementation of the new deal on November 1, the remaining 61 days in 2019 only account for this years quota, which can be understood as a buffer, and will enter a new counting cycle on January 1 next year.

Change 4: in the restricted area, it is not allowed to stop and drive. If no entry permit has been applied for or the entry permit has exceeded the validity period, and the urban road above the grade of branch road within the restricted scope is parked, the number of days for which the entry permit can be applied for in the current year shall be deducted according to the number of parking days.

Beijing license. Picture provided by interviewee

How many cars will be affected by the new rules? By the end of May this year, the number of motor vehicles in Beijing had reached 6.21 million (including 5.19 million passenger cars) and about 1 million non local brands, according to the Beijing Transportation Commission. At present, the Internet spread that individual communities no longer rent parking spaces from vehicles with license plates in other cities.

However, Mr. Xu, who lives in Tongzhou, Beijing and has a license plate in Hebei Province, said that the new regulations had little impact on him. Before, you had to go to the city to get a Beijing permit, now you need a permit to go back to Tongzhou.. But I dont work very well. I cant really do it. Its not a big deal to put the car in the community and get a car.

According to the explanation of Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission, vehicles without certificates can be parked in the parking space of their own community or in the public parking lot outside the road, which will not reduce the number of days, but they need to apply for the Beijing entry pass again, otherwise they will be punished accordingly. In addition, after the expiration of the entry permit for vehicles from other places, if they park in the off-road parking lot, they will not be reduced the effective days of re applying for the permit and will not be punished.

Why limit the number of days in Beijing? Beijing Traffic Management Bureau explained that the traffic environment resources of the central city and the sub center are limited, and they cant afford too many cars.

According to the monitoring and data of Beijing traffic management department, about 709000 vehicles with foreign port license have been used in Beijing for a long time. The proportion of foreign and domestic bus driving on urban expressway is 10%; the proportion of domestic and foreign bus parking in residential area of Wuhuan road is 5% to 13%, and that outside Wuhuan road is 15% to 29%.

This number has seriously affected the fairness and effectiveness of Beijings motor vehicle total control policy. Of course, there are also considerations about the shortage of parking resources in the urban area.

To what extent can the parking problem in Beijing be alleviated?

Beijing has a long history of parking problems. In 1994, Beijing determined the residential area allocation index as 0.1 parking space / household, and proposed in 1999 and issued a new index revision value of 0.3 parking space / household in the Third Ring Road and 0.5 parking space / household outside the Third Ring Road in 2002.

In 2015, Beijing revised the parking allocation index of residential areas again, the total supply of parking spaces should be controlled between 1.1 and 1.3 times of the number of motor vehicles. According to the standard, the ideal number of parking spaces in Beijing should be between 6.2 million and 7.4 million, but in fact, it is far from enough.

According to the survey data of parking spaces released by Beijing Municipal Commission of transportation in 2017, by the end of 2016, the total number of parking spaces in urban areas of Beijing was 3.82 million, and the demand for parking at night was 3.84 million, with the same total supply and demand; however, the spatial distribution of parking space resources was uneven, and the imbalance gap of residential parking spaces reached 1.29 million. Among them, the serious vacancy area in the Third Ring Road accounts for 84%, and there is no sufficient parking area in the Fifth Ring Road.

By the end of May 2019, the number of motor vehicles in Beijing has reached 6.21 million (including 5.19 million passenger cars). Although the number of motor vehicles has slowed down with the introduction of regulatory measures, it is an indisputable fact that parking spaces are less than motor vehicles.

On the one hand, the number of parking spaces is insufficient, on the other hand, a large number of parking spaces are not effectively utilized. According to the 2017 China smart parking industry big data report jointly released by etcp smart parking industry research institute and the first financial business data center, the utilization rate of parking spaces in Beijing is between 40% and 50%.

The utilization rate of parking space is low. Data source etcp

The new rules can reduce the number of foreign vehicles entering Beijing, which has certain effect on alleviating the difficulty of parking, but the proportion of foreign vehicles is not high, so we should mainly use big data and staggered parking to activate the existing parking space resources, so as to achieve better results, Pan Helin, a postdoctoral candidate in Applied Economics at China Academy of financial Sciences, told reporters

Nie Yaguang, deputy director of the static traffic management office of Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission, said in an interview with the media that in 2018, more than 20000 parking spaces were provided for residents in the six districts of Beijing city through the potential building of new three-dimensional parking facilities.

The administrator of a parking lot in Beijing commands the car owner to reverse. Photographed by Jin Shuo, a reporter from China new Internet

Changsheng building, located in North Xinhua Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, is close to the residential area. Under the coordination of the District Urban Management Committee and the street, Changsheng building takes out 200 parking spaces to share with residents in three communities, xijiaomin lane, North Xinhua Street and Liubukou. The parking order is greatly improved.

The reporter learned in the parking lot of Changsheng building that from July 2019, the monthly rent of parking space was adjusted from 900 yuan to 1000 yuan. However, residents who have passed the certification of four cards in one (household register, room book, ID card and driving license) can still enjoy the preferential price of 400 yuan per month.

(function() {(window. Slotbydup = window. Slotbydup| []). Push ({ID: 6374560, container: ssp_, size: 300250, display: inlay fix, async: true}););); sharing parking spaces for residents not only makes it convenient for residents, but also benefits us. The 24-hour average parking space utilization rate of the parking lot has increased by nearly 20%, and everyone wins. Changsheng building parking lot staff told reporters. Recently, the static traffic management office of Beijing Transportation Commission said it was studying and issuing guidance on shared parking in case of wrong time, which will clarify the incentive mechanism for parking facilities suppliers and the restraint mechanism for parking space users. According to the parking survey data, the potential of shared parking in Beijing is very large. Whether from the idle number of public parking spaces or from the distance between public parking spaces and residential areas, it is possible to carry out parking sharing. Nie Yaguang said that at present, there are about 900000 idle parking spaces in public buildings in Beijing at night. If 50% of the idle parking spaces can be promoted to share with the residential area at the wrong time, about 35% of the parking gap in the residential area can be solved, which is equivalent to the total amount of night parking on the road at present, which is quite considerable. Source: zhongxin.com Author: Zhang Xu editor in charge: Yu changzong u301d nbj11145

Sharing parking spaces for residents not only makes it convenient for residents, but also benefits us. The 24-hour average utilization rate of parking spaces in the parking lot has increased by nearly 20%, and everyone wins. Changsheng building parking lot staff told reporters.

Recently, the static traffic management office of Beijing Transportation Commission said it was studying and issuing guidance on shared parking in case of wrong time, which will clarify the incentive mechanism for parking facilities suppliers and the restraint mechanism for parking space users.

According to the parking survey data, the potential of shared parking in Beijing is very large. Whether from the idle number of public parking spaces or from the distance between public parking spaces and residential areas, it is possible to carry out parking sharing. Nie Yaguang said that at present, there are about 900000 idle parking spaces in public buildings in Beijing at night. If 50% of the idle parking spaces can be promoted to share with the residential area at the wrong time, about 35% of the parking gap in the residential area can be solved, which is equivalent to the total amount of night parking on the road at present, which is quite considerable.