Civil aviation has changed peoples concept of time and space, the outlook of the world and the lives of you and me, from Ling Wai Yin Shu Ju to Tianya Yao and Tianjiao Tong. By the end of 2018, China Civil Aviation has 4945 regular flights and routes. In 2018, the total transportation turnover reached 120.653 billion tons kilometers, the passenger transportation volume reached 611.737 million, the freight and postal turnover volume reached 262.25 million tons kilometers, and the civil aviation transportation scale ranked second in the world for 14 consecutive years. Over the past 70 years, Chinas civil aviation has taken off with the new China, leaving behind a brilliant track.
Open up the airline network to the world, expand opening up and deepen cooperation
On May 5, 2017, C919, a new generation large-scale jet airliner with completely independent intellectual property rights, took off in a stunning manner and landed perfectly after a flight of 1 hour and 20 minutes. This is an epoch-making moment in the history of civil aviation, marking a breakthrough in the technology of domestic large aircraft after suffering.
Like the initials C of domestic large aircraft, the development of Chinas civil aviation is not a smooth straight line.
On November 2, 1949, New China Civil Aviation was formally established. A week later, the Communist Party of China successfully instigated the Two Airlines Uprising. A large number of technical and operational personnel returned from the two Airlines uprising have become a major technical and operational backbone in the construction of civil aviation in New China, and they have made important contributions to the establishment and development of civil aviation in New China.
On August 1, 1950, Beijing took off from Guangzhou in cheers and arrived in Tianjin in 7 hours and 40 minutes after stopping at Hankou. The opening of Tianjin-Beijing-Hankou-Chongqing and Tianjin-Beijing-Hankou-Guangzhou routes marked the opening of Civil Aviation domestic routes in New China and opened an important page in the history of civil aviation.
In the 1950s, a new republic was in full swing. However, due to domestic political, economic, diplomatic and technological conditions, CAAC only signed navigation agreements with the Soviet Union, North Korea, Myanmar, Vietnam, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Laos and other neighboring countries, with a total distance of only about 4000 kilometers.
In late March 1965, Premier Zhou Enlai led our party and government delegation to Romania to attend the funeral of then General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, George U. Dezhi, and hired a Pakistani Airlines plane. On the way back to China, Premier Zhou Enlai asked a person in charge of the Civil Aviation Administration around him expectantly, When will we be able to travel by our own plane of CAAC?
Civil Aviation of China is actively preparing for the opportunity to fly out. In June 1965, Premier Zhou Enlai visited Tanzania and other six African countries. Civil Aviation of China dispatched the most advanced Il-18 turboprop aircraft in China at that time to carry out this important special aircraft mission. Il-18, the first long voyage, lasted 14 days and traveled about 45,000 kilometers through 12 countries and regions. After many trials and tribulations, it finally triumphed. This is a landmark voyage of the New China Civil Aviation.
On April 29, 1964, we sailed with our friendly neighbour, Pakistan. Since then, the door to the West has been opened. CAACs planes can fly directly to Europe and Africa via Pakistan. According to foreign commentary, China-Brazil air service is a grand event of diplomatic aviation in the world aviation history.
In the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the worlds third pole, for many years only the Hawks worshipped by the Tibetan people have been able to fly here. However, a steel Eagle larger, higher, faster and farther than the eagle flew in. It flew up to the roof of the world, into Tibet and into the hearts of the people of all nationalities. On this day, May 29, 1956, the Beijing aircraft from Beijing and Guanghan, Sichuan, successfully landed at the Lhasa Dangxiong Airport in Tibet.
In the Beijing Aviation Museum, the mottled fuselage and faded wings of the Beijing with many meritorious deeds are engraved with the traces of fighting wind and clouds. Although the once powerful engine has lost its vitality, it still stands, telling people the unforgettable history. Beijing has withdrawn from active service, but the spirit of daring to be the first in the world is flowing in the blood of generations of civil aviation. It is with this spirit that New Chinas civil aviation people overcome many difficulties and stubbornly extend their routes to the north and south of the motherland, Baishan Black Water, snow plateau, inside and outside the Great Wall, all over the land of Shenzhou.
The great development of civil aviation in China began with the reform and opening up. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, CAAC took the lead in opening up a number of trunk and branch lines centered on Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. In order to meet the needs of air route development, Chinas civil aviation accelerated aircraft type updating, and further narrowed the gap between Chinas transport aircraft and the advanced level of international civil aviation. In order to meet the demand of developing air transport for transport capacity, in the early 1990s, CAAC accelerated the pace of aircraft introduction and renewal, and adopted various financing methods to add transport aircraft, so that the fleet size continued to expand.
Civil Aviation of China is also a pioneer in opening up.
On May 3, 1980, Beijing Aviation Food Company, a joint venture between the Beijing Administration of Civil Aviation and Hong Kong China Aviation Food Company Limited, officially opened. This is the first joint venture approved by the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, known as Tianzi No. 1.
In 1994, the General Administration of Civil Aviation and the Ministry of Foreign Trade jointly promulgated policies and regulations on foreign investment in civil aviation industry, which determined that civil aviation of China should conduct pilot projects in the civil aviation transport industry of China for foreign investment. According to this policy, Hainan Airlines issued 10.04 million foreign shares on September 27, 1995, becoming the first domestic airline with foreign shares. Since then, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines and Air China have listed overseas, opening up channels for CAAC to utilize foreign capital.
With a positive attitude, Chinas civil aviation industry has formulated a world-oriented and open international air transport policy, and actively, progressively, orderly and securely opened the air transport market. Under this policy, Chinas civil aviation has established more and more close air transport relations with other countries in the world. By the end of 2018, China has signed bilateral air transport agreements with 126 countries and regions around the world.
For 70 years, the word C is like a bow stretched. In the successive struggle of generations of civil aviation, in the mission of a powerful transportation country, it shoots arrows piercing the clouds! ___________ Nowadays, opening the schematic map of Chinas civil aviation routes, different sizes represent the airports red dots and densely interwoven network of routes is amazing. By the end of 2018, China Civil Aviation has 4945 regular flights and routes. In 2018, the total transportation turnover reached 120.653 billion tons kilometers, the passenger traffic volume was 61.1737 million, the freight and postal turnover volume was 26.225 million tons kilometers, and the civil aviation transportation scale ranked the second in the world for 14 consecutive years. Civil aviation people, full of painstaking efforts, freehand blue sky, painted a picture of the latest and most beautiful.
In the early spring of 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected the Daxing International Airport in Beijing under construction, emphasizing that the new airport is a major landmark project of the capital and a new power source for the development of the country. Still in the spring of this year, on April 1, 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council decided to establish Xiongan New District in Hebei Province. In the new era, the frontier of reform and opening up and the model of high-quality development emerged like a spring bud. Beijing Daxing International Airport, 46 kilometers away from Tiananmen and 55 kilometers away from Xiongan New Area, will directly contribute to the Millennium Plan of Xiongan New Area and become a sample of promoting regional coordinated development.
Since the reform and opening up, the airport construction has ushered in a blowout-like development. A remarkable feature of airport construction is that it has played an extremely obvious and powerful pulling role in the local economy. Special economic zones regard airport construction as an indispensable precursor project for the development of special economic zones, and coastal open cities have built or rebuilt airports one after another; provincial capitals and large and medium-sized cities have successively requested to navigate with the capital and port cities, and regard airport construction as an important infrastructure project to promote economic development. The construction of airports has witnessed unprecedented prosperity.
World-class airport cluster and world-class urban agglomeration coexist. As the most dynamic, open and innovative region in China, the airport group construction in the Yangtze River Delta has taken shape, the scale of air transport business has expanded rapidly, and the international and regional aviation hub has been initially built. In the 20 years since 1999, the number of civil aviation airports in the Yangtze River Delta region has increased from 16 to 23. It is expected that by 2025, there will be 30 air transport airports in the Yangtze River Delta. In 2018, 23 airports in the Yangtze River Delta transported 250 million passengers, accounting for 63.2% of East China and 19.6% of the whole country, and completed 5.69 million tons of freight and postal throughput, accounting for 83.6% of East China and 35.1% of the whole country.
By the end of 2018, Chinas civil air transport licensing airports had reached 235, with 37 passenger throughput exceeding 10 million. It has initially formed a pattern of taking Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other international hub airports as the center, provincial capital cities and key city regional hub airports as the backbone, and other main and branch airports cooperating with each other.
Seventy years of space-time circulation, the airport is no longer the traditional sense of simple transport infrastructure, has become a profound impact on the economic and industrial structure of the catalyst.
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, facing the rapid growth of the air transport market, the major airports in Western China set off a new wave of renovation and expansion. Following Chengdu Airport, Chongqing Airport and Kunming Airport have entered the era of double runway, and Guiyang Airport will also usher in double Runway Operation in 2020. At the same time, a large number of small and medium-sized airports in the western region have been rebuilt and expanded. By the end of 2018, 347 of the worlds top 500 enterprises had settled in Sichuan, 287 in Chongqing and 43 in Yunnan. The large-scale settlements of the worlds top 500 enterprises in the western region have not only greatly improved the local investment and business environment, but also brought a large number of personnel flow. From international to domestic, from domestic to provincial; from trunk line to branch line, from branch line to branch line, a hierarchical network of airlines gradually covers the western sky, shortening the distance between the mountains and waters of the western region and the whole country and the world.
It can be said that the increase and expansion of airports have become the forerunner and miniature of the overall economic and social development in the western region. Data show that in 2018, Chinas GDP exceeded 90 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.6% over the same period last year. Among the 18 provinces whose GDP growth exceeded the national growth rate, Guizhou and Tibet ranked first with 9.1% growth, Sichuan with 8% growth and Qinghai with 7.2%.
Logistics flying, industry landing, urban prosperity, economic take-off!
On the vast territory of China, the six provinces in the central region have outlined a backbone of a big country running through the north and the south. To be open and build airports; to be strong, go to civil aviation. As an important driving force of social and economic development, civil aviation has always helped the central region to build up the steel backbone of big powers.
In response to the national strategy and service to revitalize the cause, Northeast Civil Aviation in recent years has also handed in a bright report card in its own development process. After the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, eight new airports were built and put into use in Northeast China, and nine airports were rebuilt and expanded. The construction of airports and the opening of routes have made it possible for the ice and snow in Northeast China to become Jinshan and Yinshan.
Flying into the clouds of ordinary people and blooming happy flowers
On October 5, 1957, Premier Zhou Enlai instructed in the Civil Aviation Administrations Summary Report on the First Anniversary of China-Myanmar Navigation that Safety first, service improvement and normal flight should be guaranteed. These three sentences have also become the working guidelines of CAAC, and with the changes of the times, they have been injected with new connotations.
May 14, 2018, destined to be recorded in history. On this day, Sichuan Airlines Flight 3U8633 broke out and the windshield broke. The crew members cooperated with various units of Southwest Civil Aviation to complete an epic successful landing and reserve, which guaranteed the life safety of 119 passengers on board. They were awarded the title of Civil Aviation Hero Aircrew of China by Civil Aviation Administration and Sichuan Provincial Government, and the title of Civil Aviation Hero Captain of China by Captain Liu Chuanjian.
On September 30, 2018, general secretary Xi Jinping invited all members of the China Civil Aviation hero crew to celebrate the 69th anniversary reception of the Peoples Republic of China establishment. Safety is the lifeline of the civil aviation industry. No time and any link can be careless. Great comes from the ordinary, the hero comes from the people. Usually sweating more and less bloodshed during the war. General Secretary Xi Jinping highly praised the heroic behavior of the hero crew in dealing with the dangerous situation, and made important instructions for further doing the civil aviation work, which produced the civil aviation industry and all the civil aviation people. Great encouragement.
Peoples Aviation is for the people. Over the past 70 years, the efforts and pursuits of civil aviation in serving the people, ensuring aviation safety and improving service quality have never stopped.
Nowadays, you can book tickets online by turning on your mobile phone, print boarding passes, check in baggage by yourself at airports, and even get on the plane by brushing your face without ID. But decades ago, what was the length of the ticket? An old photograph records a handwritten ticket of that year. The passengers name, place of origin, destination, fare, flight number and other information are filled out manually by the staff.
In March 2000, China Southern Airlines took the lead in introducing electronic tickets in China. After people buy tickets, they can go to the airport check-in counter to exchange boarding passes directly with their ID cards, which greatly simplifies the flight process. By the end of 2011, China will be the first country with 100% penetration rate of global aviation electronic tickets. The change of a ticket form reflects not only the improvement of civil aviation service level, but also the genuine convenience and happiness brought by the continuous innovation and development of civil aviation industry in the past 70 years.
In recent years, the civil aviation industry has paid more attention to the quality of service, put forward the concept of genuine service to promote the industry from high-speed development to high-quality development. Special actions on service quality have been carried out in successive years, and service quality and consumer satisfaction have been gradually improved.
At the just concluded 45th World Skills Competition, Wu Jiani, a 23-year-old East Airlines flight attendant, won the prize for the ninth place in the restaurant service project, which is the best place in history for Chinese athletes. The professional competence of civil aviation service personnel in China has been recognized all over the world. A series of convenient service measures, such as paperless convenient travel, air ticket refund and renewal service improvement, military priority passage according to law, airport mother and baby room construction, are really and well received.
Under the background of the completion of the planning and layout of large and medium-sized airports, in order to enable people in remote areas to enjoy the convenience of civil aviation, in recent years, the focus of airport construction in China has shifted to new branch airports, general airports and commuter airports. Supporting and encouraging the development of low-cost aviation is another manifestation of civil aviation policy. In early 2014, after the introduction of the Guidelines of the Civil Aviation Administration on Promoting the Development of Low Cost Aviation, the expansion of Low Cost Aviation in China was accelerated. Nowadays, the development mode of branch line + low cost is more abundant. Short-haul flights will enable more people to afford and board airplanes. In addition, General Aviation has shortened the distance between people and private aircraft, low-altitude tourism and aviation town have increased the choice of peoples tourism, and navigation + tourism has made the antenna and eyes of tourism as far as possible and as close as possible.
Strong, on the earth, Chinas ridge stands towering! Beautiful, under the blue sky, Kunpeng spreads its wings for 90,000 li! Airplanes roared into the blue sky, and peoples hopes and dreams took off at the same time. Civil Aviation of China is flapping its wings and striving for higher goals.
On August 1, 1950, two routes, Tianjin-Beijing-Hankou-Chongqing and Tianjin-Beijing-Hankou-Guangzhou, were opened, which became the earliest domestic airline opened by New China Civil Aviation, and was historically known as August 1 Airlines.
On October 5, 1957, Premier Zhou Enlai instructed in the Civil Aviation Administrations Summary Report on the First Anniversary of China-Myanmar Navigation: Safety first, service improvement and normal flight. This has become a long-term requirement for civil aviation.
In June 1965, the Beijing Administration of Civil Aviation completed Premier Zhou Enlais special plane mission to Tanzania, flying through 12 countries and regions, marking that Premier Zhous expectation of flying out and opening up the situation has finally become a reality.
From July 17 to 28, 1965, Deng Xiaoping led the delegation to visit Romania on CAAC Il-18 212. This is the first time that CAAC flies to Europe on a special mission.
From 1977 to 1980, the civil aviation industry changed from military management to enterprise management.
From 1984 to 1992, the civil aviation industry was separated from the government and enterprises, with airlines, airports and service guarantee systems.
On July 27, 1991, 17 civil aviation enterprises directly under China International Airlines, Capital International Airport and Oriental Airlines signed contract operation responsibility letters respectively. Civil aviation enterprises directly under the ownership of the whole people shall fully implement the contractual management responsibility system.
From 2001 to 2004, aviation enterprises were decoupled from the former General Administration of Civil Aviation and airports were handed over to local management.
In October 2004, China was elected the first category member of ICAO.
On May 5, 2017, Chinas first mainstream international level trunk airliner C919 with independent intellectual property rights successfully flew for the first time.
On December 13, 2017, ARJ21 domestic aircraft officially flew its first domestic regional route.
On December 24, 2017, the first land flight of AG600, a large-scale amphibious aircraft independently developed by China, was successful. Chinas three large aircraft gathered in the blue sky.
On August 2, 2018, Civil Aviation Administration Guidance on General Aviation Classification Management was issued.
In September 30, 2018, Xi Jinping met with all members of the China Civil Aviation hero unit in the Great Hall of the people. He highly praised the heroic behavior of the hero crew in dealing with the dangerous situation, and made important instructions for further improving the civil aviation work.
On December 10, 2018, the Outline of Action for Building a Civil Aviation Powerful Country in the New Era was promulgated.
Wang Hua, the first batch of diplomats stationed in France in New China:
In 1948, at the age of 11, I left France with my parents and went back to Peiping to visit my grandparents. This is really a long journey! The flight lasted two days and two nights, and the flight altitude was only about 3000 meters. The whole flight was bumpy, dizzy and unstable. The roar of the aircraft engine left an indelible impression on me.
In 1964, China and France established diplomatic relations. As one of the first six diplomats to visit France to prepare for the establishment of the Chinese Embassy, I flew from Beijing to Paris. At that time, there were no direct flights between China and Europe, let alone CAACs own international flights. It took us six days and six nights to fly Soviet Airlines. At that time, when foreigners mentioned CAAC, they would laugh and sarcastically say China airline Salway scancel (Chinas airline is always cancelled).
With the passage of time, the civil aviation of China is not the same as before. Today, when I fly from Beijing to Paris on Air China, this familiar route really gives me a feeling that is different from the past. I believe that both travelers who fly far and those who return home are struggling and touching for the growing strength of our motherland.
Pilot Wang Chenggang of Shanghai Aviation Co., Ltd.
I was originally a fighter pilot in the army, and then transferred to Shanghai Aviation Co., Ltd. (Shanghai Airlines) and became a pilot of 767 aircraft.
I remember that in 1985, when Shanghai Airlines was founded, there were only five 707 planes and only two routes, Shanghai-Beijing and Shanghai-Guangzhou. With the rapid development of the modernization of the motherland, the fleet size is getting larger and larger. Boeing fleet has reached as many as 100 aircraft, and the routes are also enriched.
After the restructuring of Shanghai Airlines and China Eastern Airlines Co., Ltd. (China Eastern Airlines for short), reforms have been carried out to optimize the fleet, reduce aircraft age and adjust the route structure. After retrofitting and training, I unlocked a new aircraft, flying Airbus A330, career development and extension.
Nowadays, Shanghai Airlines is based on Hongqiao and Pudong, with 61 domestic and 16 international destinations, with an average of more than 350 flights per day. With the parent company Eastern Airlines joining the Tianhe Alliance, pilots are exposed to more diverse routes and destinations, wider horizons, and wider career planning.
Deng Yupeng, Beijing Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Co., Ltd.
In 2016, the 93-year-old Professor Deng Fuqing, my grandfather, who participated in the Two Airlines Uprising, completed his ordinary and legendary life. This year, my father Deng Ming retired as a teacher in the Science and Technology Department of China Aviation University, and three generations of blue sky batons were handed over to me.
Our civil aviation story starts 70 years ago. On November 9, 1949, the two Airlines uprising shocked China and foreign countries. As a 26-year-old junior engineer of China Aviation, Grandpa refused the temptation of staying in Hong Kong and Taiwan with high salaries. He did not hesitate to sign his name and join the uprising.
Since then, Grandpas fate has been firmly linked with the cause of civil aviation in New China. From his first appearance on the platform in 1950 to his departure from the teaching post of CAAC University in 2001, his relationship with civil aviation science and education has spanned half a century.
Deng Ming, a father who grew up in the Civil Aviation University of China, later became a teacher of Civil Aviation University. In 2008, I joined Beijing Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Co., Ltd. (Ameco) after graduation from my undergraduate course. In 2013, I was awarded the labor model of China International Aviation Co., Ltd.
In the room where Grandpa used to live, there was a picture of Grandpa gazing at the mainland in Hong Kong. I think he is still gazing at his dedicated life of China Civil Aviation steady and far-reaching, flying higher and higher.
Li Limin, Yunnan Chennong Group:
In 2015, I ordered tomato and egg soup at a restaurant in Dubai, UAE, for 180 yuan. Later on, I found out that these tomatoes were produced by our Chennong Group. The vegetables picked in the morning were served to foreign tables as soon as possible in the evening. Without civil aviation, we would not have developed today.
In 1985, my brother and I started a vegetable business with a loan of 5000 yuan. We first used carriages to pull vegetables to Wujiaba Airport in Kunming, and then airlifted them to Beijing for sale. With the expansion of sales scale, we gradually develop and grow through the industrialized operation mode of company + base + farmer to let our own vegetables fly out of the country.