On 9 October, just after the US troops in Syria withdrew from their original positions, Turkey launched an offensive code-named Spring of Peace. Turkey launched fighter planes, special forces and armoured forces to cross the border into Kurdish settlements in northeastern Syria. In the name of anti-terrorism, it attempted to destroy Kurdish militia forces seriously. Finally, it established a security zone on the Syrian side, resettled Arab refugees and curbed Kurdish separatist forces. To ensure the long-term stability of the southern territory. Despite all the criticisms, no one can stop Turkeys chariot rolling south. The Kurds, an anti-terrorism ally relentlessly abandoned by the United States, are once again taught the ancestral lesson of no friends except mountains.
The United States abandoned Syria and Turkey to join hands in time and coordinate their actions, which can be regarded as a joint action of mutual benefit, cooperation, transition of war zones, and succession of responsibilities. It is also a hegemonic act that each has its own goals, needs and sacrifices the interests of others to safeguard ones own interests. If the U.S. and Turkish armies enter and leave Syria, an independent and sovereign country, without regard to international law and practice, the world today has seen what is the law of the jungle and the law of the jungle and the law of the jungle.
Turkeys Spring of Peace operation was launched after the announcement of the withdrawal of nearly 1,000 remaining soldiers by the United States. The leaders of the two countries finalized the security arrangements in Syria through telephone consultation. The United States supported Turkey in establishing the so-called security zone and entrusted it with continuing to combat the remnants of the Islamic State and consolidate its anti-terrorism achievements. Turkey was able to make up for the security space left by the United States, to carry out a devastating attack on the Kurdish armed forces in the name of anti-terrorism, to complete and improve the South-to-South national security strategy, and to try to solve the Kurdish problem once and for all.
It is well known that nearly 40 million Kurds, as ethnic minorities, live in the borders of Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Because of the unequal degree of deprivation of citizenship, they have been engaged in various rights struggles and even separatist movements, forming a century-old Kurdish problem. For a long time, Turkey not only tried hard to suppress its Kurds, but also sent troops to Iraq for many times to carry out armed repression, and regarded Syrian Kurdish armed forces as an offshore branch of the separatist forces in the country, which was characterized as a terrorist organization.
In the early days of the Syrian civil war, Turkey watched and even allowed the Islamic State armed forces to consume each other with Syrian Kurds, and in the autumn of 2014, it almost captured the border town of Kobani. Fortunately, Iraqi Kurdish armed forces crossed the border in a timely manner. The United States and Russia also provided air fire support. Kurdish armed forces eventually won the battle and ushered in the turning point of the whole war against terrorism. Since then, Syrian Kurdish armed forces have become the most trusted and dependable anti-terrorism partner of the United States, and have reached some tacit understanding, division of labor and cooperation with Russia and even Syrian government forces.
However, with the gradual collapse of the Islamic State armed forces, Turkey feared that Kurdish armed forces would expand their control in Syria. In 2016 and 2018, Turkey launched two major operations, Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch, respectively, to expel the main Kurdish forces from the western part of the Euphrates River and to control the north-central city of Manbidi through joint patrols with the United States Army. After the withdrawal of the U.S. forces, we will continue to pursue and suppress Kurdish armed forces, seize the whole Syrian north area in order to establish a 30 km deep and 900 km security zone or anti-terrorism corridor, cut off the cross-border ties between Syrian Kurds and Turkish nationalities in the North-South direction, and also cut off the internal links between Syrian Kurds in the East-West direction, which will eventually displace nearly 3 million Syrian Arabs in Turkey. The Bureaucrats settled here to form the Arab Belt of dividing and balancing Kurds, and to curb Kurdish separatism for a long time.
In the process, the Kurdish people were repeatedly instrumentalized tragedy: the Syrian government strongly condemned Turkeys invasion, and explicitly accused the Kurdish armed forces of taking responsibility for themselves, hoping that the Kurds would maintain national unity and no longer be driven by outsiders; Russia sympathized with the Kurds and supported their establishment of the Federal Zone, but also after the Kurds refused to share oil resources. The Turkish army opened the door of convenience. As for the original Savior and ally of the United States, from the beginning of the Euphrates Shield operation, it has repeatedly sacrificed the interests of the Kurds and constantly abandoned this ally who has made great contributions and sacrifices.
Syria-North Game is a very complicated chess game. At present, Turkey is the most active one, because both the United States and Russia are trying to win over it; Iran, which jointly initiated the Astana mechanism, is unwilling to offend Turkey and lose its frequent regional partners with the United States, and is happy to see that the Kurds are suppressed to stabilize their Kurdish situation; the Syrian government supports the Kurdish people. It is also in the long-term interests of the two countries. Moreover, it should take into account the compromises made by Russia and Iran to Turkey. The reality that weak countries have no diplomacy is so cruel.
Turkeys Syria-Beixin war has alarmed the United Nations Security Council, the League of Arab States and even the European Union, but it is difficult to change the course of the war. Although trump has warned that if the construction of the security zone cannot be carried out in a humanitarian way, the United States will severely damage Turkeys economy and will not hinder Turkeys achievement of its established and long-term goals. It is hoped that this war will minimize civilian casualties, while avoiding runaway prisoners, families and sympathizers in the armed Kurdish-controlled Islamic State, so that terrorist attacks will again spread and undermine international counter-terrorism efforts over the past few years.
Source: Beijing Youth Daily Responsible Editor: Li Zaixing_NBJS9026