How does Japan cope with natural disasters when it encounters the strongest typhoon this year?

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 How does Japan cope with natural disasters when it encounters the strongest typhoon this year?


New Beijing News Typhoon No. 19 Haibeisi landed in the evening of October 12 in Kanto, Japan, which is the strongest typhoon in Japan this year and is expected to bring record rainfall.

On the 12th, the wind was strong in Tokyo, Japan. Picture/Visual China

Japan Meteorological Agency pointed out that the power of this typhoon can match that of the typhoon Sakawa 60 years ago, when the disaster caused more than 1,200 deaths. The head of the Forecasting Section of the Meteorological Agency said at a news conference on the 12th: There is a need to take immediate measures to protect life.

According to NHK reports, at 3:30 p.m. on December 12, Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Qunma, Yamanashi, Shizuoka and Nagano all issued a special rainstorm warning, which was the first time that seven cities and counties issued the warning simultaneously since it was launched in 2013.

Japanese television broadcasts a special rainstorm warning. Television live screenshots

Heavy rains hit Shizuoka, Japan, on December 12. Picture / visual China

In Chiba County, the maximum instantaneous wind speed detected in the daytime on the 12th day reached 25 m/s, and the roofs of many residential buildings were blown off by strong wind. A local private car was blown over and a man in it died. At about 6:22 p.m. on the 12th, an earthquake of magnitude 5.7 occurred in the south of Chiba County.

The houses in Chiba County were badly damaged. NHK Video Live Screen

Affected by typhoon, 24,000 households in the Japanese capital area had blackouts as of 4 p.m. on December 12, and the blackout area is expected to expand further on the evening of December 12. Japans Ministry of Economy and Industry has deployed 300 power maintenance personnel ahead of schedule to minimize the sound of film shutdowns.

Full-line response to Heibeth

With typhoon coming, Japan Meteorological Agency Dang Ren refused to stand at the forefront of the disaster prevention front.

According to the website of the Japan Meteorological Agency, five days before typhoon Haibeisi landed, the Meteorological Agency issued a strong typhoon forecast, including the possible landing location, route and maximum instantaneous wind speed prediction of typhoon.

On October 9, local time, the Japan Meteorological Agency held a press conference to warn people about the strongest typhoon attack this year, warning people to reduce outbound, when there may be a huge rainstorm disaster.

On October 11, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe convened a cabinet meeting to discuss the response to typhoon Haibeth, according to the website of the Japanese Prime Ministers residence. Abe said that the typhoon is fierce, police, fire control, maritime security and other organs must be vigilant, if necessary, the Self-Defense Forces should also participate in disaster relief work. 17,000 people, centered on the Guandong and Jinggang troops, are on standby at any time to cope with the impact of typhoon disasters.

On October 11, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe convened a cabinet meeting. Screenshot of the website of the Prime Ministers residence in Japan

Several Japanese railway companies announced their outage plans for all routes on the 12th. JR East China Sea announced that all trains between Tokyo and Nagoya, Tokyo Shinkansen Line, were closed all day on the 12th. JR East Japan Company and West Japan Company also issued detailed outage notice.

Yokohama station in Japan is empty and most of the lines are out of service. Picture/Visual China

Aviation, 12, a total of 1,800 flights due to early cancellation of typhoon warning, 200,000 tourists were affected.

According to Daily News, the World Rugby and F1 matches scheduled to be held in Japan on December 12 were all rescheduled. Tokyo Disney and Osaka Universal Studios closed on December 12, the first time in 36 years that Tokyo Disneyland closed all day because of typhoon.

Fast food in Japanese convenience stores has been snapped up. Picture / visual China

In addition, several department stores and supermarkets in the capital circle also announced the suspension of business. A large number of Japanese people rushed to buy barreled water, instant noodles, fast food, batteries, emergency lights and other goods in supermarkets on November 11, and many shelves were swept away in a short time. Some netizens said the scene reminded us of the chaos during the March 11 earthquake.

Japanese netizens with pets complain on Twitter that their Wang Xing can only stay at home. Twitter screenshots

As all Japanese media began to report the high frequency of Typhoon Haibei Si from 9, leading some residents to exaggerate tensions in social media Tucao.

Pervasive Disaster Prevention Awareness

Japan is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, accounting for only 0.28% of the worlds land area, but the number of earthquakes with magnitude 6 or above accounts for 20.5% of the worlds total, and the total amount of disaster losses accounts for 11.9% of the worlds total. In natural disasters, typhoons and earthquakes cause more deaths.

Disaster statistics report published on the website of the Cabinet Government of Japan.

Because of its special disaster-prone constitution, Japan has specialized departments related to different types of disasters, such as earthquake and tsunami countermeasure, volcanic disaster countermeasure, flood countermeasure, snow disaster countermeasure, disaster prevention countermeasure, disaster emergency countermeasure and disaster knowledge popularization. Every community, school, NPO and NGO in every city regularly organize disaster prevention education activities.

In the streets of Japan, apart from vending machines, the most common one is the asylum warning signs. Each area has its own evacuation roads and places of refuge.

In Japan, there are corresponding evacuation roads and places of refuge in each region. Twitter User Map

After the Hanshin earthquake in 1995, the Ministry of Science and Culture of Japan readjusted the disaster prevention education system in primary and secondary schools. Starting from enlightening studentsawareness of disaster prevention, we should educate children and students about the ways of refuge and self-rescue in case of fire, earthquake, flood and other disasters.

After the East Japan Earthquake in 2011, the Ministry of Culture of Japan launched an investigation into the citizens of the affected areas. Ninety-four percent of schools have conducted earthquake shelter drills, more than 97 percent of schools have conducted fire shelter education, and 13.8 percent of schools in coastal cities have conducted tsunami shelter training.

Top-down Disaster Prevention System

In Japan, taking the experience and lessons of large-scale natural disasters and accidents as an opportunity, the disaster prevention system has been strengthened, especially the legal system has been improved.

For example, several strong typhoons in the 1940s led to the enactment of the Disaster Relief Act and the Water Prevention Act; after typhoon Onagawa in 1959, the Japanese government enacted the Building Benchmark Act to enhance the typhoon-proof performance of buildings.

In response to the emergency rescue of disasters, detailed provisions have been added to the Disaster Relief Law, Fire Protection Organization Law, Maritime Security Department Law, Fire Protection Law, Water Protection Law, Police Law and Self-Defense Force Law. In view of post-disaster reconstruction, a series of laws have been formulated, such as the Law on Special Measures for the Recovery of Disaster-stricken Urban Areas, the Law on Support for the Reconstruction of Disaster-stricken Peoples Lives and the Law on Compensation for Fishery Disasters.

In the governments crisis management, the Cabinet Government set up a disaster prevention minister in 2001, mainly responsible for the unified dispatch of various administrative departments to take orderly disaster prevention measures.

The government disaster prevention linkage system. Tu/Japanese Cabinet Office website

When major disasters occur, the Prime Minister is at the core of the highest leadership, the cabinet and various government departments cooperate and link up, and all of them devote themselves to disaster emergency response. Japans annual disaster prevention budget exceeds 1 trillion yen. In addition, Japan is continuing to promote scientific research on disaster prevention. In 2006, the Cabinet of Ministers of Japan issued the Third Basic Plan for Science and Technology, proposing the policy goal of building Japan into a country glorified by security and the safest country in the world. To this end, 10 important research projects have been launched in various fields. Source: Zhang Xianchao_NN9310, responsible editor of Beijing News

When major disasters occur, the Prime Minister is at the core of the highest leadership, the cabinet and various government departments cooperate and link up, and all of them devote themselves to disaster emergency response. Japans annual disaster prevention budget exceeds 1 trillion yen.

In addition, Japan is continuing to promote scientific research on disaster prevention. In 2006, the Cabinet of Ministers of Japan issued the Third Basic Plan for Science and Technology, proposing the policy goal of building Japan into a country glorified by security and the safest country in the world. To this end, 10 important research projects have been launched in various fields.