After the announcement of the start of the attack, the Turkish Army entered the Syrian border under the cover of air strikes and artillery shelling. The picture shows Turkish artillery firing.
Erdogan declared that the large-scale troop dispatch was aimed at combating the Kurdish armed Peoples Protection Force, Syrian Democratic Army, Kurdish WorkersParty and the terrorist organization Islamic State based in northern Syria, and establishing a 48-kilometer-wide and 500-kilometer-long security zone in the area bordering northern Syria and Turkey in order to solve Turkey. Its national security issues.
The Fountain of Peace plan of action, the Turkish Army troops into Syria in four routes.
Why did Turkey fight the Kurds at this time?
Turkeys direct target, the Kurds, is a nomadic people mainly living in the Middle East, with a total population of about 30 million. It is the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East, and also the most populous ethnic group in the world that has not established a state. About 7 million of them live in eastern and southeastern Turkey, the most populous minority in the country.
Historically, due to the huge differences in customs and cultures between Kurds and Turks, there has been a conflict between the two sides, and the Kurds in Turkey have never given up pursuing their independence. After the 1920s, the Turkish government suppressed the Kurdish separatist forces several times, and the contradiction between the two sides further escalated.
By the 1980s, the Kurdistan WorkersParty had been established and had waged a 15-year civil war with the Turkish government. Only after entering the 21st century did the situation ease.
In 2011, the situation in the Middle East changed dramatically. The Kurdish WorkersParty (PKK) forces in Turkey entered northern Syria in disorder and contacted the local Kurdish aborigines to launch attacks on the Turkish border. Turkey also has difficulty in carrying out effective counter-attacks because of the cross-border military operations involved, as well as operations in Syria where interests of all parties are intertwined.
Turkish army commanders are often attacked by Kurdish WorkersParty (PKK), which is strategically disadvantaged, because of their worrying command ability and training level.
On the other hand, the United States regards the Kurdish armed forces as its direct agent in Syria and gives them adequate military assistance. As a result, the Kurdish armed forces have gradually developed and strengthened, with a tendency to change from guerrilla units to regular forces, and a tendency to prepare for independence and the establishment of a Kurdish state has gradually emerged, which has touched Turkeys national security bottom line.
As for the solution of establishing safe zone, it was first proposed by the United States at the beginning of this year. The plan seeks to create a buffer zone along the border between Turkey and Syria to protect Turkey, a NATO ally, from attacks. In Turkeys view, the establishment of a security zone can isolate the Kurdish armed forces, reduce security pressures, and can relocate about 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey, which is also conducive to reducing domestic political and economic pressures.
US President Trump and Turkish President Erdogan.
So Turkey accepted the idea, but after many talks, neither Turkey nor the United States could agree on the details. For example, the depth of the zone, whether Kurdish forces should withdraw from the zone, and which side of the zone should control it remain open to question. Earlier this year, the United States began a gradual withdrawal from Kurdish-controlled areas in northeastern Syria and left large quantities of combat materials to the Kurds in the name of depreciation, which is likely to be used against the Turkish army.
From June to July 2017 alone, the United States provided 434 truckloads of weapons to Kurdish forces, including more than 20,000 firearms of all kinds, more than 1,300 rocket launchers and 600 night vision devices. The picture shows Kurdish armed soldiers.
After repeated delays in the talks between the United States and Turkey, the Turkish government decided to abandon the United States and use force to open up a safe zone of its own, considering that the United States had no effective control over the Kurds and could not wait for the expansion of the Kurdish threat. Together, these factors contributed to the Erdogan governments decision to carry out a comprehensive military campaign against Kurdish forces in northern Syria.
The U.S. first persuaded Turkey not to use force against northern Syria, warned Erdogan government not to overdo it after showing a tough stance, and continued to withdraw the local U.S. military. In fact, Kurdish forces have been pushed to the front of the Turkish army.
Kurdish forces are not unprepared for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria. In the war with Syrian forces, Kurdish armed forces will occasionally send positions to each other to avoid direct confrontation with the Russian and Assad governments.
For the United States, the Kurdish armed forces are not only a powerful helper to help it eliminate ISIS terrorist organizations, but also an important force to block the expansion of Russian and Iranian forces. So since 2015, the U.S. Army has supported the Kurdish armed forces in all aspects in the name of anti-terrorism. It not only provides weapons and ammunition, but also dispatches U.S. troops to fight together, even once supporting the founding of the country.
It can be said that the Kurdish issue is an insurmountable obstacle between the United States and Turkey, leading to a sharp decline in bilateral relations in recent years. Relative to the interests of the Kurds, maintaining relations with Turkey is of course more important to the United States, so part of the withdrawal is not on the rise.
Earlier, Turkey purchased Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missiles and was kicked out of the F-35 project by the United States, which was only a small part of the friction between the United States and Turkey.
In addition, after Russias intervention in Syria in 2015, relations between Russia and Turkey warmed rapidly. Not long ago, Turkey purchased the Russian S-400 air defense system, and there are news that Turkey has plans to buy the Soviet Union-35 or even the Soviet Union-57.
Recently, Israel was finally recognized by the United States sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Prime Minister Netanyahu commented afterwards that Israel can only defend its country on its own. Once Turkey succeeds in resolving the Kurdish problem, Israel will face more defense pressures.
The United States does not want to push Turkey to Russia. After all, Turkey is still a NATO ally and has a strong influence in the Middle East. So it is probably one of the strategies to make surface concessions on the Kurdish issue and let Turkey empty its buffer zone with Russia and Iran by itself and successfully insert a wedge.
According to foreign media reports. Turkey shelled a U.S. military camp late on November 11, local time. Later, Turkish officials claimed that it was a misfire caused by the use of old maps. As the offensive unfolds, uncertainties are also growing sharply.
In the face of the fierce Turkish army, the Kurdish armed forces have declared that they will defend the base at all costs. The Kurds have accumulated rich experience in guerrilla warfare in eight years of civil war, which will be a bitter war for the Turkish army, which will further increase the complexity of the political situation in the Middle East and the consequences will be even more unpredictable.
Source of this article: Netease Talking about Military Responsible Editor: Li Xi_N2587